名词性从句
主语+be+表语 表语 主语
名词
主语+do+宾语 宾语 主语
名词
是谁开始先出招没什么大不了 Who takes the first step is not a big deal. ...告诉我今天海是什么颜色 ...告诉我今天海是什么颜色 ...告诉我今夜你想要梦什么 ...告诉我今夜你想要梦什么 Tell me what color the sea is today
Tell me what you want to dream of tonight
终于你会发现每个爱情都危险 Finally you’ll find out that every love is ’ dangerous
主语从句 (1987-2008, 16’) ’ 宾语从句 (1987-2008, 32’) ’ 表语从句 (1987-2008, 7’) ’ ’ 同位语从句(1987-2008, 6’)
宾语从句 表语 同位语 从句 从句 动宾 介宾 that 不能省 可省 禁用 不能省 不能省 whether 只能 whether 句首 只能 只能 whether or not whether whether whether if what-物,who/whom-人 代词 物 人 when-时间 时间,where-地点 地点,why-原因 原因,how-方式 副词 时间 地点 原因 方式 注意: 注意:所有句子均为陈述语序
主语 从句

  1.That women are treated unequally in some areas is unfair.
  2. He who would do great things should not attempt them all alone.
  3. Who was responsible for the accident is not clear.
  4.The novel which I have read twice is very touching.
  5. The question is why he likes the place so much.
  6. We doubt whether he is honest.
断句方法同定语从句: 断句方法同定语从句:
  1. 含有关系词的: 含有关系词的: 始??关系词 关系词 末??第二个谓语动词之前 第二个谓语动词之前
  2. 不含关系词的: 不含关系词的: 始??(句中)主谓结构 (句中) 末??第二个谓语动词之前 第二个谓语动词之前
主语从句
that, whether,if, wh-词 whether,if, wh在从句中不作成分: 在从句中不作成分 that,if,whether “是否” 是否” , , 在从句中作成分: 在从句中作成分 what/who/whom where/when/why/ how 注意: 注意:which表示有明确范围的选择 表示有明确范围的选择
that不作成分 无翻译,但不能省 不作成分, 无翻译, 不作成分 It is unfair. Women are treated unequally in some areas. That women are treated unequally in some areas is unfair. It is undoubted. Taiwan belongs to China. That Taiwan belongs to China is undoubted.
if, whether “是否” 是否”
whether/if不作成分,if不能位于句首 不作成分, 不能位于句首 不能位于句首, 不作成分 It is a question. He should get married. Whether he should get married is a question.
wh-词作成分 引导陈述语序 词作成分, 词作成分 连接代词: 连接代词:what, who 连接副词: 连接副词:when, where, why, how It Who takes the first step is not a big deal.
It(形式主语)......+that/whether/wh-... It(形式主语 形式主语)......+that/whether/whIt is undoubted. that Taiwan belongs to China. It is a question. whether he He should get married. It is not a big deal. who takes the
first step.
B ’ _ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. (19
  96) A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where _ you have done might do harm to other B people. (19
  87) A. That B. What C. Which D. This
B _ has been announced that we shall have our final exam next month. A. As B. It C. What D. That _ caused the accident is still a complete A mystery. (19
  98) A. What B. That C. How D. Where
主语从句做题思路: 主语从句做题思路:
断 句 空格,末 第二个谓语动词之前 始:空格 末:第二个谓语动词之前 空格 连接词,末 第二个谓语动词之前 始:连接词 末:第二个谓语动词之前 连接词 空格在从句内部 that/whether/if what/who/when/where/why/how 空格在从句外部 形式主语选 It
宾语从句和表语从句
We find that even our bad days have bright moments. You can do what you want to do, have what you want to have, and be what you want to be.
