Unit 2 Culture Shock Lead-in Questions: Question
  1. What is culture shock? Question
  2. Is culture shock all negative? Section A Directions: You are expected to study this section in class. Don’t preview. Word Pretest For each italicized word, choose the best meaning below.
  1. My cousin is an acquaintance of the president of that company; they greet each other when they meet. A.a close friend B.a person who works with D.a classmate
C.a person one has met but doesn’t know very well

  2. The first symptom of a cold is often a sore throat. A. sign B. symbol C. idea C. disease
  3. After he failed his math exam, he’s been feeling depressed for several weeks. A. happy B. angry C. puzzled D. low in spirits
  4. Because of their different opinions on the issue, there is now open hostility between the two leaders. A. friendly feelings B. cooperation C. unfriendly feelings D. relationship
  5. Students often find temporary jobs during their summer vacation. A. interesting B. lasting forever C. lasting for a short time D. professional
  6. Making mistakes is inevitable, so do not be discouraged. A. cannot be blamed B. cannot be avoided C. cannot last long D. cannot be found
  7. I have located a better restaurant in the next street. Why don’t we go there for lunch? A. found B. recognized C. opened D. explored
  8. Stop dwelling on your problems and do something about them. A. living in B. thinking a little about C. forgetting about D. thinking too much about Key Text Cultural Background:
Browse the Culture Shock Photo Gallery, filled with eye-opening snapshots that remind us we live in a world of dynamic and infinite cultures. 浏览“文化震惊”照片集,用这些令人瞠目结舌的照片提醒自己,我们生活在一个充满动态 而无限的文化的世界里。
[China]A woman walks her grandson home. She has bound feet, making it quite difficult to walk and at times very painful. The practice, now illegal, required breaking the arch of the foot, then constricting it, which resulted in a stylized, mincing qait in the name of beauty. [中国]一位老媪牵着她的孙子回家。她的脚是裹足的,让她的行走颇为不便,而且还时常疼 痛。裹足现在在中国是违法的,它需要打断人的足弓,然后压缩之,使之成为固定的形状, 这一切都是以追求“美”的名义进行的。
[Thailand]A "katoey." Half of his face is made up to look like a woman, while the other half is male. [泰国]人妖,半张脸化妆成女性,另外半张则为男性。
Making a Cultural Change Until a relatively short time ago, traveling abroad was limited to rich tourists and wealthy businesspeople. Flying abroad was not common for the average person. In time, however, plane travel became safer, more convenient, and less expensive. As a result, people of different backgrounds now fly to distant places for pleasure, and businesspeople fly to one country for a breakfast or lunch conference, they fly to another country for a dinner meeting. With the world becoming smaller, many young adults make the decision to study in foreign universities. It is an exciting, challenging experience to live in a foreign country. Anyone who can study abroad is fortunate, but, of course. It is not easy to change from one culture to another. One faces many difficulties. The student who studies in a foreign country leaves behind a familiar, loving comfortable environment. Back home, he has his family, friends, and acquaintances. He knows the language, politics, money, food, social customs, and so forth. He knows all the unclear aspects of his native culture, such as body language, and bargaining practices, etc. In short, he knows “the system” in his native country. Then one day he leaves all this behind and suddenly finds himself in a place where everyone and everything is strange, perhaps even confusing. All this strangeness is a major surprise to a person’s self-confidence. This sudden change often leads to a reaction called culture shock. Foreigners experience different degrees of culture shock. The symptoms range from being ill at ease to being seriously depressed. Feeling homesick, unhappy, and very sensitive are other signs of culture shock. It is easy to understand that the endless frustrations of the early days in a new country would produce dissatisfaction, and perhaps even hostility. People are always at ease in a
familiar environment. A mature, realistic person experiences mild, temporary symptoms, the insecure newcomer suffers more seriously from a culture shock. During the inevitable period of adjustment, the international student tends to complain about everything in the new environment. In fact, the student is likely to exaggerate the problems. When the student meets another miserable person from the some country, he will pour out his unhappy feelings. Together they can complain in their native language. Although this complaining provides temporary satisfaction, it certainly does not help him adapt to a new society. Being negative will never get rid of the feelings of frustrations. The mature person understands that a positive attitude, determination, and flexibility are important in making the change successful. A sense of humor is a big help. The following suggestions have been found to be helpful in fighting culture shock.
  1. keep busy. Get to know the area where you live by walking around and observing. Become familiar with the stores in the neighborhood and the kinds of goods sold. Locate the post office, library, schools, hospital and supermarkets. Say hello to a neighbor in your building, and perhaps start a friendship.
  2. Become friendly with classmates. Spend some out-of-school time together.
  3. Do something you enjoy. Phone your family back home. Write a letter to a friend. Contact a relative or acquaintance whose address you may have. Browse through department stores. Visit a museum. Walk through a new area of town. See a play. Go to a movie.
  4. Forge that your English is less than perfect, and feel free to ask people for information, guidance, or directions. Many people are friendly, and helpful. It is important not to dwell on negative incidents. Disappointments are simply a fact of life.
  5. Be flexible. Laugh at the mistakes you make, they are usually not serious. Make up your mind that you are going to enjoy your new adventure. With the right attitude, living in a foreign country can be a priceless, enriching period in a person’s life. It is a form of education?an exciting form. The above suggestions will help a person cope with life abroad. Total words:665 Total reading time: minutes seconds The text is based on The Independent Reader, by Betty Sobel Lorraine C. Smith. New York: CBS College Publishing House, 19
Reading Skill: Context Clues to Word Meaning Guess what the italicized word or phrase means in each sentence.
  1. When the student meets another miserable person from the same country, he will pour out his unhappy feelings. Together they can complain in their native language.

