ions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. A) Automobile safety. B) Increasing fuel efficiency. C) California's pollution laws. D) Electric-powered cars.
  27. A) They are cheaper. B) They don't pollute as much. C) They are simpler to drive. D) They are faster.
  28. A) It's not comfortable. B) It is difficult to steer C) It can't go long distances without recharging. D) Its engine easily overheats. Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  29. A) Three C) Five. B) Two. D) Four.
  30. A) Talk to other people who rent apartments in the same building. B) Make sure there are good locks on all the windows and doors. C) Check the water and electricity to see if they are working properly. D) Walk around the apartment building for dangerous signs.
  31. A) Deposit some money in a bank. B) Read the lease carefully and sign it. C) Ask the landlord for a damage deposit. D) Sign the contract and pay a security deposit. Passage Three Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  32. A) When they are three years old. B) Before the age of six. C) After they are six years old. D) Between three and six years old.
  33. A) They are much wiser than the left-handed persons. B) They are as clever as the left-handed persons. C) There are not as creative as lefties. D) They are more athletic.
  34. A) Computer. C) Architecture. B) Calculation. D) Literature. 35 A) Because they have a quicker response. B) Because they are usually more strongly built. C) Because they seem to be men of greater endurance. D) Because they have a better sense of space. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. 注意: 上作答. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答. Belgium has three main (
  36) regions: the coastal plain, the central plateau and the highlands. The coastal plain extends (
  37) 16 to 48 kilometers on the northwest. Along the north sea is a low-lying area (
  38) mainly of sandy hills and sections of land (
  39) from the sea. The coastal plain's elevation ranges from sea level to 20 meters. The central plateau is a (
  40) rolling, slightly elevated area, (
  41) by many waterways and containing a number of wide, (
  42) valleys with a rich soil. The highlands, a densely-wooded plateau, (
  43) 460 meters in elevation, extend across southeastern Belgium and into northeastern France. Located here is the highest peak in Belgium with an elevation of 694 meters. (
  44) . In the highlands, hot summers alternate with cold winters. Heavy rains are confined almost exclusively to the highlands. (
  45) . In Brussels, the average temperatures range from zero to 5 degrees Centigrade in January and from 13 to 22 degrees Centigrade in July.
(
  46) . Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet
  2. Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage. Severe winter storms have worsened the nation's usual post-holiday blood shortage, prompting an urgent call today for people to donate blood. Type O blood is the most urgently needed, because it is the universal blood type, meaning it can be safely transfused to most people in an emergency. "The severe winter weather has forced the cancellation of blood drives and limited our ability to collect blood," American Red Cross President Elizabeth Dole said. The Red Cross reported having less than one day's supply of Type O blood on hand in 18 of the organization's 38 collection regions. The Red Cross provides about half of the nation's blood supply. America's Blood Centers, which supplies most of the rest, also has reported shortages. Reacting to the shortage, a Pittsburgh blood bank asked 40 hospitals in western Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio to postpone elective surgeries through Wednesday. At least 1,000 donors are needed each day for the next several days to stabilize the supply, said Mark Lynch, spokesman for the Central Blood Bank. "We're talking about (postponing) hip replacement, for example, and orthopedic cases. These are sick people who need surgery, but it's not life threatening," he said. When its blood supply is stable, the blood bank needs about 700 donors each day to maintain normal inventory. The Pittsburgh blood bank last asked hospitals to postpone elective surgeries because of a blood shortage in October 19
  95. Such procedures were canceled for almost a week. Nationwide, donations typically fall off during the holidays, when donors become too busy to give blood regularly. Bad weather increases shortages both by blocking blood drives and by causing increased blood demand to treat accident victims. 注意: 上作答. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答.
  47. The blood shortage urged people .
  48. The Red Cross is important in supplying blood because the organization has .
  49. To ease the situation, what kind of surgeries had to be put off?
  50. We can infer from the passage that blood shortage usually occur .
  51. Usually 700 donors are needed each day for the blood bank to remain stable in . Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage. All societies have distinct role expectations for men and for women. In the United States these expectations have been undergoing change for many decades. Today Americans live in a world of diverse family patterns and conflicting images of ideal life styles for men and women. The conventional norms of the first half century defined a successful woman as a wife and mother who stayed home to carry out a full array of household duties. The husband and father was expected to stay away from the home most of the day, earning enough money to pay the bills. Many adults still live by these expectations, but the traditional pattern is no longer held up as an ideal to be followed by everyone.
