UNIT 8
Language Structures Reading II Dialogue I Guided Writing
Unit 1
Dialogue II
Interaction Activity
Reading I
Listening Practice
Language Structure
See the following sentences and pay attention to the grammar rules they use:
Unit 1

  1. 12 October 1492 was the day when Columbus landed in America.
  2. A kitchenette is a small room where people cook their meals.
  3. I like the way she spoke.
  4. Is that the reason why we have tests and quizzes all the time?
  5. In 1956, the number of minority nationality students in institutions of higher learning increased a twenty-one thousand and nine hundred, and it was more than seven and a half times that of 19
  52.
Unit 1
定语从句: 定语从句 (Attributive Clause / Relative Clause)

  1. 定义:一个句子做定语叫做定语从句。 定义:一个句子做定语叫做定语从句。
E.g. She is our new teacher who has just come back from the United States.

  2. 先行词:被修饰的部分叫先行词。先行词可以是一个词, 先行词:被修饰的部分叫先行词。先行词可以是一个词, 也可以是一个句子。定语从句一般要在先行词之后。 也可以是一个句子。定语从句一般要在先行词之后。
E.g. a. This is the baby whom you will look after. b. They invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them.
  3. 关系词
  1)关系代词:that, which, who, whom, as, 在从句中作主语,宾语 关系代词: 在从句中作主语, 关系代词 或表语;作宾语时一般可省略; 在从句中作定语。 或表语;作宾语时一般可省略;whose在从句中作定语。 在从句中作定语 E.g. a. That was all that I wanted to tell you about . b. A scientist is a person who does scientific research. c. The house whose door is brown is mine.
Unit 1

  2)关系副词:where, when, why 在从句中作状语。 关系副词: 在从句中作状语。 关系副词 a. This is the school where I studied twenty years ago. b. I thought of my childhood when I lived in the village. c. That's the reason why I'm not in favour of your plan.
  4. 该用关系副词还是关系代词 先行词是表示时间或地点的名词时, 先行词是表示时间或地点的名词时,并不都是用关系副词 引导,而是要看关系词在从句中所作的成份。作状语时, 引导,而是要看关系词在从句中所作的成份。作状语时,用 关系副词;作宾语时,仍然要用关系代词。 关系副词;作宾语时,仍然要用关系代词。 a. She is going to spend the summer holidays in Qingdao, where she has some relatives. b. This is the place which I visited last year. c. Did you still remember the days when we spent together in Hainan? d. October 1st is the day which we Chinese people will never forget.
Unit 1

  2)关系副词:where, when, why 在从句中作状语。 关系副词: 在从句中作状语。 关系副词 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词, 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在 从句中作状语。 从句中作状语。 A. when, where, why 关系副词when, where, why的含义相当于“介词 which”结构, 的含义相当于“ 结构, 关系副词 的含义相当于 介词+ 结构 因此常常和“介词+ which”结构交替使用,E.g. : 因此常常和“介词 结构交替使用, 结构交替使用 a. There are occasions when (on which) one must yield. b. Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born. c. Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer? B. that代替关系副词 代替关系副词 that可以用于表示时间、地点、方式、理由的名词后取代 可以用于表示时间、 可以用于表示时间 地点、方式、 when, where, why和“介词 which”引导的定语从句,在口语中 引导的定语从句, 和 介词+ 引导的定语从句 that常被省略,E.g. : 常被省略, 常被省略 His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born. He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 1 : Talking about some important dates in history
A: I’ve come across some dates in my reading and each of them refers to some important events. (Suppose I give you a few dates and you’ll try to guess what dates they are.) B: Okay. A: (The first date is 12 October 14
  92.) B: Oh, that was the day when Columbus first landed in America.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 2 : Identifying things
A: (Do you know what a kitchenette is?) B: Yes, a kitchenette is a small room where people cook their meals. A: (Can I say that it is a room where meals are prepared?) B: Of course. That means the same thing.
Language Structure
Unit 1
Practice 3 :Expressing appreciation
A: How did Susan strike you? B: (Oh, she made a good impression on me.) I like the way she spoke. A: She spoke in an amusing way, didn’t she? B: (Yes. The way she spoke amused the audience.)
Language Practice 4 : Seeking and giving clarification Structure
Unit 1
A: Why do we have tests and quizzes all the time? B: (So that we may know how we’re getting on with our work.) A: Is that the reason why we have tests and quizzes all the time? B: (well, it may not be the only reason,) but it’s one of the main reasons.
Language Points:
Unit 1

