新编英语语法教程答案第 01 讲 练习参考答案
Ex. 1A

  1. A. his home work
B. quickly, to play

  2. A. The huge black horse
B. the race

  3. A. have thought about
B. going into space

  4. A. warms up and crawls
B. out of the bag

  5. A. one of the most beautiful planets to look at through a telescope
B. because of the many rings that surround it

  6. A. 165 years
B. to complete its path, or orbit,around the sun

  7. A. you and your brother
B. How many pairs of shorts

  8. A. the most expensive meal listed on the menu B. What
  9. A. an “Outdoor Code”
B. their members
  10. A. can blow B. as fast as 180 miles (290 kilometers) an hour
  11. A. The spiral of heated air and moist air B. to twist and grow and spin

  12. A. The direction a hurricane’s spiral moves B. counterclockwise

  13. A. does not shine B. At the north pole: for half of the year
  14. A. The cold winds that blow off of the Arctic Ocean B. a very cold place
  15. A. might have been B. guilty of murder Ex. 1B
  1. SVC
Within the stricken area, not a single soul remained alive, and the city centre looked as if it had been razed by monster steam-roller.
  2. SV
The bomb exploded 1,000 ft. above the groun.
  3. SVO
On August 6, 1945, an American aircraft dropped a bomb on the Janpanese town of Hiroshima.
  4. SvoO
Three days later, yet another bomb of the same kind gave the town of Nagasaki the same fatal blow.
  5. SVOC
The explosion made one and a half square miles of the city an expense of reddish rubble.
  6. SVA
Within the fraction of a second, the bomb changed from a metal cylinder into an immense mass of enpanding gas, millions of degrees hot.

  7.
SVOA
A tremendous blast of hot air whirled the debris of stone, cencrete, metal, and wood over the ground. Ex. 1C
  1. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its natural beauty, is
now the site of many tourist stands.
  2. Almost every summer night the cooling northeast wind swept
through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made…
  3. The steep surrounding slopes were capped with snow, which fed
two streams plunging down to join in the valley below.
  4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this
is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll.
  5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at
his neighbour’s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it.
  6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune
with which he bought a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town.
  7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image,
wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years.
  8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged
might never forgive him almost drove hime mad.
  9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with
an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France.

  10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill.
  11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions.
  12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the oppsite side of the street.
  13. Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of blank.

  14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or a sob.
  15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his former employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week.
  16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares.
  17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething with unrest, unemployed and perhaps disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were a potentially dangerous element.
  18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover.
  19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs.
  20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received
both the Order of Merit, which was conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred in Norway in 19
  50. 新编英语语法教程 第 02 讲 练习参考答案
Ex. 2A

  1. come were
  14. are
  21. Has

  2. are
  8. is

  3. has / have
  9. costs

  4. are

  5. are

  6. are
  12. are
  19. is
  26. is

  7. was /
  13. was
  20. was
  27. are

  10. were
  17. are
  24. is

  11. are
  18. is
  25. are

  15. lie
  22. were

  16. were
  23. is

  28. cover, are

  29. is / are

  30. was/were
Ex. 2B

  1. were are
  9. is

  2. have

  3. is, is

  4. was

  5. were

  6. is

  7. is

  8.

  10. are, are

  11. have

  12. are, their, their

  13. was, It, was
  16. were, they
14, It / They, is / are
  17. was
  18. are

  15. are, their, they, disapprove
  19. were
  20. were
新编英语语法教程 第 03 讲 练习参考答案
Ex. 3A

  1. is
  9. is
  16. are

  2. was
  10. is
  17. is
  24. is

  3. is

  4. has
  11. were

  5. were
  12. sells

  6. means
  13. is

  7. is

  8. is
  15. are
  22. was
  29.

