Unit Five Developing Your Word Power
Lesson 13 Expanding Your Vocabulary (
  1)
A strong vocabulary provides both immediate academic benefits as well as long term effects. This portion of the unit offers numerous suggestions on how to direct and develop your vocabulary into one of your most valuable assets.
Read Widely and Diversely One of the best ways to improve your vocabulary is to read widely and diversely, sampling many different subjects and styles of writing. Through reading you encounter new words as well as new usage for already familiar words. You may also notice words used in contexts in which you had never thought of them being used. In addition to reading widely, developing motivation for expanding your vocabulary is critical to making a dramatic improvement in your vocabulary.
Be Selective Your first task is to decide what to learn?to be selective. Some words are more useful to you than others, depending on such factors as your major, your career goals, and your social and recreational preferences.
Use What You Already Know Most people think they have a vocabulary and that is either weak or strong, good or bad. Actually, you have four different vocabulary levels?for reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Most likely your listening and reading vocabularies are larger than your speaking and writing vocabularies. In other words, you already know a large number of words that you are not using. A good place to start, then, in strengthening your vocabulary, is to experiment with words you already know but do not use. Make a point of using one of these words each day, in both speaking and writing.
Practice of Reading Techniques There are 10 pairs of sentences. In each pair there is one incomplete sentence, choose one word from the following to complete it so that it is similar in meaning to the other sentence, making changes if necessary. Then compare the two sentences.
grieve anniversary verdict drudgery infantile perspective emanate permanent burly responsive commit petite

  1. She is short and small, but she is a very powerful jiujitsu player. petite Though a(n) figure, she has won many jiujitsu prizes.
  2. To understand the situation today, we’d better look at the past. perspective It is useful to look at the past to gain a(n) on the present.
  3. These are very active kids; they are eager to answer the teacher’s questions. responsive These kids are very in class.

  4. People all over the world felt very sad for those people killed in the terrorist attack. The international community over the victims grieved of the terrorist attack.

  5. All people in the world wish to have something that may last forever, without any change. There is a universal human yearning for something permanent , without shadow of change.

  6. By the end of next week, they will be married for ten years. So they decided to hold a party. They decided to hold a party to celebrate their tenth anniversary wedding next weekend.
  7. The young man thought the job of a postman is very hard and unpleasant. The young man thought the job of a postman is quite drudgery a(n) .
  8. That new cop is big and strong. He arrested two robbers at the bank alone. The new cop arrested two robbers at the bank burly alone.

  9. Before there was enough evidence, Chairman would not speak out his opinion on this problem. commit Chairman refused to himself on the controversial subject before making due investigations.
  10.People may regard what the kids said too childish, but I think there is something to it. I think there is something reasonable in those kids’ infantile remarks.
Lesson 13
Reading Selection A
Laws of Lasting Love
CATALOGUE About the Author Warm-up Activities More Information about the Text Language Points Keys
text
About the Author
Dr. Paul Pearsall is a licensed clinical and educational psychologist. His teachings challenge the usual "inspirational self-help" approaches which have become popular. Dr. Pearsall recently received the prestigious Scripps Medical Center Trail Blazer in Medicine Award for his clinical and research work in health and wellness. He has studied and done clinical work on the relationship between humor and health.
About the Author
Dr. Pearsall lives and works in Hawaii. He is familiar with the Hawaiian language, cultural concepts, and hula. Often with a dancer or several dancers and with live or recorded music, he combines the latest findings from psychology and medicine with ancient Hawaiian principles of loving, working and living.
About the Author
His former positions include Founder and Chief of the Problems of Daily Living Clinic at Sinai Hospital of Detroit, Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry and Neurosciences at the Wayne State University School of Medicine, Director of Behavioral Medicine at Beaumont Hospital, and Director of Professional Education at the Kinsey Institute for Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. He is one of the most requested speakers in the world and the author of 15 international bestselling books, including most recently Toxic Success and The Beethoven Factor. His is also the author of the best-selling Nightingale-Conant audio program The Pleasure Principle.
About the Author
This picture was taken after a lecture concert with one of the most revered hula halau in Hawaii, Kuhai Halau O Kawaikapuokalani Pa `Olapa Kahiko. Pictured above is Dr. Paul Ka'ikena Pearsall and Kuhai Halau O Kawaikapuokalani Pa `Olapa Kahiko.
Warm-up Activities
Everyone hopes for lifetime love. In your opinion, how can we achieve this goal?
More Information about the Text

