Unit1

  1.
Interviewer:Angela, you were born in Korea but you've been living in Canada for a long time, haven't you? Angela:Yes, I was 10 years old when my parents immigrated to Canada and I've been living here for 20 years now. Interviewer:Do you think that belonging to two different cultures has affected your personality? Angela:Yes, definitely. There are times when I think that I have two personalities. Depending on where I am and who I'm with, I'm Korean or I'm Canadian. Interviewer:That sounds complicated. Could you explain what you mean? Angela:Well, growing up in Canada when I was going to high school, for example, I was known as Angela to the outside world, and as Sun-Kyung at home. I would wave hello to my teachers, but bow to my parents' Korean friends when they visited our home. Interviewer:Do different cultures have different ideas as to what is polite? Angela:Yes, definitely. In high school, I was expected to look straight in the eyes of my teachers and to talk openly with them. But when Koreans spoke to me, I was expected to look at my feet and to be shy and silent. Interviewer:Do you think that having two personalities makes you a richer person? Angela:Yes, but sometimes I don't know who I am.
  2. I am a very sensitive person, and that's good to a point. I feel everyone should be able to feel or understand what others are going through. But when you hurt, cry, or are unhappy for people you don't know, or for a movie that is not real, then I think that's a little too sensitive. That's the way I am. I am a very independent person. I must do things for myself. I don't like people doing things for me, or helping me, or giving me things. It's not that I don't appreciate it, because I do. I just feel that when someone does something for you, you owe them, and if there is one thing I don't like to feel, it's that I owe anyone anything. I think I would be a good friend. I would do almost anything for someone I like, and would share or give anything I have. I'm very caring and understanding. People trust me with their secrets, and they're right for doing so because I never tell any secret that is told to me. I'm always there to help in any way that I can. All you have to do is ask. I enjoy life and people, which makes me feel good. I find fun in almost everything I do (except housework). I like to watch people, talk to them, and be around them. It makes no difference whether I agree or disagree with what they feel, or how they live, or what they look like, or what age they are. I just enjoy learning and being aware of everything and everyone around me.
  3. Tom:Hey, Bill. Do you have any plans for this weekend? Bill:Yeah, Tom. Cindy and I are going ice-skating on Saturday. Tom:Oh. Bill:Why do you ask? Tom:Well, I thought you might want to come over and study for next week's chemistry test. Bill:Study?! No way. Hey, what if I try to fix you up with Cindy's sister, Kristi. We could
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double-date. She's really outgoing, bright, and funny too. Tom:Hey, I still remember the girl you fixed me up with last time. She was very moody and self-centered. She couldn't stop talking about how great she was. I'm not sure if I can trust you, "Mr. Matchmaker". Bill:Oh come on. So I made a mistake last time. Cindy's sister is really different. Tom:Well, what does she look like? Bill:Ah. Looks aren't important. She has a wonderful personality. Tom:Right. Bill:Okay. She has long wavy blond hair and blue eyes. She's of medium height, just a little shorter than you are. Tom:Go on. Bill:She has a great figure, a nice complexion, and she has a sexy voice. Oh, and she has a tattoo of an eagle on her arm. Tom:A what? Bill:No, just kidding. By the way, she was the runner-up in the Miss California Beauty Pageant two years ago. Well, you're probably not interested. Tom:No, wait! Bill:Ah, just forget I ever mentioned it. Tom:No, I'm interested!
  4. David:Barbara, before you go, could you tell me about these students that are coming into my class? Barbara:Oh, yes. Now, let me think, well, there's...er...Paul. He's a tall, slim lad with fair hair. Very friendly face, lovely smile... He's particularly good with group activities, and he's a very helpful person to have in the class and very helpful with the other students. He speaks fluently, but does make a lot of mistakes! He doesn't seem to mind making mistakes. He asks a lot of questions...er...he tends to speak first and think later. But he's got lots of interesting ideas. David:Good. Barbara:Ah...Susan...Susan. Now, she's very lively, quick, and very bright. She talks all the time but not always in English. David:What? Is she difficult or anything? Barbara:No...she's quite young but she does behave in quite a grown-up way really for her age. It can be a bit difficult to actually shut her up sometimes and make her listen to you. David:Ah, right. Barbara:She's very nice. She has dark hair and dark eyes. David:Right, well...are there any other girls in the class? Barbara:Yes, there is Maria. She's Susan's sister. David:Yes. Barbara:Actually it's quite difficult to tell them apart although...er... Maria is slightly older. She's a bit plumper and has longer hair than Susan. She's not quite as bright as her sister and I think that makes her feel a bit inferior really. Well, you know, she sulks a bit when she gets things wrong or she misunderstands you. But on the whole, a very sensible girl. David:OK. Barbara:And then there's Peter, who's older than the others. He's got a sort of moustache,
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spectacles and wavy dark brown hair. He usually wears a jacket and sometimes a suit. He's very smart and takes notes all the time. He's also very serious and determined to learn as much as possible. He asks quite difficult questions but he doesn't mean to be nasty. David:Well, thanks, Barbara. It's all up to me now, isn't it? Have a good holiday, won't you? Barbara:Thanks. David:Bye.
  5.
  1. Pedro sleeps only six hours a night. He goes to school full-time and works part-time in the afternoons. At night he plays soccer or basketball. He's seldom tired and his favorite way to relax is to jog two or three miles. What kind of person is Pedro?
  2. Mr. Miller was teaching his fourth grade class how to divide. The students didn't understand. He had to repeat his lesson and explain the idea more slowly. Over the next few days he explained and explained the lesson until almost the whole class understood and knew how to divide. What kind of teacher is Mr. Miller?
