新编英语语法教程 第21讲 练习参考答案

Ex. 21A

  1. going
  2. to murder
  3. putting
  4. to explain, to understand, to say

  5. going
  6. wondering, going
  7. being
  8. biting
  9. going, to appreciate, to start
  10. working, spending

  11. to learn, saying
  12. to put, to prevent, climbing
  13. seeing
  14. telling
  15. staying

  16. being
  17. getting
  18. to build
  19. wanting, to help
  20. doing
  21. paying
  22. needing
  23. waiting
  24. to understand
  25. writing

  26. pooh-poohing
  27. having seen
  28. seeing
  29. writing
  30. correcting

  31. flying, to come, to go, go, flying
  32. shopping
  33. making
  34. to take

  35. selling
  36. to eat, trying
  37. calling, letting, decide
  38. travelling, standing / to stand, queuing, waiting, to go
  39. keeping, to fill, asking, to keep, making
  40. smoking, to risk, setting, smoke

Ex. 21B

  1. to solve
  2. to meet
  3. receiving / having received
  4. seeing / having seen
  5. him / his saying / having said

  6. to have
  7. to close down
  8. receiving / having received
  9. to be
  10. not to understand

  11. my trying
  12. actually promising
  13. the Government setting up
  14. there being
  15. to resign

  16. to do
  17. being
  18. never to follow
  19. to look into
  20. to know

  21. his being
  22. him / his ever agreeing
  23. having made
  24. to have read
  25. putting people out of work

Ex. 21C

  1. into believing
  2. from going
  3. into obeying
  4. out of telling
  5. into admitting

  6. into giving up
  7. into doing
  8. out of marrying
  9. from having to
  10. from speaking

  11. from doing
  12. from going
  13. into doing
  14. into giving
  15. into thinking

  16. into believing
  17. into accepting
  18. from losing
  19. about leaving
  20. from attending

  21. on making
  22. of driving
  23. against keeping
  24. into taking
  25. into buying

  26. from being
  27. from giving
  28. from attending
  29. into buying
  30. to travelling

  31. from being burnt
  32. about starting
  33. for playing
  34. with obstructing
  35. of obstructing

  36. for having
  37. into paying
  38. out of going
  39. from taking
  40. from taking up

Ex. 21D

  1. spending, earning
  2. smoking
  3. hitting
  4. to do / doing
  5. to be looked into

  6. watching
  7. taking
  8. putting
  9. lying / to lie, staring / to stare
  10. to help, (to) prepare, holding
  11. telling
  12. to double / doubling
  13. to get
  14. to understand
  15. to remind, watering / to be watered
  16. being, to apologize
  17. working, to age, lose
  18. hearing, say, cutting / to be cut
  19. cooking, washing, sweeping, cleaning
  20. to risk, getting

  21. to drink
  22. working
  23. acting, to see, wearing, reciting
  24. trying, to make
  25. pressing / to be pressed

  26. to give
  27. to mention
  28. to tell
  29. to wait, deciding, to accept
  30. arriving

  31. to think
  32. practising
  33. knitting
  34. pretending
  35. being, attempting, to learn, skiing

  36. spelling, being
  37. your wanting, to help, to practise, doing
  38. my saying, giving, to spell
  39. allowing, to play, asking
  40. him to start, taking

Ex. 21E

  1. a. He ought to be shot first.
b. He deserves to be the first who will shoot.

  2. a. That boy ought to be watched.
b. That boy wants to see what is happening.

  3. a. I paid the bill, and remember having done so.
b. I remembered that I had to pay the bill, so I paid it.

  4. a. The man experimented by turing the key another way.
b. The man made an attempt to turn the key another way.

  5. a. I told you that David stole the money and regret having done so.
b. I have to tell you that David stole the money, and I’m sorry I must do so.

  6. a. When did they stop working?
b. When did they leave some place in order to work.

  7. a. I put it there, but I’ve quite forgotten what I did.
b. It hasn’t occurred to me that I should put it there.

