童梦无忧网(试管婴儿)
童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 www.tm
  51.com
本文由微笑恕贡献 doc 文档可能在 WAP 端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择 TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 小学六年级英语总复习知识归类系统之一 (按话题划分 1?
  4) 以下是我对学生这几年来学的知识的一些归纳, 希望同时能为大 家提供一点 帮助,减轻一下同行们的负担,不全之处请赐教,谢谢!
  1、话题 (
  1) 字母: (大小)辨认、书写顺序 : Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz. 元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu 半元音字母: Yy 书写容易错误 的字母:E , F , G, M, N, d, i, p, q, x, y. (
  2) 数字:基数词和序数词的运用,如计 算、购物等. 基数词: One, two, three, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten , eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen… twenty, twenty-one… thirty, forty, fifty… eighty, ninety, one/a hundred , one/a hundred and one… two hundred. 序数词: first , second , third , fourth , fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth … twentieth, twenty-first, twenty-second, twenty-third, twenty-four … thirtieth, fortieth, fiftieth… eightieth, ninetieth… 相关句型:
  1) What’s thirty and forty? That comes to seventy.
  2) What’ your telephone number? My telephone number s is 835557
  23.
  3) What time is it ? It’s half past ten.
  4) When do you usually get up ? At six thirty-five.
  5) Where do you live? I live at No.48 Renmin Road.
  6) How old are you? I’m twelve.
  7) How much does it cost? It costs 50 yuan.
  8) How many cars have you got? I have got 6 cars.
  9) How many birds can you see in the tree? I can see
  3.
  10) How many dolls are there on the bed? There is one/a doll.
  11) How many dolls are there on the bed? There are four dolls.
  12) Which floor do you live on? I live on the fifth floor.
  13) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to Baiyun hotel? Yes, go down this street, then turn left at the third crossing….
  14) Who’s the fifth girl from the right? She’s my cousin. 注意: 数词的应用; 不可数名词及它的量的表 示方法; many 与 much 在 用法上的区别; there is/are 与 have/has 在用法上的区别. (
  3) 颜色:实物的颜色 colours: red, pink, yellow, brown, blue, purple, orange, black, white, grey, dark blue, light blue. 相关句型:
  1) What colour is your coat? It’s ……
  2) What’ s your favourite colour? My favourite colour is … (
  4)时间:年、季节、月、星期、 日、时刻 year, season( spring, summer, autumn, winter) , month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. Week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Day: 1st May (the first of May), May 2nd ( May the second) Time: (an) hour, minute, second 10:05 (five minutes past ten, ten o five) 10:10 (ten minutes past ten, ten ten) 10:15 (quarter past ten, ten fifteen) 10:30 (half past ten, ten thirty) 10:45 (quarter to eleven, 本文档由: 童梦无忧网 提供 童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 不孕不育交流
童梦无忧网(试管婴儿) ten forty-five) 11:00 (eleven o’clock) 相关句型:
  1) How old is your mother? She’ s thirty-six years old.
  2) How many months are there in a year? There are
  12.
  3) When’ s your birthday? My birthday is on 15th January ( the fifteenth of January).
  4) When do you get up? I get up at six o’clock.
  5) When does spring last? It lasts for 3 months from March to May.
  6) What time is it? It’s quarter to nine. 小学英语总复 习归类系统之二 (话题 5-
  8) (
  5)食品与饮料:人对食品与饮料的喜好;东西方食品 food : meat, rice, fish, bread, egg… drinks : water, milk ,orange juice ,coke, coffee… 相关句型:
  1) Would you like something to drink/eat? Yes, I’d like some… No, thanks .
  2) Would you like to eat/drink…? I’d like to eat/drink… No, thanks .
  3) What’ s your favourite food/drinks? My favourite food/drink is …
  4) Could I have some…? Yes, please . (
  6)服装:服装的颜色:人对服装的喜好;某人的穿戴; 所属关系 clothes: hat, cap, coat, shirt , T-shirt, skirt, dress, sweater, jacket, trousers, sock, shoe put on, wear 所属关系: 形容词性的物主代词:my, your, his, her, its, our, their 名词性的物主代词: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs 相关 句型:
  1) What does it look like? It likes wearing a blue shirt.
  2) Whose shoes are these? They’re mine. They’re Tom’s .
  3) Is this /that/it your book? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.
  4) Is this pencil yours? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.
