高二英语 Unit15 Destinations 知识点教案
  1. You may explain, apologise or argue as you see fit. 在你认为合适的时候,你可以解释,道歉 在你认为合适的时候,你可以解释, 活辩论。 (p. 活辩论。 34 Speaking 第一格 Student B)★ see fit 意为“认为正确、合适”“愿意”“决定”,如 ( ) 要表示“认为做某事合适”, 应在 see fit 后加动词不定式。 ① I don't see fit to tell him all our plans. 如: 我们的全部计划告诉他, 我看不太合适。 You may stay on if you Bee fit to do so. 果你愿意的话, ② 可以在这里继续呆下去。③ I don't know why they see fit to leave so suddenly.我不明白,他们为什 么决定这样突然走掉。④ You may arrange everything as you see fit. 一切,你觉得怎么办好就怎 么办。⑤ For some reason, they saw 6t to exclude him from the invitation list. 由于某种原因,他们 觉得不把他列入邀请名单为好。⑥ They saw fit to employ someone else. 他们觉得雇佣别人更合 适。
  2. I will look into it immediately. 我会马上调查这件事。(p.34 Useful expressions) 我会马上调查这件事。 ★ look into 意为“调查”“了解”“研究”。如:① The police are looking into the records of all these involved in the crime. 警方正在查阅所有卷入这一犯罪事件的人的档案。 The police are looking ② into possible causes of the accident. 警方正在调查事故的原因。③ Your complaint is being looked into. When we have anything to report we will write to you again. 你的申诉我们正在处理,如有可 以奉告之处,会再给你写信。④ The manager has promised that he will look into the matter at once. 经理答应会马上调查此事。注】 into 还有“调查”“了解”之意。 ⑤ I will see into this business. 【 see 如: 我去了解一下这事。⑥ Will you please go and see into the problem? 请你去调查一下这个问题好 吗?【注】 但 see into 还有“看出”“察觉”“看破”之意,而 look into 无此意。如:⑦ I wish I had the gift of seeing into people's hearts. 我希望拥有看出人们内心世界的本领。⑧ It's difficult for me to see into his full meaning. 我很难弄懂他的全部意思。⑨ He began to return to health when he was able to see into the causes of his trouble. 在他能够认清自己疾病根源后他开始恢复健康了。
  3. Every now and then, we get the itch to travel.我们时不时会有去旅游的强烈愿望。(p.35 第一 我们时不时会有去旅游的强烈愿望。 我们时不时会有去旅游的强烈愿望 段 第 1 行)★ get / have an itch for sth. / to do sth. 渴望(做)某事。如:① The boys had an itch for the lessons to end so as to play hide-and-seek 男孩子们急着想早点下课去玩捉迷藏。② Go on, I know you have an itch to tell me. 快点,我知道你迫不及待地想告诉我。③ He has an itch for personal fame and gains. 他追名逐利。④ The boys and girls in the mountain village have an itch for knowledge.这个山村里的孩子们渴望知识。★ itch 可作动词用 可作动词用,意为“渴望”“急于”。如:⑤ The general Was itching for fight. 将军渴望打仗。⑥ He itched to tell his friends the news. 他急于要把 这消息告诉他的朋友们。* itch 作名词时 作名词时,也可以单独使用。如:⑦ The itch to travel began in his childhood. 早在童年时代他就渴望旅行。⑧ His itch for adventure made his parents worried.他渴望 冒险,这使他的父母很担心。
  4. Should you feel the urge to pack your bags and explore what the world has offer, you may went to consider one of the destinations below. 如果你感觉到有一种背起背包探索世界的冲动, 如果你感觉到有一种背起背包探索世界的冲动, 你也许会考虑下面的一个目的地。 你也许会考虑下面的一个目的地。(p.35 第一段 第 2 ? 3 行) ★ 这是一个与将来可能发生的事实相反的虚拟语气,条件句中的谓语用倒装句式,省去了连词 if,而把 should 放在句首,在虚拟条件句中,如谓语动词中有 should,were,had 时,可将其移 至句首,省去 if。如:① Had I not seen it with my own eyes, I would not have believed it.要不是我 亲眼所见,我就不会相信了。② Should you change your mind, no one would blame you. 万一你改 变主意,谁也不会怨你。③ Were she here, she would support your suggestion. 如果她在这里,她 会支持你的建议。④ Should I be free tomorrow, I would come. 万一明天我有空,我会来。⑤ Had I known your address, I would have written before. 我要是知道你的地址,我早就给你写信了。 ★ urge 此处是名词, 意为“冲动”“强烈的愿望”, 常跟 have, 等动词搭配。 ① He had a sudden feel 如: urge to go to Italy. 他突然很想到意大利去。 Mr Turner had an urge to open a shop of his own. 特 ② 纳先生有一种强烈的愿望要开办自己的商店。 【注】urge 也可用作动词,意为“督促”“要求”“促 使”,后接不定式作宾语,或用 urge sb. to sth. 结构。如:③ we urged our guests to stay for dinner.
