Module 1 Grammar
高一 1 部英语组 2010-9-13 I. The Present Tense
  1.表示经常性;习惯性的动作或存在的状态。常与 usually, often, always, every day, sometimes, once a month, never, on Mondays 等时间状语连用。 He never gives up, whenever he fails.
  2.表示普遍真理和客观存在的事实。 A plane travels more quickly than any other traffic.
  3.表示现在时刻发生的动作或存在的状态。 It’s Sunday today. He is at church.
  4.表示与安排、计划或时刻表有关的动作。常用于转移动词。 The evening class begins at 19:
  00. II. The Present Continuous Tense
  1.表示此刻(说话时)正在进行的动作: ? Is this rain coat yours? ? No, mine there behind the door. A. hangs B. hung C. is hanging D. has hung (19
  2.表示现阶段(目前)正在进行的动作: Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly. (20
  01) A. is changing 情色彩。 He of how he can do more for the people. A. will always thinks C. has always been thought 生的动作。 I want to know when he for New York. A. has left III. Exercises:
  1) ? Is this rain coat yours? ? No, mine there behind the door. (19
第 1 页 共 4 页
B. has changed
C. will have changed D. will changed

  3.与 always, all the time 等连用可表示反复性、一贯性的动作,且常带有赞扬或厌恶的感
B. is always thinking D. does think always

  4. come, go, leave, arrive, start, fly, drive 等动词可用现在进行时表示安排和计划或即将发
B. is leaving
C. had left
D. would leave
A. hangs
B. hung
C. is hanging
D. has hung
Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly. (20
  01) A. is changing B. has changed C. will have changed D. will changed

He of how he can do more for the people. A. will always thinks C. has always been thought B. is always thinking D. does think always

I want to know when he for New York. A. has left B. is leaving C. had left D. would leave

Scientists think that the continents always where they today. A. aren’t; are B. aren’t; were C. weren’t; are D. weren’t; were

Months ago, we sailed 10,000 miles across this open sea, which the Pacific, and we met no storms. A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called

Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People to ask how I am going to spend the money. A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning ? What are you going to do this afternoon? ? I am going to the cinema with some friends. The film quite early, so we to the bookstore after that. A. finished; are going C. finishes; are going B. finished; go D. finishes; go


Because the shop , all the T- shirts are sold at half price. A. closed down B. has closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down

