UNIT ONE Text 1 This Year It's Going to Be Different
Objectives
  1. In this unit, the students continue to learn the essential elements of narration, such as "time sequence, suspense, tone and style" etc.
  2. Help the students to appreciate the use of various rhetorical devices that create the comic effect in the story.
  3. Let the students grasp the basic language points in this article. Teaching steps
  1. Pre-reading activities: Starting from the Interaction Activities on page 16, ask the students to talk about their new term's resolutions. Conclusion: It's often easier to make resolutions than to carry them out.
  2. The main idea (timed reading) Ask the students to go over the text once without worrying about the new words and phrases, the n discus the main idea of it.
  3. Vocabulary
  4. A topic outline of Text 1 I. Anxious to carry out his new year's resolutions II. Disappointed by the result in every effort III. The ironic end
  5. Explanation of language points and Analysis of the text
  6. Exercise in the workbook Background knowledge
  1. Hippie member of a youth movement of the late 1960s that was characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism. Also known as flower power, the hippie movement originated in San Francisco, California. The hippies formed a politically outspoken, antiwar, artistically prolific counterculture in North America and Europe. Their colorful psychedelic style was inspired by drugs such as the hallucinogen Lysergic Acid Diethylamid (LSD). This style emerged in fashion, graphic art, and music by bands such as Love, the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, and Pink Floyd.
  2. Popular Music, music produced for and sold to a broad audience. Types of popular music include jazz, music from motion pictures and musical comedies, country-and-western music, soul music, and rock music. Shaped by social, economic, and technological forces, popular music is closely linked to the social identity of its performers and audiences. Early musical styles were also very influential in shaping popular music.
The late 1960s was a period of corporate expansion and stylistic diversification in the American record industry. A new youth-oriented popular market was defined by a broad category of rock music that included the influential studio experiments of the Beatles, San Francisco psychedelia, guitar heroes such as Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, Southern rock, hard rock, jazz rock, folk rock, and other styles. Soul music, the successor to rhythm and blues, covered a wide range of styles, including the gospel-based performances of Aretha Franklin, the deep funk and virtuosic stage techniques of James Brown, and the soulful crooning of Marvin Gaye. Country and western music?now firmly centered in Nashville, Tennessee?had a new generation of stars who combined elements of old country-and-western music standards with rock and roll and mainstream popular song. Country singers Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, and Dolly Parton helped contribute to the rising popularity of country-and-western music. In the 1970s the music industry further consolidated its power and once again sought to mass-produce music styles that had originally been highly individualistic. Corporate rock, the singer-songwriter genre, and slick varieties of soul and country-and-western music featuring glamorous superstars playing to massive crowds in sports arenas defined a new mainstream. Although a number of distinctive styles?disco, glam rock, punk rock, new wave, reggae, and funk?were pioneered by independent labels and marginalized musicians, the music of the 1970s is generally viewed as less individualized. The music industry became cautious due to a drop in sales of recorded music by almost $1 billion between 1978 and 1982 and a similarly precipitous decline in income from live concerts. A number of factors contributed to an economic revival in the music industry during the mid-1980s. The advent of the music video?marked by the debut in 1981 of Music Television (MTV), a 24-hour music video channel?and the introduction of the digitally recorded compact disc (see Sound Recording and Reproduction) in 1983 stimulated demand for popular music. The Album Thriller (19
  82) by Michael Jackson became the biggest-selling record in history up to that time, and it established a pattern by which record companies relied upon a few big hits to generate profits. The other big hits of the 1980s came from a new set of charismatic personalities, each of whom appealed to mass audiences by extending across traditional social boundaries. Popular musicians of this period include Bruce Springsteen, the working-class bar-band hero; the artist formerly known as Prince, whose 1984 single "When Doves Cry" was the first song in more than 20 years to top both the mainstream pop charts and the black music charts; and Madonna, the ambitious performer from a working-class background who remade herself as a pop icon. The long-standing struggle between the tendency of the music industry to centralize music and the stylistic diversity of artists continues in the popular music of today. The history of American popular music may be seen as a relationship between a center?located since the 1880s in New York City, with secondary branches in Los Angeles and Nashville, Tennessee?and various marginal zones, located throughout the
United States and outside the mainstream of the music industry. Whereas the mainstream music industry reproduces music, establishes stars, and generally attempts to ensure profits, those in the margins typically include entrepreneurs who run independent labels, and musicians who provide impetus for new styles, which are then sometimes pulled into the center and promoted to a mass audience. The mainstream success of "grunge," a hard-edged alternative rock style from Seattle, Washington, which was quickly picked up by the major record labels in the early 1990s, is one example of this process. Although there have been significant changes in the technology used to produce popular music, some of the aspects of popular music have changed relatively little. Most American popular music still draws upon elements of popular song forms and the smooth, romantic vocal style of the 1920s Tin Pan Alley; the strong grooves, backbeats, call-and-response textures, and emotional intensity of African American music; and the poetic themes and ballad forms of Anglo-American music. The identification of musical styles with complex patterns of social identity?age, race, and class?also continues to shape American musical tastes. Although music styles, recording stars, and hit songs change constantly, strong continuities remain within American popular music. Language points
  1. resolution n (
  1) If you make a resolution, you decide to try very hard to do sth. e.g. I'm always making resolutions, liking giving up smoking. (
  2) Resolution is the determination to do sth. or not to do sth. (
  3) a formal decision taken at a meeting by means of a vote e.g. Congress passed a resolution accepting his services. More collocations: break one's New Year's resolutions 没做到… determined/unshakable/inflexible resolution 坚定的决心 good resolutions 做好事(改好)的决心 e.g. She's always making good resolutions but she never carries them out. talk sb out of his resolutions 说得某人拿不定主张 resolute a. sb who is resolute shows great determination not to change their mind or not to give up a course of action. e.g. She's best remembered for her resolute commitment to women's equality.
  2. You use judging from or judging by to mention the reasons that cause you to believe sth. e.g. There was some great national celebration in town, judging by the firework displayed everywhere. He was extremely handsome, to judge from the newspaper photographs. Judging from what you say, he ought to succeed. To judge from the evidence of the experts, the victim was still alive at 3 o'clock.
  3. If you put in an amount of time or effort doing sth, you spend that time or effort doing it.
  4. self Self do, self have.自作自受 be beauty's self 美的化身 one's better self 人性中高尚的一面

