小学六年级英语总复习知识归类

  1、话题 (
  1) 字母: (大小)辨认、书写顺序 : Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz. 元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu 半元音字母: Yy 书写容易错误的字母:E , F , G, M, N, d, i, p, q, x, y. (
  2) 数字:基数词和序数词的运用,如计算、购物等. 基数词: One, two, three, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten ,eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen… twenty, twenty-one… thirty, forty, fifty… eighty, ninety, one/a hundred , one/a hundred and one… two hundred. 序数词: first , second , third , fourth , fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth… twentieth, twenty-first, twenty-second, twenty-third, twenty-four…thirtieth, fortieth, fiftieth… eightieth, ninetieth… 相关句型:
  1) What’s thirty and forty? That comes to seventy.
  2) What’s your telephone number?
  3) What time is it ? It’s half past ten.
  4) When do you usually get up ? At six thirty-five.
  5) Where do you live?
  6) How old are you? I live at No.48 Renmin Road. I’m twelve. It costs 50 yuan. I have got 6 cars. I can see
  3. My telephone number is 835557
  23.

  7) How much does it cost?

  8) How many cars have you got?

  9) How many birds can you see in the tree?

  10) How many dolls are there on the bed? There is one/a doll.
  11) How many dolls are there on the bed? There are four dolls.
  12) Which floor do you live on? I live on the fifth floor.

  13) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to Baiyun hotel? Yes, go down this street, then turn left at the third crossing….
  14) Who’s the fifth girl from the right? She’s my cousin. 注意: many 与 much 在用法上的区别; there 注意: 数词的应用; 不可数名词及它的量的表示方法; is/are 与 have/has 在用法上的区别. (
  3)颜色:实物的颜色
colours: red, pink, yellow, brown, blue, purple, orange, black, white, grey, dark blue, light blue.
相关句型:
  1) What colour is your coat? It’s ...
  2) What’s your favourite colour? My favourite colour is …

  4)时间:年、季节、月、星期、日、时刻 year, season( spring, summer, autumn, winter) , month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. Week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Day: 1st May (the first of May), Time: (an) hour, minute, second 10:05 (five minutes past ten, ten o five) 10:15 (quarter past ten, ten fifteen) 10:45 (quarter to eleven, ten forty-five) 相关句型:
  1) How old is your mother? She’s thirty-six years old.
  2) How many months are there in a year? There are
  12.
  3) When’s your birthday? My birthday is on 15th January ( the fifteenth of January).
  4) When do you get up? I get up at six o’clock. 10:10 (ten minutes past ten, ten ten) 10:30 (half past ten, ten thirty) 11:00 (eleven o’clock) May 2nd ( May the second)

  5) When does spring last? It lasts for 3 months from March to May.
  6) What time is it? It’s quarter to nine. (
  5)食品与饮料:人对食品与饮料的喜好;东西方食品 food : meat, rice, fish, bread, egg…
drinks : water, milk ,orange juice ,coke, coffee… 相关句型:
  1) Would you like something to drink/eat? Yes, I’d like some… No, thanks .
  2) Would you like to eat/drink…? I’d like to eat/drink…No, thanks .
  3) What’s your favourite food/drinks? My favourite food/drink is …
  4) Could I have some…? Yes, please . (
  6)服装:服装的颜色:人对服装的喜好;某人的穿戴;所属关系 clothes: hat, cap, coat, shirt , T-shirt, skirt, dress, sweater, jacket, trousers, sock, shoe put on, wear 所属关系: 形容词性的物主代词:my, your, his, her, its, our, their 名词性的物主代词: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs 相关句型:
  1) What does it look like? It likes wearing a blue shirt.

  2) Whose shoes are these? They’re mine. They’re Tom’s .
  3) Is this /that/it your book? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.
  4) Is this pencil yours? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

  5) Are these /those/they your coats and trousers? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

  6) Are those clothes theirs?

