完型填空全真试题( 第一部分 完型填空全真试题(1994?2002 年) ?
Passage 1
The first and smallest unit that can be discussed in relation to language is the word. In speaking, the choice of words is 41 the utmost importance. Proper selection will eliminate one source of 42
breakdown in the communication cycle. Too often, careless use of words 43 a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by the speaker may 44 unfavorable reactions in the listener
45 interfere with his comprehension; hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down. 46 47 inaccurate or indefinite words may make 48
difficult for the listener to understand the
which is being transmitted to him. The speaker who does not have specific words in his working vocabulary may be 49 to explain or describe in a 50 that can be
understood by his listeners.

  41. [A] of
  42. [A] inaccessible
  43. [A] encourages destroy
  44. [A] pass out up [D] stir up
[B] at
[C] for
[D] on [D] invalid [C]
[B] timely [C] likely [B] prevents [D] offers [B] take away
[C] back

  45. [A] who
  46. [A] Moreover Preliminarily
  47. [A] that
  48. [A] speech meaning
  49. [A] obscure impossible
  50. [A] case
[B] as
[C] which
[D] what [C]
[B] However [D] Unexpectedly [B] it [C] so
[D] this
[B] sense [C] message [D]
[B] difficult [D] unable
[B] means [C] method [D] way
Passage 2
Sleep is divided into periods of so-called REM sleep, characterized by rapid eye movements and dreaming, and
longer periods of non-REM sleep.
kind of sleep 42
is at all well understood, but REM sleep is
to serve some restorative function of the brain. The purpose of non-REM sleep is even more The new experiments, such as these 44 43 . for
the first time at a recent meeting of the Society for Sleep Research in Minneapolis, suggest fascinating explanations 45 of non-REM sleep. For example, it has long been known that total sleep 46 is 100 percent fatal to rats, yet, of the dead bodies, the animals 47 look 48 49 their
completely normal. A researcher has now the mystery of why the animals die. The rats bacterial infections of the blood, 50
immune systems?the self?protecting mechanism against diseases?had crashed.
  41. [A] Either [D] Any
  42. [A] intended assumed
  43. [A] subtle mysterious [B] required [D] inferred [B] obvious [D] doubtful [C] [C] [B] Neither [C] Each

  44. [A] maintained [D] afforded
  45. [A] in the light [C] with the exception purpose
  46. [A] reduction deprivation
  47. [A] upon [D] with
  48. [A] paid attention to sight of [C] laid emphasis on on
  49. [A] develop [D] induce
  50. [A] if [D] if only
[B] described
[C] settled
[B] by virtue [D] for the
[B] destruction [D] restriction [B] by
[C] through
[B] caught
[D] cast light
[B] produce
[C] stimulate
[B] as if
[C] only if
Passage 3
Vitamins are organic compounds necessary in small amounts in the diet for the normal growth and
maintenance of life of animals, including man. They do not provide energy, 41 do they
construct or build any part of the body. They are needed for 42 foods into energy and body
maintenance. There are thirteen or more of them, and if 43 44 . Vitamins are similar because they are made of the same elements ? ? usually carbon, hydro-gen, oxygen, and 45 nitrogen. They are different 46 is missing a deficiency disease becomes
their elements are arranged differently, and each vitamin 47 one or more specific functions in the body. 48 enough vitamins is essential to life, 49
although the body has no nutritional use for vitamins. Many people, 50
, believe in being on
the "safe side" and thus take extra vitamins. However, a well-balanced diet will usually meet all the body's vitamin needs.

