第二部分 完型填空全真模拟(Passages 1-
  8) 完型填空全真模拟(
大纲样题
Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
During
the
1980s,
unemployment
and
underemployment in some countries was as high as 90 per cent. Some countries did not 31 enough food; 32 .
basic needs in housing and clothing were not
Many of these countries looked to the industrial processes of the developed nations 34 copying the 33 solutions.
, problems cannot always be solved by industrialized nations. Industry in 35 the .
developed nations is highly automated and very
It provides fewer jobs than labor-intensive industrial processes, and highly 36 workers are needed to
37
and repair the equipment. These workers must be 38 many nations do not have the 39 of
trained,
necessary training institutions. Thus, the
importing industry becomes higher. Students must be sent abroad to 41 40 vocational and professional training. 42
, just to begin training, the students must
learn English, French, German, or Japanese. The students then spend many return home. All nations agree that science and technology be shared. The point is; countries 45 44 years abroad, and 43 do not
the industrial
processes of the developed nations need to look carefully 46 47 the costs, because many of these costs are . Students from these nations should 48 the 49
problems of the industrialized countries closely.
care, they will take home not the problems of science and technology, 50 the benefits.

  31.
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  40.
A) A) A) A) A) A) A) A) A) A)
generate answered for Moreover expensive gifted keep since charge accept
B) B) B) B) B) B) B) B) B) B)
raise met without Therefore mechanical skilled maintain so price gain
C) produce C) calculated C) as C)Anyway C) flourishing C) trained C) retain C) and C) cost C) receive
D) D) D) D) D) D) D) D) D) D)
manufacture remembered about However complicated versatile protect yet value absorb

  41.
  42.
  43.
  44.
  45.
  46.
  47.
  48.
  49.
  50.
A) Frequently A) soon A) A) A) A) A) A) A) A) some might adopting to opaque tackle In except
B) Incidentally B) quickly B) B) B) B) B) B) B) B) others should conducting at secret learn Through nor
C) Deliberately C) immiediately C) several C) would C) receiving C) on C) sealed C) study C) With C) or
D) Eventually D) first D) D) D) D) D) D) D) D) few will adjusting about hidden manipulate Under but
Passage 1
Silence is unnatural to man. He begins life with a cry and ends it in stillness. In the 21 he does all he can
to make a noise in the world, and there are few things 22 he stands in more fear than of the 24 23 of
noise. Even his conversation is
a desperate
attempt to prevent a dreadful silence. If he is introduced to a fellow mortal and a number of 25 occur in the
conversation, he regards himself as a failure, a worthless person, and is full of 26 of the emptiest-headed
chatterbox. He knows that ninety-nine percent of human conversation means 27 the buzzing of a fly, but he
longs to join in the buzz and to prove that he is man and not a wax-work 29 28 . The object of conversation is not, 30
the most part, to communicate ideas; it is to
the buzzing sound. Most buzzing,
31 , is agreeable to
the ear, and some of it is agreeable even to the He would be a foolish man, however, 33
32 .
waited until
he had a wise thought to take part in the buzzing with his neighbors. Those who 34 the weather as a 35 of the reason
conversational opening seem to be
why human beings wish to talk. Very few human beings join in a conversation 36 the hope of learning 37 if they are
anything new. Some of them are
merely allowed to go on making a noise into other people's ears, though they have nothing to tell them 38
they have seen a new play. At the end of an evening during which they have said nothing at immense they justly 40 39 ,
themselves on their success as
conversationalists.

