1. Statements: is the form of simple sentences are the foundation stone of all the English sentences. Their primary function is to convey information, in a positive way or in a negative way. There are two major types statements on a polarity-positive statements and negative statements.简 单句的陈述句是所有英语句子的基础。其基本功能是以肯定或者否定形式提供信息。因此, 陈述句有两大不同类型,肯定陈述句,否定陈述句。
  2. Non-assertive sentence is either an interrogative sentence or a negative sentence. It is associated to non-assertive words and negative words. 非肯定句可以是否定也可以是疑问句, 取决于非肯定词和否定词。
  3. Yes ?No question can be answered by YES or NO.
  4. WH-question: begin with WH- series of words.
  5. Tag- questions: normally consists of a statement and a question tag.
  6. Exclamation: express our impression, especially our surprise, excitement, amazement, etc. It doesn’t take S-V inversion.
  1. What are the four major types of sentences and what discourse function are they normally associated with? The four major types of sentences are declaratives, interratives, impenatives and exclamatives. These four types are respectively associated with giving information, requiring information, requiring actions and expressing the speaker’s impression of something.
  2. Explain the conditions in which we need to use non-assertive words in positive statements and assertive words in questions. There are four conditions in which we need to use non-assertive words in positive statements: (
  1) after words that have negative import, e.g. He is took weak to do any hard work. (
  2) if clauses, e.g. If anyone calls me, it must be John. (
  3) putative should-clauses, e.g. It’s odd that he should say anything like that. (
  4) comparative clauses, e.g. He is better than anyone else in his class. When a positive answer is expected, assertive word can be used in questions, e.g. Is there some news for me?
  3. What are the verbs which transferred negation after occurs with? What is there shared semantic feature? The verbs transferred negation often occurs with are: think, believe, suppose, imagine and expect. Their shared semantic feature is to express “opinion"

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
  11.
  12.
  13.
  14.
  15.
  16.
  17.
  18.
  19.
  20.
  21.
  22.
  23.
  24.
  25.
  26.
  27.
  28.
  29.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
Since I left my country, I have been very homesick. Physics, as well as mathematics, is important to us. By the time the course ends, we’ll have learnt a lot about market economy. Betty said that she would arrive at the airport till noon. If you had others do your homework, you might as well have them eat your lunch. This recorder needs repairing. It is believed that he have made up his mind to divorce his life. Hardly had sat down when I heard someone knock at the door. Small as it is, the job is worth doing. We were to have been in France now, but the flight was put off. You talked as though it were a small thing to leave the country for good. Let me start with a lesser issue before I explain the problem of our major concern. I went to see my parents on National Day. Not until the game had began did he arrive at the sports ground. Gina couldn’t open the door because she had forgotten the key. Chemically pure iron had little practical use. The novel by Cao Xueqin eventually got translated into English. There are fewer opportunities for employment in the rural area. All but him and me are going to the exhibition. I’ll phone you immediately I get the news. He gave his son a good piece of advice. I like Tom but I don’t like his talking to me like that. It is required that all the students be present at the meeting tomorrow. My father cannot have said such a thing. No one thought that John’s suggestion was worth considering. Mary earns twice as much as Jane does, but she spends less money on cosmetics than Jane. What he has done is superior to what I have done. The building suddenly collapsed while it was being pulled down. All the applicants will be assessed by means of an interview. Were I in her place, I would think differently. Susan is tall and thin. In contract, her sister is short and fat. The sun sank blow the horizon. The book has been translated into many languages so far. We had supplies enough to finish all the experiments. >enough supplies Whole Chicago was excited at the …… > the whole of Chicago/All Chicago No sooner had she apologized when he forgave her. >no sooner …… than I killed the spider by newspaper. >with newspaper His father is an English teacher all his life. > has been

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
  11.
  12.
  13.
  14.
  15.
  16.
  17.
  18.
  19.
  20.
  21.
  22.
  23.
  24.
  25.
  26.
a glass beer a peal roll of thunder a peal/fit of laughter a ray sunshine a bar of chocolate a cake/bar of soap a drop of oil a drop/bucket of water a swam/cluster of ants a stick of chalk a grain/bucket of sand a bottle/gallon/gill/pint/ of wine a display of courage a fit temper a peal of applause a flash/ray of light a display of power a board of directors. a staff of teachers a congregation of prayers a troupe of actors a bar of gold a cluster/bunch of flowers a packet/pack of cigarettes a bench of examiners an army of beggars

