TEXT ONE Traditional media may be declining in much of the rich world, but in poor countries it is booming. The growth in private media in developing countries has spurred much of the demand, as has new technology. That is stoking journalism training in far-flung places, in many shapes and sizes. They range from full degree programmes to the short-term specialist training offered widely across Asia, Africa and Latin America. Groups offering such courses include the BBC World Service Trust, the Reuters and Thomson Foundations, the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) and Internews Network, a media-development charity based in America. These days the donors are particularly interested in niches, such as investigative reporting and science writing. But that approach sometimes flops. The need for basic reporting skills is still central. Trainers stress the need for flexibility. Participants in the courses praise the results, while complaining about the lack of focus and co-ordination among some providers. Shapi Shacinda, the Reuters correspondent in Zambia and chairman of the press club in the capital, Lusaka, says that foreign-backed training in business and economic reporting has helped bring more sceptical coverage. Previously, news stories used to be taken straight from officials' statements, he says. But governments are harder to teach. Encouraging students to probe sensitive topics may threaten their lives or livelihoods. An Iraqi journalist trained by and working with the IWPR was shot dead earlier this year. Just this week, Zambia's minister of information asserted that state-run media should not criticise the government. In Russia, an organisation founded by Internews has been closed by the authorities, who were apparently suspicious of its American backing. Rich-country governments can be a problem too. Some try to influence the “messages” that trainers deliver, for example by insisting that their diplomats talk to classes on a regular basis. The big training groups insist that they control their own content. Blurring the boundaries can be dangerous both for journalists and the programmes that support them, he notes. But others may be less choosy. More is not always better. Quality varies wildly. Places like Bangladesh and Rwanda have been showered with training in recent years. Gratitude is mixed with the wish for better co-ordination. David Okwemba of Kenya's The Nation newspaper, who also helps train journalists, bemoans overlap between courses and providers' failure to share information. Some courses aspire loftily to build democratic societies through a free press. The BBC trust says it aims to give a say to the common man by holding institutions?public and private?to account. Such a range of goals makes measuring
results difficult. Teaching how to point a camera or write a news story may be easy compared to raising awareness of broader issues such as HIV/AIDS. Many old news hands scoff at the notion of formal journalism education. A well-stocked and inquiring mind plus sharp penmanship are the main assets, they reckon. But even the most grizzled veterans of rich-world journalism still seem glad to earn extra money tutoring tyros in poor countries.
  1. Traditional media is booming in poor countries because of the following reason except [A] the private media is developing at a fast pace. [B] the new technology provides technical foundation. [C] there are many journalism trainings in various shapes and sizes. [D] the demand for traditional media has been in steady increase.
  2. Which one of the following statements is TRUE of the present training in those poor countries? [A] The trainers are paying more attention on skills of investigative reporting and science writing. [B] The courses are mostly extensive rather than being insentive. [C] The training puts emphasis on the flexibility of basic reporting skills. [D] Some trainees are satisfactory with the training courses while some are complaining.
  3. Shapi Shacinda think foreign-backed training in business and economic reporting has helped bring more skeptical coverage because [A] there is a conservative tradition of news reporting in these countries. [B] the foreign-backed training is skeptical about the previous news stories in these countries. [C] there exist some problems in the concept of news report in these countries. [D] the governments order that news stories should be taken from officials’ statements.
  4. From the third paragraph, it can be inferred that Shapi Shacinda thinks
[A] the training is in short of teaching the tactics to deal with different government. [B] it is still common for governments of less-developed countries to interfere with journalism. [C] the training had better not involve itself into unnecessary disputes. [D] the training should stress more on journalism independence from the government.
  5.Towards the journalism training , the attitudes of veterans of journalism can be said to be [A] critical. [B] despicable. [C] inconsistent. [D] supportive.
篇章剖析:
这篇文章主要讲述了贫穷国家传统媒体培训的情况。第一段讲述了目前在贫穷国家传统媒 体培训盛行;第二段讲述受训者的看法;第三段讲述这些国家新闻报道存在的问题;第四 段讲述培训的质量问题;第五段讲述一些课程的目的;第五段讲述资格较老新闻记者对培 训的态度。
词汇注释: flop v. 彻底失败 scoff v. 嘲笑 grizzled adj. 头头头头的 难句突破: (
  1) Shapi Shacinda, the Reuters correspondent in Zambia and chairman of the press club in the capital, Lusaka, says that foreign-backed training in business and economic reporting has helped bring more sceptical coverage. [主体句式] Shapi Shacinda says that … [结构分析] 这是一个复合句,that 引导的是宾语从句。The Reuter…是主语的同 bemoan v. 哀叹 penmanship n. 写作技巧 tyro n. 新新
位语。 [句子译文] Shapi Shacinda 是路透社驻赞比亚的记者,也是赞比亚首都卢萨卡 新闻局的主席,他认为外国公司提供的商业、经济新闻报道培训会使学员们学 会以质疑的态度去报道新闻。 (
  2) David Okwemba of Kenya's The Nation newspaper, who also helps train journalists, bemoans overlap between courses and providers' failure to share information. [主体句式] David Okwemba bemoasn overlap… [结构分析] 这是一个复合句,who引导的是引语从句引引主语。 [句子译文] 肯肯亚报肯《国家》的David Okwemba也也也了对记者的培训,他哀叹道这些培训他构一他他提供了课程, 而而一他他培训而而而而也学员而而而而。
题目分析:

