Maintaining a Sharp Eye Passage I
Punctuality and Keeping Promise
Passage II
Begin Each Day with a Fresh Plan of Attack
New Practical English 1
Passage I
Text-related Information Intensive Study Practice
New Practical English 1
Text-related information
The following books are good examples of being prompt and acting at the right time: Boyd, Selma--I Met a Polar Bear Burningham, John. John Patrick Norman McHennessy -- the Boy Who was Always Late Grossman, Bill--The Guy Who Was Five Minutes Late. Hoff, Sid. Henrietta-- the Early Bird Sewell, Marcia and Phyllis Krasilovsky-- The Man Who Tried to Save Time
New Practical English 1
Quotes about... PUNCTUALITY
Better never than late.
George Bernard Shaw
If you're there before it's over, you're on time.
James J. Walker
Unfaithfulness in the keeping of an appointment is an act of clear dishonesty. You may as well borrow a person's money as his time.
Horace Mann
New Practical English 1
Promptitude is not only a duty, but is also a part of good manners; it is favorable to fortune, reputation, influence, and usefulness; a little attention and energy will form the habit, so as to make it easy and delightful. Charles Simmons
Be late for something
I am a believer in punctuality though it makes me very lonely. E. V. Verrall
New Practical English 1
Intensive Study
Text Difficult Sentences
Important Words
New Practical English 1
Punctuality and Keeping Promise
(para.
  1) In social activities it is always
emphasized to be punctual, to have a strong conception of time. If you fail to keep your promise or do not come on time and thus keep your host waiting, that is very impolite. It’s hard to imagine what will happen if there is such an activity as a banquet, interview, or meeting, yet all people concerned do not come on time.
New Practical English 1
If you are asked to meet a foreign guest at the airport or at the railway station and you go so late that the guest has come before you arrive, how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he ,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! 1 The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. 2 If you arrive so late at the airport or railway station to find the guest has gone already, what’s the use of your going there?
New Practical English 1
(para.
  2)
So, as a host, whenever there
is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come. 3 Don’t let the guests wait for you. It’s very impolite. Those who are to help entertain the guests should also come earlier than the guests. But for a guest, at what time is it proper to come?
New Practical English 1
You should be punctual. That is, neither too early, nor too late. If it is too early, the host may not get the things ready. If it is too late, you may keep the host waiting. Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there. 4
New Practical English 1
(para.
  3)
After making an appointment,
generally, don’t change it as that is impolite. If you do have to change, you should inform the person by telephone or with a written note as soon as possible, so that he or she can make a rearrangement. Sometimes, an appointment has been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned. 5 In this case, you should make an apology to the person afterwards.
New Practical English 1
…how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he ,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! (para.
  1)
Analysis: This is an exclamatory sentence with
When-clause as an adverbial of time. As means “being”, used here to introduce an adverbial of manner. Meeting is a present participial modifying person.
要是他到了一个陌生的地方,看到没有人来接他, 要是他到了一个陌生的地方,看到没有人来接他,他会是多么 焦急和尴尬! 焦急和尴尬!
e.g. How happy and delighted she will be when she, as a foreigner, sees a friend meeting her at the airport.
New Practical English 1
The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. (para.
  1)
Analysis: The same is true with…means “也是如 也是如
此”. With is a preposition introducing the thing which has the previousmentioned feature(s)
给外国人送行也是如此。 给外国人送行也是如此。
e.g. The same is true with the learning of a foreign language.
New Practical English 1
So, as a host, whenever there is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come.(para.
  2)
Analysis: Whenever introduces an adverbial clause
of time. In the main clause ahead of schedule is an adverbial of time while so as to introduces an adverbial of purpose.
所以说,主人在搞活动时,要提前到场,等客人光临。 所以说,主人在搞活动时,要提前到场,等客人光临。
e.g. So, as a fireman, whenever there is a fire, you should come to the place at once so as to put the fire under control.
New Practical English 1
Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there.(para.
  2)
Analysis: Guest or host is
a reduced form of whether he is a guest or a host. Note that here singular forms are used without articles. The two who-clauses are used to modify anyone and those respectively.
在社交活动中,不论是客人还是主人,如果迟到了, 在社交活动中,不论是客人还是主人,如果迟到了,都应该向 已经到场的人说声抱歉。 已经到场的人说声抱歉。
e.g. Anyone, man or woman, who is in charge of a project, should often talk to those who participate in the project.
New Practical English 1
Sometimes, an appointment has been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned.(para.
  3)
Analysis: Unexpected and concerned are both
adjectives which function as post modifiers of something and the person respectively.
有时定好会面时间后,发生了意外的事, 有时定好会面时间后,发生了意外的事,没有时间通知相关人 员。
e.g. Sometimes a decision has been made, but some change has to be made because problems unexpected arise, an you have no time to discuss the change with the persons concerned.
New Practical English 1
being punctual n. 严守时间
FOR EXAMPLE
being on time a. 守时的
Mary got a prize for punctuality. John is always punctual for class but this morning he was late.
New Practical English 1
emphasize
To place emphasis on…
FOR EXAMPLE Our teacher emphasized how important it was to study English. I must emphasize that they are just children. The speaker emphasized the importance of education.
New Practical English 1
anxious involved
FOR EXAMPLE I was very concerned about my mother’s illness.
worried
worried
All the people concerned attended the meeting. involved
New Practical English 1
embarrass
FOR EXAMPLE
使窘迫, 使窘迫, 使难堪
He embarrassed everyone by saying that the picture was terrible.
She was embarrassed when they asked about her age.
New Practical English 1
when whenever
FOR EXAMPLE Come whenever you have time.
Whenever I go to Beijing, I visit the Great Wall.
New Practical English 1
entertain
FOR EXAMPLE
使高兴, 使高兴,使感兴趣 款待, 款待,请客
A teacher should entertain as well as teach.
The Smiths do a great deal of entertaining.
New Practical English 1
apologize
apologize to sb.for sth.
[vi.]
apology
[C]
FOR EXAMPLE I apologized to her for stepping on her foot. I’m here especially to apologize to you. I must offer her an apology for not going to her party.
New Practical English 1
inform
FOR EXAMPLE
[vt.]
He promised to keep us informed of how the negotiations were going on. I informed my boss that I was going to be away next week.
New Practical English 1
retell rewrite
rerearrange
rearrangement -ment
movement
FOR EXAMPLE
The plan is not good and we need to make a rearrangement. The rearrangement of the furniture makes the room clean and tidy.
New Practical English 1
unexpected adj.
FOR EXAMPLE Her promotion was completely unexpected.
An unexpected guest is usually not welcome. 不速之客
New Practical English 1
Practice
Read and Think Read and Complete Read and Translate Read and Simulate
New Practical English 1
EXERCISE 1
Read and Think
PRACTICE
Answer the following questions according to the text.

