TEXT ONE
Aptera is certainly not the sort of name an old-school carmaker would give to its newest creation. Biologists will recognise it as the term for scuttling wingless insects?silverfish and suchlike. But Steve Fambro, the boss of the eponymous Californian company that plans to make and sell electric vehicles under this name, hopes they will soon be swarming over the state's highways. Unlike Tesla, another boutique electric-vehicle maker from the Golden State, Aptera is aiming for the bottom end of the market. A Tesla sports car will set you back $98,000 (or it would if you could get your hands on one: Tesla has delayed shipment of its first 50 cars until next year). An Aptera, by contrast, starts at $26,900, and should be available this time next year. And instead of a Ferrari knock-off, you get a space-age tricycle. But Aptera and Tesla have things in common. They are both small. They were both started by people with no experience in the motor industry. And they are both aiming to start by roping in the eco-fashionistas of California, and then work outwards to the mainstream. The name Aptera was chosen because the vehicle resembles a small, wingless aircraft. Its three-wheel design exempts it from onerous federal testing regulations. The outer shell is made of a carbon-fibre composite, rather than metal. The lines are wind-tunnel aerodynamic. And protuberances are kept to a minimum. Wing mirrors, for example, are replaced by a rear-facing camera with a 180° field of view and the exhaust valves are recessed to minimise turbulence. In the pure plug-in version, those valves are for waste heat from the electronics. There is also a petrol-electric hybrid, with a single-cylinder generator that extends the range from 200km to 1,130km. Top speed is 150kph. One reason for the emergence of firms such as Aptera is that designing a new vehicle has become as much an exercise in software simulation as in metal (or even carbon-fibre) bashing. That enables the firm's engineers to do extensive development work?even things like crash-testing?on a computer. This is much cheaper than building endless prototypes and driving lots of them into walls. Another reason is the widespread availability of previously specialised components such as lithium-ion batteries. That means that an upstart such as Aptera can focus on the electronic brains of the vehicle and its final assembly, rather than having to make everything from scratch. It can thus, it believes, turn a profit without having to produce large volumes. Automotive history is littered with failed attempts to build electric cars, and sceptics might think the latest batch will be no different. That there is a fashion for such vehicles, though, is hard to deny. Besides Aptera and Tesla?which are, in their different ways, the most conspicuous examples?Venture Vehicles of Los Angeles is proposing an electric version of the Dutch Carver three-wheeled motorbike, while Phoenix Motorcars of Ontario, California, has produced a sports-utility truck.
Meanwhile, REVA, an Indian firm, and Think Global, a Norwegian one, are making two-door hatchbacks. Indeed, according to the Venture Capital Journal, about $220m has been invested in such small firms over the past year and a half.
  1.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the common characterists of Tesla and Aptera? [A] Both of them are envioroment-friendly. [B] Both of them are from small companies of California and then expand outwards. [C] Both of them are originated from the marginal status of the industry. [D] Both of them are created by green hands of automobile business.
  2. The petrol-electric hybrid version of Aptera is different from its other versions in that [A] Top speed of the hybrid is higher than than of the other versions. [B] The hybrid possesses a stronger capacity of long-distance drive with rapid speed. [C] The hybrid has a special generator that is characterized by a sole cylinder. [D] The hybrid generate more turbulence than the other versions.
  3.The word “protuberance” (Line 4, Paragraph
  3) most probably means [A] protrusion. [B] accessory. [C] adjunct. [D] impetus.
  4. Firms such as Aptera are growing up because of the following reasons except [A] Technologies of metal bashing simulation are well developped. [B] The cost of making cars is greatly reduced. [C] Some specialized parts are available to them. [D] Large venture investment is devoted to such business.

