Unit Three
TEXT I My Friend, Albert Einstein
? I. Pre-reading Questions ? This is an open question.
III. Library Work

  1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 ? 17
  91), Austrian composer, one of the world’s great musical geniuses, wrote masterpieces in every branch of music. During his short life, Mozart composed a great volume of music. His 789 compositions include operas, symphonies, concertos, quartets for the piano and for stringed instruments, and sonatas for both piano and violin. His music has delicate beauty and is always fresh and pleasing to the ear.
III. Library Work

  2. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 ? 18
  27), German composer, was one of music’s greatest geniuses. His works have a rare originality, emotional depth, and expressive power. He was known for his nine symphonies, piano concertos and sonatas, and string quartets. Most of Beethoven’s compositions were written in the classical forms established by his predecessors Mozart and Haydn, so he is sometimes considered the last great composer in the classical tradition. But he also remolded and
III. Library Work
expanded the old forms and infused them with a highly personal intensity of emotion, so he is also referred to as the first of the Romantics.
III. Library Work

  3. the Nobel Prize: Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833 ? 18
  96), a distinguished Swedish chemist and industrialist, provided for the award of the Nobel Prizes. He experimented with different kinds of explosives such a nitroglycerin(硝化 ( 甘油) 甘油)and dynamite(达纳炸药,氨爆炸药), (达纳炸药,氨爆炸药) both deadly explosives. However, he was a pacifist and he feared that his inventions might further warfare. In his will he left about $9,000,000 in a fund to reward those who did
III. Library Work
most for their fellow men in science, literature, and peace. In his will, he specified that the interest accrued by the fund “be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind” in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace, regardless of nationality.
III. Library Work

  4. the Nazis: Nazism is a political doctrine of racial supremacy, nationalism, and dictatorship. Nazi is an abbreviated form of the German words for National Socialism. It was Adolf Hitler, a member of National Socialist German Workers’ Party, who developed the program for Nazism in his book Mein Kampf (1925 ? 1927 My Battle). He defined the Germanic people as a race, called Aryans, superior to other races. He blamed Germany’s
III. Library Work
troubles on Jewish capitalism, Communism, and the heavy reparation payments(战争赔款)Germany was (战争赔款) required to make to the victorious Allies by the Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 19
  19) that ended the First World War.
IV. Organization of the Text

  1. Paragraph 1 Einstein’s simplicity
  2. Paragraphs 2 ? 4 his modesty
  3. Paragraph 5 ? 7 the growth of a genius
  4. Paragraphs 8 ? 11 concentration on work
IV. Organization of the Text

  5. Paragraphs 12 ? 13 love of natural simplicity
  6. Paragraphs 14 ? 15 academic courage
  7. Paragraphs 16 - 17 a man untouched by the turmoil of everyday life but upset by political events
  8. Paragraph 18 sense of justice
IV. Organization of the Text

