小学英语语法复习要点
一、名词
可数名词:表示可以具体个别存在的人或物。可数名词有单复数形式,其单数形式与不定冠词 a(n)连 可数名词:
用。 可数名词复数规则: 可数名词复数规则:
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries
  4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives
  5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet, tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, sheep-sheep, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese
不可数名词: 不可数名词:表示不能个别存在的事物,如液体类,气体类的物质;少数固体类的物质 (grass 草,
ice 冰) ,抽象的名词(help 帮助,music 音乐) 。不可数名词没有复数(如 some water),不能与不定冠 词连用。 写出下列各词的复数 photo thief water woman foot knife map class skirt tooth milk mouse mango policeman strawberry diary yo-yo rice banana sheep pen city eye shelf wife day peach tea bus leaf(树叶) boy box office library cinema Englishman dress juice man child dish baby book car pear tomato paper family brush
fox(狐狸) watch
Frenchman postman people (人们) fish Japanese watermelon match
sandwich Chinese glass
二、一般现在时
一般现在时基本用法介绍 一般现在时的功能: 一般现在时的功能:
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。
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  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成: 一般现在时的构成:
  1. be 动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 注意: ) 注意 (我用 am,你用 are,三单 is,复数 are。
  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:We study English.我们学习英语。 注意: ( 要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。 Mary likes 如: 注意: 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时, Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 ) 一般现在时的变化: 一般现在时的变化:
  1. be 动词的变化。 肯定句:主语+be+其它。 如:He is a worker. 他是工人。 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。 He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。(be 动词移到句首) 如:I am a student. -Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。 如:My bike is under the tree. Is your bike under the tree? Where is your bike?
  2.行为动词的变化。 肯定句:主语+动词原形(+其它)。 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。 如:I like bread. I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。 如:He ofter plays football. He doesn't often play football. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。 (句首加助动词 do, does) 如:I often play football. - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。 如:She goes to school by bike. - Does she go to school by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。 如:She goes to school by bike. Does she go to school by bike? How does she go to school? 动词+s 动词 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一般现在时用法专练
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一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink go stay make look have pass carry come watch plant fly study brushdo teach 二、用 am, is, are 填空
  1. I a boy. you a boy? No, I not.
  2. The girl Jack's sister.
  3. The dog tall and fat.
  4. The man with big eyes a teacher.
  5. your brother in the classroom?
  6. Where your mother? She at home.
  7. How your father?
  8. Mike and Liu Tao at school.
  9. Whose dress this?
  10. Whose socks they?
  11. That my red skirt.
  12. Who I?
  13.The jeans on the desk.
  14.Here a scarf for you.
  15. Here some sweaters for you.
  16. The black gloves for Su Yang.
  17. This pair of gloves for Yang Ling.
  18. The two cups of milk for me.
  19. Some tea in the glass.
  20. Gao Shan's shirt over there.
  21. My sister's name Nancy.
  22. This not Wang Fang's pencil.
  23. David and Helen from England?
  24. There a girl in the room.
  25. There some apples on the tree.
  26. there any kites in the classroom?
  27. there any apple juice in the bottle?
  28. There some bread on the plate.
  29. There a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.
  30. You, he and I from China. 三、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. David and Tom (be) in Class One.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Mike (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup?
  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?
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  7. your parents (read) newspapers every day?
  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.
  10. There (be) some water in the bottle.
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.
  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.
  14. You always (do) your homework well.
  15. I (be) ill. I'm staying in bed.
  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.
  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.
  20. -What day (be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 四、按照要求改写句子
  1. David watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)
  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)
  4. Helen likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)
  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)
  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)
  8. Jim comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)
  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  10. Tom and David like going skating.(改为否定句) 五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)
  1. Is your brother speak English?
  2. Does he likes going fishing?
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  3. He likes play games after class.
  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.
  5. She don't do her homework on Sundays. 六、一般现在时翻译练习
  1.我们每天七点钟上学。 We at seven o’clock .
  2.教室有一些学生。 There in the classroom. 3 苏海英语说得很好。 Su Hai very .
  4.高小姐教英语。 Miss Gao .
  5.我父亲起得很早。 My father early.
  6.我们非常喜欢英语。 We English .
  7.他常常步行去上学。 He usually .
  8.他努力学习英语。 He hard.
  9.她学英语吗? she ?
  10.他是做什么工作的? is his ?
  11.他不在家里做作业。 He at home.
  12.我们星期天不去学。 We on Sundays.
  13.他经常十点钟睡觉。 He often .
  14.有时我五点钟起床。 Sometimes, I .
  15.他们早上七点钟去上学。 They at seven .
三、现在进行时

  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的 动作。 (句中一般含有 now, look, listen.)
  2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing. 如:Tom is reading books in his study .
  3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。 如:Tom is reading books in his study . Tom is not reading books in his study .
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  4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。 如:Tom is reading books in his study . Is Tom reading books in his study ?
  5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词+一般疑问句? 注意:当划线部分包含谓语动词时,用疑问词代替划线部分放到句首, (注意:当划线部分包含谓语动词时,用疑问词代替划线部分放到句首,原划线处应加上 doing) ) 如:Tom is reading books in his study . Tom is reading books in his study . Is Tom reading books in his study ? Is Tom reading books in his study ? What is Tom doing in his study? Where is Tom reading books? 动词加 ing 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking
  2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting
  3. 如果末尾是辅音字母加一个元音字母和一个辅音字母, 双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加 ing, run-running, 如: stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play run swim make go like write _ski read have sing dance put see buy love live take come get stop sit begin shop 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food now.
  4. What you ( do ) now?
  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  6.They (not ,water) the flowers now.
  7.Look! the girls (dance )in the classroom .
  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She (listen ) to music.
  9. It's 5 o'clock now. We (have)supper now
  10.Helen(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换:
  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)
  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)
  4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)
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四、现在进行时翻译练习
  1.我正在读英语。 I English.
  2.他正在写字。 He .
  3.你正在唱歌吗?是的,我在唱歌。不,我不在唱
 

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