新编英语教程 A New English Course
Book 4
Unit 1
? Text I This Year It’s Going to Be Different
Pre-reading questions:
  1.When is New Year celebrated in the USA and China respectively? ?
  2.What resolutions does he make for the New Year? Do they work?
? Judging from
Words and expressions:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? self-improvement be blessed with tiptoe shriek sneak up on/behind escapement mechanism doctor’s kit jovial swarm pajamas scout knife carve mittens play jacks with strike up a conversation ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? strike up a conversation establish rapport touch on hippies throw in the sponge take down take over whittle have the nerve to do cross-examine make small talk commotion even-tempered yell snarl
self? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The speaker looked self-conscious. 演讲人显得不大自然。 It's self-evident he missed my point. 不言而喻,他没有懂我的意思。 His remarks hurt her self-respect. 他的话伤了她的自尊心。 The former French colony has achieved self-government. 这个前法国殖民地已获得自治。 It requires self-denial. 它要求有自我牺牲的精神。
bless (blessed or blest)

  1. To honor as holy; glorify保佑,庇护 ? Good-bye, and may God bless you. ?
  2. 赞美(神);感谢,对...感激 ? They blessed her for her kindness. ?
  3. be blessed with: to have sth as an ability, a good quality, which is admired or which is an advantage to a person ? He was blessed with great talent. ? Mrs Murphy is blessed with 12 children. ?
  4. To make the sign of the cross over so as to sanctify
? to walk quietly and carefully on the tips of one’s toes with one’s heels not touching the ground ? n. ? She walked into the room on tiptoe. ? vi. ? He tiptoed quietly up the stairs. ? ad. ? I stood tiptoe upon a little hill.
? v. ? to utter a shrill scream ? She shrieked at the sight of the cobra. ? ? Outside the courtroom girls shrieked abuse at the lawyers. ? n. ? She let out a shriek of laughter.
sneak up
? to come near someone very quietly, so that they do not see you until you reach them. [+on/behind] ? vi
  1. ? I didn't notice Tom sneaking up behind me. ?
  2. 【俚】向老师打小报告[(+on)] ? vt.【口】偷窃 ? The boy sneaked all the candies he could. ? n. ?
  1. 偷偷摸摸的人,鬼鬼祟祟的人 ?
  2. 【英】【俚】告密者 ?
  3. 溜走,不告而别 ? Why did he take a sneak?
escapement mechanism
Escapement: A mechanism consisting in general of an escape wheel and an anchor(赖以支撑的人或物), used especially in timepieces to control movement of the wheel and to provide periodic energy impulses to a pendulum(摆锤) or balance.
doctor’s kit
? This colorful, fun doctor‘s/medical kit has everything the little physician needs to take care of the patient. The pretend items include a thermometer, stethoscope(听诊 器), blood pressure pump, tweezers(镊子) , mirror and more.
? marked by hearty conviviality and good cheer: a jovial host
?IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei jovially poses for an official picture with the members of the Korean delegation at the 49th IAEA General Conference.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? v. intr.
  1. To move or gather in large numbers. Customers swarmed into the store. The castle swarmed with sightseers.
  2.To be overrun; teem: a riverbank swarming with insects. See Synonyms at teem
  1. v.tr. Sailors swarming the ship's deck. n. There were swarms of mosquitoes around here. A swarm of friends congratulated him. She left amid a swarm of photographers. a swarm of earthquakes.
Pajamas or pyjamas (often PJs) are a form of nightwear for those who do not prefer to Cotton Pajama sleep in their underwear or nude. Pyjamas are usually twopiece garments but may be one-piece garments. The wearing of pyjamas by adults is sometimes seasonal; e.g., only in winter time.
Knit Short Pajama
Long Lace Silk Pajama Sleeve Pajama
? noun ?
  1. a person employed to watch for what to happen ?
  2.someone employed to discover and recruit talented persons( especially in the world of entertainment or sports) ?
  3.someone who can find paths through unexplored territory ?