  14. are
  21. are

  18. is
  25. is

  19. was
  26. does

  20.provides

  23. stops is

  27. produces

  28. is

  30. was
Ex. 3B

  1. ’s

  2. are

  3. is

  4. are

  5. is

  6. was

  7. is

  8. were

  9. is
  16. is
  22. has
  29. is
  35. are

  10. ’s
  17. are
  23. was
  30. was
  36. are

  11. is

  12. is, is, is
  19. are
  25. was
  32. is / are
  38. comes
  44. is

  13. are
  20. are
  26. was

  14. is

  15. have

  18. looks
  24. have
  31. is
  37. is
  43. are

  21. understand
  27. are
  28. is

  33. leaves
  39. is

  34. is / are
  41. are
  47. is /

  40. live
  46. was

  42. points / point are
  48. is

  45. are

  49. has

  50. was
Ex. 3C

  1. is / are is plays was
  8. are

  2. is / are

  3. is

  4. is / are

  5. is / are

  6. remain
  11. is

  7.
  12.
  18.

  9. has / have
  14. am
  20. is
  15. are / is

  10.care / cares
  16. was

  13. is
  19. come

  17. is, has
新编英语语法教程 第 04 讲 练习参考答案
Ex. 4A

  1. description expectation

  2. arrangement
  6. argument

  3. attendance

  4. peculiarity

  5.

  7. dependence
  11. purity
  15. generosity

  8. originality

  9. exaggeration

  10. measurement
  14. statement

  12. persistence
  16. entrance

  13. extension

  17. loneliness

  18. forgetfulness

  19. happiness

  20. seriousness
Ex. 4B

  1.
strange sounds

  2.
foods are

  3.
chief, tribes, their, salmon (s)

  4.
The runners-up were given pound notes / The runners-up were
each given a pound note.

  5.
bodies, their heroes

  6.
mice, tooth-marks

  7.
Crises, occur, families

  8.
/

  9.
/

  10. these businesses

  11. /

  12. fruits are

  13. /

  14. these articles are well written

  15. /

  16. several personal kindnesses

  17. /

  18. sufferings

  19. professors

  20. children are playing, sands
Ex. 4C

  1. experience information

  2. waters
  5. for it is fun

  3. for advice

  4. an important piece of

  6. were not numerous geniuses experiences

  7. Poultry

  8. directors are

  9. militia

  10.
  13.

  11. merchandise has
  14. were times, rivalry
  17. foliage is

  12. sympathies

  15. clippings, were
  18. photos
  19. 12-pages

  16. lookers-on
  20. Luggage is
Ex. 4D

  1. blade grain

  2. piece
  8. head

  3. choir
  9. staff

  4. flash

  5. lump
  11. fleet

  6. gang

  7.

  10. collection
  15. team

  12. cluster
  17. ear
  18.
  23.
  28.

  13. bundle bar troupe squadron

  14. bunch
  20. pack

  16. piece

  19. herd

  21. flock

  22. crowd / swarm
  27. suite

  24. bench
  29. band

  25. grove
  30. library

  26. collection
Ex. 4E 1-5 BCADC BDCAB 新编英语语法教程 第 05 讲 练习参考答案 6-10 CBDAB 11-15 ADBBC 16-20
Ex. 5A

  1.
my father has a car

  2.
the bull has horns

  3.
the prisoner escaped

  4.
her parents consented

  5.
somebody released the prisoner

  6.
somebody assassinated the President

  7.
a letter from the general / the general sent a letter

  8.
the crowd felt sympathy

  9.
a college for women

  10. a summer day, a day in the summer

  11. the earth has a (rough) surface

  12. the absence lasted ten days

  13. a doctoral degree, a doctorate

  14. the bird made the nest

  15. the committee made a report

  16. a story told by the girl / the girl told a story

  17. the volcano erupted

  18. the victim had courage / the victim was courageous

  19. somebody punished the boy

  20. the critics recevied the play in a hostile manner
Ex. 5B

  1.
The comedian performed, and he was well received by a huge
audience.
这位喜剧演员的演出很受广大观众的欢迎。

  2.
She was thankful, for her little girl had quickly recovered.
她的小女孩很快康复,为此她非常感谢。

  3.
How to educate children presents a big problem.
教育孩子成了大问题。

  4.
He was happy that his wife loved hime.
他陶醉于妻子对他的爱情。

  5.
He did that because he loved his wife.
他干这个是出于对妻子的爱。

  6.
The enemy was defeated, and the war was brought to an end.
战争以敌人的失败而告终。

  7.
John was pleased because his teacher praised him.
约翰因受到老师的嘉勉而感到高兴。

  8. prison.
She was punished for stealing, and the punishment was a year in
她因偷窃被判刑一年。