  2. Those cues or signs include various ways in which we adapt ourselves to the situation of daily life.
  3. If you are driving across the country or through a city, you can also check the billboards you will see along the roads. They advertise not only products but also coming events and sights to see.
  4. Another phase of culture shock is homesickness. This is a period when the foreigner misses his hometown back at his native country.
  5. The symptoms range from being ill at ease to being seriously depressed. Feeling homesick, unhappy, and very sensitive are other signs of culture shock. Reading Comprehension Circle the letter of the best answer.
  1. Nowadays, flying abroad is .
A.limited to rich tourists and wealthy businesspeople B.more convenient but less safe C.common for the average person D.not common for the average person
  2. “The system” in the third paragraph includes the following except A.social customs B.bargaining practices . B.in the same degree D.in different degrees . C.politics . D.foreign culture

  3. Culture shock affects foreigners A.in just the same way B.in quite similar ways

  4. Endless frustrations of the early days in a new country would create A.dissatisfaction B.discomfort C.hostility
D.all of the above

  5. The following are important in fighting culture shock except A.determination B.a positive attitude
C.a sense of humor
D.hostility .

  6. In a foreign country, you should feel free to talk with people because A.your English is almost perfect C.people are friendly and helpful B.you need information D.you need guidance
Vocabulary Building Word Match Match the following words with their definitions within each group of five words. exaggerate excessive adapt insecure circumstance challenging range adjust resident cope with indulge genuine account for fascinate strain too much weak, uncertain; unprotected situation say more than the truth about something make or become suitable difficult, but in an interesting way change slightly in order to make suitable deal with vary within limits person who lives in a place pressure explain the cause of real satisfy interest; excite
Complete the sentences by using the words above. Change the forms if necessary.
  1. His illness his absence today.
  2. Tom won $5,000 in the lottery. He ran home and said to his wife, “we are rich! We won more money than we can ever spend!” His wife said, “Don’t .Tell me how much money you really won.”
  3. Susan is quiet and shy, she finds it difficult to strangers.
  4. Racing car drivers find the yearly 500-mile race . The competing drivers are brave and skilled, and the route is difficult and dangerous.

