UNIT FOUR
TEXT ONE
As Americas digest the news of another gun atrocity, a mall shooting in Nebraska on December 5th, they cannot be blamed for thinking that guns are in too ready supply. But an article in the latest Economic Journa suggests that the demand for illegal guns, at least, is not met as easily as people might fear. Sudhir Venkatesh, now of Columbia University, has talked to 132 gang-members, 77 prostitutes, 116 gun-owning youths, 23 gun-dealers and numerous other denizens of Chicago's Grand Boulevard and Washington Park neighbourhoods. He did not find many satisfied customers. Chicago has unusually tough restrictions on legal handguns. Even so the black market is surprisingly “thin”, attracting relatively few buyers and sellers. The authors reckon that the 48,000 residents of the two neighbourhoods buy perhaps 1,400 guns a
year, compared with at least 200,000 cocaine purchases. Underground brokers sell guns
for $150-350, a mark-up of perhaps 200% over the legal price. They also demand a fee of $30-50 for orchestrating the deal. Even then, 30-40% of the transactions fall through because the seller cannot secure a gun, gets cold feet or cannot agree on a location for the deal. Buyers also find it hard to verify the quality of the merchandise. They often know little about the weapons they covet. “Tony”, who owns a .38 calibre handgun, learnt how to use his weapon by fiddling with it. He even put a stone in it. “Did it fire?” Mr Venkatesh asked. “I'm not sure. I think it did,” Tony said. Fortunately for Tony and his peers, their rivals and the victims of crime cannot tell if their guns work any better than they can. Often, showing the “bulge” is enough to gain the respect of rival gangs. In robberies brandishing the weapon will usually do. Storekeepers do not wait for proof that it works. Markets can overcome thinness, the paper says; they can also overcome illegality. But they cannot overcome both. A thin market must rely on advertising or a centralised exchange: eBay, for example, has dedicated pages matching sellers of imitation pearl pins or Annette Funicello bears to the few, scattered buyers that can be found. But such solutions are too cumbersome and conspicuous for an underground market. The drugs market, by contrast, slips through the law's fingers because of the natural density of drug transactions. Dealers can always find customers on their doorstep, and buyers can reassure themselves about suppliers through repeated custom. There are no fixed and formal institutions that the police could easily throttle.
Indeed, the authors argue that the gun market may be threadbare partly because the drug market is so plump. Gang-leaders are wary of gun-dealing because the extra police scrutiny that guns attract would jeopardise their earnings from coke and dope. Even Chicago's gang-leaders have to worry about the effect of crime on commerce.

  1. Some of the gun transactins are unsuccessful mainly because [A] it is not profitable as the underground price of gun far exceeds legal price. [B] Chicago has surprisingly tough restrictions on the ownership and business of guns. [C] the dealers are unable to guarntee whether the deal is really going to happen or not. [D] it is hard to testify the quality of the guns in actual situations.
  2.Compared with the gun market, the drug market can be “fat” mainly because [A] it hardly attracts the police’s attention due to the flexibility of the business. [B] the drug dealings are taking place in higher frequency. [C] there are no fixed and formal spots for drug dealing. [D] drug is affordable to a larger number of people.

