小学英语基础知识 字母

  1、26个字母(听、说、读、写过关)(所有的大 写字母占上两格): ?A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q ?R S T U V W X Y Z
?a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p ?q r s t u v w x y z
字母书写
? 占格:(
  1)占中间一格的字母: a,c,e,m,n,o,r,s,u,v,w,x,z ? (
  2)占一二两格的字母:b,d,h,k,l,i,t以及所有 大写字母 ? (
  3)占二三两格的字母:g,q,y ? (
  4)占三格的字母:f,p,j
单词书写
? 各字母要紧贴; ? 各字母要匀称; ? ① 人名要大写:英文人名开头一个大写,中国人名姓、名分别 大写,即两个大写; ? ② 地名开头大写; ? ③ 国名开头大写; ? ④ 数词后置式的词组Class ,Grade , Picture ,单词开头要 大写; ? ⑤ 缩写词一般要大写; ? ⑥ I永远大写。 ? 各字母斜度一致。
人称代词
人称
第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
单数 主格 宾格 I me you he she it you him her it
复数 主格 宾格 we us you they you them
? .用所给词的适当形式填空
  1. That is not kite. That kite is very small, but is very big. ( I )
  2. The dress is . Give it to . ( she )
  3. Is this watch? (you) No, it’s not . (I)
  4. is my brother. name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are . ( he )
  5. dresses are red. (we) What colour are ? ( you )
  6. Here are many dolls, which one is ? ( she )
  7. I can find my toy, but where’s ? ( you )
  8. Show your kite, OK? (they)
  9. I have a beautiful cat. name is Mimi. These cakes are . ( it )
  10. Are these tickets? No, are not . aren’t here. ( they )
?
  11. Shall have a look at that classroom? That is classroom. ( we )
  12. is my aunt. Do you know job? a nurse. ( she )
  13. That is not camera. is at home. ( he )
  14. Where are ? I can’t find . Let’s call parents. ( they )
  15. Don’t touch . not a cat, a tiger!
  16. sister is ill. Please go and get . ( she )
  17. don’t know her name. Would you please tell . ( we )
  18. So many dogs. Let’s count . ( they )
  19. I have a lovely brother. is only
  3. I like very much. ( he )
  20. May I sit beside ? ( you )
  21. Look at that desk. Those book are on . ( it )
  22.The girl behind is our friend. (she )
?
  23.(我) am a teacher.
  24.My father is talking with (我).
  25.(他) often plays basketball after school.
  26.(他的) teacher is good.
  27.(我们) buy a pair of shoes for (他).
  28.Please pass(我们) the ball.
  29.(他们) are listening to the radio.
  30.This is (我的) book. That is(他的)
  31.(他的) chair is blue. ( 我们的) is yellow.
  32.(我们的) classroom is big.( 你们的) is small.
  33.(他) often plays basketball after school.
  34.(他的) teacher is good. (她的)is good too.
  35.My book is blue. (you) is red.
  36.Our chair is better than ( they).
  37.I will give the presents to(they).
  38.These books are(I), and those are(you).
  39.My ruler is long. ( you ) is short.
  40.My bike is broken. May I borrow ( she)?
  41.Can you show (I) your book?
  42.It’s time for (they) to go home.
  43.Mr. Green often tells (we) some stories.
  44.These are not your desks. They are (our).
?
  45.This is not my shirt. It’s (he)
  46.I saw (she) in the shop yesterday.
  47. is my friend. 他是我的朋友。
  48.My dog likes . 我的狗喜欢她。
  49.Who is there? It’s . 是谁啊?是我。
  50.Come with . 跟我来。
  51. classroom is bigger than . 你们的教室比我们的要大。
  52. are Chinese. 我们是中国人。
  53.I want to buy some balloons for . 我想买些气球送给他。
  54.These are photos. 这些是我们的照片。
  55. like very much. 他们非常喜欢它。
  56.Let give a book. 让我给你一本书。
  57.This is father. 这是我的爸爸。
  58.Is that bike ? Yes, it’s . 那辆自行车是你的吗?是,它是我的。
  60. like car. 我喜欢他们的小汽车。
  61.Our school is here, and is there. 我们的学校在这儿,他们的在那儿。
  62.Whose bike is this? It’s (= ). 这是谁的自行车?是她的。
  63.Is that car ? Yes, it’s . 那辆车是你的吗?是的,它是我 的。
? 一;用适当的代词填空。
  1.Is that car yours? Yes, it is .