  7) This is my hat. That hat is his. 注意: 名词单,复数;物主代词(名词性的物主代词,形容词性的物主代词) 注意: ;名词所有格, 如:Tom’s , my father’s , the teachers’. (
  7)玩具和文具:特点、颜色、所属关系;存在的位置 Toys: doll, toy… 文具: desk, book, bag ,pen, pencil, pencil-box, ruler, chair, ball 存在的位置 : in, on, under, beside, behind, in front of, in the front of , in the middle of, at the back of…(a place/a person). 相关句型:
  1) There is a cup of tea on the table.
  2) There are some oranges in the fridge.
  3) Is there any milk in the glass? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
  4) Are there any oranges in the fridges? Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.
  5) What’s under the desk? There is an oranges . / There are some oranges. (
  8)日常生活用品:特点、颜色、所属关系;存在的位置
words: shelf, table, clock, brush, telephone, light, computer, bike, fridge, glass, knife, keyboard, bottle, box, plate, photo, photograph, fax, radio, super-market,
特点: big, small, heavy, light, white, black, empty, full, old, new, beautiful, cute, tall, short, strong, plump, nice, good, bad… (
  9)动物:家畜、家禽;农场动物、动物园及野生动物的特点;生活地点和所属关系 words(animals): cat, dog, duck, goose (geese) fish, sheep, bird, panda, monkey, rabbit, hen , cock, chick, tiger, lion, pig, cow , mouse (mice) 生活地点:at home, in a farm, in a zoo … 所属关系:同上话题(
  7) (
  10)植物:特点、所属关系;存在的位置 words: tree, rose, flower, leave (leaves) … (
  11)环境与建筑:特点、所属关系;存在的位置 buildings: factory, hospital, park, house, library, museum, office, farm, post office, bank, police station, train station, sports stadium, department store, store, school, classroom, house: bathroom, living-room, sitting-room, bedroom, kitchen, garden… 房子的基本构造: door, gate, wall, window, floor… 相关句型:
  1) Where do you study at ? I study at Longdong Primary School.

  2) Where does your mother work at ? She works at a hospital.
  3) Let’s meet at the gate of the park.
  4) My brother is playing in the garden. (
  12)身体:特点 body: head, hair, eye, nose, ear, mouth, neck, shoulder, hand, finger, foot (feet) ,toe…
外貌: fat, thin, plump , tall, short, old, young, round face, two big blue eyes, hair, black hair ,white hair… 相关句型:
  1) I’m /You’re /He’s/She’s /We’re /They’re (not) tall.
  2) Is he/she tall or short? He’s /She’s tall (short).
  3) I/We/They/You have (got) black hair.
  4) He/She has ( got ) a round face.
  5) Has he/she got long hair ? Yes, he/she has. No, he/she hasn’t.
long hair, short
注意: 描述人的外貌时, have 与 has 用法上的区别;形容词的用法, :tall, short, old, young, 如 black , long… (
  13)个人情况:姓名、年龄、地址、特点与爱好 age, year, address, e-mail address, hobby, hobby: collecting stamps(coins) , going swimming… doing sth 相关句型:
  1) How old are you ? I’m thirteen years old.
  2) I’m a thirteen-year old boy.
  3) What’s your address? I live at No.48 Renmin road. My e-mail address is 123VIP@1
  26.com.

  4) What’s your e-mail address?
  5) What’s your hobby?
My hobby is going running.
Or : I like going running.
  6) I /You/ They like music.
  7) He likes sightseeing.
  8) Do you like reading? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
  9) Does he /she like playing basketball? Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t. 注意: 注意: 描述个人的喜好时:名词和动词- ing 形式作宾语; 主语是第三人称单数时一般现在时 动词的变化。 动词 ing 的变化规律:
  1) 直接加 ing , 如:open-opening, clean-cleaning, meet-meeting, sing-singing, study-studying, …
  2) 去掉词尾不发音的 e , take-taking, close-closing, come-coming, drive-driving, have-having, 如: use-using, write-writing, practice-practicing, …
  3) 重读闭音节的,双写最后的字母,加 ing , 如: sit-sitting, put-putting, begin-beginning , get-getting, swim-swimming, run-running, cut-cutting, become-becoming, … 主语是第三人称单数时一般现在时动词的变化规律(与名词变复数规律相同):
  1) 直接加 s, 如:cook-cooks, come-comes, close-closes,…
  2)以 o, x, s, sh, ch 结尾+es , 如: teach-teaches, go-goes, do-does, catch-catches, wash-washes, brush-brushes, miss-misses, …
  3) 辅音字母加 y 结尾,把 y 改为 i ,+es, 如:fly-flies, worry-worries, carry-carries, …

  4) 以 f 或 fe 结尾,把 f 或 fe,改为 v+es.
  5) 特殊:have-has, … (
  14)家庭、亲属和朋友:姓名、年龄、地址、特点与爱好:与你的关系 words: family, grandfather(grandpa/granddad), grandmother(grandma/grand mum), father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, cousin, friend 相关句型:
  1) Is he/she Tom’s cousin? Yes, he/she is. No, he/she isn’t.
  2) Who’s he/she? He’s/She’s my friend.
  3) How many people are there in your family? Who are they? There are four, my father, my mother, my brother and me. 注意:
  1)名词单复数,如:family-families; 名词单数--复数规律:
  1) 直接加 s, 如: boy-boys, term-terms, class-classes, glass-glasses, coach-coaches,

