六年级英语下册 Review Module Unit 1 练习
姓名 知识回顾
一、教学内容: Review Module:Unit
  1:What did you do at the weekend?
  1. 语音知识:or workbook world worm worker work or /?:/ word or / :/ sport short score recorder morning for before or /?:/ calculator mirror doctor
  2. 生词和短语: go for a walk 去散步 be glad to see sb.很高兴见到某人 twin(s)双胞胎 really 真的 look the same 长得一样 as… as 和…… twin sisters 双胞胎姐妹 一样 taller (tall 的比较级) 更高的 young 年轻的, 年龄小的 minute 分钟 child(children 的单数) cute 可爱的(lovely) the only child in one’s strong 强壮的 heavy 重的,多的,密集的 light 轻 family 家里的独生子 的,日光灯 than 比…… centimeter(cm)厘米 metre 米 height 高度 weight 重量 choose 选择 worm 虫,病毒 underground 在地下,地铁 world 世界 workbook 记事簿, 练习册 sentence 句子 dialogue 对话 partner 伙 伴
  3. 形容词比较级的变化: (
  1)在形容词后加 er old-older young-younger tall-taller long-longer short-shorter strong-stronger small-smaller light-lighter (
  2)重读闭音节的形容词双写末尾字母加 er fat-fatter big-bigger thin-thinner (
  3)结尾是 y, y 前是辅音,改 i 加 er heavy-heavier happy-happier (
  4)单词结尾是 e,直接加 r late-later large-larger (
  5)特殊的 good-better bad(坏的)- worse 句型:What was the weather like?It was… What do you often do? I often… 语法:一般现在时和一般过去时
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班级
二、重点、难点: (一)
  1. 语法详解:一般过去时的用法 (
  1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day,in 1982 等。 Where did you go just now? (
  2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。 When I was a child, I often played football in the street. Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome. (
  3)句型: It is time for sb. to do sth. “到……时间了”,“该……了” It is time sb. did sth. “时间已迟了”,“早该……了” 你该睡觉了。 It is time for you to go to bed. It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。 would(had)rather sb. did sth. 表示“宁愿某人做某事” I’d rather you came tomorrow. (
  4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时, 作试探性的询问、 请求、 建议等。 thought I you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。
  2. 一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。 注意:用过去时表示现在,表示委婉语气。
  1) 动词 want, hope, wonder, think, intend。 (想, 打算 to do) Did you want anything 等。 else? I wondered if you could help me.
  2)情态动词 could, would. Could you lend me your bike? (二)一般现在时: 概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。 时间状语:always, usually, often, sometimes, every week(day, year, month…), once a week, etc. 基本结构:①be 动词;②行为动词 否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加 don’t, 如主语为第三人称单数,则用 doesn’t,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句: ①把 be 动词放于句首; ②用助动词 do 提问, 如主语为第三人称单数, 则用 does,同时,还原行为动词。 (三)一般过去时: 概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。 时间状语: ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (year, night, month…) in , 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.
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基本结构:①be 动词;②行为动词 否定形式:①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加 didn’t,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①was 或 were 放于句首;②用助动词 do 的过去式 did 提问,同时还 原行为动词。 三、具体内容: 重难点解析:巧变一般疑问句 如何把一般现在时态的陈述句变为一般疑问句呢?这里教给大家一个“秘诀”,灵验 得很呢! 首先按照动词种类的不同将其分为两个家族: 第一家族:含系动词 be(am / is / are)或情态动词(can / could 等)的一般现在时 的句子。 [秘诀]一调二改三问号 一调:即把句中的 be(am / is / are)或 can 等词调到主语前; 二改:句中的主语若含有 I(my / we)等第一人称代词时,需将它们分别改为 you (your / you) ; 三问号:句末的句号改为问号。 如:①I am from China. →Are you from China? ②He can mend this bike. →Can he mend this bike? [警示]变为一般疑问句后,朗读时可要用升调哟! 第二家族:含行为动词(即实义动词)的一般现在时的句子。 [秘诀]一加二改三问号。 一加:即在句首加助动词 Do(第三人称单数作主语时加 Does) ; 二改:句首加助动词 Does 之后,谓语动词必须改为原形,句中的主语为第一人称 代词时变化同第一家族; 三问号:句末的句号改为问号。如: ①Li Mei likes swimming. →Does Li Mei like swimming? ②He gets up early every morning. →Does he get up early every morning? ③We clean our classroom every day. →Do you clean your classroom every day?
一般过去时
一、定义:表示过去某时发生的动作或存在的状态。 结构:“主语+动词的过去式” 用法:
  1. 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at seven yesterday morning. My mother was at work yesterday afternoon. Did you have a good time last summer?
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  2. 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 My mother often went to work by taxi last year. When I was a student, I often listened to music.
  3. 常与一般过去时态连用的时间有: at that time, then, at that moment, yesterday, yesterday morning(afternoon, evening…) last night(week, month, year…),一段时间+ago(several days ago), two days ago, a week ago, three years ago…in 1990,(in 1997…), just now, long before, long, long ago 二、动词过去式构成规则 (一)
  1. 一般在动词原形末尾加?ed help--helped, look--looked, play--played, work--worked, listen--listened, wash--washed, clean--cleaned
  2. 结尾是 e 的动词加 --d live?lived,hope?hoped,use?used,like--liked
  3. 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加--ed stop?stopped,plan--planned
