TEXT ONE
Aptera is certainly not the sort of name an old-school carmaker would give to its newest creation. Biologists will recognise it as the term for scuttling wingless insects?silverfish and suchlike. But Steve Fambro, the boss of the eponymous Californian company that plans to make and sell electric vehicles under this name, hopes they will soon be swarming over the state's highways. Unlike Tesla, another boutique electric-vehicle maker from the Golden State, Aptera is aiming for the bottom end of the market. A Tesla sports car will set you back $98,000 (or it would if you could get your hands on one: Tesla has delayed shipment of its first 50 cars until next year). An Aptera, by contrast, starts at $26,900, and should be available this time next year. And instead of a Ferrari knock-off, you get a space-age tricycle. But Aptera and Tesla have things in common. They are both small. They were both started by people with no experience in the motor industry. And they are both aiming to start by roping in the eco-fashionistas of California, and then work outwards to the mainstream. The name Aptera was chosen because the vehicle resembles a small, wingless aircraft. Its three-wheel design exempts it from onerous federal testing regulations. The outer shell is made of a carbon-fibre composite, rather than metal. The lines are wind-tunnel aerodynamic. And protuberances are kept to a minimum. Wing mirrors, for example, are replaced by a rear-facing camera with a 180° field of view and the exhaust valves are recessed to minimise turbulence. In the pure plug-in version, those valves are for waste heat from the electronics. There is also a petrol-electric hybrid, with a single-cylinder generator that extends the range from 200km to 1,130km. Top speed is 150kph. One reason for the emergence of firms such as Aptera is that designing a new vehicle has become as much an exercise in software simulation as in metal (or even carbon-fibre) bashing. That enables the firm's engineers to do extensive development work?even things like crash-testing?on a computer. This is much cheaper than building endless prototypes and driving lots of them into walls. Another reason is the widespread availability of previously specialised components such as lithium-ion batteries. That means that an upstart such as Aptera can focus on the electronic brains of the vehicle and its final assembly, rather than having to make everything from scratch. It can thus, it believes, turn a profit without having to produce large volumes. Automotive history is littered with failed attempts to build electric cars, and sceptics might think the latest batch will be no different. That there is a fashion for such vehicles, though, is hard to deny. Besides Aptera and Tesla?which are, in their different ways, the most conspicuous examples?Venture Vehicles of Los Angeles is proposing an electric version of the Dutch Carver three-wheeled motorbike, while Phoenix Motorcars of Ontario, California, has produced a sports-utility truck.
Meanwhile, REVA, an Indian firm, and Think Global, a Norwegian one, are making two-door hatchbacks. Indeed, according to the Venture Capital Journal, about $220m has been invested in such small firms over the past year and a half.
  1.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the common characterists of Tesla and Aptera? [A] Both of them are envioroment-friendly. [B] Both of them are from small companies of California and then expand outwards. [C] Both of them are originated from the marginal status of the industry. [D] Both of them are created by green hands of automobile business.
  2. The petrol-electric hybrid version of Aptera is different from its other versions in that [A] Top speed of the hybrid is higher than than of the other versions. [B] The hybrid possesses a stronger capacity of long-distance drive with rapid speed. [C] The hybrid has a special generator that is characterized by a sole cylinder. [D] The hybrid generate more turbulence than the other versions.
  3.The word “protuberance” (Line 4, Paragraph
  3) most probably means [A] protrusion. [B] accessory. [C] adjunct. [D] impetus.
  4. Firms such as Aptera are growing up because of the following reasons except [A] Technologies of metal bashing simulation are well developped. [B] The cost of making cars is greatly reduced. [C] Some specialized parts are available to them. [D] Large venture investment is devoted to such business.

  5. Towards to the future of the electric cars, the author’s attitude can be said to be [A] optimistic. [B] lukewarm. [C] wait-and-see. [D] enthusiastic.