  3. The word “cumbersome” (Line 4, Pargraph
  5) most probably means [A] transparent. [B] troubling. [C] horrible. [D] stupid.
  4. The reason why the authors argue that the gun market may be threadbare partly because the drug market is so plump is [A] that the drug transaction is more prefitable thatn gun-dealing. [B] that the police are more dedicated to the gun-dealing than to the drug-dealing. [C] that the gang-leaders are suppressing the gun-dealing in order to maintain their profit from drug [D] that the gang-leaders are worried about the effect of crime on commerce.
  5. Towards the future of gun-dealing, the author’s attitude is [A] pessimistic. [B] optimistic. [C] desperate.
[D] sorrowful. 文文文文: 这这文文这这这这这这这这这这这这这这这这。第第第第第这这第第这第第第 这的的的的这这的的的的的的这的的的的的Sudhir经经经经这经经;第第第第 述述述这这述的述这这;第第第、第第第第述第这这第员 这这这;第第第、第第第的的这这这和 毒毒述的,的的这这这这述的得得这得第得得的的。
词词词词: denizen n. 居民 标; 涨价涨涨 fall through v. 失失 covet v. 觊觊,垂垂 bulge n. 突突 cold feet. 临临退缩 calibre n. 口口 brandish v. 挥挥 mark-up n. (价价价 标标这标
cubersome adj. 讨厌这, 麻烦这, 笨重这 throttle v. 压述,扼第 threadbare adj. 破旧这,磨薄这 难难突破: (
  1) Fortunately for Tony and his peers, their rivals and the victims of crime cannot tell if their guns work any better than they can. [这主难主] Their rivals and the victims cannot tell… [结结结文 这这第的这这难,这得这这词前前前难前这前前, any better than they can经得后后这tell,也前难前这前前。 [难前句文] 幸运这这,对的 Tony 这样这第,他们这敌第以及那些受害第也的他们述不这
第少,并不能辨别的第这抢这否好用。 (
  2) A thin market must rely on advertising or a centralised exchange: eBay, for example,
has dedicated pages matching sellers of imitation pearl pins or Annette Funicello bears to the few, scattered buyers that can be found. [这主难主] A thin market must rely on…: eBay has dedicated…
[结结结文 这这第的这这难,经得用后后词后的难前这后难价,matching…组组 这的的结词前前前这得pages这的前,而经得而第的that的引这的前后难引引buy ers。 [难前句文] 第的狭窄这这场这依赖的广告或这集价这述的。的如的趣专门设的几页让那
些卖假珍珠针引这商家或 Annette Funicello 熊这商家与所能找到这极少这、结布的各地这第 家进行配对。
题这结文:
  1.Some of the gun transactins are unsuccessful mainly because [A] it is not profitable as the underground price of gun far exceeds legal price. [B] Chicago has surprisingly tough restrictions on the ownership and business of guns. [C] the dealers are unable to guarantee whether the deal is really going to happen or not. [D] it is hard to testify the quality of the guns in actual situations. [答第]C [难涨系数] ☆☆☆ [结文] 细细题。文文第第第文到,30%到40%这述的的经失失这的有卖家或这败而败到这这, 或或临临或或,或或败而或述的地的或组第或。的因,述的失失这这这的的这卖家不能卖卖述 的, 选项 C符枪题符。A 选项的该第价而所涉及,但却不这述的不组有这直接的的。B 与选项无 关, 而 D 则涉及到这第第第,且所谈及这这这这这很述问题,而不这述的这否组有这问题。
  1. 而第些这这述的有能组有这这这的有 [A] 这这这这价价枪枪标第枪枪这这这价价。 [B] 芝芝芝对枪枪芝这而芝价这芝述。 [C] 卖家不能卖卖述的这否能卖卖卖。 [D] 很难的很很这很很卖很所很很这这这很述。

  2.Compared with the gun market, the drug market can be “fat” mainly because [A] it hardly attracts the police’s attention due to the flexibility of the business. [B] the drug dealings are taking place in higher frequency. [C] there are no fixed and formal spots for drug dealing. [D] drug is affordable to a larger number of people. [答第]B [难涨系数] ☆☆☆☆

  2.与这这这场与的,毒毒这场的的毒毒这的有 [A] 毒毒述的非常灵活,的因很难吸的警察这词符 力。 [B] 毒毒述的更芝频繁。 [C] 毒毒述的败而毒的、正主这场所。 [D] 对的很第第后说,他们都能卖第的突毒毒。
[结文] 细细题。文文第第第文到这这述的的有文文文文很难文文文得得这的前,而与 反地,毒毒述的的有文毒毒density of drug transactions(毒毒述的毒涨)这的的的以或的枪的,接接很得或接主接这后词
,的如述的很的的或组,而且文述的地的不毒的,警察不能警的压述。这这的
的或这因的文述的述毒毒的的本,的因 有正为选项,文价选项价这B frequency 的以可有density这的第词。A 和 C 选项都这引或这毒毒述的频繁这的的,但这 B 选项却这题干这直接的的。D 选项的的文价败而根据。

  3. The word “cumbersome” (Line 4, Pargraph
  5) most probably means [A] transparent. [B] troubling. [C] horrible. [D] stupid. [答第]B [难涨系数] ☆☆☆

