史麦特外语
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时
一般过去时的用法
一、概念 表示在的过去某个时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 通常在句子里找到表示过去时间的词或 词组。 yesterday, 如: yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, day before yesterday the (前天),last night,last week,last month, last year,a moment ago(刚才),just now(刚才), two days ago,a week ago,in 1990 等。 如: I went to bed at eleven last night. 昨晚我
  11:00 睡觉。 二、动词过去式的构成规律 (一)规则动词的过去式
  1.一般情况下,在动词原形后面加-ed; look→looked play→played start→started visit→visited

  2.以不发音 e 结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-d; live→lived use→used

  3.以“辅音字母+ y”结尾的动词,先将 y 改为 i ,再加 ?ed; study→studied, try→tried fly→flied

  4.以重读闭音节(即辅音+元音+辅音)或 r 音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,要 先双写这个辅音字母后,再加 ?ed。 stop→stopped plan→planned, prefer→preferred
(二)不规则动词的过去式
  1.改变动词中的元音; begin→began know→knew drink→drank win→won come→came eat→ate grow→grew get→got run→ran
speak→spoke take→took
write→wrote

  2.变词尾的?d 为?t ; build→built lend→lent send→sent spend→spent bend→bent

  3.与动词原形一样; cut→cut put→put cost→cost hurt→hurt shut→shut

  4.变-ay 为-aid (少数动词); say→said pay→paid lay→laid

  5.采用不同词根; sell→sold teach→taught buy→bought
史麦特外语 1
专心,专注,所以专业!
史麦特外语

  6.其他。 am/is→was are→were have/has→had
小升初寒假提升班
do→did
第4讲
一般过去时
三、加“-ed”后的读音方法
  1.ed 加在清辅音后面读/t/。 finished /-t/ help /-t/ asked /-t/

  2.ed 加在浊辅音或元音结尾的,读/d/。 played /-d/ lived /-d/ enjoyed /-d/

  3.ed 加在/t/或/d/后面,读/id/。 wanted /-tid/ 四、句式变化 (一)一般过去时的一般疑问句
  1.把 was, were 放在句首,其余位置不变。由 Was…?引导的一般疑问句,肯定答为:Yes,… was. 否定回答为:No,…. wasn’t. 由 Were…?引导的一般疑问句,肯定回答为:Yes,… were. 否 定回答为:No,… weren’t. 如: (
  1)I was born in Shanghai. →Were you born in Shanghai? needed /-did/ visited /-tid/
→Yes, I was. (肯定回答) →No, I wasn’t. (否定回答) (
  2)They were in Li Yan’s home last night. →Were they in Li Yan’s home last night?
→Yes, they were. (肯定回答) →No, they weren’t. (否定回答)
  2.在行为动词的句子中,要用助动词词 did 来引导,其余的语序不变。要注意的是,要把行 为动词的过去式改为原形。肯定回答为:Yes, …did. 否定回答:No, …didn’t. 如:John played computer games last night.→Did John play computer games last night? →Yes, he did. (肯定回答) →No, he didn’t. (否定回答) (二)一般过去时的否定句
  1.在表示过去存在的状态的句子中,相接在 was, were 的后面加上 not。 如: (
  1)He was in the park the day before yesterday. →He was not in the park the day before yesterday. (
  2)We were busy last week. →We were not busy last week.
  2.在表示过去的时间发生的动作的句子中,要在行为动词的前面加助动词 didn’t.然后把过去
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 2
史麦特外语
如:(
  1)She played the violin last night. →She didn’t play the violin last night. (
  2)They swam in the lake yesterday. →They didn’t swim in the lake yesterday. (三)、一般过去式的特殊疑问句
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时
式的行为动词改为动词原形。即:didn’t + 动词原形。

  1.What did … ?(主要是询问过去发生了什么事情,注意要把过去式改为动词原形。) We ate Chinese food last night. →What did we eat last night?
  2.Where did ?( 主要是询问过去事情发生的地方。)
They sang and dance in the music room yesterday morning. →Where did they sing and dance yesterday morning?
  3.Who + 动词过去式 … ?( 主要是询问过去事情发生的人物。) Mike and Tom climbed mountains last weekend. →Who climbed mountains last weekend? 五、句子结构
  1.在表示某个时间里存在的状态的句子,系动词用过式 was,were 构成。 如:(
  1)I was at home yesterday. 昨天我在家。

  2)We were in the gym just now. 刚才我们在体育馆。
  2.在表示过去某个时间里发生的动作,用动词的过去式构成。 如:I visited my uncle yesterday. 昨天我拜访了我的叔叔。
  3.各种句式 (
  1)一般过去时的肯定陈述句: 主语 He + 动词过去式 + 宾语或表语。 worked in Shanghai ten years ago.

  2)一般过去时的否定句: a.主语 + didn’t + 动词原形 He didn't do + 宾语。 (did + not = didn't) yesterday. were + not = weren't)
morning exercises
b.主语 + wasn’t/weren’t +表语。(was + not = wasn't He wasn't an English teacher
ten years ago.