Times have changed; there is no return to yesterday. Although the women's movement and political controversies about such issues and the Equal Rights Amendment and sexual harassment ( 骚扰 suggest that changing sex roles is a recent issue, this is far 骚扰) from the case. Broad trends can be identified over the past hundred years. Women have increased their participation in the labor force from 18% in 1900 to over 50% today, and they give birth to fewer children than women did in the past. In 1910 the birth rate was 30 per 1,000 population; by the 1900s it had declined to 16 per 1,0
  00. These two trends ? increasing participation in the labor force and decreasing family size ? suggest that major long-term changes have restructured the role expectations of men and women. These changes are complex. The fact that more women are joining the labor force as full-time workers does not mean that a single sex role pattern is emerging. On the contrary, we are living in a period of diverse family patterns. According to Kathleen Gerson, "the domestic woman who builds her life around children and homemaking persists, but she now coexists with a growing number of working mothers and permanently childless women." Women today face hard choices as they make decisions about work, career, and motherhood. Despite women's liberation, women still earn less than men in the work place and are still expected to do most of the work in the home. Women work substantially more hours each week in the home and at the workplace than men do. Women are working harder than ever, yet many do not enjoy the benefits of full equality. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 上作答. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答.
  52. The traditional roles for men and women . A) are diverse B) are conflicting C) have been changing D) are no longer followed
  53. Changing sex roles is not a recent issue because . A) women have increased their participation in the labor force over the past hundred years B) more and more women are becoming working mothers or childless women C) the conventional image of women has changed beyond recognition D) people have changed their expectations of women in modern society
  54. The fact that more women are joining the labor force as full time workers mean that . A) women are becoming more independent B) the family patterns are becoming diverse C) a single-role pattern is emerging D) women are eager to work
  55. It's stated in the last paragraph that . A) women today still suffer from inequality in work and life B) women's liberation has promoted their social status C) the society expects more from women than from men D) women are more capable and diligent than men
  56. According to this passage, the statement which is NOT true is . A) many people still follow the conventional norms of life style B) women today give birth to fewer children than women in the past C) more and more women choose to work rather than to be housewives D) men do as much domestic work as women do at home Passage Two Obesity generally is defined as an accumulation of fat beyond what is considered normal for a person's
age, sex, and body type. In today's society obesity is considered a disease, not a moral failing. It occurs when energy intake exceeds the amount of energy expended over time. Only in a small minority of cases is obesity caused by such illnesses as hypothyroidism, or the result of taking medications, such as steroids ( 类固醇 that can cause weight gain. 类固醇), The more a person weighs, the more blood vessels the body needs to circulate blood throughout the body. The heart takes on a heavy burden as it has to pump harder to force the blood flow through so many vessels. As a result, the heart grows in size and blood pressure tends to rise. Obesity is also a factor in osteoarthritis (because of the extra weight placed on the joints), bone and joint diseases, respiratory ailments, gallbladder disease, complications during pregnancy and delivery, and higher accidental death rate. Obesity can alter hormone levels, affect immune function, and cause impotence in men and reproductive problems in women. Women who are 30% overweight are twice as likely to die of endometrial cancer, and those who are 40% overweight have four times the risk. Obese women also are more likely to incur cancers of the breast, ovaries, and gallbladder. Obese men are more likely to develop cancers of the rectum, colon, bladder, pancreas, stomach, and prostate. Obesity can also cause psychological problems. Sufferers are associated with laziness, failure, or inadequate willpower. As a result, overweight men and women blame themselves for being heavy, thus causing feelings of guilt and depression. Scientific evidence has found an association between BMI (body-mass index) and higher death rates. However, the relative risk of being heavy declines with age. Some researchers have found that data linking overweight and death are inconclusive, while other researchers have found that losing weight may be riskier than dangers posed by extra pounds. Some researchers counter that overweight indirectly contributes to over 300,000 deaths a year. A poll by Shape Up America found that 78% of overweight or obese adults have abandoned dieting as a means of losing weight. Diets do not teach people how to eat properly. They merely restrict food intake temporarily, so when the diet ends, weight gain resumes. 注意: 上作答. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答.
  57. Which of the following expresses the main idea of this passage? A) Obesity puts a burden on the heart. B) Many people are constantly dieting. C) Obesity is considered to be a disease. D) Obesity can lead to many serious health problems.
  58. According to the passage, . A) obesity is often related to medications such as steroids B) obesity does not affect a person's chance of getting cancer C) a diagnosis of obesity is based on a normal weight for one's age and sex D) obesity is becoming less of a problem in today's society
  59. According to the passage, why does dieting not result in permanent weight loss? A) Di
 

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