新标准小学英语五年级第五册单词、句子、语法、练习汇总(20
  09) 要掌握的单词: Module1 when 什么时候 back(回来, 回到)home(回家, 到家)those 那些 ice cream(冰激凌 with(和…一起 finish(吃完 hurry(赶紧, 匆忙 hurry up(快 点 wait(等待 drop(落下,掉下 dear(亲爱的 met(meet 过去式)遇见 ran(run 的过去式) 跑 Module2 need(需要 food(食物 shopping list(购物单 cheese(奶酪 how much(多少用于不可数名词)kilo(千克,公斤 juice(果汁 box(盒 bottle(瓶 Module3 the British Museum(大英博物馆 the London Eye(伦敦眼 wheel(轮,轮状物 wonderful(令人惊奇的 understand(明白,理解 postcard(明 信片 hour(小时 mountain(山 Module4 mine(我的 yours 你(们)的 argue(争吵 matter(麻烦事,困难 wear(穿 hers(她的 his(他的 line(绳子 clean(干净的 whose(谁的 Module5 enough(足够的 give(给 every(每个,每一 everyone(每人,人人 them(它(他,她)们 careful(小心的 Module6 well(好地 team(队,组 control(控制 badly(不好地 really(真正地,确实地 catch 接住抓住 fantastic(极好的,极出色的 Module7 programme(节目 useful(有用的 blind(盲的, 失明的 deaf(聋的 hear(听到 firemen(消防员 (复数) mum(妈妈 sausage(香肠 sit(坐 sit down 坐下 chick(小鸟 Module8 exercise(体操,运动 playground(操场 before(在…前 skip(跳(绳)coffee(咖啡 tea) 茶 bell(铃 rang(ring 过去式)鸣,响 Module9 feel(感觉到 sad(难过的 miss(想念 bored(无聊的 angry(生气的 nothing(没什么 secret (秘密 tell(告诉 surprise( 使人意外的;意外 tired (疲倦的,劳累的 grandfather(外)祖父 farm(农场 game(比赛 lost(lose 的过去式)丢失 smell(闻到 Module10should(应该 cross(穿过 dangerous(危险的 hold 抓住,握住 hand 手 say 说话,讲话 in a hurry(匆忙 要掌握的句子:
  1.When did you come back?你什么时候回来?We came back last Sunday 我上星期回来
  2.How many bananas do you want?你想要多少条香蕉 ?Five , please.五条
  3.How much cheese do you want? 你想要多少奶酪?Half a kilo, please.一公斤半
  4.How much milk do you want?你想要多少瓶牛奶?Five bottles,please 五瓶
  5.It was sunny, so we could play basketball.天气晴朗所以我们打篮球
  6.It rained yesterday, so we couldn’t play basketball.昨天下雨,所以我们不能打篮球
  7.Is this your cap? 这是你的帽子吗?Yes, it’s mine.是的它是我的/ No, it isn’t. 不它不是我的 It’s hers.是她的
  8.Whose book is this? 这是谁的书 It’s hers.是她的 There aren’t enough pencil.没有太多的铅笔
  9.There are too many books 有太多的书 There isn’t enough food.没有足够的食物.Be careful 当心,小心
  10.How well do you play football/basketball .你打足球/篮球怎么样?I can do it very well 我打的很好 I can’t it at all 我一点都不会
  11.I can play football well.我踢球很好 Yes, I can. 是的,我能/ No, I can’t.不,我不能
  12.Can you control the ball?你能控制球吗?(回答)Very badly,sorry 非常差对不起 yes ,I can 是的我能 13This man is blind. 这个男人是瞎的 He can’t see 他不能看. This dog helps him.这条狗帮助他
  14.This girl is deaf. 这个女孩是聋的 She can’t hear 他不能听 This dog helps her.这条狗帮助她
  15.Can we have a dog,please.我们能咬一条狗吗?No,we can’ t 不,我们不能
  16.These firemen cannot find people. 这些消防员不能找到人.These dogs help them.这些狗帮助他们
  17.What time does school start?学校几点上课?My school starts at nine o’clock 我的学校九点钟上课
  18.What time do you get up?你几点起床. I get up at half past six.我六点半起床
  19.Are you feeling happy?你感觉快乐吗? (回答)Yes, I am.是的,我快乐 / No, I’m not.不,我不快乐
  20.What did you do at the weekend?周末你干什么?I watched TV 我看电视。
  21.You should look. 你应该看 Then cross the road.然后在穿过马路 What ‘s the matter?
