Unit 1 Personality Vocabulary (P
  16)
  1.
  1) self-conscious
  2) self-confidence
  3) self-esteem
  6) self-concept
  4) self-destructive
  5) self-worth

  7) Self-awareness
  8) self-assurance/self-confidence

  2.
  1)B
  2)I
  3)L
  4)A
  5)H
  6)D
  7)E
  8)N
  9)J
  10)M
  11)C
  12)F
  13)G
  14)K
  3.
  1) profound
  7) slim
  12) isolated
  2) jealousy
  3) numerous
  4) overweight
  5) overcome
  6) eventually

  8) compliments
  9) diminish
  10) reassurance
  11) detrimental
  13) self-esteem
  14) accented

  4.
  1) reflected
  2) concerned/worried
  3) profound effect/influence
  4) viewed/regarded
  5)sensitive
  6) respond/react
  9) concentrate on Translation (P
  17)
  1) You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising.
  2) In general children are healthier and better educated than ever before.
  3) When the right opportunity comes along, he’ll take it.
  4) Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life.
  5) I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father.
  6) He finally failed to live up to his parents’ expectations.
  7) In contrast, our use of oil has increased enormously.
  8) He succeeded in his efforts to overcome his fatal weakness. Part Four Writing and Translation (P
  46)
  2. Translation Practice
  1) It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure.
  2) Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful.
  3) When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience.
  4) Think about your strengths and build up self-confidence in front of problems or difficulties.
  5) Don’t let negative thoughts hold you back.
  6) Everyone has experienced failures and disappointments, so don’t blame yourself too much.
  7)eliminated
  8)overcome my fear

  10) made no comment
Unit 2 Myths and Legends Vocabulary (P
  62)
  1.
  1) A. invitation B. invited C. inviting
  2) A. prepare B. prepared C. preparation D. preparatory/preparation

  3) A. discoveries B. discoverers C. discovered
  4) A. approval B. approve C. approved D. approving E. disapprove
  5) A. eloquent B. eloquence C. eloquently
  6) A. faithful B. unfaithful/faithless C. faith C. occasion d. faithfully

  7) A. occasional B. occasionally

  8) A. delivery B. delivering C. delivered
  9) A. troublesome B. troubled
  10) A. assurance B. assured C. troubled C. assure
  3) asking for trouble
  4) have … trouble
  5) trouble with D. troubling

  2.
  1) got/ran into trouble

  2) no trouble

  6) in serious/deep/big trouble
  3.
  1) with a pattern of roses
  3) promised faithfully

  7) get/getting … into trouble
  8) took the trouble
  2) prepared a wonderful/goof meal for us
  4) deliver this letter

  5) a selection of milk and plain chocolate
  6) keep out of mischief/behave themselves
  7) the sound of distant thunder
  8) received approval from the government

  9) in spite of the fact that he drank too much
  10) agree whether the drug is safe or not Part Three Further Development
  5. Complete the following Ancient Chinese story by translating the Chinese into English(P
  93)
  1) the true reason why there was no such animal in Guizhou
  2) they were of no use at all in this place
  3) when he saw the donkey all of a sudden, he thought it was a monster
  4) he hid himself in the trees while looking at the donkey
  5) what kind of animal is this and why does it look different from other animals that I’ve seen?
  6) But one day the donkey stretched its thin neck and cried
  7) the tiger discovered that the donkey didn’t have any other skills besides crying
  8) But he dared not rush to it and eat it just as he did to other animals
  9) This did irritate the donkey (made the donkey angry), who raised its hind leg and kicked the tiger
  10) This time he rushed to it without hesitation and bit its rhroat Part Four Writing and Translation
  2. Translation Practice(P
  96) 万物之初,天地还是一体,充满混沌。宇宙如同一个大黑蛋,盘古就在黑蛋里。一万八千年以后,盘 古长睡醒来,他感到窒息,于是他拿起一把斧子,用尽全身力量砸开黑蛋。轻的、透明的部分冉冉上升, 变成了天;而冷的、浑浊的物体依然在下面,变成了大地。盘古站在中间,顶天立地。天地开始以每天一 长的速度分开,盘古的身子也随着长高。一万八千年后,天更高,地更厚,盘古像一根九百万里高的柱子 伫立其间,田地永远也无法再合在一起。
Unit 3 Social Problems Vocabulary (P1
  12)
  2.
  1) constantly
  6) salaried
  2) impact
  3) burden
  4) Candidly
  9)perfect
  5) fulfillment
  10) suppress
  5) advisable