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我们坚持留客人吃饭。④ I urge him to an explanation. 我极力请求他作出解释。⑤ The teacher urged us to hand in our exercises.老师催促我们交作业。 【注】urge 可作“强烈”“极力主张”解释, 表示“向某人强调”, 常用 urge on sb.。 ① The teacher urged on her students the importance of hard 如: work. 这位教师对她的学生强调努力学习的重要性。② The doctor urged on his patients the need for regular physical check-ups. 这位医生向他的病人强调定期体验的重要性。★ consider 此处意 为“考虑”,后接名词、 代词、动名词或从句。如:⑥ Consider the matter carefully before making up your mind. 在你作出决定之前,对此事要仔细考虑一下。⑦ I first considered writing to him, but then decided to go and see him. 起先我考虑写信给他,后来决定去看他。⑧ Simon is considering going to Paris. 西蒙在考虑去巴黎。⑨ Have you considered how you could achieve your purpose? 你考虑过如何能达到你的目的吗?【注】consider 后可跟不定式,但必须是“疑问词+不定式”,不 可直接跟不定式。 ① I'm consider how to write my report. 我在考虑怎么写我的报告。 Before 如: ② she could consider what to do, her mother came in. 她还没来得及考虑怎么办, 她母亲进来了。 【注】 consider 可作“认为”解释, 一般后面跟从句, 复合宾语或带不定式的复合结构。 ③ Most people 如: consider him honest. 大多数人都认为他诚实。④ I consider it my duty to tell the truth. 我认为有责 任来说明真相。⑤ We don't consider that Jack is to blame. 我们认为不应该怪杰克。⑥ It is generally considered not advisable to act that way. 那样做一般认为是不可能的。
  5. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's second largest city, stretches itself lazily along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. 里约热内卢,巴西第二大城市。沿着大西洋海岸悠闲地展开她的身姿。(p.35 Rio De 里约热内卢,巴西第二大城市。沿着大西洋海岸悠闲地展开她的身姿。 Janeiro 第一段 第 1 ? 2 行)★ stretch 意为“延伸”“绵延”不仅是指地点的延伸也可指时间的延 伸。如:① The plain stretches up to the base of the mountain. 平原一直延伸到山脚下。② This line of mountains stretches all the way from the United States to Canada. 这条山脉从美国一直延伸到加 拿大。③ The Qing Dynasty stretched from 1644 to 19
  11. 清朝从 1644 年延续到 1911 年。④ My shoes being tight, I hope they will stretch. 我的鞋太紧, 我希望能撑大些。 Stretch a rope between ⑤ these two trees. 在这两棵树之间拉一根绳子。⑥ What are you stretching your neck for? Can't you see well? 你伸长脖子干什么?你看不清吗? ⑦ You ale stretching my patience to the limit. 你把我 的耐心都耗尽了。⑧ Perhaps the sweater will fit you if you stretch it. 如果你把毛衣抻一抻,也许 就合身了。▲coast,shore 与 beach 的区别 的区别:【注】coast 是指海岸线,通常是指从这处看到的海 , 洋与陆地的分界线;或把这一分界线作为一个整体来看待。如:① I live ten miles from the coast. 我住的地方离海岸十英里。② Looking down from the plane, we could see the Dutch coast. 我们从 飞机上往下看,可以看到荷兰的海岸线。③ There are numerous islands off the coast. 海岸边有许 多岛屿。④ A ship sank two miles off the coast.一艘船在离岸两英里处沉没。beach 指海滩,相对 比较平坦,覆盖着沙子或碎石,适宜游泳,日光浴,或停靠小船。如:① They walked for a while along the beach. 他们沿海滩走了一会儿。② I like lying on the beach looking at girls. 我喜欢躺在 沙滩上看周围的姑娘们。 【注】 beach 可作动词用, 意思说“使……冲滩”。 ③ The boat has been 如: beached near the rocks. 那小船已被冲到沙滩上。 shore 是一个较为笼统的说法, 主要指“海岸”“海 滨”, 既可以包括 beach, 也可以指岩石或陡峭的岸边。 ① We found many shells on the sea-shore. 如: 我们在海岸上找到许多贝壳。② We spend all our weekends at the shore. 我们的周末都在海滨度 过。