  3. People in the High Street neighborhood don't buy their fruits and vegetables in the supermarket. They buy them from Mr. Smith's truck. You can trust Mr. Smith. He never tries to sell any bad or unripe fruit. His prices are fair. What kind of person is Mr. Smith?
  4. Jake and Charles ran into the classroom. Each one saw the chair he wanted to sit on. Unfortunately, it was the same chair. They both sat down at the same time. Each of them had half a chair. Charles said he was there first and tried to push Jake off the chair. Jake said he was first. Both boys refused to move. "All right, boys," said the teacher. "If you won't move, then you can sit like that for the whole period." Jake and Charles sat like that for the whole period until the bell rang. When they stood up they were stiff and sore. "I don't care," said Jake. "I was there first." What kind of person is Jake?
  5. Room 46A at Travis High School was always the dirtiest room in the school. Many of the students threw paper on the floor. One day, Mrs. Duke had an idea. She fastened a basketball hoop over the wastebasket. Now the students love to practice throwing their paper into the basket. When they miss, they pick the paper up and try again. And that was the end of the problem. What kind of person is Mrs. Duke?
  6. A number of visitors to the UK, who had traveled throughout the British Isles, were asked by a newspaper reporter what their impressions of the British people were. Here's a brief summary of what they thought. There were many different opinions among those interviewed: Some were very flattering, others very critical. The distinction between the English and the British wasn't always understood, but, on the whole, it seemed that the Scots were very popular with visitors. They were thought to be very friendly, even though one Dutch visitor confessed she'd found it hard to understand their English. A great number found the British generally reserved, particularly the English, although one Australian visitor called the English "the friendliest people in the world and most hospitable". But
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she did admit that speaking the same language was a great help. Some Asian businessmen, who had traveled widely throughout England, said quite openly that they found North country people "much nicer" than people in the South. When asked what exactly they meant by "much nicer", one of them said, with a playful smile on his face, "By much nicer I mean much more like us!" A few continentals praised "English courtesy", but the majority found it dishonest and dull. "You're forever saying 'please' and 'sorry' when you don't feel pleased or sorry," one explained. A young student from South Africa had no views on the matter. He hadn't met any Englishmen, he said. The country appeared to be full of foreigners like himself. Statements:
  1. It was easy to tell the English from the British.
  2. Speaking the same language helped one Australian visitor a lot.
  3. By "much nicer", one of the visitors meant that the British people were more friendly than people of other countries.
  4. The majority of continentals thought highly of English manners.
  5. To the young student from South Africa, Britain seemed to have a lot of foreign visitors.
  7. One day, when Mr. Smith came home from work, he found his wife very upset about something. Mr. Smith always thought that he was more sensible than his wife, so he started to give her a lecture on the importance of always remaining calm. Finally he said, "It's a waste of your strength to get excited about small things. Train yourself to be patient, like me. Now, look at the fly that has just landed on my nose. Am I getting excited or annoyed? Am I swearing or waving my arms around? No. I'm not. I'm perfectly calm." Just as he had said this, Mr. Smith started shouting. He jumped up and began to wave his arms around wildly and swear terribly. He couldn't speak for some time, but at last he was able to tell his wife: The thing on his nose was not a fly, but a bee.
  8. Tom:Oh, that Mr. Taylor. He is so boring! Mother:What do you mean? Tom:His lessons put me to sleep. And he's so quick-tempered, Mum. Mother:Quick-tempered? Mr. Taylor? Are you sure darling? Tom:Yes, he gets angry very quickly. Mother:That doesn't sound like Mr. Taylor at all! Tom:And do you know, he spends all the time looking at his reflection in the window, admiring himself. Mother:Really? And why does he do that? Tom:Because he's vain, that's why! And conceited! He thinks he knows everything. Mother:Oh, Tom. Be reasonable. I'm sure you're exaggerating. Mr. Taylor seems such a nice, kind man. Tom:Well, he isn't. He is mean and cruel. Mother:Cruel? Now how can a history teacher be cruel? Tom:Because he only gave me two out of ten points in my history test. Mother:Oh, now I understand. Tom, I think you'd better get on with your homework
  9.
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(S1 = the first speaker; S2 = the second speaker; S3 = the third speaker; S4 = the fourth speaker) S1:In this week's edition of Up with People we went out into the streets and interviewed a number of people. We asked a question they just didn't expect. We asked them to be self-critical...to ask themselves exactly what they thought they lacked or?the other side of the coin?what virtues they had. Here is what we heard. S2:Well...I...I don't know really...it's not the sort of question you ask yourself directly. I know I'm good at my job... At least my boss considers me hard-working, conscientious, and efficient. I'm a secretary by the way. When I look at myself in a mirror as you sometimes do in the privacy of your own bedroom...or at your reflection in the shop windows as you walk up the street... Well...then I see someone a bit different. Yes...I'm different in my private life. And that's probably my main fault I should say... I suppose I'm not coherent in my behavior. My office is always in order...but my flat! Well...you'd have to see it to believe it. S3:Well...I'm retired, you know. Used to be an army officer. And...I think I've kept myself...yes, I've kept myself respectable the whole of my life. I've tried to help those who depend on me. I've done my best. I am quite self-disciplined. Basically I'm a good guy, fond of my wife and family... That's me. S4:Well...when I was young I was very shy. At times I...I was very unhappy...especially when I was sent to boarding school at age seven. I didn't make close friends till later...till I was about...fifteen. Then I became quite good at being by myself. I had no one to rely on...and no one to ask for advice. That made me independent. My wife and I have two sons. We...we didn't want an only child because I felt...well I felt I'd missed a lot of things
  10. Mike:Hey, guys. Come and look. I've found an interesting Web site on star signs. (The others come close to the computer and look
 

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