  21.
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  29.
  30.
  31.
  32.
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  34. [A] intervention [A] of which [A] presence [A] in great measure [A] hesitations [A] admiration [A] more than [A] [A] [A] [A] character for carry out particularly [B] [B] [B] [B] interval in which abundance in brief [C] [C] [C] [C] eclipse with which existence all in all [D] [D] [D] [D] meantime by which absence at least
[B] delays [B]envy [B] no less than [B] figure [B] in [B] pick up [B] unfortunately [B] mentality [B] when [B] dispatch
[A] mind [A] who [A] dispose
[C] interruptions [C] amazement [C] rather than [C] role [C] at [C]speed up [C] fortunately. [C] intelligence [C] if [C] dismiss
[D] pauses [D] revenge [D] no more than [D] personality [D] on [D] keep up [D] utterly [D] wit [D] which [D] despise

  35.
  36.
  37.
  38.
  39.
  40.
[A] ignorant [A] at [A]disgusted [A] in that [A] length [A] prey
[B] negligible [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] against content so that expanse model
[C] obscure [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] with disgraced such that stretch respect
[D] inconspicuous [D] in [D] discouraged [D] except that [D] span [D] pride
Passage 2
Recent
legal
research
indicated
that
incorrect
identification is a major factor in many miscarriages (失败) of justices. It also suggests that identification of people by witnesses in a courtroom is not as 21 as commonly 22 of
believed. Recent studies do not support the
faith judges, jurors, lawyers and the police have in eyewitness evidence. The Law Commission recently published an
educational paper, "Total Recall? The Reliability of Witness 23 ", as a companion guide to a proposed code of 24
evidence. The paper finds that commonly held
about how our minds work and how well we remember are often wrong. But while human memory is change, it should not be underestimated. In court witnesses are asked to give evidence about events, and judges and juries 26 its Feliability. The 25
paper points out that memory is complex, and reliability of any person's recall must be assessed 27 . 28
Both common sense and research say memory
over time. The accuracy of recall and recognition are 29 their best immediately 30 encoding the
information, declining at first rapidly, then gradually. The longer the delay, the more likely it is that information obtained after the event will interfere original memory, which reduces The paper says can create such 33 34 32 . 31 the
interviews or media reports . "People are particularly 35 when the 36 , 37
susceptible to having their memories
passage of time allows the original memory to and will be most susceptible if they repeat the as fact."
Witnesses may see or read information after the event, then 38 it to produce something 39 than
what was experienced, significantly reducing the reliability, of their memory of an event or offender, "Further, witnesses may strongly believe in their memories, even though aspects of those memories are

  21.
  22. [A] trustful [A] rate [B] reliable [B] degree
40 false."
[D] considerable [D] scale
[C] innocent [C] extent

  23.
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  27.
  28.
  29.
  30.
  31.
  32.
  33.
  34.
  35.
  36.
  37.
  38.
  39.
  40.
[A] Manifestation [A] perceptions [A] subject to [A] assess [A] interactively [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] descends at before with appropriacy consequent
[B] Declaration [B] acceptances [B] liable for [B] appreciate [B] comparatively [B] declines [B] in [B] after [B] in [B] accuracy [B] successive [B] deformations [B] transformed [B] diminish [B] mistreatment [B] connect [B] rather [B] constantly
[A] distortions [A] altered [A] fade [A] misinformation [A] associate [A] other [A] invariably
[C] Presentation [C] permissions [C] incapable of [C] calculate [C] horizontally [C] inclines [C] on [C] when [C] at [C]originality [C] subsequent [C] malfunctions [C] converted [C] lessen [C] misguidance [C] link [C] more [C] justifiably
[D] Testimony [D] receptions [D] attributable to [D] speculate [D] individually [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] degrades upon until on justice preceding
[D]malformatio ns [D] modified [D] dwell [D] misjudgement [D] integrate [D] less [D] verifiably
Passage 3
Throughout the 19th century and into the 20th, citizens of the United States maintained a bias against big cities. Most lived on farms and in small towns and believed cities to be centres of moral 22 21 , crime, poverty and 23 , by a
. Their distrust was caused 24 25
national ideology that,
farming the greatest to urban living. This
occupation and rural living , attitude 26
even as the number of urban dwellers 27 of the
increased and cities became an essential
national landscape. Gradually, economic reality overcame ideology. Thousands 28 the precarious(不稳定的)life
on the farm for more secure and better paying jobs in the city. But when these people 29 from the country-side,
they carried their fears and suspicions with them. These new urbanities, already convinced that cities were 30 with great problems. eagerly 31 the progressive reforms that promised to bring order out of the city. One of many reforms came utilities. Water and 34 33 the area of public were usually 32 of the
sewerage systems
operated by
governments, but the gas and
electric networks were privately owned. Reformers feared that the privately owned utility companies would 35
exorbitant( 过 度 的 ) rate for these essential services and 36 them only to people who could afford them. Some 37 the
city and state governments responded by
utility companies, but a number of cities began to supply these services themselves. 38 of these reforms 39
argued that public ownership and regulation would
widespread access to these utilities and guarantee a 40 price.

