Unit Three Active Reading
Lesson 7 What Is Active Reading
This unit introduces some techniques that can make an appreciable difference in how well you read and how much you remember. In fact, these techniques? prereading, making connections and predictions, and monitoring your comprehension?can make an immediate, significant improvement in your reading efficiency.
Research reveals that effective reading is not a singlestep process, but a complex set of skills involving activities before, during, and after reading. Here is a partial list of some of those skills.
Before Reading:

  1. determine the subject of the material
  2. determine how the material is organized
  3. define your purpose of reading
  4. decide what you need to remember from the material
During Reading:
  1. identify what is important
  2. determine how key ideas are supported
  3. identify patterns of thought
  4. draw connections among ideas
  5. anticipate what is to come next
  6. relate ideas to what you already know
During and After Reading:
  1. identify the author’s purpose of writing
  2. analyze the writer’s technique and language
  3. evaluate the writer’s competence or authority
  4. ask critical questions
  5. evaluate the nature and type of supporting evidence
Practice of Reading Techniques Activities before,during and after reading.
  1. Determine what is meant by the title of the reading selection “A Whole Nation and a People.”
  2. Determine what sort of literature it is: essay, drama, fiction story, or fragments of autobiography.
  3. Anticipate what is to come next after reading the first five paragraphs.
  4. Identify the author’s purpose of writing this passage.
Lesson 7
Reading Selection A
A Whole Nation and a People
CATALOGUE Warm-up Activities About the Author Language Points Keys
text
Warm-up Activities

  1. The western countries have influence us greatly in all aspects. What are the advantages and the disadvantage of such influence?

  2. Do you think all of us should try our best to preserve our nation’s traditional customs?
About the Author
Harry Mark Petrakis
born June 5, 1923, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.
American novelist and short-story writer whose exuberant and sensitive works deal with the lives of Greek immigrants in urban America.
About the Author
Petrakis, the son of an Eastern Orthodox priest, attended the University of Illinois (1940?
  41) and held a variety of jobs to support himself while writing. His novels and stories, usually set in Chicago, include Lion at My Heart (19
  59), The Odyssey of Kostas Volakis (19
  63), A Dream of Kings (19
  66), The Hour of the Bell (19
  76), Nick the Greek (19
  79), Days of Vengeance (19
  83), and Ghost of the Sun (19
  90), a sequel to A Dream of Harry Mark Kings. Petrakis at age 12
About the Author
He also published collections of short stories, a biography, and an autobiography, Stelmark: A Family Recollection (19
  70). In 1998 he cowrote a biography of the industrialist Henry Crown, and the following year he released another autobiographical work, Tales of the Heart: Dreams and Memories of a Lifetime. Family of Harry Mark Petrakis (L to R) Tasula, Fr. Mark Petrakis, Dan, Irene, Mike, Harry, Barbara, Presbytera Stella.
Language Points

  1. contend with someone for something compete against someone in order to win or achieve it 竞争, 竞争,争夺 (line 3, para.
  1) ) 三个党正在争夺权利。 ① 三个党正在争夺权利。 Three parties are contending for power.
争夺冠军的这两支球队势均力敌。 ② 争夺冠军的这两支球队势均力敌。 The two teams contending for the championship are very evenly matched.
Language Points
*contend with have to deal with problems or difficulties, especially in order to achieve something(尤指为达成目标而) (尤指为达成目标而) 搏斗, 与…搏斗,与…作争斗 搏斗 作争斗 他们必须和风速达每小时40多英里的强风较量 多英里的强风较量。 ① 他们必须和风速达每小时 多英里的强风较量。 They had to contend with winds of over 40 miles an hour. 我得拼命养活这一大家子,已经够受了。 ② 我得拼命养活这一大家子,已经够受了。 I’ve got quite enough to contend with bringing up such a big family.
Language Points

  2. seek out hunt down 追寻到;特意要找出 (line 1, para.
  2) 追寻到; ) 任何人都不会无缘无故地特意寻找不愉快。 ① 任何人都不会无缘无故地特意寻找不愉快。 It was unusual for anyone to seek out unpleasantness. 科比特决心找出真相。 ② 科比特决心找出真相。 Corbett resolved to seek out the truth. 他又来找她,问她究竟是什么意思。 ③ 他又来找她,问她究竟是什么意思。 缺少英文例句
Language Points

