新编英语教程4 新编英语教程4
For your promising future
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
1
增减或改编了部分教材,讲练结合,当堂 巩固,达到知识到能力的正向迁移。
设计合作学习和小组讨论的方式来提高学 生合作学习意识和能力。
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
2
Unit Three
I. Pre-reading questions Pre-
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
3
Religion has been playing an important role in western cultures. Do you have any idea about religious beliefs? How do you think of the religious cultures?
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
4
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
5
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
6
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
7
II. Language points
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
8

  1. words peculiar to religious field salvation? salvation?the state of having one’s soul saved from sin and its consequences 灵魂的拯救 save? save?set free from the power of or from the eternal punishment for sin sin?breaking of God’s laws, disobedience to God’s sin? commandments revival? revival?series of meetings intended to produce an increase in interest in religion, or to stir up the religious faith among those who have been indifferent, usually by preaching and confession of sins (鼓动性的)福音布道会 lamb? lamb?young members of church flock or Christian congregation fold? fold?body of believers in the Christian religion
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
9

  2. … all moans and shouts and lonely cries and dire pictures of hell,… Lonely means “having no companionship” and indicates the “state of mind of one being or feeling alone.” Lonely may also be applied to places which are unfrequented or remote from human habitation. More examples: With the development of the travel business, swarms of tourists now visit the newly discovered cave in the once lonely mountainous area. The retired worker is not living a lonely life since she has so much work to do in the neighborhood and since there is so much warmth and care at home.
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
10

  3. “Langston,” my aunt sobbed. sobbed. sob? sob?draw in the breath sharply and irregularly from sorrow or pain while crying 啜泣,呜咽 More examples: “Oh, don’t leave me, don’t leave me!” She began to sob passionately. A feeling of infinite regret came over him, as he saw her lying in bed sobbing like a child. She wouldn’t have failed in the experiment if he had given her timely support.
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
11
Cf.: And the little girls cried. To cry is to express grief or pain or sorrow by making mournful sounds and shedding tears.哭 tears.哭 泣 More examples: So he cried quite alone for a long time till he at last cried himself to sleep. It is no use crying over spilt milk.
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
12
Cf.: Tom allowed himself to weep tears, they were tears of anger. Weep stresses the shedding of tears. 哭,流泪 The difference between weep and cry is that crying is audible and accompanied with tears, but to weep usually refers to the silent shedding of tears. More examples: She didn’t weep over the death of her son who died a heroic death but devoted herself to the noble work that her son had been doing. Taking the boy to her breast, she rocked him in her arms, and wept silently over him.
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用 13
III. Free debate
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
14
Are you for or against the opinion that repeated rumor will make a piece of truth?
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
15
IV Sentence appreciation Love Your Life However mean your life is,meet it and live it ;do not shun it and call it hard names.It is not so bad as you are.It looks poorest when you are richest.The fault-finder will faultfind faults in paradise.Love your life,poor as it is.You may perhaps have some pleasant,thrilling,glorious hourss,even in a poor-house.The setting sun is reflected poorfrom the windows of the alms-house as brightly as from the rich man's abode;the almssnow melts before its door as early in the spring.I do not see but a quiet mind may live as contentedly there,and have as cheering thoughts,as in a palace.The town's poor seem to me often to live the most independent lives of any.May be they are simply great enough to receive without misgiving.Most think that they are above being supported by the town;but it often happens that they are not above supporting themselves by dishonest means.which should be more disreputable.Cultivate poverty like a garden herb,like sage.Do not trouble yourself much to get new things,whether clothes or friends,Turn the old,return to them.Things do not change;we change.Sell your clothes and keep your thoughts.
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
16
不论你的生活如何卑贱,你要面对它生活,不要躲避它,更别用恶 言咒骂它。它不像你那样坏。你最富有的时候,倒是看似最穷。爱 找缺点的人就是到天堂里也能找到缺点。你要爱你的生活,尽管它 贫穷。甚至在一个济贫院里,你也还有愉快、高兴、光荣的时候。 夕阳反射在济贫院的窗上,像身在富户人家窗上一样光亮;在那门 前,积雪同在早春融化。我只看到,一个从容的人,在哪里也像在 皇宫中一样,生活得心满意足而富有愉快的思想。城镇中的穷人, 我看,倒往往是过着最独立不羁的生活。也许因为他们很伟大,所 以受之无愧。大多数人以为他们是超然的,不靠城镇来支援他们; 可是事实上他们是往往利用了不正当的手段来对付生活,他们是毫 不超脱的,毋宁是不体面的。视贫穷如园中之花而像圣人一样耕植 它吧!不要找新的花样,无论是新的朋友或新的衣服,来麻烦你自 己。找旧的,回到那里去。万物不变,是我们在变。你的衣服可以 卖掉,但要保留你的思想。
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
17
V. For you to understand better 在开放的现代社会,跨文化的言语交际显得愈发重要,已经成为现代交际中引人注目的一个特点。交际中的文化 差异随处可见,言语环境中的文化因素受到普遍重视。下面是英汉文化中十大常见差异。
  1.回答提问 中国人对别人的问话,总是以肯定或否定对方的话来确定用“对”或者“不对”。如: 中国人对别人的问话,总是以肯定或否定对方的话来确定用“对”或者“不对”。如: “我想你不到20岁,对吗?” “我想你不到20岁,对吗?” “是的,我不到20岁。” “是的,我不到20岁。” (“不,我已经30岁了。”) (“不,我已经30岁了。”) 英语中,对别人的问话,总是依据事实结果的肯定或否定用“Yes”或者“No”。如: 英语中,对别人的问话,总是依据事实结果的肯定或否定用“Yes”或者“No”。如: “You're not a student,are you?” student, you?” “Yes,I am.” Yes, am.” (“No (“No,I am not.”) No, not.”)
  2.亲属称谓 英语的亲属以家庭为中心,一代人为一个称谓板块,只区别男性、女性,却忽视配偶双方因性别不同而出现 的称谓差异。显得男女平等。如: 英文“grandparents,grandfather,grandmother”,而中文“祖辈、爷爷、奶奶、外公、外婆”。 英文“grandparents,grandfather,grandmother”,而中文“祖辈、爷爷、奶奶、外公、外婆”。 再如,父母同辈中的称谓:英文“uncle”和“aunt”,而中文“伯伯、叔叔、舅舅等,姑妈、姨妈等”。 再如,父母同辈中的称谓:英文“uncle”和“aunt”,而中文“伯伯、叔叔、舅舅等,姑妈、姨妈等”。 还有,英文中的表示下辈的“nephew和 niece”是不分侄甥的,表示同辈的“cousin”不分堂表、性别。 还有,英文中的表示下辈的“nephew和 niece”是不分侄甥的,表示同辈的“cousin”不分堂表、性别。
  3.考虑问题的主体 中国人喜欢以对方为中心,考虑对方的情感。比如: 中国人喜欢以对方为中心,考虑对方的情感。比如: 你想买什么? 您想借什么书? 而英语中,往往从自身的角度出发。如: Can I help you? you? What can I do for you? you?
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
18