  1. What is emphasized in social activities? To be punctual.

  2. How will a foreign guest feel if you are late in getting to the airport to meet him? He will fell anxious and embarrassed.
New Practical English 1

  3. When should the guests come to a social activity? On time, not too early and not too late.

  4. If you are late for a social activity, what should you do? Apologize to those who have already been there.

  5. What should you do if you cannot inform the person concerned of the change of an appointment? You should apologize afterwards.
New Practical English 1
Read and Complete
EXERCISE 2
PRACTICE
Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage.
The author emphasizes the importance punctuality keeping of and promise. In social activities it is important to have a strong conception of time and be punctual. Try not to be late for a social activity as it is impolite to keep waiting other people . As a host, you should come to the place ahead of so as to schedule guests wait for the to come.
New Practical English 1
punctual As a guest, you should be, that is, not too , not too . On the early late change other hand, it is also impolite to an appointment after you’ve made it. If something unexpected happens, and you have to change your appointment, inform the concerned person by telephone or with a written note as soon as possible.
New Practical English 1
Read and Complete
EXERCISE 4
PRACTICE
Matching, changing the form of words if necessary.
apologize
  1. We for any inconvenience caused by the train’s delay. embarrassed
  2. I was really when I knocked a cup of tea over him. informed
  3. I my boss of my arrival in Tokyo. emphasized
  4. It is that all people should learn to make use of Internet. anxious
  5. All of us are to have our vacation in the countryside.
New Practical English 1
proper
  6. Do you think this is a solution to the problem? impolite
  7. It is to ask people such a personal question.
  8. He is always on time for classes. The teacher punctual often praises him for being . unexpected
  9. He gave a(n) answer to the question.
  10. Please tell Mr. Green that I’m here for the appointment .
  11. My secretary typed up aschedule for me to follow on my trip.
New Practical English 1
Read and Translate
EXERCISE 5
PRACTICE
Translate the following sentences into English.
1
对不起, 让你久等了。 对不起, 让你久等了。
keep sb. waiting
I’m sorry to have kept you waiting
make an appointment
2
我想约见史密斯大夫。 我想约见史密斯大夫。
I’d like to make an appointment to see Dr. Smith. 3 不敲门就进屋是不礼貌的。 不敲门就进屋是不礼貌的。 impolite, knock at the door
It’s impolite to enter a room without knocking at the door first.
New Practical English 1
inform
4
如果发生什么特别情况,要尽快通知我们。 如果发生什么特别情况,要尽快通知我们。 Inform us as soon as possible if anything special happens.
keep one’s promise
5 由于你没有遵守诺言,他们很生气。 由于你没有遵守诺言,他们很生气。 They were angry because you had not kept your promise. 6 这样的话,咱们就争取早到。 这样的话,咱们就争取早到。
in this case
In this case, let’s try to get there early.
New Practical English 1
Read and Simulate
EXERCISE 5
PRACTICE
Pay attention to the italicized parts and simulate the structure.
How anxious and embarrassed he will be when he sees no person meeting him. How unhappy and disappointed she will be when she finds no person supporting her.
听到这消息,他们会多么兴奋开心呀。 听到这消息,他们会多么兴奋开心呀。
How exciting and happy they will be when they hear the news.
New Practical English 1
How anxious and embarrassed he will be when he sees no person meeting him. How unhappy and disappointed she will be when she finds no person supporting her.
丢了钱包,他多么焦虑不安呀。 丢了钱包,他多么焦虑不安呀。
How worried and upset he will be when his wallet is missing.
New Practical English 1
What’s the use of your going there? What’s the point of his making promises without keeping them?
她只是读书但不思考,有什么用呢? 她只是读书但不思考,有什么用呢?
What’s the point of her reading without thinking?
你和他争论有什么用呢? 你和他争论有什么用呢?
What’s the use
 

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