  3. bedevil If something bedevils someone or something, it constantly causes problems and difficulties for them 纠缠; 纠缠;困扰 (line 2, para.
  2) ) 他们为种种抱怨所烦恼,为诸多问题所困扰。 ① 他们为种种抱怨所烦恼,为诸多问题所困扰。 They are besieged by complaints and bedeviled with problems. 伤病满营使球队陷入了困境。 ② 伤病满营使球队陷入了困境。 The team has been bedeviled by injury. 会计钻在一大堆数字里面给搅昏了头。 ③ 会计钻在一大堆数字里面给搅昏了头。 The accountant was bedeviled in a mass of figures.
Language Points

  4. do battle ( mainly journalism) argue with or fight against a difficult opponent, official system etc.(与…)争论, ( )争论, 进行斗争 (line 1, para.
  4) ) 对某人作政治上的斗争 do political battle with 就削减预算问题进行斗争 do battle over the budget cuts 他继续与市议会进行斗争。 ① 他继续与市议会进行斗争。 He continues to do battle with the city council. 他的支持者正准备就总统选举团的组成问题进行斗争。 ② 他的支持者正准备就总统选举团的组成问题进行斗争。 His supporters are preparing to do battle over the composition of the electoral college.
Language Points

  5. *hurl abuse /insults/accusations at sb shout insults at them in a violent or aggressive way 口气激烈地表达(或叫嚷);气势汹汹地口吐(恶言) );气势汹汹地口吐 口气激烈地表达(或叫嚷);气势汹汹地口吐(恶言) (line 3, para.
  4) ) 警察遭到恶狠狠的辱骂。 ① 警察遭到恶狠狠的辱骂。 Abuse was hurled at the police. 狂热的支持者们开始相互谩骂。 ② 狂热的支持者们开始相互谩骂。 The fans began hurling abuse at each other. 恶狠狠地辱骂 强烈指责某人 hurl insults hurl accusations at sb
Language Points
*hurl throw something violently and with a lot of force; fling 孩子们正在相互掷雪球。 孩子们正在相互掷雪球。 Children were hurling snowballs at one another.
Language Points

  6. * be on (upon) your mettle be ready to do something as well as you can, because you know that you are being tested or challenged 鼓起勇气;振作精神(去做某事) 鼓起勇气;振作精神(去做某事)(line 1, para.
  5) ) 要在这场比赛中获胜,我们得准备尽最大的努力。 ① 要在这场比赛中获胜,我们得准备尽最大的努力。 We’ll have to be our mettle to win the game. 这个新的车素限制将使那些渴望开快车的人大为振奋。 ② 这个新的车素限制将使那些渴望开快车的人大为振奋。 This new speed restriction will put a keen driver on his mettle. *show/prove your mettle show that you are capable of doing something well; prove yourself 表现出(或证明)自己能胜任谋事 表现出(或证明) 他没有机会表现自己的能耐。 他没有机会表现自己的能耐。 He had no chance to show his mettle.
Language Points

  7. brace oneself prepare oneself for something unpleasant 作好准备面对 不愉快的事);使防备; );使防备 (不愉快的事);使防备;使经受锻炼 (line 3, para.
  7) 你得作好准备,有坏消息相告。 ① 你得作好准备,有坏消息相告。 Brace yourself for bad news. ② 她为即将到来的磨难作好了准备。 她为即将到来的磨难作好了准备。 She braced herself for her forthcoming ordeal. 全城作了可能再发生一场地震的防备。 ③ 全城作了可能再发生一场地震的防备。 The city braced itself for a possible new quake.
Language Points

