UNIT ONE Text 1 This Year It's Going to Be Different
Objectives
  1. In this unit, the students continue to learn the essential elements of narration, such as "time sequence, suspense, tone and style" etc.
  2. Help the students to appreciate the use of various rhetorical devices that create the comic effect in the story.
  3. Let the students grasp the basic language points in this article. Teaching steps
  1. Pre-reading activities: Starting from the Interaction Activities on page 16, ask the students to talk about their new term's resolutions. Conclusion: It's often easier to make resolutions than to carry them out.
  2. The main idea (timed reading) Ask the students to go over the text once without worrying about the new words and phrases, the n discus the main idea of it.
  3. Vocabulary
  4. A topic outline of Text 1 I. Anxious to carry out his new year's resolutions II. Disappointed by the result in every effort III. The ironic end
  5. Explanation of language points and Analysis of the text
  6. Exercise in the workbook Background knowledge
  1. Hippie member of a youth movement of the late 1960s that was characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism. Also known as flower power, the hippie movement originated in San Francisco, California. The hippies formed a politically outspoken, antiwar, artistically prolific counterculture in North America and Europe. Their colorful psychedelic style was inspired by drugs such as the hallucinogen Lysergic Acid Diethylamid (LSD). This style emerged in fashion, graphic art, and music by bands such as Love, the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, and Pink Floyd.
  2. Popular Music, music produced for and sold to a broad audience. Types of popular music include jazz, music from motion pictures and musical comedies, country-and-western music, soul music, and rock music. Shaped by social, economic, and technological forces, popular music is closely linked to the social identity of its performers and audiences. Early musical styles were also very influential in shaping popular music.
The late 1960s was a period of corporate expansion and stylistic diversification in the American record industry. A new youth-oriented popular market was defined by a broad category of rock music that included the influential studio experiments of the Beatles, San Francisco psychedelia, guitar heroes such as Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, Southern rock, hard rock, jazz rock, folk rock, and other styles. Soul music, the successor to rhythm and blues, covered a wide range of styles, including the gospel-based performances of Aretha Franklin, the deep funk and virtuosic stage techniques of James Brown, and the soulful crooning of Marvin Gaye. Country and western music?now firmly centered in Nashville, Tennessee?had a new generation of stars who combined elements of old country-and-western music standards with rock and roll and mainstream popular song. Country singers Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, and Dolly Parton helped contribute to the rising popularity of country-and-western music. In the 1970s the music industry further consolidated its power and once again sought to mass-produce music styles that had originally been highly individualistic. Corporate rock, the singer-songwriter genre, and slick varieties of soul and country-and-western music featuring glamorous superstars playing to massive crowds in sports arenas defined a new mainstream. Although a number of distinctive styles?disco, glam rock, punk rock, new wave, reggae, and funk?were pioneered by independent labels and marginalized musicians, the music of the 1970s is generally viewed as less individualized. The music industry became cautious due to a drop in sales of recorded music by almost $1 billion between 1978 and 1982 and a similarly precipitous decline in income from live concerts. A number of factors contributed to an economic revival in the music industry during the mid-1980s. The advent of the music video?marked by the debut in 1981 of Music Television (MTV), a 24-hour music video channel?and the introduction of the digitally recorded compact disc (see Sound Recording and Reproduction) in 1983 stimulated demand for popular music. The Album Thriller (19
  82) by Michael Jackson became the biggest-selling record in history up to that time, and it established a pattern by which record companies relied upon a few big hits to generate profits. The other big hits of the 1980s came from a new set of charismatic personalities, each of whom appealed to mass audiences by extending across traditional social boundaries. Popular musicians of this period include Bruce Springsteen, the working-class bar-band hero; the artist formerly known as Prince, whose 1984 single "When Doves Cry" was the first song in more than 20 years to top both the mainstream pop charts and the black music charts; and Madonna, the ambitious performer from a working-class background who remade herself as a pop icon. The long-standing struggle between the tendency of the music industry to centralize music and the stylistic diversity of artists continues in the popular music of today. The history of American popular music may be seen as a relationship between a center?located since the 1880s in New York City, with secondary branches in Los Angeles and Nashville, Tennessee?and various marginal zones, located throughout the
United States and outside the mainstream of the music industry. Whereas the mainstream music industry reproduces music, establishes stars, and generally attempts to ensure profits, those in the margins typically include entrepreneurs who run independent labels, and musicians who provide impetus for new styles, which are then sometimes pulled into the center and promoted to a mass audience. The mainstream success of "grunge," a hard-edged alternative rock style from Seattle, Washington, which was quickly picked up by the major record labels in the early 1990s, is one example of this process. Although there have been significant changes in the technology used to produce popular music, some of the aspects of popular music have changed relatively little. Most American popular music still draws upon elements of popular song forms and the smooth, romantic vocal style of the 1920s Tin Pan Alley; the strong grooves, backbeats, call-and-response textures, and emotional intensity of African American music; and the poetic themes and ballad forms of Anglo-American music. The identification of musical styles with complex patterns of social identity?age, race, and class?also continues to shape American musical tastes. Although music styles, recording stars, and hit songs change constantly, strong continuities remain within American popular music. Language points
  1. resolution n (
  1) If you make a resolution, you decide to try very hard to do sth. e.g. I'm always making resolutions, liking giving up smoking. (
  2) Resolution is the determination to do sth. or not to do sth. (
  3) a formal decision taken at a meeting by means of a vote e.g. Congress passed a resolution accepting his services. More collocations: break one's New Year's resolutions 没做到… determined/unshakable/inflexible resolution 坚定的决心 good resolutions 做好事(改好)的决心 e.g. She's always making good resolutions but she never carries them out. talk sb out of his resolutions 说得某人拿不定主张 resolute a. sb who is resolute shows great determination not to change their mind or not to give up a course of action. e.g. She's best remembered for her resolute commitment to women's equality.
  2. You use judging from or judging by to mention the reasons that cause you to believe sth. e.g. There was some great national celebration in town, judging by the firework displayed everywhere. He was extremely handsome, to judge from the newspaper photographs. Judging from what you say, he ought to succeed. To judge from the evidence of the experts, the victim was still alive at 3 o'clock.
  3. If you put in an amount of time or effort doing sth, you spend that time or effort doing it.
  4. self Self do, self have.自作自受 be beauty's self 美的化身 one's better self 人性中高尚的一面