  1. Robert Redford: engaging, blond American leading actor and director who, although working within the studio system, has encouraged independent filmmakers. His best roles so far have been as Johnny Hooker in The Sting and Bob Woodward in All the President’s Men, as a director, he scored with Ordinary People Quiz Show. He set up the Sundance Film Institute in Utah for independent film-makers and in 1997 announced the creation of Sundance cinema, a venture with a major distributor to set up a chain of cinemas for the screening of independent.
More Information about the Text

  2. Solzhenistsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich: author of Russia, was imprisoned under Joseph Stalin for critical comments and later exiled to Soviet Cen. Asia(苏联的亚 苏联的亚 洲中部地区), 洲中部地区 in 19
  53. In 1994, he arrived back in USSR. He received Lenin prize nomination in 1964, Nobel Prize for literature in 1970 and etc.
More Information about the Text

  3. Jimmy Connors: born on September 2, 1952 in Belleville, Illinois. One of the most enduring personalities in tennis, Connors, a left-hander, played with reckless abandon and gave everything on every point. Early in Connors’s career he was a controversial figure?boorish, ill-tempered and antiestablishment. But as he got older, he mellowed and became one of the most popular players in tennis history. Connors always put on a good show. After his retirement in 1993, he became the prime mover behind the senor tour for players 35 and over. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 19
  98.
More Information about the Text

  4. Woody Allen: (1935?) respected American actor, director and screenwriter, a former night-club comedian and appeared in numerous night clubs, TV shows and motion picture such as What’s new Pussycat (19
  65) , Take the Money and Run(19
  69)and Everyone Says I Love You and etc. He created the most individual body of work in American cinema and capturing the stressful pleasures of modern urban living, receiving Sylvania Award, award Berlin Film Festival for his screenplay in 1953, and nominated for Emmy Award as TV writer in 1957 as well.
Language Points

  1. grieve: (line 2, para.
  1) a) [intransitive and transitive] to feel extremely sad, especially because someone you love has died grieve over/for/at/about (尤指因别人亡故而)感到悲痛,伤心 尤指因别人亡故而)感到悲痛, 我们为这样一位伟人的逝世而哀伤。 ① 我们为这样一位伟人的逝世而哀伤。 We all grieve for/over the death of such a great man. 他为女儿之死而极感悲痛。 ② 他为女儿之死而极感悲痛。 He is grieving greatly about the death of her daughter. ③ 那小女孩为她小猫的死而伤心。 那小女孩为她小猫的死而伤心。 The little girl grieved over her kitten’s death.
Language Points
你千万不要为这种小事而难过。 ④ 你千万不要为这种小事而难过。 You must not grieve at such trifles. 他们因一位亲戚亡故而回来奔丧。 ⑤ 他们因一位亲戚亡故而回来奔丧。 They returned to grieve a relative. b) [transitive] if something grieves you, it makes you feel very unhappy 使伤心,为…而伤心 使伤心, 而伤心 synonym upset 她的行为使她父母伤心。 ① 她的行为使她父母伤心。 Her behavior grieved her parents. 知道)她受了重伤,我很伤心。 ②(知道)她受了重伤,我很伤心。 It grieved me (to learn) that she had been severely injured.
Language Points