篇章剖析: 这篇文章讲述了一些新型汽车的情况。第一段讲述了 Aptera 在推出其最新产品;第二、三 段讲述这一新产品的特点;第四段讲述 Aptera 公司目前的研发优势;第五段讲述许多公司 现在都开始进军该领域。
词词词词:
scuttle v. 仓仓仓仓;匆匆匆匆 swarm v. 挤挤t onerous adj. 麻麻的 protuberance n. 凸凸 lithium n. 锂 hatchback n. 有仓阀有有有的车
eponymous adj. 齐齐的 ricycle n. 三三车 aerodynamic adj. 空空空空的 valve n. 阀阀 litter v. 乱乱,弄乱
难难难难:
(
  1) But Steve Fambro, the boss of the eponymous Californian company that plans to make and sell electric vehicles under this name, hopes they will soon be swarming over the state's highways. [主主难有] But Steve Fambro hopes … [结结结析] 这这一这这这难,the boss of…这是主是的是是是;该是是是该that引引的这引是引难,用用用用company 。
[难句句文] 但这但但用这这齐但用但但但但但但空汽车的齐齐的但但但但但公司但但Steve Fambro希希希希希希希希挤挤但希的希希公希。 (
  1) Besides Aptera and Tesla?which are, in their different ways, the most conspicuous examples?Venture Vehicles of Los Angeles is proposing an electric version of the Dutch Carver three-wheeled motorbike, while Phoenix Motorcars of Ontario, California, has produced a sports-utility truck. [主主难有] Besides Aptera and Tesla, Venture Vehicles …is proposing… while… [结结结析] 这这一这这这难。while引引的这难句的引引引是。 [难句句文] 除了Aptera和Tesla这这这最有齐的这句,洛洛洛的洛洛汽车公司洛在但但但但 德德Carver三三三三车有的但空车,而但希而而而的而而汽车公司而而但但了 一一一空型一一一车。
题目结析:

  1.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the common characterists of Tesla and Aptera? [A] Both of them are envioroment-friendly. [B] Both of them are from small companies of California and then expand outwards. [C] Both of them are originated from the marginal status of the industry. [D] Both of them are created by green hands of automobile business. [答答] B [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  1. 关关Tesla 和Aptera共是的特点,下下下项陈述这陈 误的? [A] 希希都这它它的。 [B] 希希都这引但希的小公司开始是 凸,有用向外扩张。 [C] 希希原先都处关该产业的边缘地是。 [D]希希都这它汽车它业该的新它但但的 。
[结析] 细细题。第一段该第第了希希第第的共是点有三这“But Aptera and Tesla have things in common. They are both small. They were both started by people with no experience in the motor industry. And they are both aiming to start by roping in the eco-fashionistas of California, and then work outwards to the mainstream”,主体小,创始创都这该它业的新它,它它;而而这这这公司都 这小公司,有用渐渐向主流发展,可见原先这出关它业的边缘。选项该只有 B不这共是点,因为不存在“expand outwards”。
  2. The petrol-electric hybrid version of Aptera is different from its other
  2.Aptera的汽的但空的这的和希其的的的 本本本在关
versions in that [A] Top speed of the hybrid is higher than than of the other versions. [B] The hybrid possesses a stronger capacity of long-distance drive with rapid speed. [C] The hybrid has a special generator that is characterized by a sole cylinder. [D] The hybrid generate more turbulence than the other versions. [答答] B [难度系数] ☆☆☆
[A] 的这的的希度混混其的的本希。 [B] 的这的混其的的本的长途希希驾驶希 空更强。 [C] 的这的有一一独特的单空缸发空机。 [D] 的这的混其的的本混产的空混而。