  2.How is Mr Li? is fine, thanks.
  3.Put on hat! I am going to put it on.
  4.Who is that over here? It is.
  5.The old man lives by .
  6.I am sure I can do it all by .
  7.Look,is this room beautiful? I painted it .
  8.I’d like to go for a walk. too.
  9.What are jobs? They are students.
  10.We think to .
  11.Mary is old enough to take care of .
  12.It is perfume, I made it .
  13.Look at . She is very well.
  14.Can you carry this box upstairs by .
  15.You and she did very well in the test. The teacher said that he would praise and.
  16.The story was very good, but you did not tell it well.
  17.Give Jane this watch.. Give this one too.
  18.Sara is not pleased with in this English test.
  19.Did you enjoy at the party yesterday?
  20.She wants to buy a car of own.
? 选择填空.
  1. Mr. More has more money than Mr. Little . But he doesn’t enjoy . A. he B. him C. his D. himself
  2. Lily was 9 years old. was old enough to go to school . A. She , she B. She , herself C. Her, herself D. Her. she
  3. Jim’s watch is much newer than . A. hers B.she C. her D. herself
  4.Would you like for super? A: something Chinese B:Chinese something C: anything Chinese D: Chinese anything
  5. piano is too old ,but she still liked playing it. A. She B. She’s C. Hers D. Her
  6.??Who taught you English last year? ??Nobody taught me . I taught . A. me B. myself C. mine D. I
  7.That bike is ? A.he B. him C. his D. it
  8. We bought a present, but didn”t like it. A. they, them B. them , they C. themselves , their D. theirs, they
? 用适当的人称代词填空:
  1. is my aunt. We often visit . ( she )
  2. China is a developing country. is in the east of Asia. ( its )
  3. What day is today? ? is Thursday. (its)
  5. I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t . ( I )
  6. These new houses are so nice. are very expe nsive.( them )
  7. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t ? ( them )
  8. Ling Ling is a girl. studies in a primary school. _ brother lives with and helps with lessons. ( she )
  9. Mike is my classmate. is good at Engliush . ( his )
  10. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ? ( she )
  11. What’s the weather like today ? is cloudy. ( its )
形容词性物主代词
人称 单数
形容词性 物主代词 第一人称 名词性物 主代词
复数
形容词性 物主代词 名词性物 主代词
my your his her its
mine yours his hers its
our your their
ours yours theirs
第二人称 第三人称
? 用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空
  1. I ate all sandwiches yesterday.( I ) C an I have one of ? ( you )
  2. George has lost ( his ) pen. Ask Mary if(是否) she will lend him . ( she )
  3.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ( he ) dog and ( I ) had a fight (打架).
  4. The teacher wants you to return that book of ( he )
  5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of a re coming to see us. ( they )
  6. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of . (we )
? My bag is yellow,(her bag) is red, (his bag) is blue and (your) bag is pink. ? What’s (you) name? ? (I ) name is Sally. ? Is this (you) book? ? No,,it isn’t, it’s .(her book) ? This is (we) classroom. (They) classroom is over there. ? This is not (he) book. (his book) is over there. ? This is not ( I ) book. (my book) is in the bag. ? Where is (you) book? I can’t find (your book)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
一、选出括号中正确的词,在正确的词上打勾。
  1. This is(my / I)mother.
  2. Nice to meet (your / you).
  3. (He / His)name is Mark.
  4. What’s(she / her)name?
  5. Excuse(me / my / I).
  6. Are(your / you)Miss Li?
  7. (I/ My)am Ben.