  4.问候用语 中国人打招呼,一般都以对方处境或动向为思维出发点。如: 您去哪里? 您是上班还是下班? 而西方人往往认为这些纯属个人私事,不能随便问。所以他们见面打招呼总是说: Hi/Hello! Hi/Hello! Good morning/afternoon/evening/night! morning/afternoon/evening/night! How are you? you? It's a lovely day,isn't it? lovely day, it?
  5.面对恭维 中国人的传统美德是谦虚谨慎,对别人的恭维和夸奖应是推辞。如: “您的英语讲得真好。” “哪里,哪里,一点也不行。” “菜做得很好吃。” “过奖,过奖,做得不好,请原谅。” 西方人从来不过分谦虚,对恭维一般表示谢意,表现出一种自强自信的信念。如: “You can speak very good French.” French.” “Thank you.” you.” “It's a wonderful dish!” dish!” “I am glad you like it.” it.” 所以,学生要注意当说英语的人称赞你时,千万不要回答:“No,I don't think so.”这种回答在西方人看来是不礼貌的,甚至是 所以,学生要注意当说英语的人称赞你时,千万不要回答:“No, so.”这种回答在西方人看来是不礼貌的,甚至是 虚伪的。
  6.电话用语 中国人打电话时的用语与平时讲话用语没有多少差异。 “喂,您好。麻烦您叫一声王伟接电话。”“我是张英,请问您是谁?” 英语中打电话与平时用语差别很大。如:“Hello, 英语中打电话与平时用语差别很大。如:“Hello,this is John speaking.” speaking.” “Could I speak to Tom please?” please?” “Is that Mary speaking?” speaking?” 西方人一接到电话一般都先报自己的号码或者工作单位的名称。如: “Hello,521647
  68,this is Jim.” Hello,521647
  68, Jim.” 中国学生刚开始学英语 中国学生刚开始学英语会犯这样的错误: 学英语会犯这样的错误: “Hello,who are you please?” Hello, please?”
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
19

