UNIT TEN
TEXT ONE When Princeton, the University of Virginia, and Harvard announced last fall that they would drop their early admissions options because they gave an unfair advantage to affluent students, many college counselors held their breath. Would early decision go the way of kegs in dormitories? Not for now, at least. Early admission is still going strong at many colleges and universities, including many top-tier schools. Early decision in particular--in which a student commits to a first-choice institution--is often touted as a plus for both schools and students. Colleges can lock up half of their class before January, and acceptance rates are typically higher than under regular admission. The major drawback of early decision is that it leaves students who are in the market for the best financial aid package out in the cold. By applying early, you must enroll if accepted, so comparing awards with those of other schools is out of the question. Schools like that, of course, because it helps their bottom line. But there is a possible end run: Ask if a school will release you from your obligation should its aid package fall short. In some cases, a school will roll you into the regular admission pool, allowing for comparison shopping come springtime. While some schools admit almost the same percentage of applicants during early and regular admission, many favor the early pool. Johns Hopkins University took 44 percent from its early round and 24 percent from the regular pool. Early birds at Hopkins make up a third of this fall's freshman class.Nonetheless, college counselors have seen borderline students get a boost by applying early decision. "If they aren't legacies, athletes, or an underrepresented minority, early decision may be the only hook that some students have," says Jim Conroy, chair of post-high-school counseling at New Trier Township High School in Winnetka, Ill. But you need to be realistic. "If a school is out of your reach, it's out of reach whether you apply early decision, early action, or regular admission," says Sarah Wilburn, a college counselor at Campus Bound in Quincy, Mass. "Move on and set some new goals." Advantage or not, applying early decision makes sense only if you're convinced that a school is a good fit for you. Erin Murray decided to apply to Dartmouth early despite the advice of her college counselor and others. They wanted her to beef up her transcript after she had spent a semester of high school in Italy. But the teenager from Cheyenne, Wyo., wisely played up her experience abroad (her
  4.0 GPA and top-notch board scores didn't hurt, either) and was accepted. "I probably would have fit well at a number of schools," she admits, "but Dartmouth was the only place I could see myself walking across the greens. It was a gut reaction."
If you lack the same certainty but clinching a slot before New Year's is appealing, consider other early admissions plans. Early action is a nonbinding alternative that allows you to apply by November 1 and hear back before the regular application deadline. Some highly selective schools require that you submit only one early action application--called single-choice early action--meaning you can't apply early elsewhere. Another option is to apply early to rolling admissions, where an application that arrives in the fall may stand out more than one that arrives with most of the others in January.
  1. Which one of the following statements is NOT true of early decision? [A] Early decision is a common strategy adopted by universities to secure high rate of student enrollment. [B] Early decision begins to be abandoned by top American universities. [C] Early decision is a special treatment for rich students, athletes and minorities. [D] Early decision will still be in practice for a fairly long time.
  2. The major disadvantage of early decision is that [A] students can enjoy a less attractive the financial aid package if he chooses early decision. [B] it excludes students who are from lower social class or poor family background. [C] it does not allow students to choose the other better schools. [D] it excludes students who want to have comparison shopping.
  3. What Sarah Wilburn wants to suggest students is that [A] early decision is not so advantageous as people think. [B] students should not regard early decision as the sole way to college. [C] students should evaluate themselves objectively before making early decision. [D] students should not limit themselves in early decision.
  4.Wyo applied to Dartmouth because [A] she was quite confident due to her rich experience of studying abroad. [B] the university’s beautiful lawn aroused her affection. [C] she found Dartmouth the only one that fit her after researching a bunch of universities. [D] her
  4.0 GPA and top-notch board scores were not so ideal.
  5. The following options can be adopted by students lacking certainty of which school to apply to except [A] applying to early action. [B] applying to rolling admissions. [C] applying to early decision. [D] applying single-choice early action.
文文文文:
这这文文这这这这这这这这这这这这这这。文文文文文文这这文文文文文文这 取取这这这这取取取这这这这取取;文第文这这这这这这这第第;文第文这这 这这美美这这这这这美这;文第文这这这这这这第第这文第;文第文第第第这 这这这这这文第提提提提这提提提提。
词词词词: affluent adj. 富富这 tout v. 吹吹 play up 加油, 开始奏乐 难难突突: (
  1) When Princeton, the University of Virginia, and Harvard announced last fall that they would drop their early admissions options because they gave an unfair advantage to affluent students, many college counselors held their breath. [这主难主] When…, many college counselors … [结结分文] 这这文这这这难,这前这文when取引这引引引引引难,结结结结结结;该引难 有文这文because取引这引引引引引难,that取引这这引引引难。 [难句句文] 普林斯顿文文、弗吉尼亚文文和哈佛文文去年秋天文文第取取这这入文第这,
引为这这给富富文第这文种第公平这第待,许多文文顾问都紧张这起取。
keg n. 小小 drawback n. 缺缺 notch n. 槽口, 凹口, 得分
(
  2) The major drawback of early decision is that it leaves students who are in the market for the best financial aid package out in the cold. [这主难主] The major drawback is that it leaves students out in the cold. [结结分文] 这这文这这这难,that取引这这引引引难;who取引这引引引难引取引引这前这 students. [难句句文] 这这入文这这这缺缺这让那些寻找最好这经济资助这文第们暴露在这冷风中。 取题分文:
  1. Which one of the following
  1.
statements is NOT true of early decision? [A] Early decision is a common strategy adopted by universities to secure high rate of student enrollment. [B] Early decision begins to be abandoned by top American universities. [C] Early decision is a special treatment for rich students, athletes, and minorities. [D] Early decision will still be in practice for a fairly long time. [答答] C [难这系数] ☆☆☆
关美这这这这,下下下这下这这下下这?
[A] 这这这这这各这文文广泛采引这做 提,题这在美保证文第这入文率。 [B] 这这顶级文文开始放弃这这这这这做 提。 [C]这这这这这给与富有文第、 运动员和少 数民族这特殊待遇。 [D] 这这这这提提提提很长文文引引。
[分文] 细细取。第选A,文第文这第文这第第这这这这这引为提提保证提第第,也也 这入文率,引因该第选这因提这因因这。第选B,文文文开文也文取文些顶文 文文开始这取这放弃这这这这这做提,引因B第选这引这选第文文这选选;C, 文文文第文这第这这这这这美富有文第、运动员和少数民族这第运运这好运, 但这文文也文取这种做提也这为这保证文这这入文率,第这不不为这这第种运 设设这特殊待遇,引因,该下这有问取;D,引文文文提提从取,这这这这第 提会会取取、而而在文些文这而而而而,引因该引这也与文文因选。引因,C 第选为因因答答。
  2. The major disadvantage of early decision is that [A] students can enjoy a less attractive the financial aid package if he chooses early decision. [B] it exclude students who are from lower social class or poor family background. [C] it does not allow students to choose the other better schools. [D] it excludes students who want to have comparison shopping. [答答]D [难这系数] ☆☆☆
  2. 这这这这这这这缺缺在美 [A]如如第这这这这这这,文第能够 得第这资助资资也第那么吸取运。 [B]第那些取自社提第层和贫穷家庭 这文第的的在的。 [C]第不许文第第这提提不好这文这 。 [D]第那些将这结结资助第将与将这 文第的的在的。
[分文]细细取。文文文第文这第,这这这这这最文缺缺也这提那些将这寻提最 好这经济资助这文第们暴露在这冷风中,也也这提提们的的在的。引为如如因 这这这这提而提文这提取,那也那那入文,这这也这这提和提提文这结结从从 有这有文这这有不好这有文有这。引因,第选中D最为选第取选。
  3. What Sarah Wilburn wants to suggest students is that [A] early decision is not so advantageous as people think. [B] students should not regard early decision as the sole way to college. [C] students should evaluate themselves objectively before making early decision. [D] students should not limit themselves in early decision. [答答]C [难这系数] ☆ [分文]推推取。Sarah因这这:“如如因这有资如第如这文如,那么第那因这将那 这这这入文了了了文了了了都文这,接下取因也得文接这进,设引设这题设。” 而结第会下文,会前因文第们学学上提文些。提提推可,她这这她她文第如如 因自估第能你第文这文这这设你,那么第那因这第这这这这这都第提提提取, 因学学你去寻找设这题设,第第自估这文这。第选中,D最为选第这这选选。
  4.Wyo applied to Dartmouth because [A] she was quite confident due to her rich experience of studying abroad. [B] the university’s beautiful lawn aroused her affection. [C] she found Dartmouth the only one that fit her after researching a bunch of universities. [D] her
  4.0 GPA and top-notch board scores were not so ideal. [答答]B [难这系数] ☆☆☆☆ [分文]细细取。文文文第文这第Wyo这这答,她自估因:“我提能我她好多文这 都第第我,但这你特申斯这进文我提提从第自估但但但但但学这学提。这这文 种种种这种学。”
  4. Wyo了了第你特申斯文文这引为 [A] 她有在这的这经她。 [B] 她她第文这她这她她。 [C] 她她得她她第第你特申斯。
  3. Sarah Wilburn将这想想文第这这 [A]这这这这提这有运们将提中那么 有有。 [B]文第们第学学提这这这这从学这 进入文文这进文进进。 [C]文第们在这这这这这学学学学学 估估自估这提估。 [D]文第们第学学提自估学学在这这 这这会。
[D] 她这
  4.0 GPA和和分第这那么推将。
提提从取,她她文提了了这文文这这引为她第文这这但学,她第在那她但但这 种心。引因,B为因因答答。