  2. lament: (line 1, para.
  2) a) [intransitive and transitive] to express feelings of great sadness about something (为…)悲痛;哀悼;痛惜 )悲痛;哀悼; 全国人民为伟大的战争领袖的逝世而悲痛。 ① 全国人民为伟大的战争领袖的逝世而悲痛。 The nation lamented the death of its great war leader. 他向我哀叹解雇会引起的长远危险。 ② 他向我哀叹解雇会引起的长远危险。 He lamented to me abut long-range dangers of the layoffs. ③ 夜莺不停地悲啼。 夜莺不停地悲啼。 Nightingales lament without ceasing.
Language Points
b) [transitive] to express annoyance or disappointment about something you think is unsatisfactory or unfair 悲叹;悔恨,为…感到遗憾 悲叹;悔恨, 感到遗憾 他们坐在那儿为囊中羞涩而不停地抱怨。 ① 他们坐在那儿为囊中羞涩而不停地抱怨。 They sat lamenting their lack of money. ② 他哀叹很少有人弹奏这架钢琴。 他哀叹很少有人弹奏这架钢琴。 He lamented that this particular piano should be so seldom played on. 斯坦纳为公众对这个问题不感兴趣而遗憾。 ③ 斯坦纳为公众对这个问题不感兴趣而遗憾。 Steiner lamented the lack of public interest in the issue.
Language Points
* lament & grieve Lament 通常指强烈地表现悲哀。现代用法中,很少伴以 通常指强烈地表现悲哀。现代用法中, 流泪或叫喊,但通常却是充满感情的。Grieve常指因遇到 流泪或叫喊,但通常却是充满感情的。Grieve常指因遇到 麻烦、失去亲友或爱物等不测而导致的伤心痛苦, 麻烦、失去亲友或爱物等不测而导致的伤心痛苦,不一定 非在言行上表现出来。 非在言行上表现出来。
Language Points

  3. priority: (line 2, para.
  5) a) [uncountable and countable] the thing that you think is most important and that needs attention before anything else 优先考虑的事 成年人优先考虑事情的次序不同。 ① 成年人优先考虑事情的次序不同。 Grown-ups have a different order of priorities. 我们必须搞清楚公众的当务之急。 ② 我们必须搞清楚公众的当务之急。 We must find out the priorities of the public. 经济改革似乎是中国最重要的事。 ③ 经济改革似乎是中国最重要的事。 Economic restructuring seemed to be China’s highest priority. 当务之急是弄到食物。 ④ 当务之急是弄到食物。 Getting food was the main priority.
Language Points
b) [uncountable] the right to be given attention first and before other people or things 优先;优先权 优先; 这项计划在所有计划中居优先地位。 ① 这项计划在所有计划中居优先地位。 This project has priority over all others. 应优先考虑残疾人。 ② 应优先考虑残疾人。 Special priority should be given to the disabled. ③ 他们坚持认为, 生存权利应放在其他一切考虑因素 他们坚持认为, 之上。 之上。 They insist that the right to live should take priority over all other considerations. 消防车及救护车比其他车辆有优先通行权。 ④ 消防车及救护车比其他车辆有优先通行权。 Fire engines and ambulances have priority over other traffic.
Language Points
* get your priorities right/straight American English to know what is most important and needs attention first
Language Points

  4. rest on/upon: 9line 2, para.
  6) a) formal to depend on something;to be based on a ; particular idea or set of facts 依靠,仰赖;以…为基础 依靠,仰赖; 为基础 科学要靠观察。 ① 科学要靠观察。 Science rests on observation. 现代文明是以科学和教育为基础的。 ② 现代文明是以科学和教育为基础的。 Modern civilization rests on a foundation of science and education. 我相信你的承诺。 ③ 我相信你的承诺。 I rest upon your promise. 我们把希望寄托在你们身上。 ④ 我们把希望寄托在你们身上。Our hopes rest on you. 他的论点是有广泛的事实根据的。 ⑤ 他的论点是有广泛的事实根据的。 His argument rests on a broad basis of facts.
Language Points
b) if your eyes rest on something,
 

相关内容

新编研究生英语系列教程 13

   Unit Five Developing Your Word Power Lesson 13 Expanding Your Vocabulary (1) A strong vocabulary provides both immediate academic benefits as well as long term effects. This portion of the unit offers numerous suggestions on how to direct and devel ...

