UNIT 8
Language Structures Reading II Dialogue I Guided Writing
Unit 1
Dialogue II
Interaction Activity
Reading I
Listening Practice
Language Structure
See the following sentences and pay attention to the grammar rules they use:
Unit 1

  1. 12 October 1492 was the day when Columbus landed in America.
  2. A kitchenette is a small room where people cook their meals.
  3. I like the way she spoke.
  4. Is that the reason why we have tests and quizzes all the time?
  5. In 1956, the number of minority nationality students in institutions of higher learning increased a twenty-one thousand and nine hundred, and it was more than seven and a half times that of 19
  52.
Unit 1
定语从句: 定语从句 (Attributive Clause / Relative Clause)

  1. 定义:一个句子做定语叫做定语从句。 定义:一个句子做定语叫做定语从句。
E.g. She is our new teacher who has just come back from the United States.

  2. 先行词:被修饰的部分叫先行词。先行词可以是一个词, 先行词:被修饰的部分叫先行词。先行词可以是一个词, 也可以是一个句子。定语从句一般要在先行词之后。 也可以是一个句子。定语从句一般要在先行词之后。
E.g. a. This is the baby whom you will look after. b. They invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them.
  3. 关系词
  1)关系代词:that, which, who, whom, as, 在从句中作主语,宾语 关系代词: 在从句中作主语, 关系代词 或表语;作宾语时一般可省略; 在从句中作定语。 或表语;作宾语时一般可省略;whose在从句中作定语。 在从句中作定语 E.g. a. That was all that I wanted to tell you about . b. A scientist is a person who does scientific research. c. The house whose door is brown is mine.
Unit 1

  2)关系副词:where, when, why 在从句中作状语。 关系副词: 在从句中作状语。 关系副词 a. This is the school where I studied twenty years ago. b. I thought of my childhood when I lived in the village. c. That's the reason why I'm not in favour of your plan.
  4. 该用关系副词还是关系代词 先行词是表示时间或地点的名词时, 先行词是表示时间或地点的名词时,并不都是用关系副词 引导,而是要看关系词在从句中所作的成份。作状语时, 引导,而是要看关系词在从句中所作的成份。作状语时,用 关系副词;作宾语时,仍然要用关系代词。 关系副词;作宾语时,仍然要用关系代词。 a. She is going to spend the summer holidays in Qingdao, where she has some relatives. b. This is the place which I visited last year. c. Did you still remember the days when we spent together in Hainan? d. October 1st is the day which we Chinese people will never forget.
Unit 1

  2)关系副词:where, when, why 在从句中作状语。 关系副词: 在从句中作状语。 关系副词 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词, 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在 从句中作状语。 从句中作状语。 A. when, where, why 关系副词when, where, why的含义相当于“介词 which”结构, 的含义相当于“ 结构, 关系副词 的含义相当于 介词+ 结构 因此常常和“介词+ which”结构交替使用,E.g. : 因此常常和“介词 结构交替使用, 结构交替使用 a. There are occasions when (on which) one must yield. b. Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born. c. Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer? B. that代替关系副词 代替关系副词 that可以用于表示时间、地点、方式、理由的名词后取代 可以用于表示时间、 可以用于表示时间 地点、方式、 when, where, why和“介词 which”引导的定语从句,在口语中 引导的定语从句, 和 介词+ 引导的定语从句 that常被省略,E.g. : 常被省略, 常被省略 His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born. He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 1 : Talking about some important dates in history
A: I’ve come across some dates in my reading and each of them refers to some important events. (Suppose I give you a few dates and you’ll try to guess what dates they are.) B: Okay. A: (The first date is 12 October 14
  92.) B: Oh, that was the day when Columbus first landed in America.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 2 : Identifying things
A: (Do you know what a kitchenette is?) B: Yes, a kitchenette is a small room where people cook their meals. A: (Can I say that it is a room where meals are prepared?) B: Of course. That means the same thing.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 3 :Expressing appreciation
A: How did Susan strike you? B: (Oh, she made a good impression on me.) I like the way she spoke. A: She spoke in an amusing way, didn’t she? B: (Yes. The way she spoke amused the audience.)
Language Practice 4 : Seeking and giving clarification Structure
Unit 1
A: Why do we have tests and quizzes all the time? B: (So that we may know how we’re getting on with our work.) A: Is that the reason why we have tests and quizzes all the time? B: (well, it may not be the only reason,) but it’s one of the main reasons.
Language Points:
Unit 1