  9. Paragraph 19 youthful innocence
  10. Paragraph 20 a man on a ceaseless search for cosmic simplicity
V. Key Points of the Text
Paragraph 1 convey: make known (ideas, views, feelings, etc.) to another person. E.g.: Mary asked me to convey her gratitude to you. His recent book conveys to us his outlook on life. Convey also means “carry something (from one place to another)”. E.g.: Pipes convey heat from the central heating system to every part of the building.
Paragraph 1
A conveyor belt(传送带)is a mechanical (传送带) contrivance for carrying heavy articles of goods from one place to another. simplicity: the state of being simple 简单;简朴; 简单;简朴; 纯朴;真诚; 纯朴;真诚;坦率 E.g.: a room furnished with simplicity 摆设简朴的
房间
Her clothes were characterized by their simplicity and good taste. 她的衣着特点是朴素大方。 她的衣着特点是朴素大方。
Paragraph 1
素高雅。 素高雅。
He dressed with elegant simplicity. 他的穿着朴 He believes everything with childlike simplicity.
他像孩子一样单纯,对一切信以为真。 他像孩子一样单纯,对一切信以为真。 speak with simplicity 说话坦诚
catch: attack; entrap E.g.: The wind caught the sails. 风吹袭帆篷。 风吹袭帆篷。 We got caught in a downpour. 我们被大雨淋着
了。
Paragraph 1
悲不自胜。 悲不自胜。
Sorrow caught the bereaved mother. 丧子的母亲
would be none the worse for its wetting: would not be harmed by its being wet none the worse for: not harmed by; not adversely affected by 并不更差;依然如故 并不更差; E.g.: He’s none the worse for his fall from the window. 他从窗口掉下,结果并没有怎么样。 他从窗口掉下,结果并没有怎么样。 I like a man none the worse for being outspoken.
我并不因一个人直言不讳而讨厌他。 我并不因一个人直言不讳而讨厌他。
Paragraph 1
think none the worse of somebody 依然看重某人 He got lost in the street for quite a while, but was none the worse for it. knack: a special skill or ability, usually the result of practice E.g.: She has a knack of doing sums in her head, however complicated they may be. a knack for versification 做诗的技巧 a knack of the trade 做买卖的诀窍
Paragraph 1
Verne had a happy knack of combining adventure with science. 凡尔纳有一种把冒险和
科学结合起来的巧妙本领。 科学结合起来的巧妙本领。
In Hoffmann’s opinion “simplicity” is the best word to describe the essence of Einstein’s character. The abstract notion of simplicity is explained by a phrase in the first paragraph. Which is it? SA: Knack for going instinctively to the heart of a matter.
Paragraph 1
This knack for going instinctively to the heart of a matter was the secret of his major scientific discoveries this and his extraordinary feeling for beauty: This unusual ability of his to perceive beauty, this natural ability of grasping the nature of a matter was the key to his many important scientific discoveries.
Paragraph 2
carte blanche: (French) (plural: cartes blanches) full freedom, especially in politics and in spending money 签好字的空白纸;全权,自由 签好字的空白纸;全权, 处理权 E.g.: He was given carte blanche to build, landscape, and furnish the house. 那幢房子的建
造,庭院布置和装饰完全委托给他了。 庭院布置和装饰完全委托给他了。
绝授予轰炸机自由选择轰炸目标的权力。 绝授予轰炸机自由选择轰炸目标的权力。
The king gave his minister carte blanche in
He refused carte blanche for the bombers. 他拒
Paragraph 2
foreign affairs. plead with: ask (someone) very strongly in a begging way 恳求;请求 恳求; E.g.: The girl pleaded with her parents to let her go to school by herself. plead (with somebody) for forgiveness (one’s life)
请求(某人)原谅(饶命) 请求(某人)原谅(饶命)
放弃这个计划。 放弃这个计划。
She pleaded with me to give up the plan. 她求我
Paragraph 3
be in awe of: also stand in awe of, have respect as well as fear and reverence for 敬畏(某人) 敬畏(某人) awe n.: the feeling of respect and amazement when one is faced with something wonderful, frightening, or completely unknown E.g.: He visited the exhibition and stood in awe of the fossils of prehistoric animals. The audience listened to the learned philosopher in awe.
Paragraph 3
awe v.: cause a feeling of amazement or fear E.g.: The magician’s performance awed us all. awed adj.: overwhelmed by respect and fear 敬畏的 in tones of awed amazement: with voice qualities that showed amazement as well as respect and fear 用敬畏 惊讶的语气 approach: to speak to, especially about something for the first time 找…商量,同…接洽,同…联系 商量, 接洽, 商量 接洽 联系 E.g.: Did he approach you about lending him some money?
他同你谈过想借些钱的事吗? 他同你谈过想借些钱的事吗?
Paragraph 3
近。(指不好说话等) 。(指不好说话等) 指不好说话等
He is rather difficult to approach. 他这人很难接
inflection: a movement up or down of the voice; intonation E.g.: A sentence that asks a question usually ends on a rising inflection. awry: not in the correct position or shape; twisted; bent 曲的;歪的;斜的 not as planned or 曲的;歪的; intended; in a wrong manner 离开了预期(或 离开了预期( 正确)方向( );错 正确)方向(的);错(的)
Paragraph 3
E.g.: glance awry 斜视 go (run, tread) awry (人)背离正道,走向邪 背离正道,