  1. manifesto: A public declaration, as on the part of an official or a state, concerning political measures or intentions. 宣言;声明 宣言;
  2. theatre: hall or room with seats in rows rising one behind another for lectures, scientific demonstration, etc. (供演讲、科 供演讲、 学示范等用的)有阶梯式座位的讲堂式会场。 学示范等用的)有阶梯式座位的讲堂式会场。 operating theatre手术室 手术室
  3. promptly: prompt: adj. Ready and quick to act as occasion demands; immediate. 迅速的;敏捷的 迅速的; a. Done without delay. (指行动 立刻的;不延迟的 指行动)立刻的 指行动 立刻的; a prompt answer立即的回答 立即的回答 b. v.t. Rouse to action. 促使
  4. index: n. Something serving to guide, point out or otherwise aid reference. 导引;指标;标?。 导引;指标;标?。
Dialogue I
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Think it

  1. What does the “Fair” mean here?
  2. Have you ever been to some Fair?
  3. Do you like to do some shopping in the Fair? Why?
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
pictures
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Dialogue I
Questions
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Browse through the text, try to answer following questions.

  1. What does B think about Urumqi?
  2. Why does the city Kashi give B a deep impression? Give some details.
  3. How do the people in Kashi do business?
  4. Will you go to Xinjiang if you have a chance?
Dialogue I
Read
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Please read the dialogue loudly with feeling and expression.
Dialogue I
Retell
Unit 1
At the Sunday Fair in Kashi
Sample outline: B has just come back from Xinjiang and he tells A about: Urumqi ? modern and big Kashi ? typically Uygur The Sunday Fair in Kashi ? things sold & the way business is done
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
…think it was a city in the remote, legendary northwest.
  1) remote: a. far away; distant n. remoteness a remote village 偏僻的;边远的 (place) 偏僻的; the remote star / future 遥远的 (time) a remote relative 远亲 (relationship)
  2) legendary: a. Of, constituting, based on, or of the nature of a legend 传说中的 n. legendary 传奇文学 n. legend
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
It’s where you can get the real flavour of Uygur traditional life and craft.
  1) craft: n.
  1) skill in doing or making something =craftsmanship e.g. manual craft / light crafts / needle craft
  2) a kind of boat e.g. air or space craft / landing craft / life craft Phrases: by craft 用诡计 手腕] 用诡计[手腕 手腕 with craft 有技巧地 巧妙地 有技巧地,

  2) It’s where: It’s ( the place ) where
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
3
…silverware, bronzeware, pottery and embroidery…
  1) silverware / bronzeware -ware n.

  2) embroidery: n. e.g. The dress was covered with beautiful embroidery. v. embroider: to make needlework. e.g. to embroider a design on a bedspread.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
4
Some useful sentences in this dialogue:

  1) It was some time before I figured out why they all wore hats.
  2) Sunday is usually the time when lots of people go to Kashi for the fair.
  3) I was amused by the way the shopkeeper did business.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
5
You didn’t resist the temptation to buy one, did you?