  8. make amends try to make a situation better after you have done something wrong; apologize for a mistake or something harmful that you have done 赔罪;赔偿;补偿;补救 赔罪;赔偿;补偿; (line 3, para.
  14) ) 因无礼行为向某人赔礼道歉 make amends to sb for rudeness 这使他希望对小男孩作些补偿, ① 这使他希望对小男孩作些补偿,他以前对于男孩过于 苛刻。 苛刻。 It made him wish to make amends for his former unkindness to the boy. 我希望能以某种方式作出补救。 ② 我希望能以某种方式作出补救。 I wish I could make amends somehow.
Language Points

  9. work off pay someone what you owe them by doing a job for them instead of giving them money 以工作抵偿(债务) 以工作抵偿(债务) (line 1, para.
  16) ) 他们被迫做工以抵偿债务。 他们被迫做工以抵偿债务。 They were forced to work off their debts. *work off something such as some of your weight you get rid of it by doing something that involves a lot of physical activity(通过体力活动)减轻(体重) (通过体力活动)减轻(体重) 她常常靠跑步来减轻过量的体重。 她常常靠跑步来减轻过量的体重。 She generally works off excess weight by going for a run.
Language Points
*work off a feeling such as an anger or embarrassment you gradually overcome it, especiallyby being unpleasant or violent towards other people 发泄掉(怒气);消除(困窘) 发泄掉(怒气);消除(困窘) );消除 他用问题烦扰我们来摆脱自己的困窘。 他用问题烦扰我们来摆脱自己的困窘。 He worked off his embarrassment by harassing us with questions.
Language Points

  10. square (informal) If two people are square, they are even, level, or equal with each other, for example they no longer owe each other any money; neither person owes the other anything(非正式)已结清的;互不欠帐的;两讫 (非正式)已结清的;互不欠帐的; 的;扯平的 (line 3, para.
  35) 你还给我6英镑 那么我们就两讫了。 英镑, ① 你还给我 英镑,那么我们就两讫了。 You give me back six pounds then we’ll be square. 再付5元钱帐就清了 元钱帐就清了。 ② 再付 元钱帐就清了。 Five dollars more and our accounts will be square.
Keys
Ⅰ. READING COMPREHENSION
  1. D
  2. B
  3. C
  4. A
  5. C
  6. A
  7. D
  8. B
  9. B
  10. B Ⅱ. VOCABULARY A.
  1.D
  2.A
  3.D
  4.C
  5.A
  6.A
  7.C
  8.B
  9.C
  10.B B.
  1.contend with
  2.seek out
  3.work off
  4.deftly
  5.sternly
  6.desolate
  7.brusquely
  8.mutely
  9.make amends
  10.derided Ⅲ. CLOZE
  1.successive
  2.look down on
  3.targets
  4.Despite
  5.in search of
  6.Traditionally
  7.integrate
  8.in favor of
  9.distinctive
  10.diverse
Keys
Ⅳ.TRANSLATION 1我常和一帮来自各国的移民子弟一起玩。这一时期给 我常和一帮来自各国的移民子弟一起玩。 我记忆最深的就是一位杂货店的老板。 我记忆最深的就是一位杂货店的老板。当时我们争相嘲笑 原来国家的风俗习惯。星期六到别的居民区进行冒险时,为 原来国家的风俗习惯。星期六到别的居民区进行冒险时 为 了证明自己是真正的美国人,我们吃热狗,喝可口可乐。 了证明自己是真正的美国人,我们吃热狗,喝可口可乐。 如果谁没带10美分 他这顿饭就得饿着, 美分, 如果谁没带 美分,他这顿饭就得饿着,因为他不敢带自 己家里吃的那种加了香料的夹肉三明治。 己家里吃的那种加了香料的夹肉三明治。 2我们的野蛮游戏之一就是找一个推车的小贩或是一个 店主,毫无疑问都是移民,然后齐声骂他或嘲笑戏弄他。 店主,毫无疑问都是移民,然后齐声骂他或嘲笑戏弄他。 为了证明对团伙的忠诚, 为了证明对团伙的忠诚,我们必须找一个自己民族的移民 小店主或是小贩,以最恶毒的方式捉弄他。 小店主或是小贩,以最恶毒的方式捉弄他。
Keys
3“你真愚蠢。你不知道我这个小店里装着我们整个的国 你真愚蠢 你真愚蠢。 家和民族(包含整个希腊国家与民族的历史与文化)。” 家和民族(包含整个希腊国家与民族的历史与文化)。” )。
4阿喀琉斯就是带着黑橄榄前往特洛伊城的,而且在带 阿喀琉斯就是带着黑橄榄前往特洛伊城的, 领他的密耳弥多涅勇士们激战一天后,他会休息, 领他的密耳弥多涅勇士们激战一天后,他会休息,吃些奶 酪和熟透的黑橄榄,就是店里的这种黑橄榄。 酪和熟透的黑橄榄,就是店里的这种黑橄榄。
5马拉松城的人们带着这些香料去参战,香味能使他们 马拉松城的人们带着这些香料去参战, 想起自己的家乡、家人和孩子。 想起自己的家乡、家人和孩子。
Keys
6你知道希腊色
 