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one's old self 原样 more words beginning with "self": self-assured: showing confidence self-centered self-confident self-defense self-employed self-government self-interest self-conscious: easily embarrassed and nervous because they feel that everyone is looking at them and judging them self-evident: so obvious, no need for proof self-imposed (task, condition…): you deliberately accepted for yourself self-indulgent: you allow yourself to have or do things that you enjoy very much self-made: become successful through their own efforts self-righteous: be convinced that they are right and others are wrong self-sacrifice self-satisfied: so pleased about their achievements or their situation that they do not feel there is any need to do anything now. self-service self-sufficient self-induced catastrophes self-locking door You use blessed to describe sth. that you think is wonderful, and you are thankful for or relieved about. e.g. Blessed freedom blessing n sth. good that you are thankful for e.g. Health is a blessing that money cannot buy. If sth. is done with sb's blessing, they approve of it and support it. e.g. She did it with the full blessing of her parents. A blessing in disguise: it caused problems and difficulties at first but later realized that it was the best thing that could have happened. A mixed blessing has disadvantages as well as advantages boundless: a word used esp. in literature meaning having no limit e.g. A man stares at the boundless sky and his mind is set free. Her appetite for life, boundless energy and numerous accomplishments made her a perfect traveling companion. limitless: sth. such as an amount of sth. that has no limit, usu. with the result that there is a large amount of it. limitless resources/beer/variety of goods A community is made up of the people who live in a particular area. e.g. the local community community affairs community service: unpaid work that criminals sometimes do as a punishment instead of being sent to prison. everything /all but the kitchen sink: humor. A very large amount, esp. more than is thought necessary. e.g. He's only staying 3 days, but he arrived here with everything but the kitchen sink. kitchen-sink drama: a serious play about working-class home life, esp. as written in Britain in the late 1950's and the 1960's. tiptoe: walk very quietly on your toes. pad: to walk quietly and steadily, without shoes or with soft shoes, or on a soft surface. creep: to walk quietly, slowly, and carefully, esp. so that no one notices you.
sneak: to walk quietly, trying to hide from sb, esp. because you doing sth. Wrong and do not want to be caught.
  10. spontaneous acts are not planned or arranged, but are done because sb. suddenly wants to do them. spontaneity: spontaneous, natural behavior e.g. The audience broke into spontaneous applause. Politicians are saying that the riots were not spontaneous, but were carefully planned by activists. impromptu speech/performance/meeting/party is done/happening without any preparation.
  11. affection: a feeling of fondness and caring e.g. She gazed with deep affection at him. I remember my grandma with deep affection. affectionate a. affectation: attitude that is not genuine or natural, but which is intended to impress other people.
  12. shriek: to make a sudden short screaming sound, because of fear, excitement, pleasure or amusement shriek with excitement/laughter scream with terror/ excitement/pain scream your head off: to scream loudly screech: to make a long, unpleasant, very high screaming sound, esp. because you are angry. squeal: esp. a child makes a sudden very high screaming sound yelp: to give a short cry because you have just hurt yourself.
  13. If you are sincere, you say the things that you really mean or believe sincerity n.
  14. compliment is sth. that you say to sb. to show that you admire them. e.g. He has just been paid a great compliment. If you take sth. that sb. does or says as a compliment, you regard it as an indication that they admire you. e.g. She took his acceptance as a compliment. complimentary a. complement v. n. if one person/thing complements another, they increase each other's good qualities when they are brought together. complementary a.
  15. escapement is the part of a clock a watch which controls the moving parts inside 摆轮
  16. mechanism is a part of a device or machine that does a particular task.机件
  17. If your mind wanders or your thoughts wander, you stop concentrating on sth. and start thinking about other things. e.g. When she was alone, she would let her mind wander.
  18. When you wind a clock/watch, you turn a knob, key, or handle on it round and round in order to make it operate. wind back/forward a tape

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wind down/up the window of a car wind up a business/activity: stop/finish it Sb. who is jovial behaves in a cheerful and happy way. a jovial man/smile joyful thing causes happiness and pleasure joyful person is extremely happy joyous: extremely happy and enthusiastic When people swarm somewhere, they move there quickly in a large group. A swarm of bees/people is a large group of them moving about quickly The white house garden was swarm with security men. If you rap
 

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