  1) resist: v. n. resistance a. resist sth. E.g. I can't resist baked apples. b. resist doing sth. E.g. She could hardly resist laughing. phrases: resist aggression 抵抗侵略 resist heat 耐热 adj. temptational / temptatious 抵制诱惑, 抵制诱惑 不受诱惑

  2) temptation: n. v. tempt E.g. resist temptation
a strong temptation to sb. phrases: fall into [give way to, yield to] temptation lead (sb.) into temptation 使人入迷 受诱惑
Dialogue II
Practice
Unit 1
Feelings, Part 1?Delight, Relief
Practice expressions about expressing feelings
Unit 1
? Language Points:
  1) stifle: (to cause to) be unable to breathe comfortably, esp. because of heat and lack of fresh air. 感到窒息,( ,(使 (使)感到窒息,(使)透不过气来 E.g. He stifled to death by the fumes.
  2) pull up: to (cause to) come to a stop.(使)停止 ( E.g. The car pulled up at the traffic lights.
  3) phew : interj. A quick short whistling breath, expressing tiredness, shock or relief.啊! 唉! 啊
  4) hurrah: interj. Expressing joy, welcome, approval, etc.欢呼声 欢呼声
  5) skid off: move or slip sideways, etc. 滑向一恻,打滑 滑向一恻,
  6) mustard: 芥末
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
I’m absolutely fascinated. fascinated: adj. attracted (sb.) fascinating: adj. (sth.) v. fascinate : to hold an intense interest or attraction for 迷住 E.g. The city fascinates him. The changing vivid colours of the sunset fascinated the eye. The very style of the old house fascinates. n. fascination : intense interest 迷恋, 迷恋 强烈爱好
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
At last, the confusion is over. n. confusion: a state of being unclear or not sure about sth. a. confusional Phrases: in a state of mental confusion fall into confusion be a confusion of 是一片混乱的
covered with confusion 非常慌张 in confusion 乱七八糟, 处于混乱状态 乱七八糟,
throw into confusion 使狼狈, 使慌[混]乱 使狼狈, 使慌[
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
3
…have stifled to death. & …hovering over the small town. 窒息而死

  1) stifle: vt. & vi. to die of suffocation Phrases: stifle to death
  2) hover: vi.
a. to remain floating, suspended, or fluttering in the air 盘旋 E.g. gulls hovering over the waves 在浪尖盘旋的海鸥 b. to remain or linger in or near a place 徘徊 E.g. hovering around the speaker‘s podium 在演讲台边徘徊 c. to remain in an uncertain state 踌躇,犹豫不决 踌躇, E.g. hovered between anger and remorse.
Reading I
Questions
Unit 1
Daydreaming

  1. Define daydreaming
  2. What sort of people show particular interest in daydream research?
  3. When and where is one most likely to daydream?
  4. In what way does daydreaming differ from fantasy?
  5. How does daydreaming affect us positively?
  6. How is daydreaming related to personality type?
  7. Do most daydreamers have personality problems?
  8. Which pattern of daydreaming fits the majority of people?
Reading I
Structure
Unit 1
Daydreaming
The main idea of the whole text and each part: The main idea: The passage tells us psychologists’ observation, analysis and explanation on daydreams.
Part I (Para.1-
  2): Illustrate some examples of daydreams. Part II (Para.3-
  4): Different views on the value of daydreams. Part III (Para.
  5): The frequency of daydreams and their content. Part IV (Para.
  6): Three daydream patterns.
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
1
…the birds are singing and the trees are budding.
budding: adj. beginning to develop 开始发育(发展)的 开始发育(发展) Phrases: a budding sportsman 初露头角的 a budding beauty 妙龄女郎 a budding scientist
2
The urge to gaze out the window is irresistible. 强烈欲望

  1) urge: n. an impulse that prompts action or effort E.g. He has an urge to become a cinema star.
urge: vt. to force or drive forward or onward 推进,驱策 推进,
Language Points
Dialogue I
Unit 1
2
The urge to gaze out the window is irresistible.
urge against 极力反对 urge... into doing [to do] 催促[怂恿 怂恿]...做 催促 怂恿 做 urge on [onward, forward] 推进; 驱策 推进 urge sth. on [upon] sb. 向某人极力陈述某事
  2) gaze: v. to look steadily, intently 凝视,注视 凝视, Phrases: gaze after sb. 目送某人 gaze around 左顾右盼 gaze at 盯住 gaze on 看到, 看到 望见 gaze out 向外注视
  3) irre
 

相关内容

《电子商务英语教程》-Unit15

   Objective Unit 15 Notes To Passage A Activities On Passage A Notes To Passage B Activities On Passage B Basic E-commerce Writing Related Reading Work online Unit 15 学 习 目 标 Objective: In this unit, you will learn: Definitions of logistics Different ...