相关内容

研究生英语系列教程多维教程探索正文翻译

   Unit Two 谎言与真理 1 什么是真理?或反之,什么又是谎言?对这两个问题,古往今来各国众多的哲学家、教育家及宗教领袖的答案各不相同,而在北美及欧洲的作家圈中却存在着两点共识:第一,撒谎应当是一种故意行为。换言之,如果你的话与事实相背,而你自己却没意识到,那就不算撒谎。第二,其实每个人都在撒谎,而且是频繁地撒谎。但这种共识到此为止。 2 有些人比较极端,他们认为撒谎总是有害的,因此人们应尽量设法避免撒谎。其理由是撒谎既伤害了别人,也伤害了撒谎者自己。如果撒过一次慌,第二次就变得容易 ...

研究生英语系列教程.多维教程.第1、2册打印版

   多维教程-英语翻译( 多维教程-英语翻译(第一册) 一:旅行通用语 1 数十年来,法兰西语言研究院一直捍卫着法语的尊严.几年前,由于法国人对英语词汇的入侵 非常敏感,该机构颁布了净化法语的法律,其内容甚至涉及专业术语.就拿波音 747(Boeing747) 来说吧,现在法国人必须用法语词 gros-porteur;表示出租的 leasing 也变成了 credit-bail.此类例 子不胜枚举, 触及生活的方方面面. 法国总统希拉克很可能会继续加大力度, 直至连英特网 internet 和字 ...

新编研究生英语系列教程 10

   Unit Four Techniques for Remembering What You Read Lesson 10 Improving Your Concentration One of the keys to successful or efficient reading at an advanced level is the ability to judge the writer’s position in relation to the information he is pre ...

研究生英语综合教程部分翻译

   Practical Translation: Unit 1 小时,生意始终在进行, “一年 365 天,一周 7 天,一天 24 小时,生意始终在进行,那意味着一年 365 天,一周 7 天,一天 24 小时,竞争也同样在进行, 豪特说, 公司取胜的方法之一就是要更快地到 小时,竞争也同样在进行, 豪特说, ” “ 目的地’ 这就是说,你不仅要把所有能支持公司快速运转的功能都调动起来, 达‘目的地’ 这就是说,你不仅要把所有能支持公司快速运转的功能都调动起来,而且还 ! 得知道如何决定‘目的 ...

新潮研究生英语综合教程课文翻译

   UNIT 1 TEXT A 没有舞台的表演: 没有舞台的表演:文学翻译的艺术 Robert Wechsler 胡兴文 巫阿苗译 文学翻译是一门奇特的艺术。当你坐在书桌旁,所译的是已经完成、署着别人大名 的小说或诗歌时,这便是文学翻译。 这种工作性质似乎具有衍生性,不值一提。 谁愿意为坐在 博物馆里描摹别人画作的人著书立说呢?摹仿者不是艺术家,他们是学徒、 造假者、 名人崇拜 者和骗子。 然而,文学翻译却是一门艺术。 它所以奇特,是因为译者实际上和作家做着完全相同的事 情。假如演员也像剧作家、 ...