set somebody at ease: also put somebody at (his) ease, to free someone from worry or nervousness 使…不拘束,使…自在 不拘束, 不拘束 自在 E.g.: The examiner soon put (set) the candidates at ease. 主考官很快就使考生们的情绪放松了。 主考官很快就使考生们的情绪放松了。
Paragraph 4
the staggering and altogether endearing request: the surprising and shocking, almost unbelievable, and yet very pleasant and affectionate request stagger v.: cause shocked disbelief 使…吃惊 吃惊 E.g.: His excessive conceit and self-confidence staggered all his colleagues. a risk-taking boldness that staggers others 使别人吃惊的
大胆冒险行为
It’s a fantastic task that staggers the imagination. 那是件
令人难以想象的艰巨伟大的工作。 令人难以想象的艰巨伟大的工作。
Paragraph 4
endearing adj.: causing feelings of love and affection 使人喜爱的;引人爱慕的 使人喜爱的; E.g.: Mark’s teacher answered his questions with an endearing smile. endearing qualities 使人喜爱的品质 endearing tones 充满柔情的声调 vestige: a trace of something that is disappearing or no longer exists E.g.: With the overthrow of the monarchy, all vestiges of feudalism are gone.
Paragraph 4
From the two anecdotes related in Paragraphs 2 ? 4, what impression of Einstein have you got? SA: We can see Einstein was a very modest man though he was such a distinguished scientist.
Paragraph 5
run abreast of: also run abreast with, to run side by side with keep / be abreast of: to know all the time the most recent facts about something non-material 使不 落后于 E.g.: Read the papers if you want to keep abreast of the times. 如果想跟得上时代就得读报纸。 如果想跟得上时代就得读报纸。 Even this arrangement did not keep wages abreast of the rising living cost. 即使这样的安排
也不能使工资水平跟上日益上涨的生活费用。 也不能使工资水平跟上日益上涨的生活费用。
Paragraph 6
his genius burst into fabulous flower: his great talent results in extraordinary success; his great talent yielded an incredible result fabulous: from “fable”, nearly unbelievable 惊人的, 惊人的,令人难以置信的 E.g.: a fabulous fortune 一笔巨额财富 a fabulous thunderstorm 大雷雨
Paragraph 7
offshoot: a new stem or branch of a plant; (figuratively) a thing that is developed from something else 萌蘖枝条;枝族, 萌蘖枝条;枝族, 旁系; 旁系;衍生事物 E.g.: South African offshoots of British companies 英国公司在南非的分支机构
Paragraph 9
The intensity and depth of his concentration were fantastic. When battling a recalcitrant problem, he worried it as an animal worries its prey. He could concentrate on his work with such single-mindedness and for such long hours that it was surprising. When tackling a problem which was difficult to solve, he attacked it as an animal chases and frightens another animal it preys upon.
Paragraph 9
recalcitrant: often used to describe a person or an 拒不服从的;倔强对抗的;难处理的, 拒不服从的;倔强对抗的;难处理的,难对付 ;(疾病等 疾病等) 的;(疾病等)难治的 E.g.: a recalcitrant boy 犟男孩 recalcitrant behavior 桀骜不驯的行为 a subject recalcitrant both to observation and to experiment 既难研察又难验证的课题 Try not to punish a recalcitrant child severely, it is better to reason with him.
Paragraph 9
worry: When an animal worries its prey, it shakes it, pulls at it, frightens it, or even eats it. In other words, the animal will not stop attacking its prey. Similarly, Einstein would not let go a problem unsolved, he would keep at it. up against: (American colloquial) facing (a difficulty) quaint: attractively unusual or old-fashioned 老 式而别致的,奇特而有趣的;古怪的, 式而别致的,奇特而有趣的;古怪的,奇特的 E.g.: a quaint little house 一座古雅小巧的房子
Paragraph 9
语单词古怪而有趣的发音 起。
a quaint pronunciation of English words 对于英
Smoke drifted lazily from a multitude of quaint chimneys. 炊烟从许多古色古香的烟囱袅袅腾 a quaint old lady 古怪的老太太 a quaint sense of dut
 