新世纪大学英语综合教程4课文翻译Unit8

   8A 1|一小时的故事| 凯特?肖邦 (1) 因为知道马拉德太太患有心脏病,所以在告诉她丈夫 死亡的消息时特别小心,尽量委婉。 2 把这个坏消息透露给她的是她姐姐约瑟芬。她说话时断断续续,只能半遮半掩地给她一 些暗示。她丈夫的朋友理查兹也在场,就在她身边。铁道事故的消息传来时,理查兹正 好在报社办公室,布伦特利?马拉德的名字排在“死亡”名单的首位。第二封电报让他相 信确有此事,于是他便立刻动身,赶在那些粗心大意、考虑不周的朋友之前把这个不幸 的消息带了回来。 3 许多女人听到这样的噩耗都会神 ...

全新版 大学英语 第二版 综合教程 1 翻译 答案 Unit 8

   Unit 8 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题) Fable of the Lazy Teenager 关于懒散少年的寓言故事 Benjamin Stein 本杰明?斯坦 1 One day last fall, I ran out of file folders and went to the drugstore to buy more. I put a handful of folders on the counter and asked a teenage salesgirl h ...

Unit 8 英语

   Unit 8 I ‘ll help clean up the city parks. 一、重点新词必备 1 hunger n. 饥饿 V. 渴求,渴望,常与 for, after 连用 adj. Hunger go hunger 挨饿 eg I hunger for a new car Many people went hungry because of the flood.因为水灾,有许多人挨饿。 2 establish v. 建立,建造 辨析 establish,build,set up ...

初三英语Unit 8单元测试题及答案

   新目标英语第 8 单元测试题 一,根据句意和首字母,填写所缺单词. 根据句意和首字母,填写所缺单词. 1. I am very a. Give me some food, please. 2. It's Friday today. Don't p off it any more. 3. He is a v, and he often treats some animals. 4. My computer is broken. He is r it for me. 5. His father ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit7 课文翻译

   Unit Seven 英语中绚丽多彩的杂乱无章现象 罗伯特?麦克尼尔 我们的英语的历史是典型的大量窃取其他语言的历史。正因为如此,今日英语的词汇量据估计超过一百万,而其他主要语言的词汇量都要小得多。 例如,法语只有约75,000个单词,其中还包括像snack bar(快餐店)和 hit parade(流行唱片目录)这样的英语词汇。但法国人不喜欢借用外来词,因为他们认为这样会损害法语的纯洁性。法国政府试图逐出英语词汇,宣称Walkman(随身听)一词有伤大雅,因此他们造了个新词ballad ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit6 课文翻译

   Unit Six 我要买下布鲁克林桥 艾德丽安?波珀 不久前,我收到母校一份校友简报。里面有一条是关于一个老同学的消息:“凯特?L在俄克拉荷马大学兼职任教,并任县高中校长助理。她正在利用业余时间完成博士论文以及两本著作的最后定稿,同时她仍有时间与女儿们一起打网球、骑马。”这条短讯中有四个字令我心神不安:业余时间。有位朋友说,要是我对这一报道里的一切都信以为真,那她在布鲁克林还有一座桥要出售给我呢。 朋友的打趣一针见血。我多蠢啊!于是我打定主意,不再去想凯特那些不可思议的成就,以后看到类似 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit5 课文翻译

   Unit Five 真正的高度 大卫?纳史特 他手心在出汗。他需要用毛巾把握竿的手擦干。太阳火辣辣的,与他今天在全国少年奥林匹克运动会上所面临的竞争一样热烈。 横杆升到了17英尺。比他个人的最高纪录高出3 英寸。迈克尔?斯通面临的是其撑竿跳高生涯中最具挑战性的一天。 尽管赛跑决赛一小时前就已经结束,看台上仍然观众满座,足有20,000人上下。撑竿跳高确实是所有田径比赛中最精彩的项目。它融合了体操运动员的优雅与健美运动员的力量。它还具有飞翔的特征,对观看该项目比赛的观众来说,飞跃两层楼的高 ...