  7) resentment
  8)assistance

  3.
  1) successfully
  2) resentment
  3)security

  4) necessity

  6) access/accessibility
  7) athletic
  8) maturity
  9) emotional
  10) effectively Translation (P1
  13)
  1) Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours.
  2) How will taxes affect people with low income?
  3) My mother always told me that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up practicing the piano.
  4) These books range in price form $10 to $
  20.
  5) It seems to me that you don’t have much choice.
  6) Given their inexperience, they have done quite a good job.
  7) For such a big house the price is fairly cheap/low, but you’ve got to take into consideration the money you will spend on repairs.
  8) Can we begin with discussing questions/problems arising from the last meeting? Part Four Writing and Translation
  2. Translation Practice (P1
  42)
  1) 孩子最好远离毒品
一个电话报警者打来三个电话,报告毒品交易。他还对交易场所中小孩子的健康表示忧虑。有两个人被 发现因吸入过量毒品而深度中毒,现场还发现大量被使用过的注射器。屋内情况非常糟糕,孩子们立即得 到了保护。
  2) 在逃的武装抢劫犯落入法网 四名武装抢劫犯在逃离现场时,开枪打伤一名警察。警察抓住了两名罪犯,但是不能确认另两名逃走的 罪犯的身份。打进警察热线的一个电话准确、详细地描述了这起事件和其中一个逃走的罪犯。不久,一名 男子被抓获,他被指控企图谋杀及武装抢劫。
Unit 4 Career Planning Vocabulary (P1
  61)
  1.
  1) acceptable
  2) efficiency
  3) implications
  4) instability
  6) uation
  7) foreseeable
  8) invention
  9) hastily
  5) rationalize
  10)probability

  11) professional
  12)challenging

  13)defensive
  14) personality

  2.
  1) in case
  2) Every so often
  3) resort to
  4) talk over
  5) start over
  6) in reality
  7) at stake
  8) seized on
  9) leading to
  10) take stock of

  3.
  1) programs
  2) way
  3) technical
  4) both
  5) provided
  6) who
  7) such
  8) needed
  9) opportunities
  10) when
  17) up
  11) to
  12) Completion
  13) holding
  14) early
  18) educating

  15) hire
  16) promote Translation (P1
  63)

  1) He underwent a major heart surgery several years ago.
  2) We estimated that it would take a week to finish the work.
  3) I used to enjoy photography, but I now have no time to pursue any hobbies.
  4) You may love someone but not necessarily have to marry him.
  5) Terrorists resort to violence to achieve their political aims.
  6) He says he’ll stay in the office this afternoon in case you want to see him.
  7) Scientists have identified the gene that causes abnormal growth.
  8) These examples demonstrate how badly some students write their resumes. Part Four Writing and Translation
  2. Translation Practice (P1
  95) A = Applicant A I: A: I: A: I: A: I: Do you have a boyfriend? Yes. Is he here, in this city? No, he is in another city. Sorry, we will not employ you? Why not? You would not be keeping your mind on your work. What’s more, we do not want to see our telephone bill I = Interviewer
increase enormously because of you. B I: A: I: A: Do you have a girlfriend? No. Have you ever dated a girl? Yes, but she didn’t want to date me? Do you want to date girls after you have a job?
I: A: I: A: C I: A: I: A: I: A: I:
I will set my mind on work first. I will not consider my marriage now. Sorry, we will not employ you. Why not? You are lacking in the ability of dealing with interpersonal relationships. Also, you lack self-confidence.
Do you have a girlfriend? Yes. Is she pretty? Not quite. Sorry, we will not employ you. Can it be that a plain girlfriend will affect your company’s image? It’s not that. But our company engages in works of art. Your aesthetic judgment does not satisfy our
company’s need. D I: A: I: A: I: A: I: E I: A: I: A: I: F I: A: I: A: I: Do you have a boyfriend? Yes. Is he very rich? No. Sorry, we will not employ you, because your job is to work with money. I am afraid you cannot resist the Do you have a girlfriend? Yes. Is she your first love? No, I have a couple of girlfriends before. Sorry, we will not employ you, because you would soon job-hop. Do you have a girlfriend? Yes. Is she pretty? Very. Is she your first love? Yes. Sorry, we will not employ you, because you lack the initiative in pursuing the better unceasingly.
temptation.
Unit 5 Language Vocabulary (P2
  15)
  1. Section A Section B
  1) A
  2) B
  3) A
  4) B
  5) C
  6) B
  7) C
  8) C
  9) A
  10) A
  1) renewed
  2) apply
  3) persist
  4) succeeded
  5) drop
  10) impressed

  6) revealed
  7) wonder
  8) keenly
  9) vainly
  2.
  1) unconsciously
  2) expectant
  3) eventful

  4) immeasurable

  5) imitation/imitating
  6) continually
  7) tenderness
  8) impatient Translation (P2
  16)
  1) Seeing all the people walking to and fro outside the office, I became more worried.