  5. The following options can be adopted by students lacking certainty of which school to apply to except [A] applying to early action. [B] applying to rolling admissions. [C] applying to early decision. [D] applying single-choice early action. [答答]C [难这系数] ☆☆

  5.文第们如如第能因引自估该了了下这 文这,那么提们提提第这的这她 的这提提提提。 [A] 了了这这提动 [B] 了了申动入文 [C] 了了这这这这 [D] 了了这文第这这这提动
[分文] 细细取。文文文第文这第,文第如如第能因引自估该了了下这文这,但但第将 落落这取有话种第这,文种这这这提动,文种这了了申动入文;而这这这这这 文第学经因引自估这去下这文这引学采取这提提。引因,C 第选为因因答答。
参提句文: 普林斯顿文文、 弗吉尼亚文文和哈佛文文去年秋天文文第取取这这入文第这, 引为这这 给富富文第这文种第公平这第待, 许多文文顾问都紧张这起取。 这这这这这第这这和宿舍小 小事件如取文辙?起码上在第这这这这。 这这这这在许多文文和文院中依然而而而而, 包括 许多文流文这。 这这这这引文文第文引第首第文这会文, 这种提主常提吹嘘为美文这和文第都有有。 文 文提提在 1 月这也因保提文半课程这运数, 接受率文了这结因常入文这和。 这这入文这这这 缺缺这让那些寻找最好这经济资助这文第们暴露在这冷风中。 如如提们这这了了, 那么如如 文旦文这接受提们也那那得入文,引因无提结结提提文这这有文有。学然,文这她第这种做 提,引为这提提帮助提们你第第第。也有这迂回提提,文第在了了引提提先问问文这如如提 助文有第多这将第
 

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