  8. a. I cannot but apologize.
b. I can’t help him to apologize for his wrong doing.

  9. a. We won’t build the dam any longer.
b. We’ll stop something else and begin to build the dam.

  10.a. The meaning of revolution is the liberation of the productive forces.
b. They intended to liberate the productive forces.

Ex. 21F

  1.He is to study mathematics.
makes me study; lets me study; had better study

  2.I happened to meet him.
avoided meeting; postponed meeting; insisted on meeting

  3.Do you dare to go hom alone?
mind going; persist in going; object to going

  4.He promised to calculate how much it might cost.
suggested calculating; is used to calculating; succeeded in calculating

  5.I should like to have played with trains as a child.
remember playing; deny having played; missed playing

  6.He is learning to play chess.
knows how to play; spends time playing; would rather play

  7.The retired boxer means to buy a public house.
suggests buying; thinks he will buy; had better buy

  8.The harbour master thinks that the boat will arrive early.
wants the boat to arrive; will allow the boat to arrive; prefers the boat to arrive

  9.He has decided to eat a ham sandwich.
feels like eating; had finished eating; enjoys eating

  10.He seldom suggests sending news to his brother abroad.
fails to send; forgets to send; troubles to send

  11.I regret that I am late.
apologize for being; cannot help being; prefer to be

  12.I long to ski through the forest.
am looking forward to skiing; enjoy skiing; imagine myself skiing
新编英语语法教程 第22讲 练习参考答案

Ex. 22A

  1. sunken
  2. molten
  3. lighted or burning
  4. rotten
  5. shrunk

  6. bounden
  7. blessed
  8. Drunken
  9. shaved, well-shaven, shaving
  10. bent

  11. blessed
  12. binding
  13. bound
  14. drunk
  15. lighted

  16. molten
  17. melted
  18. rotting, rotted
  19. rotten
  20. sunken, sunk

Ex. 22B

  1. charming
  2. troubling
  3. increased
  4. suggested
  5. encouraging

  6. attempted
  7. fallen
  8. widened
  9. burned / burnt
  10. loaded

  11. raging
  12. approaching
  13. signed
  14. returned
  15. refreshing

  16. navigating
  17. shackled
  18. paid, specified
  19. furnished
  20. terrifying

  21. adopted
  22. standing
  23. crowded
  24. surprising
  25. perfumed

Ex. 22C

  1. (to be) brought
  2. said
  3. to keep
  4. to do
  5. mixed up

  6. laughing
  7. come
  8. stealing
  9. visaed
  10. to finish up

  11. going
  12. thinking
  13. sent
  14. drink
  15. known

  16. to settle
  17. sitting
  18. left standing
  19. unsaid
  20. to be desired

  21. doubting
  22. to be
  23. working
  24. informed
  25. gone

  26. weighing
  27. taken off
  28. grow
  29. criticized
  30. talking / talk

  31. spring up
  32. lying
  33. knocked down, driving
  34. doing
  35. crossed out

  36. paid
  37. said
  38. shouting
  39. understand
  40. said

Ex. 22D

  1. … Eurydice was bitten in the heel by a snake.

  2. … her foot was caught by a rug and she fell.

  3. … a notice pinned to the door by a knife.

  4. …‘Beware’written in large letters.

  5. … you should never point it at anyone.

  6. … you must take care not to damage the roots.

  7. … the dog was led out of the room.

  8. … After I have paid my taxes, …

  9. … the boat was being tossed up and down by the sea.

  10. … tree uprooted by the gale.

  11. … He was cleaning his gun when it went off unexpectedly.

  12. … As she was wondering where to go, …

  13. … I was knocked over by a bike.

  14. … I saw a long streamer towed behind the aeroplane, marked ‘Vote for Jones’.

  15. … Since he has been weakened by his last illness, …

  16. … I suddenly thought of an idea.

  17. When I was dropped by parachute, …

  18. When a woman is depressed, a new hat will make her feel happier.

  19. … he suddenly saw an old man starting to across in front of him.