  5) Are these /those/they your coats and trousers? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  6) Are those clothes theirs? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  7) This is my hat. That hat is his. 注意: 名词单,复数;物主代词(名词性的物主代词,形容词性的物主代词) ; 名词所有 格,如:Tom’s , my father’s , the teachers’. (
  7)玩具和文具:特点、颜色、所属 关系;存在的位置 Toys: doll, toy… 文具: desk, book, bag ,pen, pencil, pencil-box, ruler, chair, ball 存在的位置 : in, on, under, beside, behind, in front of, in the front of , in the middle of, at the back of…(a place/a person). 相关句型:
  1) There is a cup of tea on the table.
  2) There are some oranges in the fridge.
  3) Is there any milk in the glass? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
  4) Are there any oranges in the fridges? Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.
  5) What’s under the desk? There is an oranges . / There are some oranges. (
  8)日常生活用品:特点、颜色、所属关系; 存在的位置 words: shelf, table, clock, brush, telephone, light, computer, bike, fridge, glass, knife, keyboard, bottle, box, plate, photo, photograph, fax, radio, super-market, 特点: big, small, heavy, light, white, black, empty, full, old, new, beautiful, cute, tall, short, strong, plump, nice, good, bad… 小学六年级英语复习知识系统之三 (话题 9-
  12) (
  9)动物:家畜、家禽;农场动物、 动物园及野生动物 的特点;生活地点和所属关系 words(animals): cat, dog, duck, goose (geese) fish, sheep, bird, panda, monkey, rabbit, hen , cock, chick, tiger, lion, pig, cow , mouse (mice) 生活地点:at home, in a farm, in a zoo … 所属关系:同上 话题(
  7) (
  10)植物:特点、所属关系;存在的位置 words: tree, rose, flower, leave (leaves) …(
  11) 环境与建筑: 特点、 所属关系; 存在的位置 buildings: factory, hospital, park, house, library, museum, office, farm, post office, bank, police station, train station, sports stadium, department store, store, school, classroom, house: bathroom, living-room, sitting-room, bedroom, kitchen, garden… 房子的基本构造: door, gate, 本文档由: 童梦无忧网 提供 童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 不孕不育交流
童梦无忧网(试管婴儿) wall, window, floor… 相关句型:
  1) Where do you study at ? I study at Longdong Primary School.
  2) Where does your mother work at ? She works at a hospital.
  3) Let’s meet at the gate of the park.
  4) My brother is playing in the garden. (
  12)身体:特点 body: head, hair, eye, nose, ear, mouth, neck, shoulder, hand, finger, foot (feet) ,toe… 外貌: fat, thin, plump , tall, short, old, young, round face, two big blue eyes, long hair, short hair, black hair ,white hair… 相关句型:
  1) I’m /You’ re /He’s/She’s /We’re /They’re (not) tall.
  2) Is he/she tall or short? He’s /She’ s tall (short).
  3) I/We/They/You have (got) black hair.
  4) He/She has ( got ) a round face.
  5) Has he/she got long hair ? Yes, he/she has. No, he/she hasn’t. 注意: 描 述人的外貌时,have 与 has 用法上的区别;形容词的用法,:tall, 如 short, old, young, black , long… 小学六年级英语复习知识系统之四 (话题 13-
  16) (
  13) 个人情况: 姓名、 年龄、 地址、 特点与爱好 age, year, address, e-mail address, hobby, hobby: collecting stamps(coins) , going swimming… doing sth 相关句型:
  1) How old are you ? I’m thirteen years old.
  2) I’m a thirteen-year old boy.
  3) What’ s your address? I live at No.48 Renmin road.
  4) What’s your e-mail address? My e-mail address is 123VIP@1
  26.com.
  5) What’s your hobby? My hobby is going running. Or : I like going running.
  6) I /You/ They like music.
  7) He likes sightseeing.
  8) Do you like reading? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
  9) Does he /she like playing basketball? Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t. 注意: 描述个人的喜好时:名词和动词- ing 形式作 宾语; 主语是第三人 称单数时一般现在时动词的变化。 动词 ing 的变化规律:
  1)直接 加 ing , 如 : open-opening, clean-cleaning, meet-meeting, sing-singing, study-studying, … 2 ) 去 掉 词 尾 不 发 音 的 e , 如 : take-taking, close-closing, come-coming, drive-driving, have-having, use-using, write-writing, practice-practicing, …
  3) 重读闭音节的, 双写最后的字母, ing , 如: sit-sitting, 加 put-putting, begin-beginning , get-getting, swim-swimming, run-running, cut-cutting, become-becoming, … 主语是第三人称单数时一般现在时动词的变化规律(与名词变复数规 律相 同):
  1) 直接加 s, 如:cook-cooks, come-comes, close-closes,…
  2) 以 o, x, s, sh, ch 结 尾 +es , 如 : teach-teaches, go-goes, do-does, catch-catches, wash-washes, brush-brushes, miss-misses, …
  3) 辅音字母加 y 结尾,把 y 改为 i , +es, 如:fly-flies, worry-worries, carry-carries, …
  4) 以 f 或 fe 结尾,把 f 或 fe,改为 v+es.