  9.
As he had served unfailingly, the servant was remembered in his
master’s will as a reward.
由于仆人忠实可靠地服务,主人在遗嘱中提出遗赠作为报酬。

  10. William’s homework is the only example that is never bably done.
只有威廉的家庭作业一贯做得好。
Ex. 5C

  1.
…Dick’s decision to emigrate to Australia.

  2.
the expansion of the Physics Department / The Physics
Department’s expansion…

  3.
…a novel of Jane Austen’s.

  4.
That long report of Mr Allen’s…

  5.
Those new shoes of yours…

  6.
…the article of the student…

  7.
…Shakespeare’s tragedies / the tragedies of Shakespeare

  8.
…a ship’s carpenter.

  9.
The punishment of the offenders…

  10. …the past decade’s events / the events of the past decade

  11. …the enemy’s unconditional surrender / the unconditional surrender
of the enemy.

  12. …other people’s criticism of him.

  13. …the younger generation’s education / the education of the younger generation.

  14. …at John Wiley’s, the bookseller’s.

  15. …an article of T. Johns’…

  16. …this policy of the government’s…?

  17. …an idiot’s tale.

  18. That dog of Frank’s…

  19. This book of Joe Hill’s…

  20. Jane’s letter…
Ex. 5D

  1.
The leg of the table is broken.

  2.
Mary and John’s house is on the corner.

  3.
…on birs’s nests.

  4.
…the students’ problems.

  5.
…at the Joneses’.

  6.
/

  7.
…Charles’ car but someone else’s.

  8.
…in ten years’ time.

  9.
The products’ effectiveness…

  10. This week’s news… than the last two weeks’.

  11. …others’ problems.

  12. …each other’s worries.

  13. My brother and sister-in-law’s house…

  14. A friend of my father’s…

  15. A wheel of the car…

  16. /

  17. The baseball player’ wives…

  18. …women’s clothing only.

  19. …Milton’s long poems.

  20. Those new shoes of yours… 新编英语语法教程 第 06 讲 练习参考答案
Ex. 6A
1-5 AABDB
6-10 CCCDB
11-15 ACABC
16-20 DBDCD
Ex. 6B

  1. books money strength bales

  2. end

  3. words

  4. news

  5. weeks

  6. sign

  7.
  12.
  16.

  8. intelligence

  9. books

  10. line
  14. case

  11. sentences
  15. nurses

  13. apple, money, etc
  17. novel, ones

  18. years, cause

  19. rooms

  20. cases
Ex. 6C
1-5 BDCAD
6-10 BDBDC
11-15 BBCAB
16-20 CDDCC
Ex. 6D

  1.
…little opportunity to travel.

  2.
…many such novels.

  3.
… / Neither sentence is correct English.

  4.
He has many more problems…

  5.
…this kind of apple / these kind (s) of apples.

  6.
I enjoy either kind, …

  7.
…every book in the fiction section.

  8.
…than in any other country in the world.

  9.
…a greater amount of rainfall this year than there was last year.

  10. …all this luggage / all the luggage at the airport.

  11. …such beautiful poetry / such a beautiful poem that it is hard to believe she has never had a formal education.

  12. …a great many friends in New York.

  13. Whatever nonsense…

  14. That third sister of his…

  15. I can’t for the life of me remember.

  16. Presumably there are fewer / less diseases…

  17. …than all other methods.

  18. …once every three months.

  19. …study of language.

  20. …some more soup?
Ex. 6E

  1.
How much work have you done this morning?

  2.
To dig a tunnel will need a great amount of labour.

  3.
He’s done the least work.

  4.
There are several methods of approaching this problem.

  5.
I know little French.

  6.
There must be less empty talk but more practical work.

  7.
Were there many people at the reception?

  8.
May I have a few words with y
 

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