小学英语语法要点及习题 1 一、名词复数规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
  2. s. x. sh. ch, 结尾, 以 o 加-es, bus-buses, 如: box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches
  3. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾, y 为 i, 再加-es, 变 如 family-families,strawberry-strawberries
  4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es, 如:knife-knives
  5.不规则名词复数: man-men 男士, woman-woman 女 士,policeman-policemenpolicewoman-police women 女警察, mouse-mice 老鼠 child-children 孩子们 foot-feet 脚,.tooth-teeth 牙齿 fish-fish 鱼, people-people 人民, Chinese-Chinese 中国人,
Japanese-Japanese 日本人 deer sheep chicken
写出下列各词的复数 I him this her watch child photo diary day foot book dress tooth sheep box strawberry thief yo-yo peach sandwich man woman paper juice water milk rice tea
二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No.
  1】一般现在时的功能
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如: The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。 I get 如: up at six every day.我每天六点起床。
  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成
  1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。 如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。
  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 如: We study English.我们学习英语。
动词+s 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如: guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
  3. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾, y 为 i, 再加-es, 变 如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink go stay make look have pass carry come fly watch plant
study brush do teach
二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup?
  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?
  7. your parents (read) newspapers every day?
  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.

  10. There (be) some water in the bottle.
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.
  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.
  14. You always (do) your homework well.
  15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.
  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.
  20. -What day (be) it today?
- It’s Saturday.
三、按照要求改写句子
  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否 定句)
  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑 问句,作否定回答)
  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句, 作肯定回 答)
  4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一 般疑问句,作否定回答)
  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定 句)
  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)
  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分 提问)

  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提 问)
  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑 问句,作否定回答)
  10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为 否定句) 五、 改错(划出错误的地方, 将正确的写在横 线上)
  1. Is your brother speak English?
  2. Does he likes going fishing?
  3. He likes play games after class.
  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.
  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays.
三、现在进行时
  1. 一般情况下, 直接加 ing, cook-cooking 如:
  2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如: make-making, taste-tasting
  3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字 母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing,如: run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play run swim make go like write _ski read have sing dance put see buy love
live take come get stop sit begin shop 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food now.
  4. What you ( do ) now?
  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  6.They (not ,water) the flowers now.
  7.Look! the girls (dance )in the classroom .

  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She (listen ) to music.
  9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We (have)supper now
  10.Helen(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换:
  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般 疑问句和否定句)
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)
  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)
  4. Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线 部分进行提问) 四、将来时理论及练习
时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天) 等。 二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 练习: 填空。
  1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I have a picnic with my friends. I have a picnic with my friends.
  2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮 球。 What next Monday? I play basketball.
What you do next Monday? I play basketball.
  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要 去买一些水果。 your mother go shopping this ? Yes, she . She buy some fruit.
  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。
What time you meet? 改句子。
  5. 定) Nancy is going to go camping.(改否
Nancy going to go camping.
  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)
I go join them.

  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow. (改一般疑问句) to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30. (改一般疑问句) meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.
  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) she after school?
  10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

  11. Today is a sunny day. We (have) a picnic this afternoon.
  12. My brother (go) to Shanghai next week.
  13. Tom often (go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He (go) to school by bike.
  14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually (watch) TV and (catch) insects?
  15. It’s Friday today. What she (do) this weekend? She (watch) TV and (catch) insects.
  16. What (d
  0) you do last Sunday? I (pick) apples on a farm. What (do) next Sunday? I (milk) cows.

  17. Mary (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.
  18. Liu Tao (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.
  19. David (give) a puppet show next Monday.
  20. I (plan) for my study now
 

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