小学英语语法及练习题
一、名词复数规则
写出下列各词的复数
I him this her

  1. 一般情况下, 直接加-s, book-books, 如: bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds watch child photo diary
  2. s. x. sh. ch 结尾, 以 加-es, bus-buses, 如: box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches day foot book dress
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加 -es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries tooth sheep box strawberry

  4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加 -es,如:knife-knives
thief yo-yo peach sandwich

  5.不规则名词复数:
man woman paper juice
man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice water milk rice tea
child-children
二、一般现在时
foot-feet,.tooth-teeth
一般现在时基本用法介绍
fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese
【No.
  1】一般现在时的功能

  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如: The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。
一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I 如:-Are you a student? get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。 -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.
  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。 如:Where is my bike? 一般现在时的构成
  2.行为动词的变化。
  1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。 如: 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词 原形(+其它)。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 I don't like bread.
  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 如: 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。如: We study English.我们学习英语。 He doesn't often play. 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时, 要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词 原形+其它。如:
一般现在时的变化
- Do you often play football?

  1. be 动词的变化。
- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。
当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。如:
look have pass carry
- Does she go to work by bike?
come
watch
plant fly - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. study brush 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。 do teach 如:How does your father go to work? 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。 动词+s 的变化规则
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  1. 一般情况下, 直接加-s, cook-cooks, 如: milk-milks
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如: guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
  4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加 -es,如:study-studies
  5. they (like) the World 一般现在时用法专练: Cup? Sunday.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?
drink go stay make
  7. your parents (read) newspapers every day?

  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.

  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.

  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.

  20. -What day (be) it today?
- It’s Saturday.三、按照要求改写句子
  10. There (be) some water in the
  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为 bottle. 否定句)
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.

  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.

  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般 疑问句,作否定回答)

  14. You always (do) your homework well.


  15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句, 作肯定 回答)

  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.

  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.

  4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为 一般疑问句,作否定回答)

  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.

  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否 定句)

  10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改 为否定句)



  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定 句)
五、 改错(划出错误的地方, 将正确的写在 横线上)


  1. Is your brother speak English?

  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部 分提问)

  2. Does he likes going fishing?


  3. He likes play games after class.

  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提 问)

  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.


  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays.

  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般 疑问句,作否定回答)
三、现在进行时

  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生 的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动 或现阶段正在进行的动作。

  2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+ 动词 ing.
play run swim make

  3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。
go like write

  4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调 _ski 到句首。 read have
  5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为: sing dance 疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词 ing? put see buy 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: love
疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing?
live take come get
动词加 ing 的变化规则 stop sit
  1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如: begin shop cook-cooking 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
  2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如: make-making, taste-tasting
  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
  3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音 字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing, 如:run-running, stop-stopping
  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
现在进行时专项练习:

  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food now.
一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

  4. What you ( do ) now?


  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)
  6.They (not ,water) the flowers now.
  7.Look! the girls (dance )in the classroom .

  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She (listen ) to music.

  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

  9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We (have)supper now


  10.Helen(wash )cloth es? Yes ,she is .

  4. Tom is reading books in his study . (对划 线部分进行提问)
三、句型转换:
四、将来时理论及练习

  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一 般疑问句和否定句)
一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的 状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一 般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next
day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。
二、基本结构:①be going to + do;
afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
②will+ do.
  3. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后 to go to bed at nine. →When is she going 加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。 to bed? 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明 四、一般疑问句: be 或 will 提到句首, some 改为 any, and 改为 or, 第一二人称互 练习: 换。 填空。 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? I have a picnic 五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将 来时的对划线部分有三种情况。 I have a picnic with my friends.
  1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New
  2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打 York soon. →Who’s going to New York 篮球。 soon. What
  2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My next Monday? I father is going to watch a race with me this play basketball. with my friends.
  1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 六、同义句:be going to = will 问什么时候。 When.例如: She’s going
What you do next Monday? I play basketball.
to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

  3.
你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她

  8.
We will meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.
要去买一些水果。
(改一般疑问句)
your mother go shopping this ?
meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.
Yes, she . She buy some fruit.

  9.
She is going to listen to music after
school.(对划线部分提问)

  4.
你们打算什么时候见面。
she after school?
What time you meet?
  10. My father and mother are going to
see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) 改句子。 going to see a play
  5. 定) 用所给词的适当形式填空。 Nancy going to go camping.
  11.
  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) (have) a picnic this I go join them. afternoon. Today is a sunny day. We Nancy is going to go camping. (改否 the day after tomorrow.

  7.
I’m going to get up at 6:30

  12.
My brother (go)
tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)
to Shanghai next week.

  13.
Tom often (go) to

  20.
I
school on foot. But today is rain. He (go) to school by bike.
(plan) for my study now
五、一般过去时
  14. What do you usually do at
  1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的 weekends? I usually (watch) 动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间 TV and (catch) insects? 状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或
  15. It’s Friday today. What she 反复发生的动作感谢。
(do) this weekend? She
  2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: (watch) TV and (catch) insects. ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。was ( not=wasn’t)
  16. What (d
  0) you do ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren’t)
last Sunday? I (pick) apples on a farm. What (do) next Sunday? I (milk) cows.
⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑
  17. Mary (visit) her 问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。
  18. Liu Tao (fly) kites
  3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子
grandparents tomorrow.
in the playground yesterday.

  19.
David (give) a
否定句: didn’t +动词原形, Jim didn’t 如: go home yesterday.
puppet show next Monday.
一般疑问句:在句首加 did,句子中的 动词过去式变回原形。 am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, 如:Did Jim go home yesterday? say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词 run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, 原形? read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, 如: What did Jim do yesterday? drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去 sit-sat 式? 过去时练习 如:Who went to home yesterday? 写出下列动词的过去式 动词过去式变化规则: isam fly plant
  1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, are cook-cooked drink play go
  2.结尾是 e 加 d,
 

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