  1. manifesto: A public declaration, as on the part of an official or a state, concerning political measures or intentions. 宣言;声明 宣言;
  2. theatre: hall or room with seats in rows rising one behind another for lectures, scientific demonstration, etc. (供演讲、科 供演讲、 学示范等用的)有阶梯式座位的讲堂式会场。 学示范等用的)有阶梯式座位的讲堂式会场。 operating theatre手术室 手术室
  3. promptly: prompt: adj. Ready and quick to act as occasion demands; immediate. 迅速的;敏捷的 迅速的; a. Done without delay. (指行动 立刻的;不延迟的 指行动)立刻的 指行动 立刻的; a prompt answer立即的回答 立即的回答 b. v.t. Rouse to action. 促使
  4. index: n. Something serving to guide, point out or otherwise aid reference. 导引;指标;标?。 导引;指标;标?。
Dialogue I
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Think it

  1. What does the “Fair” mean here?
  2. Have you ever been to some Fair?
  3. Do you like to do some shopping in the Fair? Why?
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
Questions
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Browse through the text, try to answer following questions.

  1. What does B think about Urumqi?
  2. Why does the city Kashi give B a deep impression? Give some details.
  3. How do the people in Kashi do business?
  4. Will you go to Xinjiang if you have a chance?
Dialogue I
Read
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Please read the dialogue loudly with feeling and expression.
Dialogue I
Retell
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Sample outline: B has just come back from Xinjiang and he tells A about: Urumqi ? modern and big Kashi ? typically Uygur The Sunday Fair in Kashi ? things sold & the way business is done
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
…think it was a city in the remote, legendary northwest.
  1) remote: a. far away; distant n. remoteness a remote village 偏僻的;边远的 (place) 偏僻的; the remote star / future 遥远的 (time) a remote relative 远亲 (relationship)
  2) legendary: a. Of, constituting, based on, or of the nature of a legend 传说中的 n. legendary 传奇文学 n. legend
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
It’s where you can get the real flavour of Uygur traditional life and craft.
  1) craft: n.
  1) skill in doing or making something =craftsmanship e.g. manual craft / light crafts / needle craft
  2) a kind of boat e.g. air or space craft / landing craft / life craft Phrases: by craft 用诡计 手腕] 用诡计[手腕 手腕 with craft 有技巧地 巧妙地 有技巧地,

  2) It’s where: It’s ( the place ) where
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
3
…silverware, bronzeware, pottery and embroidery…
  1) silverware / bronzeware -ware n.

  2) embroidery: n. e.g. The dress was covered with beautiful embroidery. v. embroider: to make needlework. e.g. to embroider a design on a bedspread.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
4
Some useful sentences in this dialogue:

  1) It was some time before I figured out why they all wore hats.
  2) Sunday is usually the time when lots of people go to Kashi for the fair.
  3) I was amused by the way the shopkeeper did business.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
5
You didn’t resist the temptation to buy one, did you?