  7.接受礼物 中国人收到礼物时,一般是放在一旁,确信客人走后,才迫不及待地拆开。受 礼时连声说: “哎呀,还送礼物干什么?” “真是不好意思啦。” “下不为例。” “让您破费了。” 西方人收到礼物时,一般当着客人的面马上打开,并连声称好: “Very beautiful!Wow!” beautiful!Wow!” “What a wonderful gift it is!” is!” “Thank you for your present.” present.”
  8.称呼用语 中国人见面时喜欢问对方的年龄、收入、家庭等。而西方人很反感别人问及这 些私事。西方人之间,如没有血缘关系,对男子统称呼“Mr.”,对未婚女士统称 些私事。西方人之间,如没有血缘关系,对男子统称呼“Mr.”,对未婚女士统称 “Miss”,对已婚女士统称“Mrs.”。 Miss”,对已婚女士统称“Mrs.”。 中国人重视家庭、亲情,认为血浓于水。为了表示礼貌,对陌生人也要以亲属 关系称呼。如: “大爷、大娘、大叔、大婶、大哥、大姐等”。
淘花/ 淘花/百度专用
20

  9.体贴他人 在西方,向别人提供帮助、关心、同情等的方式和程度是根据接受方愿意接受的程度来定的; 而中国人帮起忙来一般是热情洋溢,无微不至。例如:一位中国留学生在美国看到一位老教授蹒 而中国人帮起忙来一般是热情洋溢,无微不至。例如:一位中国留学生在美国 美国看到一位老教授蹒 跚过车水马龙的马路,出于同情心,他飞步上前挽住老人,要送他过去,但是他得到的却是怒目 而视。请看下面的对话: Chinese student:Mr.White,you are so pale,are you sick? student:Mr.White, pale, sick? English teacher:Well...yes.I have got a bad cold for several days. teacher:Well...yes. days. Chinese student:Well,you should go to a clinic and see the doctor as soon as student:Well, possible. possible. English teacher:Er...what do you mean? teacher: mean? 中国人建议患上感冒的人马上去看医生,表示真诚的关心。而美国人对此不理解,会认为难 道他的病有如此严重吗?因此,只要回答:“I'm 道他的病有如此严重吗?因此,只要回答:“I'm sorry to hear that.”就够了。 that.”就够了。
  10.请客吃饭
  10. 中国人招待客人时,一般都准备了满桌美味佳肴,不断地劝客人享用,自己还谦虚:“没什 么菜,吃顿便饭。薄酒一杯,不成敬意。”行动上多以主人为客人夹菜为礼。 西方人会对此大惑不解:明明这么多菜,却说没什么菜,这不是实事求是的行为。而他们请 客吃饭,菜肴特别简单,经常以数量不多的蔬菜为可口的上等菜,席间劝客仅仅说:“Help 客吃饭,菜肴特别简单,
 

相关内容

新编英语教程4(1)

   新编英语教程4 新编英语教程4 For your promising future 淘花/ 淘花/百度专用 1 增减或改编了部分教材,讲练结合,当堂 巩固,达到知识到能力的正向迁移。 设计合作学习和小组讨论的方式来提高学 生合作学习意识和能力。 淘花/ 淘花/百度专用 2 Unit Three I. Pre-reading questions Pre- 淘花/ 淘花/百度专用 3 Religion has been playing an important role in western c ...

新编英语教程4

   新编英语教程4 Unit one 一. Pre-reading Questions What is your new year’s resolution? To do a part-time job? To memorize more words? To have a boy/girl friend? When a person makes New Year’s resolutions, he makes up his mind to do or not to do certain thin ...

新编英语语法教程答案

   Original Message Key to Exercises Ex.1A 1. A. his homework B. quickly, to play 2. A. The huge black horse B. the race 3. A. have thought about B. going into space 4. A. warms up and crawls B. out of the bag 5. A. one of the most beautiful planets t ...

新东方4+1英语口语教程》

   《新东方4+1英语口语教程》完整版 价值1750元 4+1语音语调:帮您:把握 “ 语音 ” 和 “ 语调、节奏 ”双过关的宗旨,兼顾连续、缩读和弱读的音变, 短期突破语音。 4+1口语语汇:帮您:精通掌握日常生活听 4+1口语句型:帮您:熟练掌握句型,灵活运用。达到口语无障碍表达。 4+1美语思维:帮您:学会用纯正、地道的美国英语进行思维与表达。 4+1电影听说:帮您:获取国外文化背景知识,了解交流和沟通的表达手段,达到英语听说基本无障碍的境界。 注意下完后一定要用软件自带的FLASH播放, ...

