新东方考研2011英语词汇
讲义主要内容分三部分:第一部分 考研英语核心词汇 第二部分 英语词汇扩充小结 第三部分 词汇与搭配集锦 温馨提示:每天晚上看 1-2 页,把自己已经记住的暂时划出来,第二天早上无论多忙都要把前一天晚上看过的单词复习一遍,
然后再分别过 3 天、7 天、15 天、30 天各复习一遍,坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单词都已经很熟悉了。 另外,务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟题中的词汇题集中整理起来,这样的对比记忆特别有助于我们对近义近形词汇的辨析。
这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定会取得良好学习效果!
第一部分 考研英语核心词汇
abide 遵循(…by);容忍 The one thing she cannot abide is lying. abnormal 反常的 abnormal behavior
abolish 彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custom abrupt 突然的,意外的 an abrupt departure
absolute 纯粹的,完全的 have absolute trust in sb. absorb 吸收,吸进 A sponge absorbs w ater.
abstract 抽象的 A flow er is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract.
absurd 荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd. abuse 滥用 abuse one's authority(office)
aaccelerate 加速,增速 accelerate one’s steps
access 接近(或进入)的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President accommodate 使适应,使符合一致 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances accompany 陪伴,伴随 She w as accompanied to a dinner by her friend.
accomplish 达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划,诺言等) accomplish one's purpose accord 使符合,相一致(w ith) His violent action do not accord w ith his peaceful w ords. account 记述,叙述 give a brief account of w hat has happened
accumulate 积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate w isdom accurate 准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate
accuse 指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books.
accustom 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early acquaint 使认识,使了解
activate 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries w ho could be activated
w henever needed.
acute 尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker
adapt (使)适应 adapt oneself to new conditions address 演说 a television address
adhere 黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another.
adjacent 临近的,毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs adjo in 贴近,与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake.
admin istrate 掌管,料理...的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the w ife.
adolescent (尤指 16 岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents advance 使向前移动 advance a chessman
advantage 有利条件,优点 Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantag es w hen seeking another term. adverse 不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends.
advocate 拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self-defence
aesthetic 美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory
affliliate 使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 a government affiliated company
affirm 断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement
aggravate 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declin ing economy aggressive 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive w eapon
agitate 搅动(液体等) The machine agitated the mixture. alarm 惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm.
alert 警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should alw ays be alert for new usages. alien 外国的 adjust to an alien culture
allege 断言,宣称 The new spaper alleg es the mayor's guilt. allocate 分配,分派,把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects allied 结盟的,有关联的 allied nat ions
allow 允给,准许,允许 He missed her more than he w ould allow himself to admit. allow ance 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allow ance
alter 改变,更改 alter an attitude
alternate 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate.
amateur (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer amaze 使惊愕,使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post. ambiguous 含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answ er
ambit ion (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心 His political ambit ions still burn. amend 修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper
amuse 逗乐,逗笑,给...提供娱乐(或消遣) The clow n at the circus amused the children.
anchor 锚 The anchor catches (drags).
announce 宣布,声称 It is officially announced that he w ill not run for reelection. annoy 使恼怒,使生气 She w as annoyed at (w ith) his lightheard attitud e.
annual 每年的,年度的 the annual output of steel
anonymous 匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call)
answ er 回答,响应 Henry took ages to answ er the door.
anticipate 预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand w ould fall). anxious 焦虑的,发愁的(about, at) They become anxious at her delay.
apart 成零碎 Such cheap clothes come apart after a few w ashings.
apparent 显然的,明明白白的 It w as apparent that they all understood. appeal 呼吁,恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise.
applaud 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes.
apply 涂,敷 He applied tw o coats of paint to the table.
appoint 任命,委派 They appointed his father (to be 或 as) postmaster. appraise 估量,估计 appraise the infant's w eight
appreciate 感激 I appreciated your help much.
apprehend 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there w ill be any difficulty?
approach 靠近,接近 John is approaching manhood.
appropriate 恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school w ear. approve 赞成,同意 I couldn't approve his conduct.
approximate 大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock.
apt (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes. arbitrary 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice
arise 起立,起身 arise from one's seat
arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom w ill be aroused. Don’t w orry. array 排列,队形 The troops w ere formed in battle array.
articulate 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics.
artificial 人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls
ascend 登高,(渐渐)上升,升高 The airplan e ascended into the cloud. ascertain 查明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he w as dead.
ashamed 惭愧的,羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid. ashore 向岸,向陆地 He sw am ashore.