新世纪大学英语综合教程4课文翻译Unit5

   5A 1|声誉| 梅尔文?霍华兹 声誉极像一个追逐自己尾巴的动物,抓住了以后除继续穷追不舍 外,再也不知道还能做什么。声誉以及随之而来的名气迫使名人陷入穷途末路。真有点 讽刺意味,不是吗? 2 名人有名多因有一技之长,如唱歌、跳舞、绘画、写作等等。成功的表演者展示出一种 风格,获得声誉。而且这种声誉常常使这位表演者确信,必须把这种风格发扬光大,因 为这就是大众所需要和喜爱的。可是随着时间的推移,如果歌手年复一年地用老调唱老 歌,画师画千篇一律的风景或画像,演员反复饰演同一角色,他们势必都会感 ...

新视野大学英语听说教程3 听力原文Unit 5

   新视野大学英语(第二版) 新视野大学英语(第二版)听说教程 3 听力原文 ●说明:本原文包含 warning up,listening 和 homework 部分 说明:本原文包 , 说明 Unit5 Death’s lessons for life 一、warming up 二、short conversations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、long conversation 四、passage 五、radio program Homework Task1 Task2 ...

热门内容

AATLQ往事追忆_英语语法记忆口诀

   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是: 生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...

数学专业英语词汇(T)

   数学专业英语词汇(T) t distribution 学生 t 分布 t number t 数 t statistic t 统计量 t test t 检验 t1topological space t1 拓扑空间 t2topological space t2 拓扑空间 t3topological space 分离空间 t4topological space 正则拓扑空间 t5 topological space 正规空间 t6topological space 遗传正规空间 table 表 t ...

英语基础知识测试题

   英语基础知识测试题 三、完成句子 1. No matter what happens 2. advice instead of money / advice rather than money 3. the water running when/while 4. had taken your advice 5. Judging from/by his accent Ⅱ. 第一节:连词成句:(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 76. I have some difficulty in unde ...

英语单词的记忆方法

   英语单词的记忆方法 1.音、形、义、词类结合法 单词教学首先要把每一个单词的音、形、义结合起来,要求学生作到发音准 确、拼法正确和分清词义,还要求学生掌握好这个单词所属的词类,基本的惯用 搭配,这个任务完成好了,学生就能基本读懂句子、理解课文的基本内容,课文 的教学就会比较顺利。 2.利用对比法 在单词教学中,尽可能把新、旧单词从同义、反义、同音异义、同形异义等 方面进行联系对比,使学生在学习新单词同时又复习了旧单词,印象更深,记忆 更牢固。如同义词:must-siould-ought( ...

新世纪大学英语综合教程4课文翻译Unit4

   4A 1|工作、 劳动和玩耍| 威斯坦?H?奥登 就我所知, 汉娜?阿伦特小姐是界定工作和劳动之间本 质区别的第一人。一个人要想快乐,第一要有自由感,第二要确信自己有价值。如果社 会迫使一个人去做他自己不喜欢的事,或者说,他所喜欢做的事被社会忽视,看作没有 价值或不重要,那他就不会真正快乐。在一个严格意义上已废除奴隶制的社会里,一个 人做的事情是否具有社会价值取决于他是否为完成此项工作得到了报酬。然而,今天的 劳动者可以被称为名副其实的工资奴隶。 如果社会给一个人提供一份他本人不感兴趣的 工 ...