  41. A) either never
  42. A) shifting
B) so
C) nor
B) transferring
C) altering
D) transforming
  43. A) any something
  44. A) serious D) fatal
  45. A) mostly D) rarely
  46. A) in that D) except that
  47. A) undertakes D) performs
  48. A) Supplying D) Furnishing
  49. A) exceptional D) external
  50. A) nevertheless D) meanwhile B) therefore C) moreover B) exceeding C) excess B) Getting C) Providing B) holds C) plays B) so that C) such that B) partially C) sometimes B) apparent C) severe B) some C) anything D)
Passage 4
Manpower Inc., with 560,000 workers, is the world's largest temporary employment agency. Every morning, its
into the offices and factories of
America, seeking a day's work for a day's pay. One day at a time. 42 industrial giants like General 43
Motors and IBM struggle to survive
reducing the number of employees, Manpower, based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is booming. 44 its economy continues to recover, the US
is increasingly becoming a nation of part-times and temporary workers. This " most important and it is 47 46 45 " work force is the
in American business today, changing the relationship between
people and their jobs. The phenomenon provides a way for companies to remain globally competitive avoiding market cycles and the growing burdens 48 49
by employment rules, healthcare costs and pension plans. For workers it can mean an end to the security, benefits and sense of employee. 50 that came from being a loyal

  41. A) swarm slip
  42. A) For
B) stride
C) separate
B) Because
C) As
  43. A) from by
  44. A) Even though D) Provided that
  45. A) durable D) transferable
  46. A) approach trend
  47. A) instantly D) sufficiently
  48. A) but whereas
  49. A) imposed D) confined
  50. A) excitement D) importance B) conviction C) enthusiasm B) restricted C) illustrated B) while C) and D) B) reversely C) fundamentally B) flow C) fashion D) B) disposable C) available B) Now that C) If only B) in C) on D)
Passage 5
Until recently most histroians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They 41
that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the insisted that its 43 42 man. But they results during the
period from 1750 to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the 45 44 of the English population.
contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years 46
from 1650 to 1750, when England was still a
agricultural country, a period of great abundance and prosperity. This view, wrong. Specialists have 49 47 48 , is generally thought to be history and economics,
two things: that the period from 50 by great poverty, and
1650 to 1750 was
that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may have actually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.

  41. [A] admitted [D] predicted
  42. [A] plain [D] normal
  43. [A]momentary
[B] believed
[C] claimed
[B] average
[C] mean
[B] prompt
[C] instant
  44. [A] bulk [D] magnitude
  45. [A] On [D] By
  46. [A] broadly [D] completely
  47. [A] however [D] moreover
  48. [A]at [D] for
  49. [A] manifested [D] speculated
  50. [A] noted [D] marked [B] impressed [C] labeled [B] approved [C] shown [B] in [C] about [B] meanwhile [C] therefore [B] thoroughly [C] generally [B] With [C] For [B] host [C] gross
Passage 6
Industrial safety does not just happen. Companies 41 low accident rates plan their safety programs,
work hard to organize them, and continue working to keep them 42 and active. When the work is well done,
a 44
of accident-free operations is established time lost due to injuries is kept at a minimum.
greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by rules or regulations. 47 46
others depend on an
emotional appeal to the worker. But, there are certain basic ideas that must be used in every program if maximum results are to be obtained. There can be no question about the value of a safety program. 48 From a financial standpoint alone, 49 safety , the
. The fewer the injury
better the workman's insurance rate. This may mean the difference between operating at 50 or at a loss.

  41. [A] at [C] on
  42. [A] alive [C] mobile
  43. [A] regulation [C] circumstance
[B] in [D] with [B] vivid [D] diverse [B] climate [D] requirement

  44. [A] where [C] what
  45. [A] alter [C] shift
  46. [A] constituting [C] observing
  47. [A] Some [C] Even
  48. [A] comes off [C] pays off
  49. [A] claims [C] declarations
  50. [A] an advantage [C] an interest
[B] how [D] unless [B] differ [D] distinguish [B] aggravating [D] justifying [B] Many [D] Still [B] turns up [D] holds up [B] reports [D] proclamations [B] a benefit [D] a profit
Passage 7
If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production. He must store a large quantity of grain 41
consuming all his grain immediately. He can continue to support himself and his family 42 he produces
a surplus. He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance 43 the unpredictable
effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to 44 old agricultural implements and 45 the soil. He 46
obtain chemical fertilizers to
may also need money to construct irrigation
and improve his farm in other ways. If no surplus is available, a farmer cannot be either sell some of his property or 47 48 . He must extra
funds in the form of loans. Naturally he will try to borrow money at a low this kind are not 49 50 of interest, but loans of obtainable.