  3)一般过去时的一般疑问句:
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 3
史麦特外语
a.Did + 主语 + 动词原形 Did you study + English
小升初寒假提升班
宾语 ? in 1990 ?
第4讲
一般过去时
b.Was/Were + 主语 + 表语 ? Was he a pupil five years ago ?

  4)一般过去时的特殊疑问句: a.特殊疑问词 Where What + did did did + 主语 + 动词原形 live do + 宾语? five years ago? last Sunday?
your parents you
b.特殊疑问词 + were/was + 表语? Who 一般过去时练习 一般过去时练习(
  1) 过去时练习 用 be 动词的适当形式填空
  1.I at school just now.
  2.He at the camp last week.
  3.We students two years ago.
  4.They on the farm a moment ago.
  5.Yang Ling eleven years old last year.
  6.There an apple on the plate yesterday.
  7.There some milk in the fridge on Sunday.
  8.The mobile phone on the sofa yesterday evening.
  9.She happy yesterday.
  10.They glad to see each other last month.
  11.Today the second of June. Yesterday the first of June. It Children’s Day. All the students very excited. 句型转换
  1. It was exciting. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答:
  2. All the students were very excited. 否定句:
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 4
was
at the zoo
yesterday?
史麦特外语
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时
一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答:
  3. They were in his pocket. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答:
  4. There was a car in front of the house just now. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答: 肯、否定回答: 中译英
  1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。
  2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。
  3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。 一般过去时练习(
  2) 一般过去时练习( ) 过去时练习 动词的适当形式填空
  1. I (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
  2. Her father (read) a newspaper last night.
  3. We to zoo yesterday, we to the park. (go)
  4. you (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?
  5. he (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he .
  6. Gao Shan (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.
  7. I (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother .
  8. What she (find) in the garden last morning? She (find) a beautiful butterfly. 句型转换
  1. They played football in the playground.
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 5
史麦特外语
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时
否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答: 中译英
  1. 格林先生去年住在中国。
  2. 昨天我们参观了农场。
  3. 他刚才在找他的手机。 一般过去时练习( ) 一般过去时练习(
  3) 过去时练习 用动词的适当形式填空
  1. It (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.
  2. We all (have) a good time last night.
  3. He (jump) high on last Sports Day.
  4. Helen (milk) a cow on Friday.
  5. She likes newspapers, but she a book yesterday. (read)
  6. He football now, but they basketball just now. (play)
  7. Jim’s mother (plant) trees just now.
  8. they (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they .
  9. I (watch) a cartoon on Monday.
  10. We (go) to school on Sunday. 中译英
  1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。
  2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。
  3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。
  4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 6
史麦特外语
一般过去时练习( ) 一般过去时练习(
  4) 过去时练习 用动词的适当形式填空
  1. It (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White (go) to his office by car.
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时

  2. Gao Shan (put) the book on his head a moment ago.
  3. Don’t the house. Mum it yesterday. (clean)
  4. What you just now? I some housework. (do)
  5. They (make) a kite a week ago.
  6. I want to apples. But my dad all of them last month. (pick)
  7. he the flowers this morning? Yes, he . (water)
  8. She (be) a pretty girl. Look, she (do) Chinese dances.
  9. The students often (draw) some pictures in the art room.
  10.What Mike do on the farm? He cows. (milk) 中译英
  1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。
  2. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。 3 Today is Monday. Yesterday
  4. What Sunday. you do yesterday? housework.
I helped my mother
  5. Yes, I did.
  6. It
  7. What windy. I Amy didn’t
you have a cold last week?
you do yesterday? kites in the park. to school yesterday.
She had a headache.
  8. he go to school by bike this morning? to school on foot. for breakfast this morning?
史麦特外语 7
No, he didn’t. He
  9. What did you
专心,专注,所以专业!
史麦特外语
I had bread and milk.
  10. did you go on your holiday?
小升初寒假提升班
第4讲
一般过去时
I went to Hong Kong.
  11. . did you do there? I went shopping.
she read a book yesterday evening? her homework.
No, she didn’t. She 根据文答句写出问句。
  1、 I did my homework yesterday.
  3、


No, I didn’t watch TV. I listened to music. 用动词的适当形式填空
  1. He (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
  2. The cat (eat) a bird last night.
  3. We (have) a party last Halloween.
  4. Nancy (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
  5. I (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.
  6. They (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.
  7. My mother (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.
  8. The girls (sing) and (dance) at the party. 用动词的适当形式填空
  1. It (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.
  2. We all (have) a good time last night.
  3. He (jump) high on last Sports Day.
  4. Helen (milk) a cow on Friday.
  5. She likes newspapers, but she a book yesterday. (read)
  6. He football now, but they basketball just now. (play)
  7. Jim’s mother (plant) trees just now.
  8. they (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they .
  9. I (watch) a cartoon on Monday.
  10. We (go) to school on Sunday.
专心,专注,所以专业! 史麦特外语 8
史麦特外
 

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