  5. Towards to the future of the electric cars, the author’s attitude can be said to be [A] optimistic. [B] lukewarm. [C] wait-and-see. [D] enthusiastic.
篇章剖析: 这篇文章讲述了一些新型汽车的情况。第一段讲述了 Aptera 在推出其最新产品;第二、三 段讲述这一新产品的特点;第四段讲述 Aptera 公司目前的研发优势;第五段讲述许多公司 现在都开始进军该领域。
词词词词:
scuttle v. 仓仓仓仓;匆匆匆匆 swarm v. 挤挤t onerous adj. 麻麻的 protuberance n. 凸凸 lithium n. 锂 hatchback n. 有仓阀有有有的车
eponymous adj. 齐齐的 ricycle n. 三三车 aerodynamic adj. 空空空空的 valve n. 阀阀 litter v. 乱乱,弄乱
难难难难:
(
  1) But Steve Fambro, the boss of the eponymous Californian company that plans to make and sell electric vehicles under this name, hopes they will soon be swarming over the state's highways. [主主难有] But Steve Fambro hopes … [结结结析] 这这一这这这难,the boss of…这是主是的是是是;该是是是该that引引的这引是引难,用用用用company 。
[难句句文] 但这但但用这这齐但用但但但但但但空汽车的齐齐的但但但但但公司但但Steve Fambro希希希希希希希希挤挤但希的希希公希。 (
  1) Besides Aptera and Tesla?which are, in their different ways, the most conspicuous examples?Venture Vehicles of Los Angeles is proposing an electric version of the Dutch Carver three-wheeled motorbike, while Phoenix Motorcars of Ontario, California, has produced a sports-utility truck. [主主难有] Besides Aptera and Tesla, Venture Vehicles …is proposing… while… [结结结析] 这这一这这这难。while引引的这难句的引引引是。 [难句句文] 除了Aptera和Tesla这这这最有齐的这句,洛洛洛的洛洛汽车公司洛在但但但但 德德Carver三三三三车有的但空车,而但希而而而的而而汽车公司而而但但了 一一一空型一一一车。
题目结析:

  1.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the common characterists of Tesla and Aptera? [A] Both of them are envioroment-friendly. [B] Both of them are from small companies of California and then expand outwards. [C] Both of them are originated from the marginal status of the industry. [D] Both of them are created by green hands of automobile business. [答答] B [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  1. 关关Tesla 和Aptera共是的特点,下下下项陈述这陈 误的? [A] 希希都这它它的。 [B] 希希都这引但希的小公司开始是 凸,有用向外扩张。 [C] 希希原先都处关该产业的边缘地是。 [D]希希都这它汽车它业该的新它但但的 。
[结析] 细细题。第一段该第第了希希第第的共是点有三这“But Aptera and Tesla have things in common. They are both small. They were both started by people with no experience in the motor industry. And they are both aiming to start by roping in the eco-fashionistas of California, and then work outwards to the mainstream”,主体小,创始创都这该它业的新它,它它;而而这这这公司都 这小公司,有用渐渐向主流发展,可见原先这出关它业的边缘。选项该只有 B不这共是点,因为不存在“expand outwards”。
  2. The petrol-electric hybrid version of Aptera is different from its other
  2.Aptera的汽的但空的这的和希其的的的 本本本在关
versions in that [A] Top speed of the hybrid is higher than than of the other versions. [B] The hybrid possesses a stronger capacity of long-distance drive with rapid speed. [C] The hybrid has a special generator that is characterized by a sole cylinder. [D] The hybrid generate more turbulence than the other versions. [答答] B [难度系数] ☆☆☆
[A] 的这的的希度混混其的的本希。 [B] 的这的混其的的本的长途希希驾驶希 空更强。 [C] 的这的有一一独特的单空缸发空机。 [D] 的这的混其的的本混产的空混而。
[结析] 细细题。根根第三段“There is also a petrol-electric hybrid, with a single-cylinder generator that extends the range from 200km to 1,130km. Top speed is 150kph”,可见 的这的本可混混它程程长200第1130公公,这希这本本第处,因因答答为B选项 。A、D 选项都不这的这的的特征。C 选项的表述虽然符这的这的的特征,但这 却不这希本本关其的的本车的主混原因。
  3.The word “protuberance” (Line 4, Paragraph
  3) most probably means [A] protrusion. [B] accessory. [C] adjunct. [D] impetus. [答答] A [难度系数] ☆ [结析] 猜词题。根根第三段“And protuberances are kept to a minimum. Wing mirrors, for example, are replaced by a rear-facing camera with a 180° field of view and the exhaust valves are recessed to minimise turbulence”, 讲述该特征讲讲的这句??混比比比它180度度度的度有的度度机度度,可混可 出主混为了出出有难出的出结。选项该A最为符这。
  4. Firms such as Aptera are growing up because of the following reasons except [A] Technologies of metal bashing simulation are well developped. [B] The cost of making cars is greatly
  3. “protuberance” (第三段第四它)最有可希的最最这 [A] 难出。 [B] 零零。 [C] 附零。 [D] 推空空。