  5. In a new place, we must
  6. The children’s ages Suffixes
ourselves to the new environment. from 5 to
Many adjectives end in suffixes such as ?able, or ?ible. Study the examples, and words that end in these suffixes in the space provided. Add more if you can. suffixes -able -ible -able -ible
  1. examples comfortable, unforgettable possible, responsible
then list some
Many nouns end in suffixes such as ?tion, -ation, and ?ition. Study the examples, and then list some nouns that end in these suffixes in the space provided. Add more if you can. suffixes -tion -ation -ition -tion -ation -ition
  1. examples concentration, introduction, attention imagination, information addition, definition
Fill in each of the blanks with a given word in its proper form.
  1. 45 is by
  5. (divide)
  2. You must carry out your plan with .(determine)
  3. Xiao Li is a friend. If he can help you, he will do his best. (depend)
  4. He smiled in . He was very pleased with what he had done.(satisfy)
  5. The of compositions took a large part of the teacher’s time. (correct)
  6. The between mother and child is the closest in the world. (relate)
  7. Although the black-and-white TV set is old-fashioned, it is still .(use)
  8. The picture’s faded, but the people in it are still .(recognize) Cloze Fill in the blanks with the words given below. frustrations anxious unsure mean appear foreign
transportation approach
native stranger
“Culture shock” happens to people who have been suddenly placed in a land. Newcomers may be because they do not speak the language, know the customs, or understand people’s behavior in daily life. The visitor finds that “yes” may not always “yes,” that friendliness does not necessarily ea friendship, or that statements that to be serious are really intended as jokes. The foreigner may be as to when to shake hands or embrace, when to start conversations, or how to a stranger. Langrage problems do not account for all the that people feel. When one loses everything that was once familiar, such as understanding a system, knowing how to make friends, difficulties in coping with the new society may arise
KEY Section A Word Pretest C
  2. A
  3. D
  4. C
  5. C
  6. B Reading Comprehension
  7. A
  8. D
  2. D
  3. D
  4. D
  5. D
  6. C Vocabulary Building Word Match exaggerate say more than the truth about something excessive too much adapt make or become suitable insecure weak; uncertain; unprotected circumstance situation challenging range adjust resident indulge genuine account for fascinate strain
  1. accounts/accounted for
  3. cope with
  5. adapt/adjust Suffixes
  1. dividable/divisible
  4. satisfaction
  5. correction difficult, but in an interesting way vary within limits change slightly in order to make suitable person who lives in a place satisfy real explain the cause of interest; excite pressure
  2. exaggerate
  4. challenging
  6. ranged/range
  6. relation
  3. dependable
  7. usable/useable

  8. recognizable Cloze Foreign/anxious/mean/appear/unsure/approach/frustrations/transportation Section B
  1. T
  2. T
  3. F
  4. F
  5. T
  6. T
  8. T Section C
  1. C
  2. B
  3. T
  4. T
  5. F
  6. C
  7. D


新编英语泛读教程BOOK1 UNIT2

   Unit 2 Culture Shock Lead-in Questions: Question 1. What is culture shock? Question 2. Is culture shock all negative? Section A Directions: You are expected to study this section in class. Don’t preview. Word Pretest For each italicized word, choos ...


   新编英语泛读教程 | A Freshman English Reader HOME sectionA sectionB sectionC unit 1 University Student Life Word Pretest Text Reading Skill: Context Clues to Word Meaning Vocabulary Building Cloze Unit 1 University Student Life Lead-in Questions: Question ...


   Unit 3 The Present They say that blood is thicker than water, that our relatives are more important to us than others. Everyone was so kind to the old lady on her birthday. Surely her daughter would make an even bigger effort to please her? Unit 3 ...

综合英语教程BOOK1 TAXT A 翻译

   综合英语教程 BOOK1 TAXT A 翻译 UNIT 1 TEXT A 一名语言教师的个人看法 威尔?皮德克罗夫特 1 我每天都会在报纸上、公共汽车上看到各种广告,声称轻轻松松就能学好英 语。这些广告号称,学生不必费什么力气,要说一口流利的英语只需短 43 个月, 甚至 10 天就行。广告还常常提到威廉?莎士比亚和查尔斯?狄更斯等英语文学 大 师的名号来增强吸引力。每当看到诸如此类的广告时,我真是哭笑不得:如果学 英语真像这些广告所说的那么轻松,我恐怕得另谋出路了,因为不需要那么多合 格的 ...

初二英语 UNIT 2

   UNIT 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 比人聪明 smarter than people ……怎么样? ……怎么样?What’s …like? 怎么样 就象看电视 be like watching TV 理想的学校生活 idea ...


   记承天寺夜游 目录[隐藏] [编辑本段 编辑本段] 编辑本段 作者简介: 作者简介 : 苏轼(1037~1101),宋朝著名文学家 书法家 书画家 唐宋散文八大家 文学家,书法家 书画家,唐宋散文八大家 文学家 书法家,书画家 唐宋散文八大家之 一,字子瞻 子瞻,又字和仲 和仲,号"东坡居士 东坡居士",谥号文忠 文忠,享年 66 岁.南宋高宗朝乾通 6 子瞻 和仲 东坡居士 文忠 年,赠太师,追谥号"文忠".眉州眉山(即今四川眉山)人,与其弟苏辙 苏 ...