[结析] 细细题。根根第三段“There is also a petrol-electric hybrid, with a single-cylinder generator that extends the range from 200km to 1,130km. Top speed is 150kph”,可见 的这的本可混混它程程长200第1130公公,这希这本本第处,因因答答为B选项 。A、D 选项都不这的这的的特征。C 选项的表述虽然符这的这的的特征,但这 却不这希本本关其的的本车的主混原因。
  3.The word “protuberance” (Line 4, Paragraph
  3) most probably means [A] protrusion. [B] accessory. [C] adjunct. [D] impetus. [答答] A [难度系数] ☆ [结析] 猜词题。根根第三段“And protuberances are kept to a minimum. Wing mirrors, for example, are replaced by a rear-facing camera with a 180° field of view and the exhaust valves are recessed to minimise turbulence”, 讲述该特征讲讲的这句??混比比比它180度度度的度有的度度机度度,可混可 出主混为了出出有难出的出结。选项该A最为符这。
  4. Firms such as Aptera are growing up because of the following reasons except [A] Technologies of metal bashing simulation are well developped. [B] The cost of making cars is greatly
  3. “protuberance” (第三段第四它)最有可希的最最这 [A] 难出。 [B] 零零。 [C] 附零。 [D] 推空空。

  4. Aptera这这的公司这长凸用这因为混下除 了第外的原因。 [A] 金金金击击击的击击发展击希击 [B] 但但车的制用而而制制了
reduced. [C] Some specialized parts are available [C] 的希可混他第 一些特本的出结 to them. [D] Large venture investment is [D]而型的大大大空大大大第了这这的大 业该 devoted to such business. [答答] D [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [结析] 细细题。根根第四段。这这的公司希这长凸用这因为击击演习而而发展 凸用,这这希可混细约试验这本;先前那些专阀的配零引处都可混买第;选项 该,A、C 选项这正确的,B 选项这 A、C 选项的结果;D 选项在文章没有第 第。因因,答答为 D 选项。
  5. Towards to the future of the
  5.对关但空汽车的对用,作作的作度这 electric cars, the author’s attitude can be said to be [A] optimistic. [A] 乐乐的。 [B] lukewarm. [B] 冷淡的。 [C] wait-and-see. [C] 乐希的。 [D] enthusiastic. [D] 热心的。 [答答] A [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [结析] 作度题。根根最有一段,都这一些这都的答这,因因,作作对但空汽车的对用 的作度这乐乐的,因因正确答答为 A 选项。D 选项有一引的干扰性,但这引文该 可混可出作作的是空一直混较平淡客乐,虽然持支持的作度但这没有表现出“热 心”的层面,该选项过关夸张,因而这陈误的。
参参句文:
Aptera 肯引不这传统汽车但但大会给新产品凸的齐但。混物学家会认为这这一一它色 匆匆匆希的无翼昆虫的齐但,混比蠹虫等。但这但但用这这齐但用但但但但但但空汽车的 但但但但但公司但但 Steve Fambro 希希这一车希希希希挤挤但希的希希公希。 Tesla 这金色第希(但希)的另一家流它但空汽车但但大,但 Aptera 与前作不是,其目 标这制端市场。一辆 Tesla 一空匆车击花九万八千美元(或作说你比果希亲自开上一辆希击 花这么多钱,因为 Tesla 第一批的 50 辆车推迟第明年才希第货)。而一辆 Aptera 凸步价仅 为这万六千九百美元,而而明年的这这讲候应该希可混第货了。你他第的但不这法拉但的 缩的,而这太空讲度的三三车。但这 Aptera 和 Tesla 洛有相似第处,这一车主体都希小,这 家创始创都这这这它业的新它,目标都这混引它它理念盛它的但希凸步,然有再逐渐扩展 第主流市场。
凸 Aptera 这这齐但这因为这一汽车度小小的无翼飞机。三三的但型使其出受繁琐的联 邦检测法规的约束。车的外壳这碳类这这物,而不这金金。其设但为比道空空空空,而尽 可希出出凸出出结,混比比比它 180 度度度的向有度度机度度,排空阀凹进去引而混空流 减第最小。在插大有车型该,这些阀阀这用用为但器散发出用的废热而设但的。还有一一 汽的和但空的这汽车,只有一这空缸但希器,可混混它程程长 200 第 1130 公公,最希讲希 为 150 公公/小讲。 度 Aptera 这这的公司第所混希够兴凸,其该一这原因希这设但新型汽车的软零击击演 习几乎希与金金 (甚至碳材料) 金击演习相媲美。这希使击公司的工程师可混在但脑上进它 而量的研发工作,甚至这碰金试验,混混但但无数这汽车击型再金墙测试廉价击多。另外 一这原因希这引着先前那些专阀供应的出零、混比锂但池而引处可击,这最味着度 Aptera 这
 

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