宾 语 从 句
表语从句
宾语从句
that不作成分 无翻译 可省略 不作成分, 无翻译, 不作成分 否定转移: 认为”“ ”“想 否定转移:“认为”“想” think, believe, expect I think that he is handsome. I don’t think (that) he is handsome. ’
whether/if 不作成分 “是否” 不作成分, 是否” 介词+whether 介词
wh-词+陈述语序 词 陈述语序 连接代词:who, what 连接代词 连接副词:when, where, why, how 连接副词
《我是谁》 我是谁》 忘了我是谁》 《忘了我是谁》 你是谁》 《你是谁》 忘了你是谁》 《忘了你是谁》 who am I? forget who I am who are you? forget who you are
宾语从句的时态一致: 宾语从句的时态一致: 主句--过去 宾从--过去 过去, 主句 过去 宾从 过去 例外: 主句--过去 过去, 例外 主句 过去, 宾从--一般现在 真理性事实 真理性事实) 宾从 一般现在 (真理性事实
My mother told me the sun from the east. rises Tom asked me why KFC raised its price again. (raise, rise)
宾语从句类型
动宾 动词+宾从 动词 宾从 宾从) 宾从 动词+双宾语(人 物 动词+双宾语 人+物) 介宾 介词 + whether + 陈述句 介词 + wh-词 + 陈述句 词
He asked D for the violin. (19
  93) _ A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid These photographs will show you B _.(19
  89) A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like
There was a big argument among the children about D move to a new house. _ A. if they should B. that they ought C. if should they D. whether they should This kind of plant grows best in A is warm. _ A. what B. which C. that D. where
宾语从句做题思路: 宾语从句做题思路:
空格 断 始:空格 句 末:第二个谓语动词之前 第二个谓语动词之前 that/whether/if 注意: 注意:陈述语序 what/who when/where/why/how 时态一致
His grandfather was among the first to settle in C is now a famous _ holiday center. A. where B. which C. what D. that
A The children are talking about _ should be the leader of the group. A. who B. whom C. that D. whether The person in charge is Mr. Lee about B we just talked. _ A. who B. whom C. that D. whether
辨认: 辨认:宾语从句 or 定语从句
He asked __ for the violin. (19
  93) Do you remember __ he came? (19
  94) We cannot figure out __ quite a number of.(
  04) He returned to the small town __ he grew up(
  96) The gentleman __ you told me yesterday is a(
  00) I can think of many cases __ students can(03沪) can(03沪 The photos will show you__ the village looks(
  89) 全国) Please remind me he said...(06全国 全国
名词/代词 名词 代词 + 定语从句 宾语从句 接双宾语动词 show/tell/give/remind/pass/teach 介词+ 介词 定语从句 断找放 宾语从句
宾语从句 vs.定语从句 定语从句
Do you still remember the day B he _ came? A. where B. when C. that D. what
He came on the day.
Do you remember _ he came? A Yes, I do. He came by car.(19
  94) A. how B. when C. that D. if
表语从句
that不作成分 无翻译 可以省略 不作成分, 无翻译, 不作成分 whether “是否”, if 禁用 是否” 特殊疑问词+陈述句 特殊疑问词 陈述句 who, what when, where, why, how
Your ability has never been in doubt? the question is B you are prepared to _ work hard. A. that B. whether C. if D. how
同位语从句
I heard the news that our team had won. . The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people. He must answer the question whether he will go. The fact that he will come is surprising
名词和同位语从句同等地位 同位语从句结构完整
加同位语从句的常见词: 加同位语从句的常见词: idea/fact/promise/message/problem/ question/suggestion/word(消 消 息)/possibility 同位语从句的引导词 that/whether who/what when/where/why/how
辨认: 辨认:同位语从句 vs. 定语从句
The doctor who you are looking for is in the room. We are not looking into the question whether he is worth trusting. The news that our team has won the game was true. The news that he told me yesterday was true. The question whether he should do the job requires consideration.
判定方法:“断找放” 判定方法: 断找放”
同位语从句判断: 同位语从句判断:
  1. 名词 从句 名词+从句
  2. “断找放” 断找放”
定名混搭 \+主从 主从 动词 be 表从 断句 do 宾从 状从 宾从/状从 名词/代词 代词+ 断找放” 名词 代词 定从 “断找放” 同位 常见词 介词+ 介词 宾从宾从 双宾动词 定从 “断找放” 断找放”
that 定从 主从 宾从 表从 同位 定从/主从 宾从/表从 主从/宾从 表从/同位 who定从 主从 宾从 表从 同位 定从/主从 宾从/表从 定从 主从/宾从 表从/同位 when定从 主从 宾从 表从 同位 定从/主从 宾从/表从 定从 主从/宾从 表从/同位 where定从 主从 宾从 表从 同位 定从/主从 宾从/表从 定从 主从/宾从 表从/同位 what主从 宾从 表从 同位 主从/宾从 表从/同位 主从 宾从/表从 how主从 宾从 表从 同位 主从/宾从 表从/同位 主从 宾从/表从 why定从 主从 宾从 表从 同位 定从/主从 宾从/表从 定从 主从/宾从 表从/同位
定名混搭判断 The place _ the bridge...should be _ the __we can’t ... seems better than _... ’ _ she couldn’t...was _ fewer students ’ The...reached _ was once an temple _ the It is not _ it was 20 years ago, _ it was so...
The soldier soon reached B was once an _ old temple _ the village used as a school. A. where, which B. what, which C. which, where D. what, where
 

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