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北京新东方学校: 北京新东方学校:王江涛 第 一 节 一、考试题型
  1、 应用文(7 考):口头作文(2 考)、书信作文(5 考)
  2、 论说文(25 考):提纲作文(23 考)、图表作文(2 考)
  3、 段首句作文:4 考
  4、 课程安排:
  1) 考试题型、考试要求、评卷实例
  2) 口头作文、书信总论
  3) 书信详解
  4) 论说文、翻译
  5、 学习方法:实力(高分策略)+技巧(万能框架) 二、考试要求 《大学英语考试大纲》中明确规定:四级大学英语写作考试时间为 30 分钟。要求应试者写出一篇不少于 120 个词的短文;写作命题源于日常生活和有关科技、社会文化等方面的一般常识,不涉及知识面过广、专业性太强 的内容。其命题方式有:给出题目、或规定情景、或给出段首句续写、或给出关键词写短文、或看图作文。要求 内容切题,文理通顺,表达正确,语义连贯,无重大语言错误。
  6、 时间要求:30 分钟
  1) 审题(3 分钟):
  2) 写作(25 分钟):
  3) 检查(2 分钟):语法(时态、冠词、主谓一致)、拼写、标点 【20
  05.
  06】For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay [IN honour of teachers on the occasion of Teacher's Day]. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
  1. 向老师表达节日祝贺
  2. 从一件小事来回忆老师的教诲和无私的奉献
  3. 我如何回报老师的关爱
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  7、 字数要求:120-150 词
  8、 写作主题:大学校园生活(学习、生活、工作)
  9、 命题方式:段首句、提纲、命题、关键词、情景、图表作文
  10、 具体要求:
  1) 语言第一位:表达通顺、无重大语言错误 (
  1) 基础一般:简单原则、安全第一 (
  2) 基础较好:句子结构词多变
  2) 结构第二位: (
  1) 逻辑性: A. 并列:and/or/but B. 因果:because/in that, since/as, for C. 转折:but/however (
  2) 关联词:
  3) 内容第三位: Last night, I was kicked by my girl friend. She ran away with a small white face. She is my green plum and bamboo horse. Now I know that love is blind. Beauty is but skin-deep. Money is the root of evil. However, I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country. Could you please tell my why the injured is always me. It is high time that you teachers devoted your love to me. If you do not give me full mark, I will commit suicide immediately. 三、评卷实例
  11、 教材第 5 页第 1 篇:中英思维差异
  1) 中式思维:情感分段、读者领会、迂回模式、归纳式思维
  2) 英式思维:逻辑分段、作者交代、直线模式、演绎式思维 Most people thought that read books should have been selectived. But others belived reading extentively was correction. Selective books or reading extensively? Sure, you can choice one from previous ideas,
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on one hand, There are too book to read for us. We should choose those which we intrested, and it would be helpful for us. on another hand. Someone's intresting was wide. Each book could bring you specific contain we couldn't reading at only one level. I confirmed all of these ideas were good but weren't wise. As a reader, the main task is to discover more and more books the second task is to held some which wonderful and helpful for us. Don't treat these books with rackless abandon. The best technology of reading is connect.
  12、 教材第 4 页第 2 篇: I think reading not only selectively but also extensively. Because the two sides are not contradict. Our time is limited. So we can not read every book in the world. However, we will not be interested in every book. We should read those books may be useful to ours, read those books which we like. But those books which we choose must be extensively so it can give ours all kinds of knowledge, news and so on, it also make ours become a wise man. On the one hand reading selectively let ours not waste our time which it is limitted. Moreover it can emphasis among all books that we can read. On the other hand reading extensively can deal with all kinds of need in our life. They are all useful to ours.
  13、 教材第 5 页第 3 篇: Some people think reading shall be choosed. Because some books are good to hummen beings and some books are harmful to people. Some people think that men shoud read books widely. Because wide reading can help man get much knowledge. And man can use it to change the world. It is my point that reading must be selectively. Because reading is important to man. Some books can help man but some books can lead some people to crime. It can be seen in the newspapers and watched on TV. We can make full use of some good books and gain more useful knowledge. It can make our life more beautiful. we must give up those unhelpful books. They are not good to us. Reading them is wasting time and money. So reading selectively is an important part in reading.
  14、 教材第 5 页第 2 篇: How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view. Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are published. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What's more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn't read them. Since we can't read all the books and we shouldn't read bad books, we must read selectively. But others may not agree. They emphasize that today's society is not what it was. If one man has many kinds of knowledge he'll have more chances to succeed. If a man knows much in one field but knows
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nothing in other fields, he may be useless. Since we must have many kinds of knowledge, we must read extensively. Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But I think we should read extensively first. We should read books in many fields, and read selectively in one field.