  3.“cumbersome”(第第第第第 行 的而的能这符最这 [A] 透明这。 [B] 麻烦这。 [C] 恐怖这。 [D] 愚笨这。
[结文 猜词题。该词所的这难前符最这 但这,对的第的地很这场后说,这样这“ 后解解枪解麻烦解解解 。这文价文到 第的狭窄这这场这依赖的广告或这的第“ 这述的。的如的趣专门设的几页让那些卖假珍珠针引这商家或Annette Funicello熊这商家和所能找到这极少这、结布的各地这第家进行配对 ,解显这” 这很麻烦这。考卖的以第第的选项结别考考的文,文其第的选项都不能符枪题 符。答第有 。B
  4. The reason why the authors argue that the gun market may be threadbare partly because the drug market is so plump is [A] the drug transaction is more prefitable that gun-dealing. [B] the police are more dedicated to the gun-dealing than to the drug-dealing. [C] the gang-leaders are suppressing the gun-dealing in order to protect their profit from drug.
[D] the gang-leaders are worried about

  4.研研或研有这这这场得得研结这的有毒 毒这场的的毒毒,这这的有 [A] 毒毒述的这的这这述的毒毒更本。 [B] 警察的这这述的得得警考这警力的毒毒述 的第。 [C]匪匪匪前压述这这述的以卖卖后毒毒价 的以可可这毒毒。 [D] 匪匪匪前匪匪商匪匪匪这接用。
the effect of crime on commerce. [答第]C
[难涨系数] ☆ [结文 推推题。文文的经第第文的,研研或研有这这这场得得这研结的的的的 毒毒这场述的这毒毒,接接很得或接主接这后词。匪匪匪前对的这这述的非常
警警,的有他们害因这这因因的警察因芝经经,这样或因这及文毒毒述的这这
考。那那的以那的,研研或这样研有或这那到不枪结前这研研,的因,答第C 的有符枪题符。
  5. Towards the future of gun-dealing, the author’s attitude is [A] pessimistic. [B] optimistic. [C] desperate. [D] sorrowful. [答第]A [难涨系数] ☆☆☆ [结文 作涨题。这这文文这这结文这这这这这这这述的这这这,的有因因的的 处的的的得得这前作,而后接或结文后那,对的有后这这这也不这很那好,尤
文和毒毒述的与的的。的因,接或对文有后其悲的作涨。的因正为答第有 A 选

  5.接或对的这这述的有后这作涨这 [A] 悲的这。 [B] 乐的这。 [C] 绝望这。 [D] 悲伤这。
项。C 和 D 选项这表述前气第的述烈,不符枪的文这含义。 参考句文:
这这尚的的有第则新这这第第??12 月 5 日内研或斯芝州第家商场这这击第??而其 悸有消,的因不能责怪他们第因的咎的这这太的的的到。但这的的新这《经济期刊》上卖表 这第这文文研有至少非枪这这需求并不像第们想象的那那的的的到满足。Sudhir Venkatesh 这这的芝伦的亚本学供职,他和 132 名歹匪、77 名妓女、116 名拥而这这这年警第、23 名 这这经很商以及许第的芝芝芝本林荫本道及华盛顿公园附近这居民述谈第,但他并有卖的 而第少满符这顾客。 芝芝芝的枪枪芝这得得而接芝价这规的,即便如因,这这还这异常得得,只而很少数这 第卖双得的述的。研研或研有这两的区这 48000 的居民价间只购第 1400 这这,而的卡的这 述的却至少而 20 万宗。地很考推第很很这这这价价有 150 这元到 350 这元,这这的枪枪价 价标的 200%。而且,他们还这第这 30 到 50 这元这协经费用。即便如因,30%到 40%这述 的还这流产这,的有很很或或这败能败到这,或这临临畏缩,或这不能或述的地的或组第 或。 第这这第卖的这卖很商毒这很述也的的困难。他们对自己想这这这这这这这知之甚 少。“Tony”而第把口口有 38 这这,他只能这自己把玩才能弄清楚怎那因用。他甚至还把第
颗石匪放的里得。“它能开火吗?” Venkatesh 问他。“我不知道。我想应该这这。”Tony 回答
说。
幸运这这,对的 Tony 这样这第,他们这敌第以及那些受害第也的他们述不这第少,并 不能辨别的第这抢这否好用。第般地,只这露的“凸突”这研结或的以赢的敌第这尊重,的
 

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