  22. You shouldn’t walk in the road.你不应该在马路上走.What’s the matter?什么事?Nothing 没事
  23.Should she do his homework? 她应该做作业吗?Yes, she should.是的,她应该
  24.Should she watch TV?.她应该看电视吗? No ,she shouldn’t.不她不应该
  25.Whose bag is this?这个包是谁的?It’s Daming’s(mine,yours,his,her)它是大明的/我的/你的/他的/她的
  26.Did you go home by bike?你骑自行车回家吗?Yes I did 是的我骑 No’ I didn’t 不,我不骑
  27.Where did you go? 你去了哪里?I wen to Haikou.我去了海口
  28. How long did they walk.他们走了多久?They walked for one hour 他们走了一个小时 要掌握的语法:①一般过去时态
  1.表示过去已经发生的事情,通常用 “last week,上星期 just now,刚刚 yesterday 昨天” in 1982,an hour ago 一小时前 last year 去年
  2. 动词在一般过去时中的变化: Be ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was. was not=wasn’t) ( ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were. were ( not=weren’t)⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句 把 was 或 were 调到句首。Was there a TV?有一台电视机吗?Were they students?他们是学生吗?
  3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时 的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句:在句首加 did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。
1
There were any buses many years ago.许多年前有一些车.Were there any buses many years ago.许多年前有一些车吗?回答:yes,there were 是的有 No,there weren’t 不没有 There was a TV many years ago 许多年前有一台电视机 Was there a TV many years ago? 许多年前有一台电视机吗?回答:yes,there was 是的有 No,there wasn’t 不没有 如:Tom went home yesterday. 汤姆昨天回家 Did Tom go home yesterday?汤姆昨天回家吗? 回答:yes,he did 是的她回 No,he didn’t 不他没回 I watched TV yesterday.我昨天看电视 Did you watch TV yesterday?你昨天看电视了吗? 回答:Yes, I did 是的我看了 No, I didn’t 不我没看 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如:What did Jim do yesterday?⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则:有 did- 和 did n’t 有这两个词出现所有的动词都要原形。
  1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
  2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:live?lived
  3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字 母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped
  4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied cry- cried. 不规则动词的变化: 原形 式 win 赢 wear 穿 Sell 卖 send 发送 lose 失去 become became fall 落下 过去 won 原形 过 去 原形 式 think 想 过去式 taught thought bought drank gave sang 原形 have 有 do 做 eat 吃 is/am 是 are 是 过 去 原形 式 had did ate was go 走 find 发现 Say 说 take 拿 过去式 went found said took
sweep 扫 swept teach 教 sleep 觉 睡
wore keep 保持 kept sold
slept buy 买 drink 喝 give 给 sing 唱
sent feel 感觉 felt lost read 读 成 fell 为 put 放 cut 砍 read put cut let flew
were mean 意思 meant met
drive 驾驶 drove meet 遇见
begin 开始 began ring 响 run 跑 rang ran Sat
speak 说 spoke make 制作 made write 写 ride 骑 hear 听 wrote see 看见 rode come 来 heard tell 告诉 saw came told
forget 忘记 forgot Let 让 Leave 离开 left fly 飞 spend spent 度 过 draw 画 grow 长 生
drew sit 坐 grew learn 学
learned/ learnt get 得到 got
know 知道 knew
②How many (多少) 后接可数名词 (加 s,es) how much (多少) 后接不可数不加 s.How many fish(sheep,peole,Chinese,Japanese, deer) how many children 多少个孩子 how many women 多少个女人 how many people 多少个人 how many men 多少个男人这些词不加 s 如:How many books 多少本书 how much bread 多少个面包 练习一、选择题 ( )
  1.When you come back? Next week. A.did B.will C.do ( )
  2.Did you in London yesterday? A.lived B.lives C.live ( )
  3.When you come back? Last Monday. A.did B.will C.do ( )
  4.When you come back? Every week. A.did B.will C.do ( )
  5.Please careful. A.is B.be C.are ( )
  6.There __ __ enough time. A.are B.aren’t C.isn’t ( )
  7.I control the ball_ __. A.well B.bad C.good ( )
  8.He likes on the bed. A.jumps B.jumping C.jump ( )
  9.Tom is a cake. A.making B.makes C.make ( )
  10.Thank you very much. A. No, you don’t. B.It’s wrong. C.That’s all right ( )
  11.Yesterday, I to the park. A.go B.went C.when ( )
  12.I an ice cream last Sunday. A.bought B.buy C.book ( )
  13.How bananas do you want? A.much B.many C.men ( )
  14.How juice do you want? A.much B.many C.men ( )
  15.__ go there with you? B:My mother go there with me . A.Where B.Who C.What ( )
  16. book is this. It’s Daming’s. A.What B.Whose C.When ( )
  17.Is this Jimmy’s sweater? A.Yes, it is his. B.No, thery aren’t. C.Yes, it isn’t. ( )