aside 在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass.
assault 攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort.
assemble 集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meet ing. assert 肯定地说(出),坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence.
assess 估价,评价,评论 assess the present state of the economy assign 分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson.
assimilate 吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas.
associate (使)联系,(使)结合 We naturally associated the name of Darw in w ith the doctrine of evolution. assume 假定,假设 Farmers w ill have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the w eather si favarable.
assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证
assurance 保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he w ould help. astonish 使惊讶 I w as astonished at his sudden appearance.
attach 系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase attain 达到,获得 attain one’s goal
attend 出席,参加(会议等) attend a w edding
attendance 出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today. attentive 注意的,专心的 an attentive audience
attribute 把归因于,把......(过错的责任等)归于(to) He attributed his success to hard w ork. auxiliary 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket
avail 有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us?
average 平均数,平均 The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day. avert 挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy.
aw ake 醒,觉醒 aw ake from sleep
aw ard 授予(奖品等) The university aw arded him an honorary degree. ban (以官方明令)禁止,取缔 He w as banned from entering the city.
bang (突发的) sudden loud bang bar 条,块,杆,棒 a bar of gold
bare 赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的 w alk in bare feet
beforehand 预先,事先 If you w anted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. behave 举止端正,听话 Do behave.
bew ilder 使迷惑,使糊涂 I’m bew ildered as to w hich one to buy. bias 偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb.(或 sth.)
blame 责备,责怪 Public opinion b lames Mrs Smith for leading the gir l astray. blast 一阵(风),一股(气流) a blast of w ind
blaze 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze.
blunt 钝的 The sun w as blazing dow n and the heat w as oppressive. blush (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 blush w ith(或 for) joy
boast 自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts.
bolt 螺栓,(门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts
boom 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled w ith a deep boom.
border 边界,边境,边沿 a district on the Kampuchean side of the border w ith Thailand bore 钻孔,挖(通道) bore through a w all
bounce 弹起,反弹 The ball doesn’t bounce w ell.
bound 跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and w aved her right hand triumphantly. boycott (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures
brace 托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the w eight. breed (使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly.
bribe 贿赂 accept(或 take)a bribe from sb.
brief 短暂的,简短的,简洁的 a brief holiday brisk 轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace
brittle 易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass
brush 刷子,毛刷 a laundry brush
bump 碰,撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the w all in the dark. burst 爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst.
calculate 计算,推算 calculate the distance betw een New York and Chicago call 喊,叫 Please call the names of all the peop le w ho are present.
cancel 取消,废除,删去 cancel a trip capture 俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies
case 事例,事实,事情 This is a case of poor judgment.
cast 投,扔,抛,撒,掷 cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme casual 偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的 a casual meeting
cease 停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly.
certify 证明,证实 The accounts w ere certified (as) correct.
challeng e 向...挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match.
character (事物的)性质,特质 The furniture in Tom’s apartment w as pretentious and w ithout character. charge 要(价),收(费) The airlines charge half price for students.
charm 魅力,魔力 This thriving resort tow n has retained its village charm.
chase 追逐,追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last. check 使突然停止,制止 check one’s steps
cherish 珍爱,珍视 cherish one’s native land chew 嚼,咀嚼 He chew ed a mouthful of meat.
choke 窒息,噎住 be choked by smoke chorus 合唱队
chronic (疾病)慢性的,(人)久病的 chronic indigestion
clarity 澄清,阐明 clarify an issue
cling 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother. clumsy 笨拙的 a clumsy boy
cluster (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists clutch 紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity
coherent 一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals coin 硬币,钱币,金属货币 a silver coin
coincide 相符,相一致 100 Centigrade coincides w ith 212 Fahrenheit.
collaborate (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in w riting plays. collapse 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the w eight of the snow.
collide 碰撞,互撞 The car collided w ith the truck. come 来,来到 Will you come to the dance tonight?
commemorate 纪念,庆祝 commemorate a holid ay
commend 表扬,称赞 commend a soldier for bravery compact 紧密的,坚实的 a compact piece of luggage
compare 比较,对照(w ith, to) compare the body to a finely tuned machine
compatible 能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes. compile 汇编,编制 compile an antho logy of poems
comply 遵从,顺从,服从 comply w ith rules(safety regulations)
compose 组成,构成 England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain. compress 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences
comprise 包含,包括 The shipyard comprises three docks.
compromise 妥协,折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next. compulsory 必须做的,义务的 a compulsory subject
conceal 隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from
 

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