新编研究生英语系列教程 10

   Unit Four Techniques for Remembering What You Read Lesson 10 Improving Your Concentration One of the keys to successful or efficient reading at an advanced level is the ability to judge the writer’s position in relation to the information he is pre ...

高等院校研究生综合英语系列教材 综合教程(上)课文翻译

   Unit One 核心员工的特征 大卫?G.詹森 1 核心员工究竟是什么样子的?几乎每次进行调查时,我都会从雇主们那里听到“核心员工” 这个名词。我请一位客户??一位正参与研究的人事部经理,给我解释一下。 “每家公司都 有少数几个这样的员工,在某个专业领域,你可以指望他们把活儿干好。 在我的小组中, 有七名化工流程工程师和生物学家, 其中有那么两三个人是我赖以生存的, ” 他说, “他们对我的公司而言不可或缺。当请你们公司替我们招募新人的时候,我们期待你 们会去其他公司找这样的人:其他公司经 ...

新潮研究生英语综合教程课文翻译

   UNIT 1 TEXT A 没有舞台的表演: 没有舞台的表演:文学翻译的艺术 Robert Wechsler 胡兴文 巫阿苗译 文学翻译是一门奇特的艺术。当你坐在书桌旁,所译的是已经完成、署着别人大名 的小说或诗歌时,这便是文学翻译。 这种工作性质似乎具有衍生性,不值一提。 谁愿意为坐在 博物馆里描摹别人画作的人著书立说呢?摹仿者不是艺术家,他们是学徒、 造假者、 名人崇拜 者和骗子。 然而,文学翻译却是一门艺术。 它所以奇特,是因为译者实际上和作家做着完全相同的事 情。假如演员也像剧作家、 ...

以大学英语系列教材中的综合教程第四册为主

   Welcome back to College English ! Happy New Year Outline Greetings Homework Course description Course assessment Group discussion Course Description 大学英语》系列教材中的《综合教程》 以《大学英语》系列教材中的《综合教程》 第四册为主, 听说教程》为辅, 第四册为主,《听说教程》为辅,并组织各 类教学活动 以课堂教学和课下自学相结合的模式, 以 ...

研究生英语网上作业答案

   Unit 1 Outside View Activity 1 1234 Activity 2 1. interview techniques 2. lead in 3. looking for 4. boils down Activity 3 1. professional job coach 2. research on the position and the company 3. having not practised with some of the questions 4. ho ...

研究生英语口语 复习资料

   Unit 5 Education Part A Happy Days? Part B Brain power Arrangement: Part A: different school systems, past experience Part B: strategies for effective learning Activities: Listening Speaking: Pair work, group work, Whole class activity: interview O ...

研究生英语政治网址大全

   考研必看。不要再报班了。 考研必看。不要再报班了。来源: 张卿的日志 2011 备考【新东方】考研英语+考研数学基础班全资料汇总下载: http://www.iliyu.com/source/19631/ 2011 备考【朱泰祺 张洪兵】考研英语基础班授课讲义 Word 版下载: http://www.iliyu.com/source/19863/ 2011 考研数学【文登】【高数】【线代】【概率】【基础班】视频: http://www.iliyu.com/source/28014/ 201 ...

研究生英语论文写作指导

   研究生英语论文写作指导 1. . 研究生英语论文评判标准 语体 论文应该采用正式语体. 相关知识链接:语体 语体 通常,英语语体分为五个大类:超正式语体;正式语体;普通语体;随便语 体,超随便语体.在科技文献(包括论文)中,一般采用正式语体. 正式语体的特点如下: a)人称特点:通常不采用第一或第二人称. b)词汇特点:通常采用在正式场合使用的词汇,或在需要时采用专业技术用 语,少用在日常用语中采用的通俗用语,尽量不用俚语.从以下例子中可以看出 正式语体与普通语体在选词方面的差异.Mr. J ...