  18.This is pen . A.my B.mine C.I ( )
  19.This pen is . A.my B.mine C.I ( )
  20.There are apples on the box. A too much B.too many C.how much ( )
  21. you play the football well? Yes, I can A.Do B.Did C.Can ( )
  22.This man can’t see. He is . A. deaf B.blind C.dog ( )
  23.Do you feel happy? A. Yes, I do . B.Yes, I did. C.Yes, I can. ( )
  24.Do you want to be our football team ? A.Yes, I do B.Yes, I don,t C.Yes ,I did
2
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
)
  25.How well do you play football ? A.Yes , I do B.I can , t play football it at all C.No, I don , t )
  26.Can we have a dog ,please ,mum ? A.No,we can , t B.No, I can C. Yes,we can , t )
  27.I can swim ,can you ? A.badly B.Yes , I can C.No, I can )
  28.Would you like to come to school with us ? A.I , m ten B.It , s mine C.Yes , please )
  29. time is it now ? It , s 3 o ,clock. A.What B.When C.How )
  30. dress is this ? It , s Amy , s dress .A.How B.Whose C.Should )
  31.Do you like apples ? A.Yes, I do B. Yes ,I don , t C.No , I do )
  32.Are you happy ? A.nine B.Yes, I am C.Yes, I do )
  33. bananas do you want ? 5 kilos, please A.How many B.Where C.How much )
  34.The man can’t see. He is _ __ A.deaf B.blind C.fireman )
  35.Can you jump high? A.Yes,he can. B.No,you can’t. C.Yes,I can. )
  36.The little girl can’t walk .Her father her. A.helps B.help C.helping )
  37.Whose chair is this? It’s . A.Mary B.her C.hers )
  38. did you go ? I went to the park. A.What B.Who C.Where )
  39.Yesterday I to Amy’s school. A.go B.going C .went )
  40.They all play the playground. A.to B.in C.of )41they meet their friends? Yes, they did. A.Did B.Do C.Will )
  42.I like Lingling skippingme. A.and B.with C.but )
  43.Do you want to in our football team? A.be B.are C.am )
  44.How are you?I’m A.new, thanks B.fine, thank you C.old ,thanks )
  45.I TV yesterday. A.watching B.watched C.watches )
  46.Did they buy ice cream? A.Yes, they did B.Yes, they didn’t C.No, they did )47 .bananas do you want?. A. how many B.how much C.what )
  48.did you go to school? By bike. A.What B.Where C.How )
  49. bread do you want ? A. How many B. How much C.What )
  50. you wash your shirt ? No, I didn't . A.Are B.Did C.Do )
  51.I want two of cheese . A.kilo B.kilos C.half a kilo )
  52. did you see in China ? Lingling . A.Who B.Where C.What )
  53.This is my book . That book is . A.yours B.mine C.your )
  54.Theylots of places last week. A.visit B.visited C.visiting )
  55.There a teacher in the class . A.are B.be C.is )
  56.Are there enough pencils ? A. Yes , there aren’t . B.No, there aren’t .C.Yes, there is . )
  57.How many do you want ? A.oranges B.orange C.an orange )
  58.Look this photo .This is me . A.at B.or C.in )
  59.I had __ __ English breakfast yesterday. A. an B.the C.a )
  60.Sam __ __ hamburgers very much. A. like B.liked C.likes )
  61.__ __ did you last night? A. What, ate B.What,eat C.When,eat )
  62.I some fish yesterday. A.eat B.am going to eat C.ate )
  63.Mum is to cook English food. A.goes B.went C.going )
  64.Yesterday I one apple to Ben. A.give B.gave C.gives )
  65.What __ __ you __ __ to drink tonight? A.did,went B.are,go C.are,going )
  66.I am __ to __ some juice. A go, drink B.going,drink C.go,drank )
  67.Lingling __ like sandwiches. A.did B.does C.doesn’t )
  68.We all noodles. A.like B.likes C. liked )
  69.is it going to cost? A.How many B.How much C.How ofetn )
  70.Click the bananas ,please? A.at B.on C.in )
  71.It was raining on Sunday ,we couldn’t play in the park. A .Because B.so C.and )
  72.This bag is . A.she B.her C .hers )
  73.What do you do breakfast ?I have a cup of tea . A.on B.in C.at )
  74.I get readyschool. A.for B.at C.to )
  75.Sam: Are you English? Amy : A.Yes, I am.. B. No , I am . C.Here you are. )
  76.Lucy : What are you doing ? Lily: A.Yes,we are. B.Where are you going? C.We are cleaning this train station. )
  77.I can do it very . A good B. bett
 

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