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  13.com/
教程+试题,让小孩学习更轻松。 小学英语语法复习要点(
  1) 小学英语语法复习要点 一、名词复数规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, w atch-watches
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberr y-strawberries
  4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives
  5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice ;child-children; foot-feet,; tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese
名词单数变复数规则 「速记口诀」 单数变复数,规则要记住, 一般加 s,特殊有几处: /s/结尾,es 不离后, 末尾字母 o,大多加 s, 两人有两菜,es 不离口, 词尾 f、fe,s 前有 v 和 e; 没有规则词,必须单独记。 「妙语诠释」①大部分单数可数名词变为复数要加 s,但如果单词以 ch,sh,s,x 等结尾, 则一般加 es;②以 o 结尾的单词除了两人(negro,hero)两菜(tomato,potato)加 es 外,其余一般加 s;③以 f 或 fe 结尾的单词一般是把 f,fe 变为 ve 再加 s;④英语中还有 些单词没有规则,需要特殊记忆,如 child?children,mouse?mice,deer?deer,
1
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sheep?sheep,Chinese?Chinese,ox?oxen,man?men,woman?women,foot?feet, tooth?teeth.
写出下列各词的复数 I wehim themthis theseher them watch wactheschild photo diary diaries daydays foot__feet bookbooks dress __dresses tooth sheep box strawberry thief thievesyo-yo peach sandwich man__men womanwomen__ paperjuice water milk rice tea
二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No.
  1】一般现在时的功能
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六 点起床。
  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成
  1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。
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  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:M ary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 一般现在时的变化
  1. be 动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?
  2.行为动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如: I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。如: He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。如: - Does she go to work by bike?
3
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- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to w ork? 动词+s 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watchwatches, go-goes
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink go stay make look have pass carry come watch plant fly study brush do teach 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup?
  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?
  7. your parents (read) newspapers every day?
4
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  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.
  10. There (be) some water in the bottle.
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.
  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.
  14. You always (do) your homework well.
  15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.
  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.
  20. -What day (be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 三、按照要求改写句子
  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)
  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)
  4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
5
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  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)
  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)
  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)
  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)
  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) 五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)
  1. Is your brother speak English?
  2. Does he likes going fishing?
  3. He likes play games after class.
  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.

  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. 小学英语语法复习要点(
  2) 小学英语语法复习要点 三、现在进行时
  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内
6
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的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。
  2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing.
  3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。
  4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。
  5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking
  2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting
  3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play run swim make go like write _ski read have sing dance put see buy love live take come get stop sit begin shop 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
7
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  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food now.
  4. What you ( do ) now?
  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  6.They (not ,water) the flowers now.
  7.Look! the girls (dance )in the classroom .
  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She (listen ) to music.
  9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We (have)supper now
  10.Helen(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换:
  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定 和否定回答)
  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)
  4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)
8
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四、将来时理论及练习 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。 句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),so on, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。 二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to h ave a picnic this afternoon. 四、一般疑问句: be 或 will 提到句首,some 改为 any, and 改为 or,第一 二人称互换。 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you goi ng to go on an outing this weekend? 五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。
  1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going
to New York soon.
  2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a r
ace with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
  3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →
When is she going
9
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to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow (明天) = I will go swimming . tomorrow. 练习:填空。
  1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I have a picnic with my friends. I have a picnic with my friends.
  2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。 What next Mo nday? I play basketball. What you do next Monday? I play basketball.
  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。
your mother go shopping this ?
Yes, she . She buy some fr uit.
  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。
What time you meet? 改句子。
  5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)
Nancy going to go camping.
10
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  13.com/

  6.
I’ll go and join them.(改否定)
I go join them.
  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)
to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.(改一般疑问句)
meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.
  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)
she after school?
  10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after
tomorrow.(同上) going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。
  11. Today is a sunny day. We (have) a
picnic this afternoon.
  12.
  13. My brother (go) to Shanghai next week. Tom often (go) to school on foot. But today
is rain. He (go) to school by bike.
  14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually
(watch) TV and (catch) insects?
  15. It’s Friday today. What she (do) this week
end? She (watch) TV and (catch) in sects.
11
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  16.
What (d
  0) you do last Sun
 

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