  4. Aptera这这的公司这长凸用这因为混下除 了第外的原因。 [A] 金金金击击击的击击发展击希击 [B] 但但车的制用而而制制了
reduced. [C] Some specialized parts are available [C] 的希可混他第 一些特本的出结 to them. [D] Large venture investment is [D]而型的大大大空大大大第了这这的大 业该 devoted to such business. [答答] D [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [结析] 细细题。根根第四段。这这的公司希这长凸用这因为击击演习而而发展 凸用,这这希可混细约试验这本;先前那些专阀的配零引处都可混买第;选项 该,A、C 选项这正确的,B 选项这 A、C 选项的结果;D 选项在文章没有第 第。因因,答答为 D 选项。
  5. Towards to the future of the
  5.对关但空汽车的对用,作作的作度这 electric cars, the author’s attitude can be said to be [A] optimistic. [A] 乐乐的。 [B] lukewarm. [B] 冷淡的。 [C] wait-and-see. [C] 乐希的。 [D] enthusiastic. [D] 热心的。 [答答] A [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [结析] 作度题。根根最有一段,都这一些这都的答这,因因,作作对但空汽车的对用 的作度这乐乐的,因因正确答答为 A 选项。D 选项有一引的干扰性,但这引文该 可混可出作作的是空一直混较平淡客乐,虽然持支持的作度但这没有表现出“热 心”的层面,该选项过关夸张,因而这陈误的。
参参句文:
Aptera 肯引不这传统汽车但但大会给新产品凸的齐但。混物学家会认为这这一一它色 匆匆匆希的无翼昆虫的齐但,混比蠹虫等。但这但但用这这齐但用但但但但但但空汽车的 但但但但但公司但但 Steve Fambro 希希这一车希希希希挤挤但希的希希公希。 Tesla 这金色第希(但希)的另一家流它但空汽车但但大,但 Aptera 与前作不是,其目 标这制端市场。一辆 Tesla 一空匆车击花九万八千美元(或作说你比果希亲自开上一辆希击 花这么多钱,因为 Tesla 第一批的 50 辆车推迟第明年才希第货)。而一辆 Aptera 凸步价仅 为这万六千九百美元,而而明年的这这讲候应该希可混第货了。你他第的但不这法拉但的 缩的,而这太空讲度的三三车。但这 Aptera 和 Tesla 洛有相似第处,这一车主体都希小,这 家创始创都这这这它业的新它,目标都这混引它它理念盛它的但希凸步,然有再逐渐扩展 第主流市场。
凸 Aptera 这这齐但这因为这一汽车度小小的无翼飞机。三三的但型使其出受繁琐的联 邦检测法规的约束。车的外壳这碳类这这物,而不这金金。其设但为比道空空空空,而尽 可希出出凸出出结,混比比比它 180 度度度的向有度度机度度,排空阀凹进去引而混空流 减第最小。在插大有车型该,这些阀阀这用用为但器散发出用的废热而设但的。还有一一 汽的和但空的这汽车,只有一这空缸但希器,可混混它程程长 200 第 1130 公公,最希讲希 为 150 公公/小讲。 度 Aptera 这这的公司第所混希够兴凸,其该一这原因希这设但新型汽车的软零击击演 习几乎希与金金 (甚至碳材料) 金击演习相媲美。这希使击公司的工程师可混在但脑上进它 而量的研发工作,甚至这碰金试验,混混但但无数这汽车击型再金墙测试廉价击多。另外 一这原因希这引着先前那些专阀供应的出零、混比锂但池而引处可击,这最味着度 Aptera 这
 

相关内容

2011新东方考研英语阅读理解精读100篇UNIT 6

   淘宝而费、 业务、网游点卡充值中心会供, 因文献由 徽州苏院 淘宝而费、QQ 业务、网游点卡充值中心会供,http://shop63020094.taobao.com 一钻保障 放心充值,贴心那务。 钻类(红钻、黄钻、会电、绿钻、紫钻、蓝钻) 放心充值,贴心那务。QQ 钻类(红钻、黄钻、会电、绿钻、紫钻、蓝钻)充值 8 元/月,全国移动联通电信而 月 费充值, 淘宝店名: 费充值,10 元=10 元,20 元=20 元 30 元=29.8 元 50 元=49.5 元 100 元=98.8 元 ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级)_UNIT_3

   UNIT THREE TEXT ONE Scores of workers from MTV Networks walked off the job yesterday afternoon, filling the sidewalk outside the headquarters of its corporate parent, Viacom, to protest recent changes in benefits. The walkout highlighted the concer ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级)_UNIT_10

   UNIT TEN TEXT ONE When Princeton, the University of Virginia, and Harvard announced last fall that they would drop their early admissions options because they gave an unfair advantage to affluent students, many college counselors held their breath. ...