  10) I ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the New Year. A. will play IV. 基本句型 V、 、 主语?系动词?表语 (SVC) B. have played C. played D. play
英文中常见的系动词主要有:become, look, seem, appear, get, feel, grow, turn, remain, come, fall, hold, keep, stand, stay, smell, sound, taste 等。系动词后接的部分可称为表语或(主语)补 足语,主要是用来说明主语的性质、状态、特征、职业、年龄等等。 This machine is in good condition. 这台机器的情况良好。 The garden smells pleasant. 这座花园香气怡人。
第 2 页 共 4 页
Silk feels soft and smooth. 丝绸摸起来又软又滑。 二、主语?动词 (SV) 这种句型中的谓语动词是不及物动词,没有直接宾语;但常带有状语。 The water is boiling. The train will leave soon. 三、主语?动词?宾语 (SVO) 这一句型中的谓语动词是及物动词,必须带有自己的宾语。 He has a sister . She successfully carried out her plan. 四、主语?动词?宾语?宾语 (SVOO) 此句型中的谓语动词后接两个宾语:前一个宾语称为”间接宾语”,多由代词或名词充当;后 一个宾语称为”直接宾语”,往往由名词充当。这类句型常有”给某人某物”、”送某人某物”、” 留给某人某物”等意思。常见的这类谓语动词有 give, bring, tell, send, leave, pass, write, take, show, teach, get, award, lend, rent, buy, pay), hand, recommend 等。 She brought me a shirt. I lend him my bicycle. 五、主语?动词?宾语?宾语补足语 (SVOC) 在这一结构中,宾语补足语是对宾语”做什么”、”怎么样”等方面进行补充说明。宾语和谓语 动词是”动宾关系”,而宾语和它的补足语在逻辑上却是”主谓关系”。宾语补足语可由名词、 形容词、动词不定式、分词或介词短语担当。 We elected him our monitor. President appointed John manager of Marketing. We know him to be an expert. I found myself in dark. V. 句子的成分 构成句子的基本成分叫做句子成分。句子成分可分为主语,谓语,宾语,表语,定语,状语,同 位语。它们可以由单词来担任,也可以由词组以及句子来担任。 主语 一个句子中所要表达、描述的人或物,是句子的主体。 I work here. She is a new teacher. He is in charge of a limited company. 主语可以由名词,代词,数词,动词不定式,动名词,名词化形容词,分词,从句,短语等来担任。 The book is on the desk. When to begin is not known yet. The wounded has been taken to the hospital. 谓语 用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。谓语可以由动词来担任,一般放在主语 的后面。
第 3 页 共 4 页
They have been waiting there for hours. The flags are waving in the wind.
They wanted to have a rest.
Pass him the dictionary, please.
The news made me happy. He heard somebody opening the door. The story made us laugh.
The child has been brought up by his mother. We don’t know him very well. She speaks English fluently. 表语 是用来说明主语的性质,身份,特征和状态。表语须和连系动词一起构成句子的复合谓 语。表语一般放在系动词之后。表语可以由名词,形容词或起名词和形容词作用的词和短语 担任。 These desks are yellow. We are happy now. The dictionary is in the bag. My question is how you knew him. 宾语 是谓语动作所涉及的对象,它是动作的承受者。宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的成分 担任,宾语一般放在谓语动词后面。 I saw a cat in the tree. I want to go shopping. We think you are right. 有些及物动词可以有两个宾语,其中一个宾语多指人,另一个宾语指物,指人的宾语叫做间接 宾语,指物的宾语叫做直接宾语,可以带两个宾语的动词有 bring, give, show, send, pass, tell 等。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面,如果强调直接宾语可把直接宾语放在间接宾语的前 面, 但间接宾语前须加"to"。 My father bought me a book. Give the rubber to me. Please give the letter to XiaoLi. 有些及物动词除跟一个宾语外,还需要加上宾语补足语,否则意思不完整,它们一起构成复合 宾语,复合宾语中宾语和后面的宾语补足语有一种逻辑上的主谓关系,这也是判断是两个宾 语还是复合宾语的依据,宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的词担任。 We all call him LaoWang. Please color it red. We found the little girl in the hill. 定语 用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质、特征范围等情况的词叫做定语;定语可 以由名词,形容词和起名词和形容词作用的词、短语担任。如果定语是单个词,定语放在 被修饰词的前面,如果是词组,定语放在被修饰词的后面。 That is a beautiful flower. This is my book, not your book. I have a lot of things to do. 状语 英语中,修饰动词、形容词、副词等的句子成分叫状语(adverbial)。状语说明地点、时 间、原因、目的、结果、条件、方向、程度、方式和伴随状况等。状语一般由副词、介词 短语、分词和分词短语、不定式或相当于副词的词或短语来担当。其位置一般放在句末, 但也可放在句首或句中。 He speaks English very well. Ten years ago, She began to live in Dalian. He is playing under the tree. 同位语 当两个指同一事物的句子成分放在同等位置时,一个句子成分可被用来说明或解 释另一个句子成分,前者就叫做后者的同位语(appositive) 。这两个句子成分多由名词(代 词)担任,同位语通常皆放在其说明的名词(代词)之后。 The news that you told me yesterday was really exciting. I will never forget the day when I joined the army. Mr. Smith, our new teacher, is very kind to us.
第 4 页 共 4 页


外研版英语必修一_Module 2 Grammar

   Grammar: Verbs followed by ing 1) 直接接动名词的有: admit, avoid, advise, allow, appreciate, consider(考虑), delay, enjoy, escape, fancy, finish, forbid, imagine, keep, mind, permit, practise, risk, suggest, 2) 直接接动名词的短语有: feel like, give up, can't help, be ...

外研版高一英语 Book 1 Module2 Grammar and Listening

   高一英语 Book 1 Module2 Grammar and Listening I、Words 1.校长 2.女校长 3.一段时间 4.复习 5.翻译 6.时间表 7.话题 8.假期 II.Phrases 1.对某人有耐心2.能忍受某事 3.对某人严格 4.对某事严格 5.给某人留下深刻/不可磨灭的(strong/lasting)印象(impression) 6.避开做某事 7.感激某人做某事 8.承认做/已经做了某事 9.承认某人是 10.因某事尊重某人11.with+宾语+宾补(六种 ...

外研版高一英语 Book 1 Module3 Grammar and Listening

   高一英语 Book 1 Module3 Grammar and Listening I、Words 1.马戏团 2.海滨 3.运动场 4.电影 5.幼儿园 6.操场 7.游泳池8.戏剧院 II.Phrases 1.在…中心部分 2.在…的海岸线上 3.被训练过的骆驼 4.废弃的农场 5.由烹饪大师做的美餐6.过期 7.对于 Could I do sth?的肯定回答和否定回答 8.(1.)你介意做...吗? (2.) 假如…你介意吗?(Would) (3.) 假如…你介意吗?(Do) 9.做… ...

