Module 1 Grammar
高一 1 部英语组 2010-9-13 I. The Present Tense
  1.表示经常性;习惯性的动作或存在的状态。常与 usually, often, always, every day, sometimes, once a month, never, on Mondays 等时间状语连用。 He never gives up, whenever he fails.
  2.表示普遍真理和客观存在的事实。 A plane travels more quickly than any other traffic.
  3.表示现在时刻发生的动作或存在的状态。 It’s Sunday today. He is at church.
  4.表示与安排、计划或时刻表有关的动作。常用于转移动词。 The evening class begins at 19:
  00. II. The Present Continuous Tense
  1.表示此刻(说话时)正在进行的动作: ? Is this rain coat yours? ? No, mine there behind the door. A. hangs B. hung C. is hanging D. has hung (19
  97)
  2.表示现阶段(目前)正在进行的动作: Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly. (20
  01) A. is changing 情色彩。 He of how he can do more for the people. A. will always thinks C. has always been thought 生的动作。 I want to know when he for New York. A. has left III. Exercises:
  1) ? Is this rain coat yours? ? No, mine there behind the door. (19
  97)
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B. has changed
C. will have changed D. will changed

  3.与 always, all the time 等连用可表示反复性、一贯性的动作,且常带有赞扬或厌恶的感
B. is always thinking D. does think always

  4. come, go, leave, arrive, start, fly, drive 等动词可用现在进行时表示安排和计划或即将发
B. is leaving
C. had left
D. would leave
A. hangs
  2)
B. hung
C. is hanging
D. has hung
Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly. (20
  01) A. is changing B. has changed C. will have changed D. will changed

  3)
He of how he can do more for the people. A. will always thinks C. has always been thought B. is always thinking D. does think always

  4)
I want to know when he for New York. A. has left B. is leaving C. had left D. would leave

  5)
Scientists think that the continents always where they today. A. aren’t; are B. aren’t; were C. weren’t; are D. weren’t; were

  6)
Months ago, we sailed 10,000 miles across this open sea, which the Pacific, and we met no storms. A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called

  7)
Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People to ask how I am going to spend the money. A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning ? What are you going to do this afternoon? ? I am going to the cinema with some friends. The film quite early, so we to the bookstore after that. A. finished; are going C. finishes; are going B. finished; go D. finishes; go

  8)

  9)
Because the shop , all the T- shirts are sold at half price. A. closed down B. has closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down

  10) I ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the New Year. A. will play IV. 基本句型 V、 、 主语?系动词?表语 (SVC) B. have played C. played D. play
英文中常见的系动词主要有:become, look, seem, appear, get, feel, grow, turn, remain, come, fall, hold, keep, stand, stay, smell, sound, taste 等。系动词后接的部分可称为表语或(主语)补 足语,主要是用来说明主语的性质、状态、特征、职业、年龄等等。 This machine is in good condition. 这台机器的情况良好。 The garden smells pleasant. 这座花园香气怡人。
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Silk feels soft and smooth. 丝绸摸起来又软又滑。 二、主语?动词 (SV) 这种句型中的谓语动词是不及物动词,没有直接宾语;但常带有状语。 The water is boiling. The train will leave soon. 三、主语?动词?宾语 (SVO) 这一句型中的谓语动词是及物动词,必须带有自己的宾语。 He has a sister . She successfully carried out her plan. 四、主语?动词?宾语?宾语 (SVOO) 此句型中的谓语动词后接两个宾语:前一个宾语称为”间接宾语”,多由代词或名词充当;后 一个宾语称为”直接宾语”,往往由名词充当。这类句型常有”给某人某物”、”送某人某物”、” 留给某人某物”等意思。常见的这类谓语动词有 give, bring, tell, send, leave, pass, write, take, show, teach, get, award, lend, rent, buy, pay), hand, recommend 等。 She brought me a shirt. I lend him my bicycle. 五、主语?动词?宾语?宾语补足语 (SVOC) 在这一结构中,宾语补足语是对宾语”做什么”、”怎么样”等方面进行补充说明。宾语和谓语 动词是”动宾关系”,而宾语和它的补足语在逻辑上却是”主谓关系”。宾语补足语可由名词、 形容词、动词不定式、分词或介词短语担当。 We elected him our monitor. President appointed John manager of Marketing. We know him to be an expert. I found myself in dark. V. 句子的成分 构成句子的基本成分叫做句子成分。句子成分可分为主语,谓语,宾语,表语,定语,状语,同 位语。它们可以由单词来担任,也可以由词组以及句子来担任。 主语 一个句子中所要表达、描述的人或物,是句子的主体。 I work here. She is a new teacher. He is in charge of a limited company. 主语可以由名词,代词,数词,动词不定式,动名词,名词化形容词,分词,从句,短语等来担任。 The book is on the desk. When to begin is not known yet. The wounded has been taken to the hospital. 谓语 用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。谓语可以由动词来担任,一般放在主语 的后面。
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They have been waiting there for hours. The flags are waving in the wind.
They wanted to have a rest.
Pass him the dictionary, please.
The news made me happy. He heard somebody opening the door. The story made us laugh.
The child has been brought up by his mother. We don’t know him very well. She speaks English fluently. 表语 是用来说明主语的性质,身份,特征和状态。表语须和连系动词一起构成句子的复合谓 语。表语一般放在系动词之后。表语可以由名词,形容词或起名词和形容词作用的词和短语 担任。 These desks are yellow. We are happy now. The dictionary is in the bag. My question is how you knew him. 宾语 是谓语动作所涉及的对象,它是动作的承受者。宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的成分 担任,宾语一般放在谓语动词后面。 I saw a cat in the tree. I want to go shopping. We think you are right. 有些及物动词可以有两个宾语,其中一个宾语多指人,另一个宾语指物,指人的宾语叫做间接 宾语,指物的宾语叫做直接宾语,可以带两个宾语的动词有 bring, give, show, send, pass, tell 等。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面,如果强调直接宾语可把直接宾语放在间接宾语的前 面, 但间接宾语前须加"to"。 My father bought me a book. Give the rubber to me. Please give the letter to XiaoLi. 有些及物动词除跟一个宾语外,还需要加上宾语补足语,否则意思不完整,它们一起构成复合 宾语,复合宾语中宾语和后面的宾语补足语有一种逻辑上的主谓关系,这也是判断是两个宾 语还是复合宾语的依据,宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的词担任。 We all call him LaoWang. Please color it red. We found the little girl in the hill. 定语 用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质、特征范围等情况的词叫做定语;定语可 以由名词,形容词和起名词和形容词作用的词、短语担任。如果定语是单个词,定语放在 被修饰词的前面,如果是词组,定语放在被修饰词的后面。 That is a beautiful flower. This is my book, not your book. I have a lot of things to do. 状语 英语中,修饰动词、形容词、副词等的句子成分叫状语(adverbial)。状语说明地点、时 间、原因、目的、结果、条件、方向、程度、方式和伴随状况等。状语一般由副词、介词 短语、分词和分词短语、不定式或相当于副词的词或短语来担当。其位置一般放在句末, 但也可放在句首或句中。 He speaks English very well. Ten years ago, She began to live in Dalian. He is playing under the tree. 同位语 当两个指同一事物的句子成分放在同等位置时,一个句子成分可被用来说明或解 释另一个句子成分,前者就叫做后者的同位语(appositive) 。这两个句子成分多由名词(代 词)担任,同位语通常皆放在其说明的名词(代词)之后。 The news that you told me yesterday was really exciting. I will never forget the day when I joined the army. Mr. Smith, our new teacher, is very kind to us.
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