新世纪大学英语系列教材综合教程3答案

   新世纪大学英语系列教材综合教程 3 答案 Unit One Friendship Enhance Your Language Awareness Words in action Working with Words and Expressions (1) 1. bound 2. appropriate 3. possessing 4. permanent 5. appointed 6. parted 7. had 13. figured corresponded 8. gazed 9. no ...

以大学英语系列教材中的综合教程第四册为主

   Welcome back to College English ! Happy New Year Outline Greetings Homework Course description Course assessment Group discussion Course Description 大学英语》系列教材中的《综合教程》 以《大学英语》系列教材中的《综合教程》 第四册为主, 听说教程》为辅, 第四册为主,《听说教程》为辅,并组织各 类教学活动 以课堂教学和课下自学相结合的模式, 以 ...

新模式英语系列教材

   《新模式英语》系列教材 新模式英语》 北京工商大学外语学院 唐义均 第一部分《新模式英语》 第一部分《新模式英语》系列教材 个单元, 《新模式英语》:7-8个单元,每单元 新模式英语》 个单元 5篇课文、一次复习课和一次小组活动。 篇课文、 篇课文 一次复习课和一次小组活动。 特点一、《新模式》英语系列教材语言 特点一、 新模式》 正宗、思维正宗、情景正宗。 正宗、思维正宗、情景正宗。 英语国家的教师以英语的语言思维方式 用正宗英语编著而成的。 用正宗英语编著而成的。美国教师根据 美国情景、 ...

研究生英语口语 复习资料

   Unit 5 Education Part A Happy Days? Part B Brain power Arrangement: Part A: different school systems, past experience Part B: strategies for effective learning Activities: Listening Speaking: Pair work, group work, Whole class activity: interview O ...

研究生英语政治网址大全

   考研必看。不要再报班了。 考研必看。不要再报班了。来源: 张卿的日志 2011 备考【新东方】考研英语+考研数学基础班全资料汇总下载: http://www.iliyu.com/source/19631/ 2011 备考【朱泰祺 张洪兵】考研英语基础班授课讲义 Word 版下载: http://www.iliyu.com/source/19863/ 2011 考研数学【文登】【高数】【线代】【概率】【基础班】视频: http://www.iliyu.com/source/28014/ 201 ...

热门内容

七年级英语试卷

   初一英语复习(3) 一、听句子 根据句子的内容和所提的问题,把最佳选项的字母编号写在题号前的括号内。 每小题听一遍。 (本大题共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分。 ) ( )1. Where is the backpack? A ( )2.What does Lily want to buy B C A ( )3. What fruit does Joe like? B C A ( B C )4. What does Nancy like for lunch? A ( B )5.Wha ...

棒棒英语小故事-A joyful boy

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

大学英语三级全词汇。

   sack n.袋,包,麻袋 v.解雇 sacred a.神圣的;庄严的 sacrifice n.牺牲;祭品 v.(for.to)牺牲 sad a.难过的,难受的,悲伤的 saddle n.鞍,马鞍;鞍状物 safe a.安全的 safeguard v.维护,保护,捍卫 n.安全设备 safety n.安全 sail v.航行,启航 n.帆;航行 sailor n.水手,海员 saint n.圣人,道德高尚的人;(略作St.)圣 sake n.缘故;目的 salad n.色拉,凉拌菜 salar ...

苏州大学英语专业考研真题 基础英语-2009

   特别说明 此资料来自豆丁网(http://www.docin.com/) 您现在所看到的文档是使用下载器所生成的文档 此文档的原件位于 http://www.docin.com/p-70530249.html 感谢您的支持 抱米花 http://blog.sina.com.cn/lotusbaob ...

【九年级英语上期末英语试题】

   九年级英语试题 第一学期期末教学质量验收 (考试时间:100 分钟 考试时间: 满分 120 分) 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共 90 分) 选择题, 小题, )(略 Ⅰ,听力测试(共 10 小题,计分 10 分)(略) 听力测试( 单项选择( Ⅱ,单项选择(共 20 分)从每小题 A,B,C,D 中选出一个能填入句中空白处 , , , 的最佳答案.( 的最佳答案.( )11, of the two girls is from Beijing. , A,All , ( B,Both , C,None ...