  5) 特殊:have-has, … (
  14)家庭、亲属和朋友:姓名、年龄、地址、 特 点 与 爱 好 : 与 你 的 关 系 words: family, grandfather(grandpa/granddad), grandmother(grandma/grand mum), father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, cousin, friend 相关句型:
  1) Is he/she Tom’s cousin? Yes, he/she is. No, he/she isn’t.
  2) Who’ s he/she? He’s/She’s my friend.
  3) How many people are there in your family? Who are they? There are four, my father, my mother, my brother and me. 注意:
  1)名词 单复数,如:family-families; 名词单数--复数规律:
  1) 直接加 s, 如: boy-boys, term-terms,
  2) 以 o, x, s, sh, ch 结 尾 +es , 如 : box-boxes, class-classes, glass-glasses, coach-coaches, dress-dresses, fax-faxes, inch-inches, match-matches, 3 ) 辅 音 字 母 加 y 结 尾 , 把 y 改 为 i , +es , 如 : baby-babies, lady-ladies, 本文档由: 童梦无忧网 提供 童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 不孕不育交流
童梦无忧网(试管婴儿) factory-factories, peach-peaches, library-libraries, watch-watches ,
  4)以 f 或 fe 结 尾 , f 或 fe , 把 改 为 v+es: leaf-leaves, knife-knives, wife-wives, shelf-shelves, … 5 ) 特 殊 : man-men, policeman-policemen, woman-women, child-children, goose-geese, tooth-teeth, foot-feet,
  6) 不变 : hair, milk, tea, coffee, water, bread, rice, paper, juice, meat, people, fish, sheep, …
  2) 名词 所有格,表明是“谁的” 如: my cousin’s , his parents’ 它的构成规则: 单数名词 后+“ ’s” Mike’s mother. 复数名词词尾有,其后只+“ ’,Teachers’ Da 教师节. 若 , ” 是两人共有时,只在后者+ “’s ”, Jim and Tom’s mother.吉姆和汤姆的母亲。 不是两 者所共有的,两者都+ “ ’s ”, Jim’s and Tom’s mother.吉姆母亲和汤姆的母亲。 名 词若是无生命,所有格构成用 of, a map of China.一幅中国地图 (
  15)学校:学校建筑和 学 校 生 活 words: school building, classroom, dormitory, playground, library … subjects: Chinese, maths , English, music, computer, PE, art, biology, politics , history, meeting, geography… 相关句型:
  1) What’s your favourite subject? English.
  2) Where’s the library? It’s behind the dormitory.
  3) When do you go to school? At 7:
  20.
  4) When does Chinese begin on Monday? At Eight o’clock.
  5) Does geography begin at twenty to ten on Monday? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.
  6) We’ having an English class. (
  16) re 社交礼仪: 礼貌用语; 询问与应答
  1.Greetings: Hello! Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening. How are you ? Fine, thanks. And you? Please say hello to your parents for me.
  2. Introduction: My name is … I’m a pupil. I’ m new here. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss White. Hello, nice to meet you .
  3. Farewells: Goodbye/Bye-bye/Bye. See you then/tomorrow. Good night. It’s late. I must go home now. Thanking for coming.
  4. Thanks: Thank you (very much). You’re welcome. Not at all.
  5. apologies: Sorry. I’m sorry. That’s all right. Excuse me.
  6. Incitation: Will you go shopping with me? Would you like to go ? I’d love to . Thank you.
  7. Asking for permission: May I have an apple ? Could /Can I use your bike? Sure. Certainly. Yes, of course. Yes, do please.
  8. Expressing wishes: Happy birthday! Thank you.
  9. Offering help: Can I help you? What can I do for you?
  10. Making appointments: Are you free tomorrow? What about tomorrow afternoon? Let’s meet at the gate at 7:
  50. Shall we visit the museum?
  11. Hello! May I speak to Kate? Speaking/It’s Kate here. Who’s this/that, please ?
  12. Taking meals: Would you like so
 

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