  41. [A] other than [C] instead of
  42. [A] only if [C] long before
  43. [A] for [C] of
  44. [A] replace [C] supplement
  45. [A] enhance
[B] as well as [D] more than [B] much as [D] ever since [B] against [D] towards [B] purchase [D] dispose [B] mix
[C] feed
  46. [A] vessels [C] paths
  47. [A] self-confident [C] self-satisfied
  48. [A] search [C] offer
  49. [A] proportion [C] rate
  50. [A] genuinely [C] presumably
[D] raise [B] routes [D] channels [B] self-sufficient [D] self-restrained [B] save [D] seek [B] percentage [D] ratio [B] obviously [D] frequently
Passage 8
The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to 31 buy up people involved in
prominent cases West. In a significant
the trial of Rosemary
of legal controls
over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a 33 bill that will propose making 34 and will strictly
payments to witnesses
control the amount of a case 36
35 a trial begins.
that can be given to
In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons media select committee, Lord Irvine said he 37 with a committee report this year which said that 38 sufficient control.
self regulation did not 39 Irvine caused a said the 41
of the letter came two days after Lord 40 of media protest when he of privacy controls contained in 42
European legislation would be left to judges to Parliament.
The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which 43 44 45 the European Convention in Britain, laid down to privacy and that
on Human Rights legally that everybody was
public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families. "Press freedoms will be in safe hands our British judges," he said. Witness payments became an 47 after 46
West was sentenced to 10 life sentences in 19
  95. Up to 19 witnesses were 48 to have received payments
for telling their stories to newspapers. Concerns were raised 49 witnesses might be encouraged to 50 guilty
exaggerate their stories in court to verdicts.

  31. [A] as to [D] such as
  32. [A] tightening [D] fastening
  33. [A] sketch [D] draft
  34. [A] illogical [D] improper
  35. [A] publicity [D] peculiarity
  36. [A] since as
  37. [A] sided [D] agreed
  38. [A] present [D] indicate
  39. [A] Release
[B] for instance
[C] in particular
[B] intensifying
[C] focusing
[B] rough
[C] preliminary
[B] illegal
[C] improbable
[B] penalty
[C] popularity
[B] if
[C] before
[B] shared
[C] complied
[B] offer
[C] manifest
[B] Publication
[C] Printing
[D] Exposure
  40. [A] storm [D] flash
  41. [A] translation [D] demonstration
  42. [A] better than [D] sooner than
  43. [A] changes [D] turns
  44. [A] binding [D] sustaining
  45. [A] authorized [D] qualified
  46. [A] with by
  47. [A] impact [D] issue
  48. [A] stated [D] told
  49. [A] what that
  50. [A] assure [B] confide [C] ensure [B] when [C] which [D] [B] remarked [C] said [B] incident [C]inference [B] to [C] from [D] [B] credited [C] entitled [B] convincing [C] restraining [B] makes [C] sets [B] other than [C] rather than [B] interpretation [C] exhibition [B] rage [C] flare
[D] guarantee
Passage 9
Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened 21 the . As was discussed before, it was not 19th century that the newspaper became 22 the
dominant pre-electronic
, following in the 24
wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the
of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution 25 up, beginning with 26 through the
transport, the railway, and leading
telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures 27 the 20th-century world of the motor car and the . It is
airplane. Not everyone sees that process in 28 important to do so. It is generally recognized, 29
, that the
introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 30 by the invention of the integrated circuit during 31
the 1960s, radically changed the process.
its impact on the media was not immediately



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