  4. 结尾是“辅音字母+y”的动词,先变“y”为“i”再加--ed study--studied,carry--carried,cry--cried,worry--worried (二)动词过去式的读音规则 规则动词加-ed 的读音:基本规则是轻轻,浊浊,即在轻辅音后加 ed 读轻辅音/t/。在 浊辅音及元音后加 ed 读浊辅音/d/ 。 例: ask → asked /a:skt/, cook → cooked /kukt/, pass → passed /pa:st/, 例: move → moved /mu:vd/, live → lived / livd/, listen → listened /`lisnd/, stay → stayed /steid/ 在/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ 例: shout → shouted / autid/, start → started /sta: tid/, want → wanted /wantid/, need → needed /`ni:did/ (三)不规则动词的过去式: a.过去式与动词原形的拼写形式相同:let → let, put → put, read → read,(注意 read 的过去式读[red]) b. i --a:begin?began,drink--drank,give--gave,ring--rang,sing--sang,sit --sat, swim-- swam c. i --o:drive--drove,ride--rode,write--wrote d. ow--ew:grow--grew,know--knew,throw--threw e. 含 ough 或 augh 的:bring --brought,buy--bought,think--thought,catch--caught, teach--taught f. am is --was,are --were,do--did,can--could,come--came 不规则动词的过去式平时出现要留心,逐个熟记,注意积累。
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三、句型转化:
  1. be 动词的过去式的句型如下: (
  1)否定句:主语 + be 动词的过去式(was, were)+ not… (
  2)疑问句:be 动词的过去式(was, were)+ 主语……? a. He was busy yesterday.(肯定句)他昨天很忙。 b. He was not busy yesterday.(否定句)他昨天不忙。 c. Was he busy yesterday?(疑问句)他昨天忙吗? d. There weren’t any boys in the room.房间里没有男孩儿。 e. Were there any boys in the room?房间里有男孩儿吗?
  2. 行为动词的否定式和疑问式: (
  1) 若肯定句中只有一个行为动词,那就得在行为动词前加上 did not 或缩略式 didn’t, 并把这个行为动词由过去式改为动词原形。例如: a. I called Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. →I did not / didn’t call Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. b. I borrowed a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. → I didn’t borrow a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. (
  2)行为动词的一般疑问句 若在陈述句中只有行为动词的过去式,那就得在句首加上一个助动词 did 来帮助提问, 然后把句中的行为动词由过去式改为动词原形,并在句末打上问号。回答时别忘了还用 did。 例如:a. We stayed there for 10 days last month. → Did you stay there for 10 days last month?Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. b. Mary had a delicious dinner yesterday evening. → Did Mary have a delicious dinner yesterday evening?Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t
典型例题
例一、用所给动词的适当形式填空。
  1. We (live)in Japan last year.
  2. Susan(stop)the car on the street yesterday.
  3. My mother clean) room and study) the English test last Sunday. ( my ( for
  4. What you (do)last night?
  5. On Saturday morning I (play)football. 答案:
  1. lived
  2. stopped
  3. cleaned studied
  4. did do
  5. played 例二、用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。
  1. May(finish)her homework very late yesterday evening.
  2. Han Mei (bring)her pet to the park that day.
  3. His father (buy)a new computer for him last week.
  4. Miss Du(walk)to work every day last term.
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  5. We (move)to Shenyang 8 years ago.
  6. you (have)bread for breakfast this morning?
  7. She (give)me a nice present last night. (stop) car and the (catch) thief 小偷) now. the ( just
  8. The police
  9. Tom (carry)water for the old man last Saturday.
  10. Uncle Wang (come)into the room and (find)something to eat.
  11. Lily (study)in the classroom for two hours and then (leave).
  12. Jimmy do) lot today. He go) ( a ( shopping and cook) ( supper.
  13. We (go)to the cinema last night. The film (be)very good.
  14. What time you (get)to school this morning? 答案: finished
  1.
  2. brought
  3. bought
  4. walked
  5. moved
  6. Did, have
  7. gave
  8. stopped,caught
  9. carried
  10. came found
  11. studied; left
  12. did;went;cooked
  13. went;was
  14. did;get
模拟试题(答题时间: 分钟) 模拟试题(答题时间:60 分钟) 一、过去时态专项练习: 过去时态专项练习:
am is are do collect pull play study cry like watch milk live listen cook help dance pick have taste
二、用所给词的适当形式填空: 用所给词的适当形式填空:

  1. All the books (be)not here, but they (be)here a moment ago.
  2. It (be)there just now, but it isn’t there now.
  3. Your CD Walkman (be)on the ground just now.
  4. Where’s the camera?It (is)there a moment ago.
  5. Where (be)the diary now?It (is)there just now.
  6. It (be)Helen’s birthday yesterday.
  7. It (be)on the ground just now, but it isn’t there now.
  8. My parents (be)not at home a moment ago.
  9. Tom (go)to visit a farm last week.
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  10. The twins (water)the flowers in the garden yesterday morning.
  11. I (watch)a film with my friend last Friday.
  12. My father (be)in London last year.
  13. What(do)you do three days ago?
  14. (be)there any parks in the town in 19
  50?
  15. Where (be)you just now? I (be)in the classroom.
  16. What you (do)last Friday? We (water)trees on the farm.
每空一词。 三、按要求变换下列句型,每空一词。 按要求变换下列句型 每空一词

  1. Wei Fang cleaned the classroom an hour ago.(改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答) Wei Fang the classroom an hour ago? , she . ,she .
  2. Li Hong did her homework yesterday afternoon.(改为否定句
 

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