  6. A trip to Rio will also give you a glimpse of the happy lifestyle of cariocas … 到里约去走一 你还能看到里约人的快乐的生活方式… 趟, 你还能看到里约人的快乐的生活方式 (p.35 Rio De Janeiro 第一段 第 4 ? 5 行)give / have a glimpse of 一瞥…; 一看★ glimpse 意为“一瞥…; 一看”,常与 have,give,catch 等动词连用。 如: I only caught a glimpse of the driver. 我只瞥了那个司机一眼。 She drew aside the window ① ② curtain and had a glimpse of the river. 她把窗帘拉向一边,瞥了一眼小河。③ He caught a glimpse of a young couple lying on the grasslands looking at the blue sky. 他看见一对年轻人躺在草地上望 着蓝色的天空。 【注】glimpse 与 glance 都表示“匆匆一瞥”,但 glance 只意味着“看”,而 glimpse 还意味着“看见”,glimpse 往往是 glance 的结果,如:He gave a glance at the stranger 意为“他打
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量了一下那个陌生人”。He caught a glimpse of the stranger. 意思是“他瞥见了那个陌生人”。前句 表示动作,后句表示动作的结果。 【注】glimpse 也可作动词用,意思与作名词时相同。如:④ I glimpsed the fails as our train went by. 火车驶过时,我瞥见了瀑布。⑤ He glimpsed at the letter, then threw it impatiently aside. 他把信粗略地看了一眼,便不耐烦地丢到了一边。⑥ He only glimpsed at my new bag and said nothing. 他只看了一下我的新包,什么也没说。 【注】glimpse 也 可引申为“了解”“开始理解”。如:① He glimpsed the despair that she felt. 他突然间理解了她那绝 望的感觉。② She glimpsed something of what life ought to be about. 她开始领悟到人生应该是怎 么回事。
  7. Visitors who get tired of the sand and the sun can cool off in one of the many cafes … 游客们 在沙滩上阳光下玩的厌烦了就可以到…的许多咖啡馆 里边凉快一下。 的许多咖啡馆…里边凉快一下 (p.35 Rio De Janeiro 第 在沙滩上阳光下玩的厌烦了就可以到 的许多咖啡馆 里边凉快一下。 三段 倒数第 2 行)★ get/be tired of 意思是“对…厌烦”,get 是连系动词,常见的系动词还有 / become, grow 等。 ① My uncle was tired of living abroad. 我叔叔厌倦了国外的生活。 Finally 如: ② she got tired of drawing this kind of picture.最后这种画她都画烦了。③ I'm tired of your lame excuses. 我对你蹩脚的借口烦透了。 ④ She grew tired of talking to these people.和这些人谈话, 她已经厌烦了。 【注】be tired of 意为“对……厌烦”,be tired from 则表示“由于……而累”,偶尔 也用介词 with。 ⑤ You're tired enough from caring for me. 你照顾我, 如: 够累的了。 Are you tired ⑥ from flowing? 你划累了吧? ⑦ Tired from my journey, I went to bed early. 由于旅途劳累,我很早 就睡了。⑧I'm very tired with that long walk. 走了这么长一段路,我非常累。 【注】 tire 是动词, 原意是“使…疲倦”“使…厌烦”。如:① I mustn't tire you too much. If you want anything, just let me know. 我不能让你太累了, 如果你要什么, 告诉我好了。 The ceremony was short so as not to tire ② them. 仪式很简短,以免使他们疲劳。 【注】tire...out 是“使……筋疲力尽”之意。如:① He tired us with his long speeches. 他冗长的讲话使人厌烦。② If driving tires you, take the train. 如果开车 累, 就乘火车吧。 All that running around tires me out. 这么跑来跑去真把我累垮了。 I'm tired ③ ④ out. I think I'll
 

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