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考研英语写作补充讲义 考研英语写作补充讲义 写作补充 汪江涛老师编写 说明:本讲义跟面授班发的补充讲义一样,页码也一样 一、
  1、Introduction:
  1)General description
  2)Details 1, 2, 3
  3)Caption/Symbolic meanings
  2、Body:
  1)Topic sentence/Symbolic meanings
  2)Argument:background, facts, others’ opinions, reasons, consequence (
  1) Cause and effect (
  2) Classification (
  3) Definition and explanation (
  4) Statistics and facts : According to the recent survey/data/figure/statistics/study by the Chinese Academy of Social Science, …%(per cent) …. (
  5) Exemplification: A. Numerous examples can be given, but this/these will suffice. B. I can think of no better illustration than the following one(s). C. This/These case(s) effectively clarify that… (
  6) Compare and contrast
  3)Summary
  3、Conclusion:
  1)Concluding sentence
  2)Suggestions
  1、2
  3)Only in this way can we solve this problem. (It is high time that we solved this problem.) 二、
  1、
  2、 First(ly), In the first place, To begin with, First and foremost, Above all, On the one hand, For one thing, Second(ly), In the second place, Besides, In addition, What’s more, Furthermore, Moreover, On the other hand, For another Last(ly), (The)Last but not (the)least, More importantly, Even worse,
  3、 Conversely, Nevertheless, Unfortunately, Whereas, Yet, Instead, In/By comparison/contrast, On the contrary,
  4、 As a result/consequence, Consequently, Accordingly, Thus, Hence, Generally/Briefly speaking,
1
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三、
  1、5m, 30m, 12h,
  1、
  2、
  4、
  7、14d 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B C D E F A AB BC ACD BDE CEF 11 12 13 14 15 16 D E F G AH BI HJ I J 22 H 32 D 23 I 33 E 24 J 34 F 25 35 G 26 36 H 7 G DFG 17 CJ 27 37 I 8 AH EGH 18 D 28 38 J 9 BI FHI 19 E 29 A 39 10 CJ GIJ 20 F 30 B 40
上 晚 上 晚
21 上 G 31 上 C
  2、 1 A A 11 DK HJK
上 晚 上 晚
2 B AB 12 EL IKL 22 HO S 32 DR 42 N
3 C BC 13 FM JLM 23 IP T 33 ES 43 O
4 D ACD 14 GN KMN 24 JQ 34 FT 44 P
5 E BDE 15 AHO LNO 25 KR 35 G 45 Q
6 F CEF 16 BIP MOP 26 LS 36 H 46 R
7 G DFG 17 CJQ NPQ 27 MT 37 I 47 S
8 AH EGH 18 DKR OQR 28 N 38 J 48 T
9 BI FHI 19 ELS PRS 29 AO 39 K 49
10 CJ GIJ 20 FMT QST 30 BP 40 L 50
21 上 GN 晚 RT 31 上 CQ 41 上 M 四、

  1、ACCURACY:extensive (a wide range of) knowledge, fierce competition
  2、VARIETY:
  1) (
  1)I hold the opinion that, As far as I am concerned, (
  2)cling to the idea, in my opinion/view, point out, (
  3)maintain, reckon, assert, hold, claim, emphasize, insist, suppose, assume
  2) (
  1) Due attention has to be paid to, Importance should be attached to, (
  2) be of great importance/significance (
  3) vital, essential, crucial, significant
  3)people in growing/expanding/increasing/mounting numbers
  4)for the purpose of, aim to/at, in a bid to
2
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  3、DIFFICULTY:primary/fundamental factors/courses.
  4、SPLENDOR:
  1)My eyes were sparkling with delight.
  2)He flied into a stormy rage.
  3)I fell into the abyss of unspeakable pain.
  4)Such is human nature, that a great many people are willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers. 五、
  1、
  1)I succeed.
  2)I like Ldy.
  3)LY is smart.
  4)Wei Xiaobao gave Ake an English dictionary.
  5)Tulongdao made many people selfish.
  2、
  1) The fact that a great many senior citizens are ill-treated indicates/suggests that this issue is extremely serious.
  2) What they fail to understand is that respecting the elderly is a traditional virtue of Chinese culture.
  3、 students from HZ, one of the best universities in Beijing, which is the most We, beautiful city in China, the greatest country in the world, are singing a pop song named NDYZ sung by LDy, who is my favorite singer, after we played MJ the whole night. 六、
  1、
  1)Natural disasters claim hundreds of lives every year.
  2)I do appreciate your efforts.
  3)Once in front of me, lay a real chance. Yet, I did not value it. Not until the moment I lost it, did I realize how regretful I was. If God gave me another opportunity, I would never stop making progress.
  4) sat outside in the hall. Everything inside me has gone away. I didn’t think. I I could not think. I knew she was leaving me, but I prayed she not. (Ernest Hemingway: The Sun Also Rises)
  2、A culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared.
  3、environmental protection/awareness
  4、with due consideration of, take into account/consideration
  5、
  1) (
  1) 只有这样下岗工人才能彻底摆脱贫困并且重新获得他们生 命中的尊严。 (
  2) 总而言之,只有长期学习才有助于你掌握大的词汇量。 (
  3) 考虑到上述所有论证,政府早就该实行改革把传统教育模式 转变为素质教育。
  2)
3
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  1)Only in this way can laid-off workers completely shrug off poverty and regain their dignity in life. (
  2)In conclusion, it is persistent work that is conducive to your grasping a large/considerable vocabulary. (
  3)Given all the above arguments, it is high time that the authorities enforced reforms to convert traditional education strategy into education for all-round development/quality-oriented education.
  6、As John F. Kennedy put it, “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.”