研究生英语科技论文写作

   研究生英语科技论文写作 Academic Writing for Graduate Students 李 东 lidong1g@yahoo.com.cn References 李旭 等. 英语科技论文写作指南[M]. 北京: 国防工业出版社. 2005 黄国文 等. 英语学术论文写作[M]. 重庆: 重庆大学出版设. 2004 John M. S. & Christine B. F. 1994. Academic Writing for Graduate Students-A cou ...

热门内容

七年级英语上册第二单元第2课时

   Unit 2 Is this your pencil? 第 2 课时 2a? Section A 2a?2c 一 学习目标 1、掌握本节课的 4 个单词和 2 个短语 2、熟练运用识别物主的句型 3..学习识别物主的句型 3.. 二、学生自学 学习任务一: 会读写 8 页上的单词及短语 过程:(1)个人自读 并记忆单词 3 分钟 (2)两人一组,相互检查读音 (3)某号展示,对抗号纠正,其他同学默写在学案上,同桌互查 单词:橡皮 铅笔盒 课本 尺子 双肩背包 铅笔 短语:打扰了 谢谢 我的铅 ...

英语复习

   名师忠言:词汇学习重战略, 名师忠言:词汇学习重战略,六大误区要规避 作为任何一门外语考试,它不外乎检测一个外语学习者的词汇量、阅读能力、语言运用 能力(听说写译)以及语言的纯正性(语音语调、文化习俗)。简单的讲,就是考察一个人 对外语的输入(听、读)和输出(说、写、译)能力,而这一切都是以词汇为基础的。 因此, 词汇学习是英语学习的基本功, 英语解构学习法认为词汇是英语学习的第一阶梯, 没有这一级的坚实基础,读写听说都无从谈起。词汇对考研的准备来说尤为重要,每年的考 研试题都有一定量的超纲 ...

英语面试

   1.介绍你自己的教育背景; 2.介绍你自己的家庭环境背景; 3.谈论自己对教师职业的看法; 4.谈谈自己作为老师对教学策略的运用; 5.谈论自己对教师与学生之间的沟通技巧; 6.谈论自己在教学环节当中有什么优势和劣势; 7.谈论你应聘本校的动机和理想; 8.谈谈你对教育你自己专业与从事教学学科的联系; 9.谈谈你自己的个性特征,是否外向,内向,是否有幽默感? 10.谈谈你自己的情绪特征,是否精力充沛,有朝气,能够吸引学生? 11.谈谈你的人生观; 12.谈谈你对人际关系的处理与看法。 Gene ...

2005年10月自考英语(二)试卷及答案

   www.4juan.com 自考及各类其他考试历年试题免费免注册下载 超过 2 万套 word 文档试题和答案 做试题,没答案?上自考 365,网校名师为你详细解答! 2005 年 10 月自考英语(二)试卷 月自考英语( 1 2005 年 10 月自考英语(二)试卷 www.4juan.com 自考及各类其他考试历年试题免费免注册下载 超过 2 万套 word 文档试题和答案 2 2005 年 10 月自考英语(二)试卷 www.4juan.com 自考及各类其他考试历年试题免费免注册下载 ...

剑桥少儿英语预备级测试

   剑桥少儿英语预备级测试( 剑桥少儿英语预备级测试(满分 100) ) 姓名: 姓名 一.找出不同类的单词(10*1’=10’) 1. A. apple B. banana C. cake D. pear 3. A. duck B. girl C. fish D. frog 5. A. bee B. horse C. ice cream D. hen 7. A. rabbit B. snake C. ruler D. turtle 9.A. bike B. bus C. cat D. car ...