  8. (She / Her)is my sister.
  9. Fine , thank (your / you).
  10. How old is (he / his)?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
用所给代词的正确形式填空。
  1. These are ( he ) brothers.
  2. That is ( she ) sister.
  3. Lily is ( Lucy ) sister.
  4. Tom, this is ( me ) cousin, Mary.
  5. Now (her parent) are in America.
  6. Those __children ( child ) are ( I ) father’s students.
  7. Do you know ( it ) name?
  8. Mike and Tom ( be ) friends.
  9. Thanks for helping ( I ).
  10. (Ann安)mother is (we) teacher.
? ? ? ? ? ?
用物主代词填空:
  1. I own(拥有) that cat; that cat is .
  2. You own that cat: that cat is .
  3. He owns that cat; that cat is .
  4. She owns that cat; that cat is .
  5. They own that cat; that cat is
温故而知新
? 一~用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空 A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空
  1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put (they,them,their, theirs) away.
  2. (We,Us,Our, Ours) English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like (she,her,hers).
  3. (I,Me,My,Mine) can’t get my kite. Could you help (I,me,my,mine)?
  4. Tom can’t get down from the tree. Can you help (he,him,his)?
  6. We can’t find our bikes. Can you help (we,us,our,ours)?
  5. These are (he,him,his) planes. The white ones are (I,me,mine).
?
B. 填入正确的人称代词和物主代词
  1. This isn’tknife. is green. ( she )
  2. These are your books,Kate. Put in the desk, please. (they )
  3. must look after things. ( you )
  4. Wei Fang,is that ruler? Yes,it’s.( you )
  5. They want a football. Give the green one,please. ( they)
  6. It’s Lin Tao’s bag. Give it to . ( he )
  7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei’s? No, is very new. ( he )
  8. This box is too heavy. I can’t carry . ( it ) Don’t worry,Let ( I ) help . ( you) worry Let
  9. is a boy name is Mike. Mike’s friends like very m uch. ( he )
  10. My sister is in room. is a teacher. ( she )
  11. Jane is a little girl. mother is a nurse. ( she )
  12. We are in classroom. classroom is big. ( we)
  13. My father and mother are teachers. are busy ( them)
  14. You are a pupil. Is brother a pupil, too? ( you )
? 根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空:
  1. Mary works in a book store. likes work very much.
  2. John and I are in the same school. __ go to school together.
  3. Everybody likes that sport, do ?
  4. She is a friend of . We got to k now each other two years ago.
  5. Her sister makes all own dress es.
  6. I have many friends. Some ofar e good at English.
  7. May I use bike? is brok en.
? 选择填空
  1. Who’s singing over there ? ? is Sandy’s sister. A. That B. It C. She D. This
  2. will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii. A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she D. Her, me and you
  3. Between you and , he is not a real friend. A. me B. I C. he D. his
  4. My uncle bought a new bike for . A. theirs B. they C. me D. I
  5. Here’s a postcard for you, Jim! ? Oh, is from my friend, Mary. A. he B. it C. she D. it’s
  6. Little Baby knows that he should not take the things th at do not belong to . A. he B. his C. her D. him
  7. Will anyone go on a trip with him ? ? Not . A. I B. me C. mine D. he
  8. Among those lovely toys, the brown toy dog was given by _ . A. he B. his C. him D. he’s
Be动词的用法
Be动词用法口诀:我用am,你用are, Is连着他,她,它; 单数名词用is,复数名词全用are, 变否定,更容易,(be)后加not就可以, 变问句,往前提,句末问号莫忘记。 疑问否定任你变,举手大卸磨迟疑。 I’m=I am I’m not=I am not you’re=you are you’re not=you are not They’re=they are they’re not=they are not He’s=he is he isn’t=he is not She’s=she is she isn’t=she is not It’s=it is it isn’t=it is not
? 一. 用括号中适当的词填空。 ?
  1. I (am, are,
 

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