  1. A crisis often occurs even in the best regulated family. Crises often occur even in the best regulated families.
  2. I remember that I posted the letter. (Using a non-finite verb) I remember posting the letter.
  3. That may be your lost car, can’t it?
  4. Do you anticipate that there will be any real problem in getting support? Do you anticipate here being any real…… (Using a non-finite verb)
  6. You can solve this problem only in this way. Only this way can you solve this problem. (Using inversion)
  7. That he should refuse to help made her very disappointed. It made her very disappointed that he …… (Using extraposition)
  8. I have not known him tell a lie. I have never known him tell a lie. (intensifier)
  10. Perhaps he was working for Simons. He may have been working for Simons. (modal auxiliary)
 

相关内容

英语语法

   人教版初中诗词合集 编录 湖北省襄樊市南漳县板桥中学 韩江民 初中语文诗词大全 初中语文诗词大全 七年级上册 观沧海 曹操 选自《乐府诗集》 东临碣石,以观沧海。 水何澹澹,山岛竦峙。 树木丛生,百草丰茂。 秋风萧瑟,洪波涌起。 日月之行,若出其中; 星汉灿烂,若出其里。 幸甚至哉,歌以咏志。 次北固山下 王湾 选自《全唐诗》 客路青山下,行舟绿水前。 潮平两岸阔,风正一帆悬。 海日生残夜,江春入旧年。 乡书何处达?归雁洛阳边。 钱塘湖春行 白居易 选自《白氏长庆集》 孤山寺北贾亭西,水面初 ...

英语语法

   结构上来讲,英语是“主动宾”(SVO)语言。在简单陈述句中,它一般是遵从主语、动词、 宾语加句号的形式。即: Tom [主语] eats [动词] cheese [宾语]. Mary sees the cat. 总体上来说英语是中心语前置的语言,也就是说一个短语的重心在其开头。如: ran quickly (动词短语) to the store (介词短语) 名词短语是主要的例外,为中心语后置: blue house (形容词 + 名词) Fred's cat (所有格 + 名词) 所以,基 ...

英语语法

   英语语法手册 [英语语法手册]关于词类和句子成分 根据词的形式、意义及其在句中的功用将词分为若干类,叫做词类。一个 句子由各个功用不同的部分所构成,这些部分叫做句子成分。 词类(parts of speech) 英语的词通常分为十大类: 1)名词(noun,缩写为 n.)是人和事物的名称,如 pen(钢笔),English(英 语),life(生活)。 2)代词(pronoun, 缩写为 pron.)是用来代替名词的词, we(我们), 如 his(他 的),all(全部)。 3)形容词(a ...

英语语法

   英语语法 百科名片 英语语法是针对英语语言的语法进行的研究,指英语中语言的结构规律。包括词法和句法。 英语的语法既可以是规范性的,也可以是描述性的。 一般将来时词性 一、实词 1.名词(nouns)n.: 名词是词性的一种,也是实词的一种,是指代人、物、事、时、地、情感、概念等实体 或抽象事物的词。名词可以独立成句。在短语或句子中通常可以用代词来替代。名词可以分 ,专有名词是某个(些)人, 为专有名词(Proper Nouns)和普通名词 (Common Nouns) 地方,机构等专有的名称 ...

英语语法

   2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 彻底粉碎初中语法 3 彻底粉碎初中语法 学好英语的 20 条钻石法则 钻石法则一:发音永远是第一位的! 钻石法则一:发音永远是第一位的! 第一位的 成千上万的人学了十年英语还不能说标准的英语,发音仍然带有“超级浓重的中国口 音”,导致和外国人交流的时候,听说都成了严重的问题。 还有一大批人,因为发音没有过关,导致经常被人笑话,从而失去了学英语的信心和 兴趣。因为发音没有过关,导致单词死活背不下来!因为发音没有过关,无法朗读和背诵课 文,导致无法真正 ...

英语语法

   英语名称 词类 全称 名词 句子成分 简称 n. 例词 noun 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 Lily 莉莉,childhood 童年,clone 克隆,confidence 信心 莉莉, 童年, 克隆, 补足语、 补足语、定语 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 we 我们, 我们, 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 I 我, none 没有一个 没有一个, 定语 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 One 一个, 一个, 补足语、 补足语、定语 表语、定 ...

