六年级英语专项练习: 六年级英语专项练习:情态动词
情态动词的定义:情态动词有词义,但它不能单独作谓语,它必须和其他动 一、情态动词的定义 情态动词的定义 词一起构成谓语。情态动词没有人称和数的变化;它的后面必须跟动词原形。 情态动词的种类: 二、情态动词的种类: 情态动词 词义 否定形式 词义 can 能够,会 can’t 不能,不会 could 能够,会 couldn’t 不能,不会 may 可以 / / must 必须 mustn’t 不允许,不能 shall 将,要 / / should 应该 shouldn’t 不应该 need 需要 needn’t 不必 would 将会,愿 wouldn’t 不会,不愿 情态动词的用法及主要句型: 三、情态动词的用法及主要句型:
  1、Can I help you? ??Yes, please. / No, thanks.
  2、Can + 主语 + 动词原形? Yes, ~ can. No, ~ can’t.
  3、Can I borrow your book?Yes,of course.
  4、Can I write on the book? No, you can’t\mustn’t.
  5、Could \Can you help me? Yes,of course.\Certainly.\ Sure.
  6、Could \Can you tell me the way to the Zoo?
  7、May I come in ? Come in, please.
  8、May I sit here? Yes, please.\Sorry, please don’t.
  9、May I have some Coke? Yes, of course.
  10、May/ Could / Can I speak to Tom? Speaking. Who’s calling?
  11、should 、shouldn’t 表示劝告:
  1) He should get up early.
  2) She shouldn’t play computer game too much.
  12、Should +主语 +动词原形? Yes, ~ should.\ No, ~ shouldn’t.
  13、表示建议“你愿意…吗” Would you like to go shopping with me? Yes, I’d love to. /I’d love to. But I’m busy now.
  14、就餐用语 Would you like something to eat\drink? Yes, I’d like…
  15、shall 用于第一人称(I, we), 可以表示“将”和表示建议 “……好吗?”
  1) Where shall we have dinner?
  2) Shall we go fishing? All right. \OK. \Good idea.
  16、Must + 主语 + 动词原形? Yes,~ must.\No, ~ needn’t. 四、相关练习: (一) 用适当的情态动词填空。
1

  1.
Must I borrow the book with my ID card?
No, you .

  2. I use your car?
  3. I go home now?
  4.
Yes, you . No, you stay here.
My mother is ill. I stay at home and look after her.

  5. you like some tea?
  6. You take more exercise.
  7. you tell me how to get to the Qingyun Park?
  8. The clock tell us the time.
  9. you like to go fishing with me?
  10. we play football this afternoon? (二) 按要求改写句子。
  1. I can run fast. I fast.
  2.
  3.
  4. (否定句) You must return the book now.(一般疑问句) I the book now? No, you . He can play basketball well. (一般疑问句) he basketball well? They must take the books out of the room. (否定句) They the books out of the room.
  5. He should get up early. (否定句) He get up late. (三) 单项选择。 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )
  1. )
  2. We )
  3.W e should A. plant you like some milk ? A . Would B. Could B. don't C . Can C. mustn’t pick the flower in the park. A. can’t B. planting C. plants B. Yes,you can. B.Yes, we shall. C. Yes,certainly. B.All right. C.Yes, of course.
more trees, and we shouldn’t cut any trees.
)
  4.May I have some coffee? A.Yes,you have. A.Yes,we do. A.Yes,we would. A.Yes,you can. )
  5.Shall we visit the factory? )
  6.Would you like something to eat? B.Yes, I’d like some cakes. )
  7.What can I do for you? B.No,I can do it. C. Yes.I’d like some oranges.
2
六年级英语专项练习: 六年级英语专项练习:时态
(见表格 一、小学英语四种时态的比较。 见表格) 小学英语四种时态的比较。 见表格) ( 二、动词的变化规则。 动词的变化规则。
一般现在时主语为第三 人称单数时, 动词的形式
  1) 一般情况下, 在动词 原形后面加 s. 如: plays、gets…
  2) 以 o,sh,ch 结尾的动 词加 es. 如 does 、 goes 、 washes 、 watches、catches
  3) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾 的动词, y 改成 i 后 将 再 加 es. 如 fly?flies study?studies carry?carries.
  4) 特殊情况: havehas 动词现在分词
  1) 一般情况下, 在动词原形 后面加 ing. 如: playing、reading…
  2) 以不发音 e 结尾的动词, 去 e 加 ing. 如 : make?making ing take?taking ing have?having i
  3) 以“重读闭音节,辅音+ 元音+辅音” 结尾的动词, 双写最后一个字母加 ing. 如:run-running, swim--swimming
  4)注意:以 y 结尾的动词变 为现在分词, 不需要改变, y 直接加 ing. 如:playing 动词过去式
  1) 一般情况下,动词原形后加 ed.如:cooked.
  2) 以不发音 e 结尾的动词加 d. 如:lived、phoned.
  3) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动 词,将 y 改成 i 后再加 ed. 如 : study?studied fly?flied、trytried carrycarried.
  4) 以重读闭音节(辅音+元音+ 辅音) 结尾的动词,双写最 后 一 个 字 母 加 ed. 如 : skipped、shopped
  5) 不规则变化:第八册课本第 90 页表格
三、用所给动词的适当形式填空:
  1. Listen!The children (sing)in the classroom.
  2. The kite (be) broken last week.
  3. Look! The woman over there (look) at you.
  4. Mary (visit) her grandparents next Monday.