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[A] eruption [A] disgrace [A] by origin [A] proclaimed [A] superb [A] predominated [A] feature [A] deserted [A] reallocated [A] overwhelmed [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] embraced chaos at public charge distribute degenerating
[B] corruption [B] deterioration [B] in part [B] exclaimed [B] super [B] dominated [B] peculiarity [B] departed [B] migrated [B] overflowed [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] adopted chores by municipal take deliver generating
[C] interruption [C] dishonor [C] at all [C] claimed [C] exceptional [C] commanded [C] quality [C] abolished [C] replaced [C] overtaken [C] hugged [C] chorus [C] out [C] republican [C] cost [C] transfer [C] regenerating [C] Sponsors [C] reassure [C] square
[D] provocation [D] degradation [D] at random [D] reclaimed [D] superior [D] prevailed [D] attribute [D] abandoned [D] substituted [D] preoccupied [D] contained [D] outbreaks [D] in [D] national [D] spend [D] transport [D] regulating [D] Rivals [D] incur [D] objective
[A] Proponents [A] secure [A] fair
[B] Opponents [B] ensure [B] just
Passage 4
Psychologist Alfred Adler suggested that the primary goal of the psyche (灵魂、精神)was superiority. Although 21 he believed that individuals struggled to achieve 22 a more
superiority over others, Adler eventually
complex definition of the drive for superiority. Adler's concept of striving for superiority does not 23 the everyday meaning of the word superiority. He 24
did not mean that we innately( 天 生 地 ) seek to
one another in rank or position, that we seek to 26
25
did he mean
an attitude of exaggerated 27 , Adler's drive for
importance over our peers.
superiority involves the desire to be competent and effective, complete and thorough, in to do. Striving for superiority occasionally takes the 29 28 one strives
of an exaggerated lust for power An individual may seek to play go and 30 control over objects and people. 31 tendency into our
The goal may introduce a
lives, in which we play games of " dog eat dog". But such expressions of the desire of the desire for superiority do not 32 33 its more positive, constructive nature. Adler, striving for superiority is innate and 34 that human beings
is part of the struggle for
share with other species in the process of evolution. From this 35 , life is not 37 36 by the need to reduce
tension or restore think; 38
, as Sigmund Freud tended to
, life is encouraged by the desire to move
from below to above, from minus to plus, from inferior to superior. The particular ways in which individuals their quest(追求)for superiority are 40 39
by their
culture, their unique history, and their style of life.

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  34.
  35.
  36.
  37.
  38.
  39.
  40. [A] instinctively [A] designed [A] refer to [A] surpass [A] or [A] retain [A]Rather [A] which [A] form [A] operate [A] ambiguous [A] reflect [A] According to [A] survivor [A] respective [A] motivated [A] equation [A] subsequently [A] undermines [A] determined [B] initially [B] devised [B] point to [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] overpass never sustain Despite that format speculate intricate abide In terms of [C] presumably [C] manipulated [C] comply with [C] overthrow [C] hardly [C] maintain [C] Though [C] whichever [C] formation [C] exercise [C] deliberate [C] glorify [C] Regardless of [C] durability [C] profile [C] inspired [C] equilibrium [C] consequently [C] flings [C] consolidated [D] invariably [D] developed [D] for [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] stand up pursue nor obtain Thus whatever shape resume hostile project In view of
[B] survival [B] prosp
 

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