  2)以 o, x, s, sh, ch 结尾+es , 如: box-boxes, dress-dresses,
fax-faxes, inch-inches,
match-matches, lady-ladies,

  3) 辅音字母加 y 结尾,把 y 改为 i ,+es, 如:baby-babies, factory-factories, peach-peaches, library-libraries, watch-watches ,

  4)以 f 或 fe 结尾, f 或 fe, 把 改为 v+es: leaf-leaves, knife-knives, wife-wives, shelf-shelves, … 5 ) 特 殊 : man-men, policeman-policemen, woman-women, child-children, goose-geese, tooth-teeth, foot-feet,
  6) 不变: hair, milk, tea, coffee, water, bread, rice, paper, juice, meat, people, fish, sheep, …
  2) 名词所有格,表明是“谁的” 如: my cousin’s , his parents’ , 它的构成规则: 单数名词后+“ ’s” Mike’s mother. 复数名词词尾有,其后只+“ ’,Teachers’ Da 教师节. ” 若是两人共有时,只在后者+ “’s ”, Jim and Tom’s mother.吉姆和汤姆的母亲。 不是两者所共有的,两者都+ “ ’s ”, Jim’s and Tom’s mother.吉姆母亲和汤姆的母亲。 名词若是无生命,所有格构成用 of, a map of China.一幅中国地图 (
  15)学校:学校建筑和学校生活 words: school building, classroom, dormitory, playground, library… subjects: Chinese, maths , English, music, computer, PE, art, biology, politics , history, meeting, geography… 相关句型:
  1) What’s your favourite subject?
  2) Where’s the library? English.
It’s behind the dormitory.

  3) When do you go to school? At 7:
  20.
  4) When does Chinese begin on Monday? At Eight o’clock.
  5) Does geography begin at twenty to ten on Monday?
Yes, it does.
No, it doesn’t.

  6) We’re having an English class. (
  16)社交礼仪:礼貌用语;询问与应答
  1.Greetings: Hello! Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening. How are you ? Fine, thanks. And you? Please say hello to your parents for me.
  2. Introduction: My name is … I’m a pupil. I’m new here. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss White. Hello, nice to meet you .
  3. Farewells: Goodbye/Bye-bye/Bye. See you then/tomorrow. Good night. It’s late. I must go home now. Thanking for coming.
  4. Thanks: Thank you (very much). You’re welcome. Not at all.
  5. apologies: Sorry. I’m sorry. That’s all right. Excuse me.
  6. Incitation: Will you go shopping with me? Would you like to go ? I’d love to . Thank you.
  7. Asking for permission: May I have an apple ? Could /Can I use your bike? Sure. Certainly. Yes, of course. Yes, do please.

  8. Expressing wishes: Happy birthday! Thank you.
  9. Offering help: Can I help you? What can I do for you?
  10. Making appointments: Are you free tomorrow? What about tomorrow afternoon? Let’s meet at the gate at 7:
  50. Shall we visit the museum?
  11. Hello! May I speak to Kate? Speaking/It’s Kate here. Who’s this/that, please ?
  12. Taking meals: Would you like something to eat/drink? Would you like some fish/meat?
  13. Shopping : Can I help you ,sir? What can I do for you, sir ? What about this one? Do you like this one?
I want /I’d like some oranges. How much is the shirt /are the socks? It’s to small. Two kilos, please . I’ll take it.
  14. Asking the way: Excuse me. Where is the Guangzhou Library? Can you tell you me the way to the Garden Hotel, please? Can I take this bus to Beijing Road? Is there a hotel near here? It’s over there. Turn right/legt (
  21)正在发生的事情:现在进行的动作和发生的事 be doing something
  1) I’m/You’re/He’s /She’s /We’re/They’re (not) working.
  2) Are you playing football? Yes, I am/we are.
  3) Is he/she taking exercise? Yes, he/she is. No, he/she isn’t.
  4) Are they going shopping? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  5) What are you doing? I’m/We’re cleaning the room.

  6) What’s he/she doing? He’s/She’s having supper.
  7) What are they doing? They’re reading. (
  22)日常生活:日常生活、工作、学习的
 

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