  5. Miss Li (have) an English class every Tuesday.
  6. I (leave) for Shanghai tomorrow evening.
  7. Joan often (catch) the No.11 bus to work.
  8. He much about Chinese.(not know)
  9.Tom often (go) to school on foot. But yesterday was rainy. He (go) to school by bus.
  10. My mother usually (watch) TV and (wash) clothes on Sunday morning?
3

  11. I (make) a model ship with Mike last Saturday.
  12. Today is a sunny day. We (have) a picnic this afternoon.
  13. your sister often (go)shopping?
  14. The boys (swim)in the river now.

  15. What he (do) in 1990 ? He (be) an office worker
  16. Everyone in my family (be) busy now. But my brother (play) with the cat.
  17. Jim
  18. They
  19. She
  20. What day
  21. Don't talk. We
  22. Who
  23. He
  24. They to a city.
  25. Ben and his cousin
  26. Look, the boys
  27. March (catch) some insects in the park yesterday. (sit) quietly. (come) after February. (sing) in the next room. (wash) clothes. . . (make) a doll. (go) swimming every Saturuday afternoon. (fly) kites last weekend. (watch) TV on Sundays, but this Sunday, she (be) it yesterday? (have) a lesson. (do)
(teach) you Chinese this term? Mr Green. (see) a ten-yuan note on the ground just now. (live) in a small town last year, but this year, they (move)

  28. Listen!The girls

  29. It's ten to eight. My mother
  30. you always
(have) bread for supper? No, I

  31. there an umbrella behind the door? Yes, there
  32. What
  33. you your brother (do) on Sunday? He
(go) to the cinema last night? Yes, he (shop). (read) English in the morning?

  34. What are they doing? They
  35. his classmate usually
4
四、单项选择。 ( )
  1.They climbing mountains. A. like ( B. likes C. liking
)
  2.Tom and Jack some reading every day. A. do B. does C.doing
(
)
  3.My brother hard. A. study B. studys C. studies
(
)
  4.Joe doesn’t any money now. A. have B. has C. having
(
)
  5.Tom’s English teacher him questions very often. A. ask B. asks C. asking
(
)
  6.Mary and May exercise under the tree now. A. take B. are taking C. taking
(
)
  7.I am going to a soldier 10 years later. A. walks B. walking C. walk
(
)
  8.I will very cold tomorrow. A. be B. is C. going to be
(
)
  9.Mike often exercise on Thursday afternoon. A. takes B. is talking C. is going to take
(
)
  10.Ben a lot of cold water just now. A. drinks B. drinked C. drank
(
)
  11.We can different animals in the zoo. A. see B. saw C. seeing
(
)
  12. The train at about 10:00 last night. A. leaves B. leaving C. left
(
)
  13.She will water the flower later. A. water B. waters C. watering
(
)
  14. Ken the Night Zoo by bus next Sunday.
5
A . is going to visit (
B. visits
C. visiting
)
  15.Look, the children in the park. A. are having fun B. is having fun C. are going to have fun


  16、Mr Brown tomorrow. A . goes fishing B. will go fishing C. go fishing
(
)
  17. the children visiting the museum now? A. Are B. Do C. Can
(
)
  18. When does your classes ? A. start B. starts your brother C. open to work last Sunday? B. did ,go C. did,went
(

  19.How
A. does ,go (
)
  20. My parents lunch at 12:
  00. A . have B. has C .with
6
 

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