  7、
  1)Just as an old saying goes, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.”
  2)Just as an old saying goes, “God only helps those who help themselves.” (天助自助者/自助者天助之! ) 七、 (一)
  1、Bikes are so popular in China.
  2、It is incredible to many people. Cigarette smokers spend money for illness.
  3、I said I have more respect for him than his wife.
  4、We couldn’t decide upon a new car, there were many attractive models.
  5、He was knocked down by a bycicle, but it was not serious.
  6、To succeed in a scientific research project, persistence is needed. 7 、 Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method, while now the laboratory method is employed.
  8、It was both a long ceremony and very tedious.
  9、A man is judged not only by what he says but also by his deeds.
  10、The competition for college enrollment is extremely keen this year and the andidates spend days and nights preparing for the entrance examination and they neglect their health and so the newspapers carry articles urging teachers and parents to take up this problem seriously.
  11、In my opinion, I think the picture is very meaningful.
  12、The distant explosion was audible to the ear.
  13、There are four companies in Shanghai, and any of them can supply us with spare parts.
  14、The bottle that are placed on the shelf contain some chemicals that have been newly discovered.
  15、Mr. Li, who is my favorite professor, has received a Distingusihed Teacher Award. (二)
  1、Bikes are so popular in China that almost every family has at least one.
  2、It is incredible to many people that cigarette smokers spend money for illness.
  3、I said I had more respect for him than for his wife.
  4、We couldn’t decide upon a new car, for there were many attractive models.
  5、He was knocked down by a bycicle, but was not seriously hurt.
  6、To succeed in a scientific research project, one needs to be persistent.
4
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  7、Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method; now it is taught by the laboratory method.
  8、The ceremony was both long and tedious.
  9、A man is judged not only by what he says but also by what he does.
  10、As the competition for college enrollment is extremely keen this year, the andidates spend days and nights preparing for the entrance examination, neglecting their health. In view of this, the newspapers carry articles urging teachers and parents to take up this problem seriously.
  11、In my opinion, the picture is very meaningful./I think the picture is very meaningful.
  12、The distant explosion was audible.
  13、Any of the four companies in Shanghai can supply us with spare parts.
  14、The bottles on the shelf contain some new chemicals.
  15、Mr. Li, my favorite professor, has received a Distingusihed Teacher Award. 八、
  1、
  1)increase, grow, rise, expand, ascend, accumulate, surge, swell jump, leap, skyrocket, soar climb 2 ) go/push up, post/register/manage a moderate/small gain, gain a momentum, continue its upward trend
  3)increase, growth, rise, expansion, ascendance, accumulation, pickup, gain, jump, leap climb
  4)on the rise/increase/ascendance
  2、
  1)decrease, decline, fall, reduce, descend, diminish, dwindle, plunge, plummet, drop, dip, slump, slide, shrink, collapse
  2)go down, drop/fall off, take a dip, continue its downward trend
  3)decrease, decline, diminishment, slowdown, crawl, slump, shrinkage, dip, drop, fall
  4)on the decline
  3、
  1)dramatically, sharply, considerably, rapidly, suddenly, greatly, alarmingly, significantly, enormously, steeply, incredibly, hugely, amazingly, hugely, substantially
  2)at an alarming rate, by leaps and bounds, in big leaps, by a massive leap, by a wide margin
  4、
  1)gradually, steadily, slightly, gently, marginally, slowly, moderately
  2)in a moderate way, by the least amount
  5、remain/stay stable/steady/constant/the same/unchanged
  6、 and fall, fluctuate slightly/dramatically, fluctuate between…and…, a minor rise fluctuation, We can see small rises and falls/fluctuations. 九、
5
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(一)
  1、
  1)Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Sir/Madam, To whom it may concern,
  2)Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor, Dear President (Michael) Wang,
  2、 1 ) Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor, Dear President (Michael) Wang,
  2) Dear Michael, (二)
  1、
  1)
  2) (
  1)I am a staff member from your company/corporation. (
  2)I am a freshman/sophomore/junior/senior/undergraduate/graduate from the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing University.
  3)I am writing the letter in purpose of ordering some books/resigning from my current post/position.
  2、
  1)
  2)
  3)
  3、
  1)
  2) (
  1) My appreciation to you for your generous help is beyond words. (
  2) Words fail me when I want to express my sincere gratitude to you. (
  3) I take this opportunity to show my heartfelt appreciation for the kind assistance you rendered me.
  3) (
  1)I am looking forward to your reply/hearing from you soon. (
  2)I look forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience. (
  3)Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated. (三) Yours sincerely, Li Ming 十、
  1、 Many people appreciate the conveniences of the city. The city offers a wide choice of jobs for adults and schools for children. It also provides plenty of facilities for culture, entertainment and recreation??restaurants, department stores, cinemas, and so on. Besides, transportation is usually well developed in the city, with a variety of
6
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modes of travel, including buses, trams and subways.
In the country, on the other hand, one can enjoy the advantages of fresh air and food, and a more relaxed life style. Housing is usually spacious and inexpensive in the country. And, as for recreation, what could be more relaxing than a stroll down a country lane amid beautiful scenery?
Conversely, there are disadvanteges to living in either the city or the country. City air tends to be polluted, and the streets are always crowded and noisy. In the country, by contrast, the lack of stimulating activities can make a person feel bored and isolated.
All in all, I would say that living in the city is best, for the convenience the city offers in terms of education and work; after all, one can always spend vacations in the country??and get the best of both. (1
  98)
  2. Nowadays there is often a lack of understanding between parent and child. As children get older, they become less eager to communicate with their parents, and a so-called “generation gap” is formed.
There are many causes for this. First of all, parents tend to be conservative and satisfied with what they have, while children are always kee
 

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