英语语法

   【学英语必看】 《英语语法手册》 (全) 在实用英语备受青睐的现在,大家在学习英语和准备各种考试时,总是把听 说读写放在首位,诚然,学习语言重在实践。但是,请不要忽视语法的作用,特 别是在阅读和写作中,他能帮助你分析清楚句子结构,准确抓住句子的要点,更 能帮你写出复杂而优美的长句。 以下为你整理 《英语语法手册》 全集, 不需背诵记忆, 只要静下心阅读一遍, 就能有所收获! [英语语法手册]关于词类和句子成分 根据词的形式、意义及其在句中的功用将词分为若干类,叫做词类。一个句 子由各个功用不 ...

英语语法

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

英语语法

   什么是主语、谓语、宾语、宾补、状语、定语? 什么是主语、谓语、宾语、宾补、状语、定语? 主语是一个句子中所要表达,描述的人或物,是句子叙述的主体。可由 名词、代词、数词、名词化的形容词、不定式、动名词和主语从句等来承担。 谓语是用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。 谓语可以由动词来担任, 一般放在主语的后面。 宾语是动作的对象或承受者,常位于及物动词或介词后面。宾语可由名词、 代词、数词、名词化的形容词、不定式、动名词、宾语从句等来担任。 定语:用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质,特征 ...

英语语法

   考研英语十二大基础语法体系 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难 点,汉语的难点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过 多种外语的人都认为,英语的语法比法语、德语、俄语、日语等都简单,是最容易学的。著 名语言学家乔姆斯基说过,语法是内生的、也就是随着语言的诞生而诞生的。因此,学习语 法和学习语言是相辅相成的。 英语动词的时态 (一)英汉两种语言在时态表达方式上的差异: 英语的词类与汉语的不同。汉语词类形态稳定,比如“书” ...

热门内容

中考英语阅读理解如何拿高分

   中考英语阅读理解如何拿高分 中考英语“阅读理解”题主要是考查考生综合运用所学语言知识的能力,包括阅 读能力、理解能力、归纳概括能力、逻辑推理能力以及对材料的评估能力等。很多同 学在做题时常常有一种“读得懂做不对”的感觉。在近日举行的省会英语老师座谈会 上,记者采访了部分老师就中考阅读理解题进行了指导。 首先,中考试题中的阅读文章题材多样(涉及政治经济、社会文化、风俗习惯、 历史地理、科学技术等各个方面),体裁形式丰富(包括记叙文、说明文、议论文、应 用文以及新闻报道、广告、通知、操作说明、表 ...

中考英语词汇与语法满分快车道书稿?主谓一致

   本资料来自于资源最齐全的21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 中考英语词汇与语法满分快车道书稿 第十五章 主 谓 一 致 主谓一致是指一个句子的主语和谓语动词保持数的一致关系。有些句子不易直接看出 主语的单复数,需仔细推敲,处理主谓一致要注意语法一致,意义上一致和就近一致 第一节 知识点概述 一 、 语 法 上 的 一 致 一个句子的主语是单数时,谓语动词也应是单数形式,主语是复数,谓语动词也用复数 形式。例如: Learning English is very important. ...

英语四级听力技巧

   英语四级听力技巧 教育部以及国家四六级出题委员会明确表示,从 2006 年 6 月的四级考试开始,将在 180 所 试点院校进行新四级考试的试点, 之后将逐步全面推广新四级考试. 在改革后的四级考试中, 除了写作部分变化不大之外, 其他部分的变化非常明显, 其中听力部分的比例由过去的 20% 跃升为现在的 35%,题目的类型,数量,时间全部增加.听力部分对考生的要求无疑发生 了变化.现在,笔者将为大家支招,浅析听力部分的应对方案. 一, 短对话部分: (11-18 题,共八题) 短对话一直是 ...

高一英语必修三_Unit_5_Canada

   高一英语必修三 _Unit 5_ Canada?“The True North” I.单元教学目标 I.单元教学目标 技能目标 Skill Goals Talk about the basic information about Canada? location, main cities, customs and cultural diversity. Learn how to read a traveling report and use maps. Learn to express di ...

大学英语B网络统考??交际英语

   LOGO 大学英语B 大学英语B网络统考 ??复习指导 项娟娟 15865462742 www.zlcool.com LOGO 网考题目类型与结构(机考) 网考题目类型与结构(机考) 部 分 I II 项目 交际用语 内容 5个简短 对话 题型 单选 单选 单选 单选 翻译 总计 考点 日常情景交际能 力 理解主旨要义、 具体信息 语法和词汇 知识运用 词汇、句法和篇 章知识运用 短句翻译能力 题 量 5 10 5 10 3 1 总 分 15 30 15 10 15 15 100 时间 5 ...