   Unit 2 My Family Review the words and dialogues in this unit. Finish the questions step by step, then you get some presents. Come on, boys and girls. 复习本单元的单词和对话, 复习本单元的单词和对话, 一步步完成问题, 一步步完成问题,你就可 以获得小礼物, 油啊! 以获得小礼物,加 油啊! 前置性作业 1. Tell me the impor ...


   Go for it Unit 2 Is this your pencil? 一、本单元教学结构分析 与其他每个单元一样,本单元共六页(6 pages) ,其中包括 Section A,Section B 和 Self check。 Section A (Pages1,2&3) 提供了本单元教学的基本词汇和语言结构, 为本单元的目标句型提供示例和指 导性练习,并通过简单的语言活动进行操练和巩固;Page1,2,有听、说、读和 Grammar focus, Page3 是语言 运用。 S ...


   Unit 2 Civil-Rights heroes Preparations 1.Use your own words to explain the word “hero”? 2.Who is your hero in your mind? 3.What are the qualities to be a good hero? Text A THE FREEDOM GIVERS Questions 1.What’s the freedom? Do you enjoy it in this ...

自考英语一课堂笔记 UNIT 23

    Text A non-verbal connunication   本课主要单词   1.non-verbal adj.   wordless, without involving the use of language (非词语的,非语言的)   non-是一个常用前缀,通常加在形容词,名词或副词前,表示“非”,“无”,“不是”,“不重要的”,“无价值的”。如nonbeliever (无信仰的人)   nonsmoker (不抽烟的人),nonstop (不停的,直达的), nonvio ...



   英语课堂小游戏来源: 陈智慧的日志 觉得非常好,所以就转载下来了 1、“碰地雷”:在英语单词教学中,学生不太愿意跟读。用此法不错。在一个词下放一个地雷, 这个词是不能读的,如果学生不小心跟 读,就是踩到雷了。大家一起数 one two three,bomb,向他砸过去!有趣,气氛也好,学生在玩中也学得扎实! 2、补全句子:在学习句中,要慢读,必要时分解读。在跟读几遍后,可以让学生补全老师没说完的部分。比如:my name is rebecca. 可让学生补 rebecca、is rebecc ...

高中英语必修3 Unit 2 reading

   We are what we eat! Listening to the text and try to decide these statements are True or False. Read the passage again and answer these questions: 1.The weakness of the diet in Wang Pengwei’s restaurant was . that it did not give enough foods conta ...


   本资料由阳光家教网整理, 本资料由阳光家教网整理,学习更多请进 www.ygjj.com 查看 阳光家教网整理 GMAT(8 个文件 12MB) |白勇 GMAT 语法全解(pdf 358)11.6MB |GMAT 作文 6 篇 Argument 范文(doc 13) |GMAT 英语考试常考科技词汇汇编(doc 12) |gmat 写作样文 178 篇(html) |GMAT 阅读题(10 个 txt) |GMAT 阅读汇编(doc 254) |GMAT 数学概念和名词汇总(doc 22) ...


   ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 怎样学好初中英语 一、要学好初中英语首先要有正确的学习态度 1.要勤学苦练。学英语没有捷径可走,要真正掌握英语,达到运用自如的程度,非下苦 功夫不可。下苦功夫就是要进行大量的听、说、读、写训练,使各项技能达到纯熟的地步。 语言知识应该了解,但不下苦功在听、说、读、写上练习,仅靠死记硬背一些孤立的单词、 一 些 语 法 条 条 , 是 很 难 掌 握 英 语 这 一 交 际 ...


   英语阅读复习方法之一 考研的关键是英语,英 占的分值分量极大,每题的分 语的关键是阅读??这是大家都知道有这样一种说法。在考研英语中,可以 也比较大,因此,在考研英语的复习中,怎么重视阅读理解都不为过。 说,所有的题除了写作外,都在直接或间接的考阅读理解能力,或至少与之相关。而且,阅读理解本身所 下面我来具体谈谈阅读理 解的复习方法。 首先了解阅读的命题趋势, 综合分析近 5 年的考研真题,我们不难发现,阅读理解有以下一些趋势, 题材主要集中在经济、文化、环 保等重大热点方向。很多文章都摘自 ...