相关内容

新课标英语7A 课件unit3

   要充分理解教材的体系和主要内容 " 前言和目录是两个必读的部分。 前言和目录是两个必读的部分。 " 前言告诉我们编书的意图、理论基 前言告诉我们编书的意图、 础以及书的体系。 础以及书的体系。 " 目录帮助教师对单元内容进行整体 把握,了解最基本的教学要求。 把握,了解最基本的教学要求。 以教师的视点初看新教材: 以教师的视点初看新教材: 信息量大,知识点的呈现符合交际原则, 1 信息量大,知识点的呈现符合交际原则,并呈 螺旋形上升难度 操练充分,操练形式多样, 2 操练充分,操练形式多样 ...

大学英语 阅读教程5 unit 1

   阅读教程5 大学英语 阅读教程 COLLEGE ENGLISH READING COURSE 5 授课教师:曾艳玲 Lynn Introduction What is the aim or objective of this course(5)? Studying plan? What are the requirements? Aims 1) to improve your English proficiency; 2) to acquire a general understanding ...

四年级英语下册unit3教案3

   unit3A let’s Pep book4 unit3A let s learn 一:设计说明 (1) 话题:clothes (2) 课题说明: 本课的话题为 clothes, 主要学习 skirt, T-shirt, chess, jacket, sweater, shirt 这几种服饰名称。在这些单词中,jacket,T-shirt 由于是音译词,所以相对来 说它们的发音比较简单,相对来说,sweater 在这些单词中是最难的。 四年级的学 生意气风发,敢于发表自己的意见,特别是女生, ...

牛津小学英语3a unit3教案

   课 题 Unit 3 This is my father 教学内 B Look and learn 容 (第二教时) To understand and say the words : 课 时 bananas ,watermelons ,peachs ,pears ,apples ,oranges ,mangoes ,pineapples. 2.To understand what’s the difference between singular form or plural form. ...

牛津小学英语3a unit3教案

   课 题 Unit 3 This is my father (第三教时) 1. C: Look and say “Good morning /afternoon … This is …,Hi, … Nice to meet you , Nice to meet you ,too .” 2. Workbook : A Listen and respond . B Listen and number . 教学内容 课 时 1. The Ss can introduce their family m ...

英语必修4unit3单元练习

   Book 4 Unit Three 单词拼写: After graduating from Peking University, he was (幸运的) in having a good job. I found it (令人惊讶的) that the young player beat the chess master in the game. I still remember her (特别的) way of smiling. I’m so full that I couldn’t e ...

大学英语book3 unit3

   山东省成人高等教育特色课程《英语》 山东省成人高等教育特色课程《英语》教学课件 山东省成人高等教育规划教材 英 语 (本科 本科) 本科 第 3册 册 主编 李学珍 副主编 何筑丽 山 东 大 学 出 版 社 Shandong University Press 山东省成人高等教育特色课程《英语》 山东省成人高等教育特色课程《英语》教学课件 Unit Three International Finance 主讲教师: 主讲教师:王菲菲 山东省成人高等教育特色课程《英语》 山东省成人高等教育特色 ...

unit7七年级英语第七单元课件

   Unit7 How much are these pants? Grammar(语法): (语法) 1.How much引导的特殊疑问句 much引导的特殊疑问句 2.基数词(0-31) 基数词( 基数词 ) 3.复习 复习What colour询问颜色 复习 询问颜色 课文): Text(课文): How much is this T-shirt?这件 恤衫多少钱? 这件T恤衫多少钱 恤衫多少钱? It's seven dollars. 7美元 . 美元 How much are thes ...