  1) resist: v. n. resistance a. resist sth. E.g. I can't resist baked apples. b. resist doing sth. E.g. She could hardly resist laughing. phrases: resist aggression 抵抗侵略 resist heat 耐热 adj. temptational / temptatious 抵制诱惑, 抵制诱惑 不受诱惑

  2) temptation: n. v. tempt E.g. resist temptation
a strong temptation to sb. phrases: fall into [give way to, yield to] temptation lead (sb.) into temptation 使人入迷 受诱惑
Dialogue II
Practice
Unit 1
Feelings, Part 1?Delight, Relief
Practice expressions about expressing feelings
Unit 1
? Language Points:
  1) stifle: (to cause to) be unable to breathe comfortably, esp. because of heat and lack of fresh air. 感到窒息,( ,(使 (使)感到窒息,(使)透不过气来 E.g. He stifled to death by the fumes.
  2) pull up: to (cause to) come to a stop.(使)停止 ( E.g. The car pulled up at the traffic lights.
  3) phew : interj. A quick short whistling breath, expressing tiredness, shock or relief.啊! 唉! 啊
  4) hurrah: interj. Expressing joy, welcome, approval, etc.欢呼声 欢呼声
  5) skid off: move or slip sideways, etc. 滑向一恻,打滑 滑向一恻,
  6) mustard: 芥末
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
I’m absolutely fascinated. fascinated: adj. attracted (sb.) fascinating: adj. (sth.) v. fascinate : to hold an intense interest or attraction for 迷住 E.g. The city fascinates him. The changing vivid colours of the sunset fascinated the eye. The very style of the old house fascinates. n. fascination : intense interest 迷恋, 迷恋 强烈爱好
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
At last, the confusion is over. n. confusion: a state of being unclear or not sure about sth. a. confusional Phrases: in a state of mental confusion fall into confusion be a confusion of 是一片混乱的
covered with confusion 非常慌张 in confusion 乱七八糟, 处于混乱状态 乱七八糟,
throw into confusion 使狼狈, 使慌[混]乱 使狼狈, 使慌[
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
3
…have stifled to death. & …hovering over the small town. 窒息而死

  1) stifle: vt. & vi. to die of suffocation Phrases: stifle to death
  2) hover: vi.
a. to remain floating, suspended, or fluttering in the air 盘旋 E.g. gulls hovering over the waves 在浪尖盘旋的海鸥 b. to remain or linger in or near a place 徘徊 E.g. hovering around the speaker‘s podium 在演讲台边徘徊 c. to remain in an uncertain state 踌躇,犹豫不决 踌躇, E.g. hovered between anger and remorse.
Reading I
Questions
Unit 1
Daydreaming

  1. Define daydreaming
  2. What sort of people show particular interest in daydream research?
  3. When and where is one most likely to daydream?
  4. In what way does daydreaming differ from fantasy?
  5. How does daydreaming affect us positively?
  6. How is daydreaming related to personality type?
  7. Do most daydreamers have personality problems?
  8. Which pattern of daydreaming fits the majority of people?
Reading I
Structure
Unit 1
Daydreaming
The main idea of the whole text and each part: The main idea: The passage tells us psychologists’ observation, analysis and explanation on daydreams.
Part I (Para.1-
  2): Illustrate some examples of daydreams. Part II (Para.3-
  4): Different views on the value of daydreams. Part III (Para.
  5): The frequency of daydreams and their content. Part IV (Para.
  6): Three daydream patterns.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
…the birds are singing and the trees are budding.
budding: adj. beginning to develop 开始发育(发展)的 开始发育(发展) Phrases: a budding sportsman 初露头角的 a budding beauty 妙龄女郎 a budding scientist
2
The urge to gaze out the window is irresistible. 强烈欲望

  1) urge: n. an impulse that prompts action or effort E.g. He has an urge to become a cinema star.
urge: vt. to force or drive forward or onward 推进,驱策 推进,
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
The urge to gaze out the window is irresistible.
urge against 极力反对 urge... into doing [to do] 催促[怂恿 怂恿]...做 催促 怂恿 做 urge on [onward, forward] 推进; 驱策 推进 urge sth. on [upon] sb. 向某人极力陈述某事
  2) gaze: v. to look steadily, intently 凝视,注视 凝视, Phrases: gaze after sb. 目送某人 gaze around 左顾右盼 gaze at 盯住 gaze on 看到, 看到 望见 gaze out 向外注视
  3) irre
 

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