  4. A member of the Boy/Girl Scouts. ?
  5. Informal An individual; a person: a good scout. ? Verb: look in various places to find sb\sth ?
  1. They were chosen to scout the trail. ?
  2. The commander sent a party to scout out a safer area.
scout knife
The main blade is 154CM high carbon stainless tool steel, and the handle scales are Brown Jigged Bone or Genuine India Stag.
The knife features a 1/2" high carbon stainless steel pen blade, a nail file with nail cleaner, and scissors.
The handle material is Desert Ironwood. This is a knife commissioned for a graduating Eagle Scout. DISCONTINUED MODEL
Eagle Scout 雄鹰童子军(奖章) 童子 军最早形成于1907年的英国,至今已 有近百年的历史。它的目的是通过各 种实践活动和技能训练在身体、精神、 智力上培训青少年,帮助他们增长知 识、掌握技能、完善自我、家庭以及 所在的社区,使之成为有责任感、能 自立的公民,将来对社会做贡献。童 子军的基本划分单位是“troop” (部),年龄范围是11到18岁,等级 从低到高依次为Tenderfoot Scout (初级军)、Second Class Scout (二等军) 、First Class Scout(一 等军) 、Star Scout(星军) 、Life Scout (生命军)和Eagle Scout(鹰 军)。加入童子军后,成员们通过完 成每一阶段的技能要求而得到晋级, 鹰军是最高荣誉,是每个童子军向往 的目标。但是要完成鹰军的技能学习 和要求需要十分的热忱投入与努力, 在美国,有25%的少年加入了童子军, 而他们当中仅仅只有4%最后成为鹰 军。有因为各种原因中途放弃了的, 有没能达到鹰军的要求而停留在Life Scout阶段的,所以坚持到最后的的 确是真正的男子汉。
  1. To engrave or cut figures as an art, hobby, or trade. ? The statue was carved out of marble. ?
  2. To divide into pieces by cutting; slice: ? carved a toast ? He carved me a piece of meat. ?
  3. [(+out)]: 开拓,创业 ? They carved out an orchard where there was wild grass.
salad spoon and fork
? glove that encases the thumb separately and the other four fingers together ? gloves - handwear: covers the hand and wrist
gloves with a mitten Fingerless Mittens hoodie that buttons back at the wrist
Sheepskin Mittens
Leather Gloves Deerskin Glove
play jacks/jackstones
? jackstones: plaything consisting of small 6-pointed metal pieces that are used (along with a ball) to play the game of jacks ? play jacks: a game in which jackstones are thrown and picked up in various groups between bounces of a small rubber ball
Colorful Jacks
Learning to Play Jacks.
? A person who opposes and rejects many of the conventional standards and customs of society, especially one who advocates extreme liberalism in sociopolitical attitudes and lifestyles. ? A youth subculture (mostly from the middle class) originating in San Francisco in the 1960s; advocated universal love and peace and communes and long hair and soft drugs(不会成瘾的毒品; ); favored acid rock (震耳欲聋、体现吸毒效应的迷幻 摇滚乐) and progressive rock music ? Common stereo-types of hippies being smelly, stoned, lazy and ugly looking prove consistently true
Hippies in the 1960’s
throw in the towel/sponge
to admit defeat; give up.
Hatton celebrates as Tszyu's corner throw in the towel at the end of the 11th round
Earlier today he spoke to reporters at a packed press conference in Prague why he'd finally decided to throw in the towel." I feel I'm not capable to fight with corruption, to promote my feeling of how politicians should behave, my feeling of political life as a public service. I was fighting my colleagues for three and a half years, and I understood that I would not change them."
take down
  1. to bring to a lower position ?
  2. to take apart; dismantle(拆除) ?
  3. to lower the arrogance or self-esteem of: Tim really took him down during the debate. ?
  4. to put down in writing
?We take down the Christmas tree. Although 2 crazy cats have basically removed every ornament already!
  1. To question (a person) closely, especially with regard to answers or information given previously. ?
  2. 【律】向(对方证人)反讯问Law to question (a witness already examined by the opposing side). In law, crossexamination is the interrogation of a witness called by one‘s opponent. It is preceded by direct examination (辩护人对 己方证人作的初度询问) 己方证人作的初度询问) and may be followed by a redirect. In the United States, the cross-examining attorney is typically not permitted to ask questions which do not pertain to the facts revealed in direct examination. This is called going beyond the scope of the direct examination. Unlike in direct examinations, however, leading questions are typically permitted in a cross-examination, since the witness