  2) In time he will see who is his true friend.
  3) That scientist’s experiment gave birth to a new drug.
  4) He had been shut in by illness during much of the winter.
  5) They would practice spoken English at the first opportunity.
  6) Everything she valued might be swept away overnight.
  7) Towards the close of the term, all the students are busy preparing for the finals.
  8) It is a very cold winter and we long for it to be over. Part Four Writing and Translation
  2. Translation Practice (P2
  39)
  1) 他钦佩布朗太太,这使我很惊奇。
  2) 暴风雨持续了一整天;就在这段时间里船破裂了。
  3) 虽然那个学生在做试验前已仔细阅读过实验说明,但由于他生搬硬套,未能得到满意的结果。
  4) 我知道萨拉会将那个好消息告诉她姐姐的,而她姐姐又很可能将它告诉她的同学。
  5) 史密斯先生很有教学经验,他将在春天和我们一起工作。
  6) 邮递员早晨 6 点 30 分来。这个时候我通常还在睡大觉呢。
Unit 6 Man and Animals Vocabulary (P2
  54)
  3.
  1) survive
  2) conflicts
  3) available
  4) likely
  5) injuring

  6) absorbed
  7) competition
  8) instinct
  9) hesitated
  10) similar
  4.
  1) ensure
  2) population
  3) characteristic
  4) exhibit
  5) defense
  6) familiar
  7) territory
  8) case Translation (P2
  56)
  1) She always behaves badly when her aunt comes to visit.
  2) If it hadn’t been for your help, we wouldn’t have been able to finish the task in time.
  3) I warned him off going to the east coast because it was full of tourists.
  4) The fact that something is cheap doesn’t necessarily mean it’s of low quality.
  5) Without anyone to turn to for help, making an appropriate choice can be difficult.
  7) Only if Peter goes to the evening party will she go.
  8) I can only compare the experience to a nightmare. Writing and Translation
  2. Translation practice (P2
  79) 主语从句
  1) 这种理论的核心是:我们的环境同我们的本能、性格特征和行为,即使有什么联系的话,也是微不足 道的。
  2)遗憾的是,我们的呼吁没有得到响应。
  3)众所周知,肺癌至少部分是由于吸烟过多引起的。
  4)现在把话题转到一个月以前发生的惨案上,这是很自然的事。
  5)那位老太太解释说她在为一个女孩找一副手套。 宾语从句
  1)他想再次提醒大家,决定这件事的不止他一个人,还有其他许多人。
  2)他们想要说明,为什么我们有某些特征并表现出某些行为。
  3)在这场争论中,赞成“天性”的那些人认为:我们的性格特征和行为模式大多是由生物因素所决定的。
  9) minute
  10) aggressive

  4)伽利略最光辉是业绩在于他在 1609 年第一个把新发明的望远镜对准天空,证实了行星围绕太阳而不是 围绕地球旋转。 Unit 7 They Joy of Travel Vocabulary (P2
  94)
  1.
  1) engagement
  2) separating
  3) influences
  4) arranged
  6) In case
  2.
  1) end
  7) trap
  13) sampled
  7) processed
  2) booked
  8) appeal
  14) process
  8) changes
  3) trapped
  9) samples
  15) valued
  5) chosen

  9) benefited
  10) go on
  4) book
  5) ended
  6) appeal
  12) structured

  10) structure
  11) value
  16) process

  3.
  1) A. emptied B. emptiness
  3) A. entertaining B. entertainment
  5) A. employed B. employment
  7) A. convinced B. convincing
  9) A. isolates B. isolation

  2) A. terrified B. terrifying
  4) A. introductory B. introduction
  6) A. transform
  8) A. approval B. transformation B. approve

  10.A. reinforcement B. reinforced
Translation (P2
  96)
  1) I didn’t realize putting on/staging a play involved so much work.
  2) The most important thing is not what you say but what you do.
  3) This is the best result that can be expected in such circumstances.
  4) It isn’t the first time that you’ve found yourself in such a situation.
  5) This difficulty challenges my mind to find an answer.
  6) The new threat on the horizon is unemployment.
  7) We have alternative ways of expressing the same idea.
  8) He slipped into the old habit of drinking. Writing and Translation
  2. Translation practice (P3
  20) A. From English to Chinese
  1) 悲观主义者的典型特征是他们往往认为坏事会持续很久,会损害他们
 

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