  5.

  6.

  7.

  8.

  9.
one's old self 原样 more words beginning with "self": self-assured: showing confidence self-centered self-confident self-defense self-employed self-government self-interest self-conscious: easily embarrassed and nervous because they feel that everyone is looking at them and judging them self-evident: so obvious, no need for proof self-imposed (task, condition…): you deliberately accepted for yourself self-indulgent: you allow yourself to have or do things that you enjoy very much self-made: become successful through their own efforts self-righteous: be convinced that they are right and others are wrong self-sacrifice self-satisfied: so pleased about their achievements or their situation that they do not feel there is any need to do anything now. self-service self-sufficient self-induced catastrophes self-locking door You use blessed to describe sth. that you think is wonderful, and you are thankful for or relieved about. e.g. Blessed freedom blessing n sth. good that you are thankful for e.g. Health is a blessing that money cannot buy. If sth. is done with sb's blessing, they approve of it and support it. e.g. She did it with the full blessing of her parents. A blessing in disguise: it caused problems and difficulties at first but later realized that it was the best thing that could have happened. A mixed blessing has disadvantages as well as advantages boundless: a word used esp. in literature meaning having no limit e.g. A man stares at the boundless sky and his mind is set free. Her appetite for life, boundless energy and numerous accomplishments made her a perfect traveling companion. limitless: sth. such as an amount of sth. that has no limit, usu. with the result that there is a large amount of it. limitless resources/beer/variety of goods A community is made up of the people who live in a particular area. e.g. the local community community affairs community service: unpaid work that criminals sometimes do as a punishment instead of being sent to prison. everything /all but the kitchen sink: humor. A very large amount, esp. more than is thought necessary. e.g. He's only staying 3 days, but he arrived here with everything but the kitchen sink. kitchen-sink drama: a serious play about working-class home life, esp. as written in Britain in the late 1950's and the 1960's. tiptoe: walk very quietly on your toes. pad: to walk quietly and steadily, without shoes or with soft shoes, or on a soft surface. creep: to walk quietly, slowly, and carefully, esp. so that no one notices you.
sneak: to walk quietly, trying to hide from sb, esp. because you doing sth. Wrong and do not want to be caught.
  10. spontaneous acts are not planned or arranged, but are done because sb. suddenly wants to do them. spontaneity: spontaneous, natural behavior e.g. The audience broke into spontaneous applause. Politicians are saying that the riots were not spontaneous, but were carefully planned by activists. impromptu speech/performance/meeting/party is done/happening without any preparation.
  11. affection: a feeling of fondness and caring e.g. She gazed with deep affection at him. I remember my grandma with deep affection. affectionate a. affectation: attitude that is not genuine or natural, but which is intended to impress other people.
  12. shriek: to make a sudden short screaming sound, because of fear, excitement, pleasure or amusement shriek with excitement/laughter scream with terror/ excitement/pain scream your head off: to scream loudly screech: to make a long, unpleasant, very high screaming sound, esp. because you are angry. squeal: esp. a child makes a sudden very high screaming sound yelp: to give a short cry because you have just hurt yourself.
  13. If you are sincere, you say the things that you really mean or believe sincerity n.
  14. compliment is sth. that you say to sb. to show that you admire them. e.g. He has just been paid a great compliment. If you take sth. that sb. does or says as a compliment, you regard it as an indication that they admire you. e.g. She took his acceptance as a compliment. complimentary a. complement v. n. if one person/thing complements another, they increase each other's good qualities when they are brought together. complementary a.
  15. escapement is the part of a clock a watch which controls the moving parts inside 摆轮
  16. mechanism is a part of a device or machine that does a particular task.机件
  17. If your mind wanders or your thoughts wander, you stop concentrating on sth. and start thinking about other things. e.g. When she was alone, she would let her mind wander.
  18. When you wind a clock/watch, you turn a knob, key, or handle on it round and round in order to make it operate. wind back/forward a tape