牛津初中英语7AUnit 3教学案

   牛津初中英语 7AUnit 3 教案 Welcome to the unit 韩庄九年制中学 吕涛 一、教学目标 1. 学习中外著名的节日并初步了解有关庆祝这些节日的方式 2. 根据图片猜测词义。 3. 讨论最喜欢的节日。 二、教学内容 词汇: 词汇 词组: 词组 句型: 句型 festival Christmas interesting, dress Chinese New Year Mid-Autumn Festival 1. Why do you like the Mid-Autumn ...

自动化专业英语(翻译)P5U3教学课件

   本文由zzxiong1990贡献 ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 July 28, 2007 自动化专业英语教程 教学课件 Email : wanghongwen@hebut.edu.cn http: // www.hebut.edu.cn P5U3A Fundamentals of the Database System 第五部分第三单元课文A 第五部分第三单元课文 数据库基础 A 数据库基 ...

热门内容

2011年高考英语一轮复习专题07 The Olympic Games(学生版)

   学科网备战 2011 届高考英语一轮复习精品资料 专题 07 必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 一、【高考名师导航】 1. promise 作不及物动词,“保证,有前途,有出息”的意思很容易在复习备考中被考生忽视,但近几年来, 各地试题均有涉及 Promise 用作名词时与不同动词的搭配,也是一个命题点。Promise”有希望,有前途”和 其形容词 promising 尤其是命题的重点 2011 年有可能考到这一点 2. as well as 为高考高频短语,它与 n ...

医学博士研究生英语入学考试答题技巧(听力)

   试卷 一 I 听力 听力共分为三部分,三十道题,共三十分。第一部分(Section A)包括十五个简短对话, 对话后紧跟问题, 主要是测试考生日常交流中的听力理解能力; 第二部分是三篇较长的 文章,其中第二篇是一个较长的对话,每篇短文后都有五个问题。短文的内容涉及人文 科学,自然科学,社会科学和日常生活,其中和医学有关的内容占 40%左右。 具体类型及应对策略 Section A 在听第一部分时主要是抓关键词,考生考试时往往很紧张,不一定每个词都听懂,所以 考生平时要注意听力方面的词汇积累和 ...

考研英语81分三点心得★★★

   考研英语 81 分三点心得 高分寄语:考研要有勇气,要有技巧??胆大心细,戒骄戒躁。没有完美的人,但是我们可以 无限趋向于完美,至少对得起这麽多的书本和这麽多的苦日子。2009 年考研,等着你们的好消息了 啊。 今年的英语试卷与往年相比,我觉得难度提高了一点点吧,不过我考了 81 分,比每次做历年 真题试卷的平均分要高一些,考场上最后的成功和平时的努力是分不开的,在这里我说个 123 点, 谈谈考研英语的复习和备考。 准备考研是个漫长的过程,而英语的准备则是最最漫长的过程了,可以说从小学开始 ...

英语六级单词

       本文由老刘喜欢回答贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     2010 年四六级考试流程以及注意事项 年四六级考试流程以及注意事项+710 分 计分原理和简单换算 分计分原理和简单换算+100 个高频词汇 +100 个高频词组搭配 (考前必看,考后自己算分咯.) 来源: 李维银的日志 个高频词组搭配(考前必看,考后 自己算分咯. 来源:     2010 年四六级考试流程以及注意事项 年四六级考试流程以及注意事项+71 ...

英语毕业论文

   毕 业 论 文 题 姓 班 学 目 On Translation in Advertising Slogan 名 级 号 A 06 英 语 3 班 123456 英语(国际商务) B 讲 师 专 业(方 向) 指 导 教 师 指导教师职称 所 在 学 院 外语学院 2010 年 6 月 Abstract With the globalization of world economy, advertisement is bound to travel across nations and pe ...