英语:Module1《Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion》grammar课件(2)(外研版选修9)

   外研社 第九册 模块一 Grammar The definite article and zero article 冠词的定义 冠词是置于名词之前、 冠词是置于名词之前、说明名词所表示的人 或事物的一种虚词。 或事物的一种虚词。冠词也可以说是名词的 一种标志,它不能离开名词而单独存在。 一种标志,它不能离开名词而单独存在。 冠词有三个:即定冠词(definite article)、 冠词有三个:即定冠词 、 不定冠词(indefinite article)和零冠 不定冠词 和零冠 (zero ...

高中英语牛津英语Module5 unit3 Grammar and usage

   Grammar and usage ?used as an adjective or adverb 江苏 姚巧云 过去分词作定语 " 1.Most of the people invited to the party were famous scientists. =Most of the people who were invited to the party were famous scientists. " 2.If I had the chance, I would have a ...

外研版英语必修一_Module 2 Listening and vocabulary

   Listening and Vocabulary Step 1 Check the homework and the recitation Step 2 Introduce the new words The teacher says," Usually, when we finish a module, we do some revision, then we start a new module. We also do some revision before the exam ...

高一英语 Module 6 Films and TV Programmes 课件 外研版必修2

   Module 6 Films and TV Programmes Match A with B. A 《一个也不能少》 《绿 茶》 《泰坦尼克号》 《英 雄》 《哈里?波特》 B Titanic Hero Harry Potter Not One Less Green Tea 1. Who directs it? Chris Columbus 2. Who stars in it? Daniel Radcliffe Emma Watson Rupert Grint 3.When did it ...

高中英语 Unit1 Friendship Period 4 Grammar优秀教师版教学案 新人教版必修1

   Unit 1 Friendship Period 4 Grammar(Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (Ⅰ) 整体设计 从容说课 This is the fourth teaching period of this unit. To test whether the students have grasped the important and difficult language points they learned in the last peri ...


   高一英语必修 2Module4 学案 Made by Wangjinghua Step1.Write the folowing words and expressions: 1.n.喜欢 2. n.不喜欢 3. n.艺术家 4. adj.彩色的 5. adj.当代的 6. adj.令人愉快的 7. n.图画 8. vt.绘画 9. n.画家 10. n.画子 11.景色/风景 12. adj.传统的 13.有活力的 14. n.方面 15. vt.模仿 16.观察 17. n.现实/逼真 1 ...

高二英语module5 unit2 grammar

   Unit 2 Grammar and usage Verb-ing form as an adjective or adverb and Verb-ing phrases 更多资源 更多资源 南京市第六十六中学 宋玉洁 Part 1 Verb-ing form as an adjective or adverb Lead-in Choose the right answer. 1.The children stopped as the teacher ca ...



   able accept accord account act active actor actress actual add address admit adopt advance advantage adventure affair again age agent ago agree air allow almost alone already also always amount ancient animal answer appear apply appoint arise arm a ...


   a art.一(个);每一(个) abandon vt.遗弃;放弃;放纵(自己) abbey n.修道院,大寺院 ABC n.(复 ABC's 或 ABCs)字母 表;初步,基础 ability n.能力,才能 able a.有的能力;有本事的,能 干的 aboard ad.&prep.在船(飞机、 车)上; ad.上船(飞机) abolish vt.废除,取消 abortion n.流产,堕胎 about ad.周围;大约;prep.关于; 到处;忙于 above prep.高于, ...


   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...


   探索英语词汇教学存在的问题及对策 摘要: 摘要:在英语教学中,词汇是一个不可忽视的重要元素。本文分析了当前英语词汇教学中存在的 问题,并提出了英语词汇教学的对策,以期待有效的提高英语词汇教学的水平。 关键词: 关键词:英语词汇教学 问题 对策 英语是一种历史悠久、词汇量丰富、词义纷繁、语法简练,使用灵活的语言。现代英语的词 汇总量达到 200 万,是世界词汇量最大的语言。而且随着时代的不断变迁,英语的词汇量不断更 新、扩大。因此,学好英语,词汇的学习是必不可少的。 一、词汇在英语教学中的重要 ...


   UNIT1 I consider it worthwhile trying to summarize our experience in learning English. Here I would like to make three relevant points. First, wide reading should be taken as a priority in the learning process, because it is through reading that w ...