  19.

  20.

  21.
  22.
  23.
  24.

  25.
  26.

  27.

  28.

  29.

  30.
wind down/up the window of a car wind up a business/activity: stop/finish it Sb. who is jovial behaves in a cheerful and happy way. a jovial man/smile joyful thing causes happiness and pleasure joyful person is extremely happy joyous: extremely happy and enthusiastic When people swarm somewhere, they move there quickly in a large group. A swarm of bees/people is a large group of them moving about quickly The white house garden was swarm with security men. If you rap
 

相关内容

大学英语基础教程(修订版)第四册教案Unit Two

   Unit 2 Objectives By the end of this unit, students will be better able to 1. talk about some body languages and their meanings and functions; 2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation; 3. re ...

大学英语基础教程(修订版)第四册教案Unit Eight

   Unit 8 Objectives By the end of this unit, students will be better able to 1. talk about moving stories about family love and perseverance; 2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation; 3. revie ...

大学英语综合教程 第四册练习答案

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is based on a true story. It tells the tale of the sinking of a ship called The Edmund Fitzgerald that was caught in a s ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册答案

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 新视野大学英语第二版读写教程(第四册)Unit 1~Unit 10 答案 新视野大学英语第二版读写教程(第四册)Unit 1 Section A. The Temptation of a Respectable Woman 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. II, p. 8 1. Her husband expected his friend, Gouvernail, to stay about one o ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册答案

   新版新视野大学英语读写教程第四册 unit1 答案 Unit 1 III. 1. idle 2. justify 3. discount 4. distinct 5. minute 6.accused 7. object 8. contaminate 9. sustain 10. worship IV. 1. accusing... of 2. end up 3. came upon 4. at her worst 5. pay for in 6. run a risk of 7. part ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册答案

   新视野大学英语读写教程【第一版】第四册答案 Unit 1 Section A. The Temptation of a Respectable Woman 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. II, p. 8 1. Her husband expected his friend, Gouvernail, to stay about one or two weeks in their home. 2. 3. He was a boring and withdrawn person with She ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册答案

   09 园艺 2 班杨光惠 welcome2007ygh@sina.com 新视野大学英语第二版读写教程(第四册)Unit 1~Unit 10 答案 welcome2007ygh@sina.com 新视野大学英语第二版读写教程(第四册)Unit 1~ Unit 1 II, p. 8 1.Her husband expected his friend, Gouvernail, to stay about one or two weeks in their home. 2.He was a bor ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册答案

   新视野大学英语第二版第四册答案 Unit One X. 1. shouldn't have been to the cinema last night 2. would have; told him the answer 3. they needn't have gone at all 4. must have had too much work to do 5. might have been injured seriously Translation XI. 1. The plant d ...