自动化专业英语教程翻译4.1

   A 过程控制系统 此部分的主要目的是满足读者对自动过程控制的需要和激励读者来学习。自动过程控制与持续过程变量、温度、压力、流量、成分和期望操作值一类的量有关。正如我们在后续的章节中所看到的,过程本身是动态的。变化不断发生,并且如果激励未加入,重要的过程变量??与安全有关的变量、产品质量和生产率??将不能获得期望值。 为了强化概念,让我们来考虑一个过程流通过浓缩流加热的热变换器,其过程框图如图4-1A-1 此单元的目的是把一过程流从某一入口温度Ti(t)加 ...

新编英语教程4(李观仪主编)Unit3课件

   Unit 3 Text I Salvation Langston Hughes (1902 1967), U.S. poet, novelist, dramatist and anthologist. Hughes's works often spoke plainly about the lives of ordinary black people. poetry volumes: The Weary Blues (1926) and Shakespeare in Harlem (194 ...

上海外语教育全新版大学英语综合教程4课文翻译

   Appendix Ⅱ Chinese Translations of Texts B (Units 1-8) 参考译文 第一单元 与自然力量抗争 课文A 人道是骄兵必败。就拿拿破仑和希特勒两人来说吧,他们所向披靡,便以为自己战 无不胜,不可阻挡。但俄罗斯的冰雪卫士证明他们错了。 冰雪卫士 奈拉?B?斯密斯 1812年,法国皇帝拿破仑?波拿巴率大军入侵俄罗斯。他准备好俄罗斯人民会为保卫祖国而奋勇抵抗。他准备好在俄罗斯广袤的国土上要经过长途跋涉才能进军首都莫斯科。但他没有料到在莫斯科他会遭 ...

面试英语 教程

   面试英语 第一讲-面试开场白 1 第二讲-面试自我介绍 2 第三讲-个人和家庭情况 3 第四讲-描述教育背景 5 第五讲-工作经验和成就 7 第六讲-表达语言能力 8 第七讲-展示个人能力 10 第八讲-性格和兴趣爱好 ...

新编英语900句

   新编英语 900 句 《第一册》?对应 900a-b.rm 第一册》 对应 一、 Greetings 问候语 1. Hello! / Hi! 你好! 2. Good morning / afternoon / evening! 早晨(下午/晚上)好! 3. I'm Kathy King. 我是凯西金。 4. Are you Peter Smith? 你是彼得史密斯吗? 5. Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. 是,我是。/ 不,我不是。 6. How are you? 你好吗 ...

商务英语口语教程

   LOGO Unit 13 Business Negotiation 商务英语口语教程 Greetings How was your weekend? Your site here Revision Here I am going to check the homework, from which I will know how well the students did in the last classes. Your site here Lead-in Do you like shopp ...

热门内容

新东方高级商务英语口语教程

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com / www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 高级商务英语口语 CONTENT Lesson 1 &f &f &f &f Formal Verbal Communication in Business I Leading Seminars Questioning Techniques Be a Leader and A Good Listener At the Same Time Giving Criticism Lesson 2 & ...

[考试宝典]2011么建华职称英语保过班精讲班 第9讲 阅读判断(三)_百度...

   本文由bhsh007贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 职称英语考试宝典 系列软件 第十一篇 Will Hillary Be the Next American President? Back in 1969,US President Richard Nixon confidently predicted: “In the next 50 years, we shall see a woman president, ...

2007年湖南省初中英语考试标准

   2008 年湖南省初中毕业学业考试标准 英 语 一,考试指导思想 初中毕业英语学业考试以《英语课程标准(实验稿) 》五级目标为依据,是义务教育阶段英语 学科的终结性考试.考试要体现新一轮基础教育课程改革的基本理念,落实《英语课程标准》所确 立的考试指导思想.考试要有利于全面贯彻国家教育方针,推进素质教育;有利于体现九年义务教 育的性质,全面提高教育质量;有利于英语课程改革,提高英语教学质量, 培养学生的创新精神和 实践能力,减轻学生过重的课业负担,促进学生生动活泼,主动学习. 英语学业考试要 ...

英语四级短语

   1. at the thought of 一想到… 2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 3. at will 随心所欲 4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地, ...

英语语法

   Unit 2 Grammar and usage Phrasal verbs Story-telling go into stand up talk to Listen to my story, and please focus at on ask for come to shout the phrasal verbs in my story. put up with wait for reply to belong to talk with leave alone think over F ...