There be 句型与 have, has 的区别
一、There be 句型
  1.表示:在某地有某物或某人。
  2.在 there be 句型中,主语是单数或不可数名词 主语是单数或不可数名词 复数, 主语是单数或不可数名词,be 动词用 is ;主语是复数 复数 be 动词用 are ;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近 be 动词的那个名词决定。 最近 There is a book on the desk. There is some water in the glass. There are three men under the tree . There is a bag bag,two books and three pens on the desk.
  3.there be 句型的否定句在 be 动词后加 not , 一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。 There is a duck in the river. 否定句:There is not a duck in the river. 否定句 一般疑问句:Is 一般疑问句 Is there a duck in the river?
  4.some 和 any 在 there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句 some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句 否定句 或疑问句。 疑问句。 疑问句
  5.and 和 or 在 there be 句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句 or 用于否定句或疑 肯定句, and 肯定句 否定句或疑 问句。 问句。
  6.针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: 介词短语? How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? 介词短语? How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?
  7.针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语? 二、have,has
  1.表示:某人或某物 拥有 某人或某物“拥有 ,而且某人某物作为句 某人或某物 拥有”什么东西,强调“所属关系” 子的主语。
  2.have 用在人称 I,we,you,they 和复数的人或物后面。has 用在人称 he, she, h we,you, has 和单数和人或物后面。 it 和单数和人或物后面 I have a daughter. He has a lucky dog. 三、There be 句型与 have,has 有时也可以通用。 如:The classroom has ten desks. = There are ten desks in the classroom. 教室里有十张桌子。 注意:
  1.“have + 表示一日三餐的名词”,意为“用餐”。如:have breakfast 吃早 餐,have lunch 吃午饭,have supper 吃晚饭。
  2.“have + 表示食品、饮料等名词”,意为“吃;喝”。如:have (some) bread 吃面包,have eggs (for breakfast) (早餐)吃鸡蛋,have (a cup of) tea 喝(一杯) 茶。
  3.“have + 表示动作的名词”,没有固定的意思,常与表示动作的名词同义。 如:
have a rest 休息一下 have a swim 游泳 have a drink (of...)喝一点(……) have a look (at ...)(朝……)看一眼
  4.“have + 表示某种活动的名词”,意为“进行,举行”。如: have a class (学生) 上课 have a birthday party 举行生日聚会
相关练习题
一、用恰当的 be 动词填空。
  1.There a lot of sweets in the box.
  2.There some milk in the glass. some people under the big tree.
  3.There
  4.There a picture and a map on the wall.
  5.There a box of rubbers near the books.
  6.There lots of flowers in our garden last year. a plate of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.
  7.There
  8.There four cups of coffee on the table. 二、用 have 或 has 填空。
  1.I a nice picture.
  2.He a good friend.
  3.They some kites.
  4.We some flowers.
  5.She a duck.
  6.My father a new bike.
  7.Her mother a vase.
  8.Our teacher an English book.
  9.Our teachers a basketball.
  10.Their parents some story books.
  11.Nancy many skirts.
  12.David some jackets.
  13.My friends a football.
  14.What do you ?
  15.What does Mike ?
  16.What do your friends ?
  17.What does Helen ?
  18.His brother a basketball.
  19.Her sister a nice doll.
  20.Miss Li an English book. 三、用“have,has” “there is , there are” 或者“is there , are there”填空。
  1. I a good father and a good mother.

  2. a book on the desk.
  3. He a tape-recorder.
  4. a basketball in the playground.
  5. She some dresses.
  6. They a nice garden.
  7. What do you ?
  8. a reading-room in the building?
  9. What does Mike ?
  10. any books in the bag?
  11. My father a story-book.
  12. a story-book on the table.
  13. any flowers in the garden?
  14. How many students in the classroom?
  15. My parents some nice pictures.
  16. some maps on the wall.
  17. a map of the world on the wall.
  18. David a car.
  19. David’s friends some dogs.
  20. many children on the hill. 四、把下列句子改为否定句。
  1. I have a ping-pong ball.
  2. We have a basketball.
  3. They have a new TV.
  4. They have many flowers.
  5. Mr Smith has a telephone.
  6. His aunt has a new TV.
  7. He has a nice room.
  8.There is an apple in the basket.
  9.There are some boys in our class. 五、把下列句子改成一般疑问句并做肯定和否定回答。
  1. I have a ping-pong ball.
  2. We have a basketball.

  3. They have a new TV.
  4. They have many flowers.
  5. Mr Smith has a telephone.
  6. His aunt has a new TV.
  7. He has a nice room.
  8.There is an apple in the basket.
  9.There are some boys in our class. 六、单项选择。 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )
  1. he have a pencil case ? A. Do B. Does C. Is B. has, has B. don’t B. have D. Are C. have, has C. hasn’t C. doesn’t has C. have, has D. has, have )
  2. I a football, and Jiamin a basketball. A. have, have A. doesn’t )
  3. Does he have a computer? No, he . D. haven’t D. don’t have D. has, have )
  4. Mr White two children. A. doesn’t have A. have, have A. have A. have A. Have A. Have B. has B. has B. has B. has )
  5. Does Tom any erasers ? Yes, he some. B. has, has C. are C. are there C. Are there C. Are there B. No, there is . C. Yes,there is. )
  6. Many people computers now . )
  7. They some oranges. )
  8. you got a card? )
  9. any teachers in the office? )
  10.Is there a goose in the river? . A. Yes ,he is
 

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