is presumed to be sympathetic to the opposing side. ? In some formats used for structured debate, crossexamination is normally a three minute period in which the opposing team questions the case of the team directly after their eight minute speech. The purpose of this time is to clarify information, try to get the opposing team to make extreme comments, or not be able to answer. In policy debate there are four cross examination periods, one after each of the first four speeches.
  1. a condition of turbulent motion ?
  2. an agitated disturbance; a hubbub(吵闹声): to hear the commotion in the hall ?
  3. civil disturbance or insurrection(起义); disorder
? not easily irritated; easygoing; calm; cf: “an equable temper”; (Unvarying;
steady )
“not everyone shared his placid temperament”; (calm
or quiet )
good-tempered: Having
an even temper; not
easily irritated.
After-reading questions:
  1. Judging from the details, what sort of husband and father was he ? ?
  2. Does he become a better man eventually?
After-reading questions:
? ? ? ? ? reluctant to show love to families; inconsiderate; impatient; speak harshly; gesture violently
After-reading questions:
? He is what he was. He returns to his old self.
Song for the Unit: Better Man
? ? Send someone to love me I need to rest in arms Keep me safe from harm In pouring rain Give me endless summer Lord I fear the cold Feel I'm getting old Before my time As my soul heals the shame I will grow through this pain Lord I'm doing all I can To be a better man Go easy on my conscience 'Cause it's not my fault I know I've been taught To take the blame Rest assured my angels Who catch my tears Walk me out of here I'm in pain 曲名: 曲名:Better Man 歌手: 歌手:Robbie Williams 专辑: 专辑:Sing When You ' re Winning As my soul heals the shame I will grow through this pain Lord I'm doing all I can To be a better man Once you've found that lover You're homeward bound Love is all around Love is all around I know some have fallen on stony ground But Love is all around Send someone to love me I need to rest in arms Keep me safe from harm In pouring rain Give me endless summer Lord I fear the cold Feel I'm getting old Before my time As my soul heals the shame I will grow through this pain Lord I'm doin' all I can To be a better man
Writing techniques:

  1. colloquialism\colloquial expressions
  1) more often in speech than in writing
  2) in writing: a flavor of chat; informal and entertaining
  3) Text: personal, relaxed conversation with the reader line 22 line 24 line 34 line 62 line 82 line 84

  2. Striking contrast
  1) language using: informal colloquial expressions in conversationformal, rigid expressions in the list of resolutions
  2) resolutions vs. response (laughingstock)
  3) resolutions vs. his real situation line 4: About thirty like that. line 4-7: Pretty clearly, anyone who followed my collection of rules would be blessed with a richer life, boundless love from his family and the admiration of the community.

  3. parallelism
? The application of parallelism in sentence construction improves writing style and readability. Parallelism may also be known as parallel structure or parallel construction. In English, parallelism of the predicate provides for one of the few structural situations in which the subject for each verb does not need restatement.
? Not Parallel: The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam, completed his lab problems in a careless manner, and his motivation was low. ? Parallel: The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam, completed his lab problems in a careless manner, and lacked motivation.
? Not Parallel: The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that questions would be asked by prospective buyers. (pas



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