  15、 教材第 4 页第 1 篇: When it comes to reading, some people think that reading selectively is a good way, but some other people do not agree with them, they think that reading extensively is better. Those people, who think that reading selectively is better, believe that good books are as many as bad books. Those good books can give us pleasure and knowledge, while those bad books can only lead us to the wrong way. So, they suggest that we should only choose the good books to read and never touch the bad books. But, the other people, who hold that reading extensively is better, think that one kind of books can only give us one aspect of knowledge. Even the best book only contains one field of information. So, they can easily come to the conclusion that "to know more, to read more". So they believe that reading extensively is better. To my point, we should choose good books to read and read good books as many as possible. By this way, we can increase the quality and quantity of reading. 题目: Bicycles An Important Means of Transport in China. 提纲: (
  1)为什么自行车在中国这样普及 (
  2)和汽车的比较 (
  3)自行车在中国的前途 Score: 14 Bicycles are very popular in China. Almost every family in the city has two or three bicycles. During the rush hour, you can see that thousands of people -man and woman, old and young-ride their bicycles to work and study. That is why China is called "the kingdom of bicycles." Compared with cars, bicycles are superior in many ways. First, they are cheap, convenient and easy to ride. Second, riding bicycle is good for health. Third, they bring no noise nor air pollution. Though cars are faster and more comfortable, they are too expensive. They consume plenty of oil and they pollute the air. Sometimes, it is difficult for a driver to park his car. Moreover they often cause traffic jams and accidents. In my opinion, the future of bicycle is very promising. Since China is a developing country and has a large population, I think, riding bicycle is appropriate to Chinese present conditions. It will be an important means of transportation for quite a long time.
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Score: 11 There millions of bicycles in today's China. Bicycles are very important means of transport in people's daily lives. Because to ride a bicycle is very simple, to buy a bicycle will not cost so much money, to park a bicycle needs just a small room and to ride a bicycle does not need oil but the rider's strength, biycles are popular all over the world, especially in China. Compared with a car, a bicycle is much cheaper. It is more suitable for China as a developing country. And a bicycle has almost caused no pollution but a car has. On the countary, a bicycle is too slow, it costs more times than a car. I think the population of China's bicycle will be kept for the long run. Becuse it will be replaced by a car, a bus and so on in some developed areas in China, and it will be made a wide use in the developing areas in China, the number of bicycles in China will be the same as today but I believe that it's quality will be improved. Score:8 Bicycle is an important means of transport in China. The important reason of it is the economy of Chinese. The use of bicycle in China is widely because people in China have not high wage. They can only afford a bicycle, and they have no money to buy a car which is too expensive. So Chinese usually buy a bicycle, and use it to go to work, or go to travel and so on. The other reason is the large population of China. All these made the bicycle become the important means of transport. The bicycle, compared to the car, is not too expensive and it is easy to learn and to use and it can save the surface of putting it. It doesn't ask to build the garage like car. This point is very important to China, because of the lack of land. It isn't too expensive, so Chinese can afford it. It doesn't need any oil, and it can't cause the polusion. All of these are the good needs compared to the car. In the future, bicycle will be widely used. And it will be in good demand. People will produce much more modern bicycles. Score:5 Perhaps the amount of bicycle in China is the largest in the world. Why was it so widely used in China? I thought the answer was: the population in China is too large and the price of bicycle is much cheaper. The third answer is that the bicycle is easier in using than other transportations. Comparing with the car, the bicycle is cheaper and it is easier in using than the car, but its speed is lower than that of the car. The bicycle will be remained for a long time in China but in the end it will be disappeared with the improval of people's living level. Score:2
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As every body know, China a big developing country. So, the living standard of people not very high at present people's income is not enough for they to buy cars motorcycles. And bike is easy to ride. Bicycle is cheaper be made. And I think bicycle the useful tool of transport in China now. So, it is quite porpular and wildly used in China's cities and country sides than the personal transportation ? tool. Bike is a kind of clean tools of transport. It not use gas and other energers. For this reason is not creat polution. But in fact in any way Bicycle is not advanced than car. If it is raining, the rider will suffer from wet, on the other hand, bike can not carry much goods. According to the our country's developing rate, I firmly believe that Bicycle will replaced by car or motorcycle in that nearly future. But undoubtfully it continue the important means of transport in China for a long time. 第 二 节 一、口头作文
  1、 真题回顾:
  1) 2004-
  6: Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. You should write at least 120 words according to the following guideline: Your role: a tour guide Your audience: a group of foreign tourists Your introduction should include: (
  1) Some welcoming words (
  2) The schedule for the day (
  3) A description of the place the tourists will be visiting (e.g. a scenic spot or a historical site, etc.) You should make the introduction interesting and the arrangements for the day clear to everybody.
  2) 2005-
  1: Directions: For this part, you are allowed to write A Campaign Speech in support of your election to the post of chairman of the student union. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
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(
  1) 你认为自己具备了什么条件(能力、性格、爱好等)可以胜任学生会主席的工作, (
  2) 如果当选你将会为本校同学做什么?
  2、 经典范文: 200
  41) 2004-
  6: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to Beijing! To begin with, I would like to make a brief introduction to myself. I am your guide from China Travel Agency. Today I’m very glad to be your guide. It’s great honor to stay here with all of you for a whole day. Just as the old saying goes, “It is always a pleasure to greet a friend from afar”. I wish all of you to enjoy yourselves during this trip. The following is the time schedule. First, the Great Wall is the major attraction in this morning. Second, having lunch nearby, we will go to visit the Summer Palace in the afternoon. This is a must! Last, after dining at Nig
 

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