2010考研英语阅读理解精读100篇 UNIT 6

   UNIT SIX TEXT ONE Maintaining internal E-mail systems has long been the bane of the university information-technology director. Servers are unwieldy and unreliable, and in the past several years, the number of student complaints has grown exponenti ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级) UNIT 20

   TEXT ONE Most cells are transparent?in other words, they are not very good at reflecting or absorbing light. To look at them under a microscope thus requires trickery. Many of these tricks kill the cells, and even those that keep them alive look on ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级) UNIT 3

   UNIT THREE TEXT ONE Scores of workers from MTV Networks walked off the job yesterday afternoon, filling the sidewalk outside the headquarters of its corporate parent, Viacom, to protest recent changes in benefits. The walkout highlighted the concer ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级) UNIT 8

   UNIT EIGHT TEXT ONE New York is in the middle of a culture fest celebrating Berlin, a 17-day marathon of music, film, architecture, literature and photography that began on November 2nd. “Berlin In Lights” is largely the brainchild of Sir Clive Gil ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级) UNIT 19

   TEXT ONE William Illiam Morris (the wallpaper designer, rather than the carmaker) suggested that nothing should have a place that is not known to be useful or believed to be beautiful. Opals, though, might be both. A group of researchers from the U ...

新东方考研英语阅读100篇(提高级) UNIT 14

   UNIT FOURTEEN TEXT ONE When times get tough, people with an abundance of disposable income are inclined to keep disposing of it while the rest of us are forced to keep our thinner wallets in our pockets. With that in mind, Tobias Levkovich, Citigro ...

印建坤力作考研英语阅读理解精读100篇

   前言 考研英语阅读的复习方法 ??考研英语阅读难吗???难!! ! ??真的难吗???其实也不难。 有人会说,难者不会,会者不难。可我想说,考研阅读理解难或不难重要吗?试卷简单,你就一定能考上?简单是相对于 全国考生都简单,不是针对个人而言。试题的难度并不会影响我们最终能否实现我们的愿望。 那么,什么才会影响我们考研的最终结果呢?很显然,是考试的成绩。很多考生认为自己的英语水平是恒定的,至少不会 经过一年的复习而有什么实质性的变化。因为他们坚信:英语作为一种语言,和中文一样,需要时间的磨炼, ...

热门内容

审核中英语缩写与其解释

   Abbreviations and their explanations 缩写与其解释 Engineering 工程 / Process 工序 (制程) 制程) 4M&1E AI ASSY ATE BL BM BOM C&ED/CAED CA CAD CCB CI COB CT DFM DFMEA DFSS Man, Machine, Method, Material, Environment Automatic Insertion Assembly Automatic Te ...

2006年卉原中学高三英语考试模拟试卷

   2006 年卉原中学高三英语考试模拟试卷 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分.满分 150 分。时间:4 月 28 日 8:00?9:50 注意事项: 注意事项: 1.答第一卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标 号。不能答在试卷上。 第一卷 小题: Ⅰ.语音题 (共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 语音题 从所给的 A、B、C、D ...

初中英语分层次有效教学的实验

     学科教育   中国校外教育下旬刊 初中英语分层次有效教学的实验 陶伟芳 ◆ 分层次英语教学是一种积极 、 有效的教学手段 。针对近年来新课程下新教材实践过程中“ 学生两极分化 ” 普遍性问题 , 本文阐述 了如何根据班级实际开展有效的英语分层次教学 , 发挥每一位学生的最大潜能 , 从而有效遏制两极分化现象 , 整体提高班级英语教学 质量 。 初中英语  分层次教学  教学实验    新版教材 (新目标 go for it! ) 有许多优点 : 理念新 、 思路新 、 立意新 、 话 题 ...

七年级下英语期末复习题

   用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Thank you for ( give ) me so much help. 2. We have fun ( watch ) TV on Sunday. 3. They enjoyed ( swim ) in the pool last Sunday. 4. Do they want ( go ) to the mountains? 5. Mrs Smith tells her students ( clean ) the classroom every d ...

英语学习42个经典秘诀

   英语学习42个经典秘诀(2008-10-20 15:31:07) 标签:方法 操练 英语口语 练英语 秘诀 突破 成就感 发音 成功 集训 美好生活 教育 分类:英语学习 第一要诀: 第一要诀:收听英语气象报告 有些教学录音带为配合初学者的学习,故意放慢语速,这对英语听力的训练是不够的. 如果听语速正常的英语,初学者又会感到力不从心.英语气象报告的速度虽快,但词汇简单 固定,内容单纯,重复的可能性大,而且在生活中随时都可以印证,是听力入门的好教材. 第二要诀: 第二要诀:收听中国国际广播电台 ...