新视野大学英语视听说教程第四册答案

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 新视野大学英语视听说教程第四册 听力练习录音文本和答案 Uint1 II. Basic Listening Practice 1. Script M: I'm beside myself with joy. I'm so lucky. Guess what? I've won a lit of money in the lottery. W: Yeah? Well, you do know that money is the r ...

新视野大学英语读写教程第四册课文翻译

   新视野大学英语读写教程第四册课文翻 艺术家追求成名,如同狗自逐其尾,一旦追到手,除了继续追逐不知还能做些什么。 1.a 艺术家追求成名,如同狗自逐其尾,一旦追到手,除了继续追逐不知还能做些什么。a 成功之残酷正在于它常常让那些追逐成功者自寻毁灭。对一名正努力追求成功并刚刚崭露头角的艺术家,其亲朋常常会建议“ 成功之残酷正在于它常常让那些追逐成功者自寻毁灭。对一名正努力追求成功并刚刚崭露头角的艺术家,其亲朋常常会建议“正经的 饭碗不能丢! 他们的担心不无道理。追求出人头地,最乐观地说也困难重重 ...

热门内容

2009年中考英语

   2009 年中考英语真题分类汇编:完形填空 2 (十九)(2009 广东) 广东 Water is the __1 of all the things we eat and drink . Not many people understand this but __2 quite true . The human body can go without 3 for a long time . We’ve got many examples for this . Yet two __4 thr ...

(人教新版)四年级下册英语教案_Unit4_lesson23(1)

   A:基本要求(听,说,读,写,演,画,唱) :基本要求( 运用) 运用) 课 题 Unit 4 There are seven days in a week. 学 习 目 标 词 汇 weekend, Saturday, park, theme park 语音 语 言 B:高级要求(理解和 :高级要求( Lesson 23 A B √ 语 言 What do you usually do on weekend? I usually go to the theme √ 目 标 park on ...

机械专业英语词汇

   机械专业英语词汇 加油! 加油! 努力! 努力! 机械专业英语词汇(一 机械专业英语词汇 一) 金属切削 metal cutting 机床 machine tool 金属工艺学 technology of metals 刀具 cutter 摩擦 friction 联结 link 传动 drive/transmission 轴 shaft 弹性 elasticity 频率特性 frequency characteristic 误差 error 响应 response 定位 allocation ...

考研英语经验谈有效英语复习直击85分

   考研英语经验谈:有效英语复习直击 考研英语经验谈 有效英语复习直击 85 分 高分寄语:我没有参加任何辅导班,但是恩波的那些考研资料真的特别有帮助,甚至感 觉是“经典” 了;并且我真正充分利用了, 就像周固毕金献老师面对面辅导一样,心诚则灵。 我希望同学们能够“对得起”你买来的每一本辅导书,真正看完、练完、记住、学会,这样 一定会有很大提高。 我考研考了两年,第一年没怎么准备,第二年才开始认真起来。今年考研英语大家普遍 觉得有点难,我只觉得完形填空难了一些,其他大概持平吧。从我估分的情况来看 ...

对于中国学生英语口语习得的心理障碍分析

   INTELLIGENCE 学 科 教 育 研 究 对于中国学生英语口语习得的心理障碍分析 燕山大学里仁学院 于 华 及文化传统。 (一 谦虚和中庸思想。 ) “仁”“礼” 和 是儒家思想的核心, 也 是影响中国人生活理念的重要因素, 虽然鲜有人明确的标榜 自己对于它们的信仰, 但千百年来中国社会对于儒家思想的推 崇已经使得 “仁”“礼” 和 成为中国人潜意识里座右铭, 成为中国 一、 研究背景 人群体行为后的指导思想, 并且它们的影响力也通过世世代代 随着中国改革开放政策的实施和经济文化的繁 ...