  20. … I felt a taxi was a welcome sight
新编英语语法教程 第23讲 练习参考答案

Ex. 23A

  1. favourable
  2. plentiful
  3. momentous
  4. hurried
  5. valuable

  6. thoughtful
  7. mischievous
  8. spiced
  9. dependable
  10. restful

  11. disastrous
  12. packaged
  13. breakable
  14. mournful
  15. courteous
  16. fenced
  17. laughable
  18. forgetful
  19. dangerous
  20. lined

  21. preferable
  22. powerful
  23. mountainous
  24. striped
  25. lovable

  26. doubtful
  27. mysterious
  28. coloured
  29. agreeable
  30. truthful

  31. melodious
  32. detailed
  33. noticeable
  34. hopeful
  35. courageous
  36. different
  37. patient
  38. independent
  39. important
  40. urgent

Ex. 23B

  1. well-read
  2. well-beahved
  3. over-cautious
  4. well-equipped
  5. overloaded

  6. well-trained
  7. tear-filled
  8. storm-battered
  9. Fur-lined
  10. well-worm

  11. over-excited
  12. well-informed
  13. horse-drawn
  14. well-developed
  15. ink-stained

  16. hard-topped
  17. smoke-filled
  18. snow-covered
  19. Blue-eyed
  20. grief-stricken

Ex. 23C

  1. This is a piece of very alarming news.

  2. That was a most astonishing story.

  3. They are well-behaved children.

  4. There were many bored faces in the room.

  5. Don’t play with the burning candle.

  6. This is a very ebcouraging report.

  7. This will be a lasting agreement.

  8. We have a limited supply of fuel.

  9. Those are reserved seats.

  10. This lawyer has a number of very satisfied clients.

  11. That was a totally unexpected result.

  12. These are very worrying circumstances.

  13. The writer made his point with terrifying emphasis.

  14. Sheila is the adopted daughter of a well-known writer.

  15. He gave a boring lecture.

Ex. 23D

  1. beautiful long hair

  2. a lovely green hilly slope

  3. the unusual new Chinese restaurant

  4. the cloudy gray morning sky

  5. a very large steel bridge

  6. three very healthy, intelligent children / three healthy, very intelligent children

  7. new black oak furniture

  8. the first ten cardboard boxes

  9. a very important political speech

  10. Twenty original African wood carvings

  11. a rather fascinating electronic device

  12. My brother’s first long public concert

  13. A really beautiful pale pink sunset

  14. a rather difficult Indian language

  15. that big, new classical-style house

  16. delicious white French wine / delicious French white wine

  17. my large black Japanese car

  18. three very comfortable dark blue chairs

  19. many huge industrial buildings

  20. a small modern agricultural laboratory

Ex. 23E

  1. The Countess was amused at…

  2. He was annoyed at the way…

  3. Everybody was astonished at…

  4. He was obviously not bothered with…

  5. He was not contented with…

  6. The Countess, however, eas delighted with…

  7. I am not disappointed in / with you.

  8. Don’t get excited by…

  9. He was fascinated by…

  10. He was already interested in…

  11. The Countess was very pleased with…

  12. She was completely satisfied with…

  13. … she had been shocked by…

  14. His old father would have been surprised at…

  15. Now, his father would not have been worried about…

Ex. 23F

  1. We are adamant that you should resign.

  2. We are afraid that you have…

  3. I’m ashamed that you should have behaved…

  4. I an certain that there will be…

  5. We are concerned that you should feel…

  6. It is curious that you should say…

  7. We’re delighted that you see…

  8. It is essential that you should have…

  9. The Captain is furious that you (should have) revealed…

  10. We feel greatly honoured that you (should) have received us…

  11. Everyone is insistent that we should prolong…

  12. We are greatly relieved that we shall have…

  13. I’m not sure yet that I’ll be able to come…

  14. Is it true (that) you should said that?

  15. I’m surprised (that) you don’t know…
 

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