  1. Traditional media is booming in poor countries because of the following reason except [A] the private media is developing at a fast pace. [B] the new technology provides technical foundation. [C] there are many journalism trainings in various shapes and sizes. [D] the demand for traditional media has been in steady increase. [答案] C [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  1.传统的媒体在许多贫穷国家中盛行 起来,是因为除外的其他原因。 [A] 私人媒体以很快的速度在头展 [B] 新科技提供了技术基础 [C] 有许多各种形式和规模的新闻培训 [D] 对传统媒体的需求稳引增加
[分析] 根据第一段“Traditional media may be declining in much of the rich world, but in poor countries it is booming. The growth in private media in developing countries has spurred much of the demand, as has new technology”,因此 A、B、D 选项都符合该行业在贫穷国家兴盛的原因。而 C 选项是以上趋势头展的结果, 而不是原因,因此 C 选项是正确答案。
  2. Which one of the following statements is
  2. 关于贫穷国家中目前的培训,下 TRUE of the present training in those poor 列哪个陈述是正确的? countries? [A] The trainers are paying more attention [A] 培训者更关注调查性报告和科学
on skills of investigative reporting and science writing. [B] The courses are mostly extensive rather than being intensive. [C] The training puts emphasis on the flexibility of basic reporting skills. [D] Some trainees are satisfactory with the training courses while some are complaining. [答案] B
[难度系数 ☆☆☆☆ 难度系数] 难度系数
写作的技巧。 [B] 这些课程涉及内容非常广泛,但 不够集中深入。 [C] 培训的重点是基础报道技巧的灵 活性。 [D] 一 些 培训者 整 体对培 训 课程满 意,而一些不满意。
[分析] 推理题。B 选项为正确答案,因为文中提到“The need for basic reporting skills is still central. Trainers stress the need for flexibility”以及“the lack of focus and co-ordination”,可见培训内容涉及到了基本的技巧,但是不够深入和集中。A 选项错误是因为这只是培训者们的态度,而不是培训的实际情况。C 错误在于 “flexibility of basic reporting skills”,文中“flexibility”和“basic reporting skills”是并 列的关系。D 是干扰选项,对应于文章的“Trainers stress the need for flexibility. Participants in the courses praise the results, while complaining about the lack of focus and co-ordination among some providers”,可见满意和抱怨的是同一批人, 不是两种人。
  3. Shapi Shacinda think foreign-backed training in business and economic reporting has helped bring more skeptical coverage because [A] there is a conservative tradition of news reporting in these countries. B] the foreign-backed training is skeptical about the previous news stories in these countries. [C] there exist some problems in the concept of news report in these countries. [D] the governments order that news stories should be taken from officials’ statements. [答案]A
[难度系数 ☆☆☆ 难度系数] 难度系数 [分析] 推理题。根据第二段,因为这些报道和以前的这类报道来源和风格都不同,以前直 接官他文件中提取,因此比较保守,结合第四段可以得出就是因为这种保守的传统才使得 这种报道很可疑。答案为 A 选项。

  3.Shapi Shacinda 认为外国公司提供 的商业和经济报道培训使新闻报道带 有更多质疑的态度,因为 [A] 在这些国家有着保守新闻报道的 传统。 [B] 这些外国支持的培训对这些国家 以前的新闻报道感到怀疑。 [C] 这些国家在新闻报道概念上存在 一些问题。 [D] 政府命令新闻报道应当从官他文 件中提取出来。

  4. From the third paragraph, it can be inferred that Shapi Shacinda thinks [A] the training is in short of teaching the tactics to deal with different government. [B] it is still common for governments of less-developed countries to interfere with journalism. [C] the training had better not involve itself into unnecessary disputes. [D] the training should stress more on journalism independence from the government. [答案] B [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  4.从第三段可以推导出 Shapi Shacinda 认为 [A] 培训缺乏教授学员们也各种政 府打交道技巧的内容。 [B] 头展中国家的政府干涉新闻报 道仍然是非常常见的现象。 [C] 培训最好不要将自己卷入不必 要的纠纷中。 [D] 培训应该更加强调新闻报道应 该独立于政府之外。
[分析] 推理题。第三段中 Shapi Shacinda 认为后台是外国的商业、经济新闻报 道培训会带来更为怀疑的报道,而且该段中也举了很多例子说明各国政府 (包括 头达国家和头展中国家) 如何控制媒体和新闻报道,因此可以看出,在这些国家 新闻行业仍然受到政府控制。答案为 B 选项。
  5.Towards the journalism training , the attitudes of veterans of journalism can be said to be [A] critical. [B] despicable. [C] inconsistent. [D] supportive. [答案]B
[难度系数 ☆☆☆☆ 难度系数] 难度系数

  5.对于新闻培训,新闻报道老新的态 度可以说是 [A] [B] [C] [D] 批评的。 蔑视的。 不一致的。 支持的。
[分析] 推理题。根据最后一段“Many old news hands scoff at the notion of formal journalism education”,他们嘲笑正是的新闻教育这个概念,因此其态度是否引 和蔑视的。选项 A 有一引的干扰性,因为说他们的态度是 critical 某种程度上也 是说得通的,但是不如 B 选项更加精确和恰当。
也考译文: 在许多富有国家,传统媒体可而已经在走下坡路了,但是在一些贫穷国家这 个行业而依然兴盛。头展中国家私有媒体的增长刺激了对科技的需求。在许多 地他都出现了各种形式和规模的新闻培训。在亚洲、非洲和拉丁美洲既有完整
的学位课程,也有短期的专家培训。提供这些课程的他构包括 BBC 世界服务而 托公司、路透社和汤姆森基金会、战争也和平报道协会以及总部设在美国的头 展慈善他构“新闻网”。
最近,也加新闻培训的学员对一些特殊领域特别感兴趣,比如研究式的报道和科学写 作。但是这种他法有时而会遭到彻底失败。核心内容还应该是最基本的报道技巧。同时培 训而也强调灵活的必要性。也加这些课程的学员们对还是满意的,但而抱怨一些培训
 

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