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考研英语作文冲刺: 考研英语作文冲刺:九大主题词汇
计算机、 一 计算机、通讯类
1 计算机
commit computer crimes 进行电脑犯罪活动
Most computer crimes can be traced back to hackers. 大多数计算机犯罪都是电脑 黑客干的。
access the Internet 进入互联网
accomplish the operation simply with a click of the keys 敲击键盘即可完成操作
administrator 管理员
auto search 自动搜索
bandwidth 宽带
be multilingual 可以使用多种语言
be networked with … 与…联网
be no longer imaginary 不再是幻想
blogger 写博客的人
chat on-line in Internet 网上聊天
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distance learning 远程教育
on shopping on-line 进行网上购物
facilitate the growth of the cyber-economy 推动网络经济的发展
Internet café 网吧
Internet fans 网迷
Internet geek/netter 网虫
Internet video chat 网上视频聊天
It is difficult to know whether the information on the Internet is reliable or not. 很 难确定互联网上的信息是否可靠。
Millions of computers are connected to one another in a worldwide network called Internet. 不计其数台电脑在世界范围内互相联系在一起称作互联网
Printed sources continue to remain an important method for researching materials. 使用印制资料仍然是获得研究资源的重要方法。
provide on-line employment services to job seekers 为求职者提供网上择业服务
There is an advantage to being multilingual. 懂得多种语言很有益处。
with the gradual popularization of the Internet 随着互联网的不断普及
put out your message through E-mail 使用电子邮件发出讯息
net-addiction 网瘾
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provide entertainment in the form of computerized games 提供电子游戏形式的娱 乐
2 其他通讯手段
allow people to carry telephone with them all the time 使人们能够随时随身携带 电话
Calls were connected manually by switchboard operators. 过去电话由接员人工接 通。
Cellular telephones are portable units that can be used away from home. 手机是 出门在外也可以使用的便携装置。
Cellular telephones can be used to access information virtually anywhere and anytime. 手机实际上可以用于随时随地接收信息。
make wireless communication possible 使无线通讯成为可能
phone can connect to the Internet 手机可以连接到互联网
send a short text message to sb.’s cell phone 给某人的手机发短信
cable television systems 有线电视系统
digital television 数字电视
pick up the signals from satellites 通过卫星接收信号
provide a large number of (many more) channels 提供很多(更多)频道
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satellite television service 卫星电视业务
advances in digital communications 数字通讯的发展
improve the quality and efficiency of telecommunication 提高远程通讯的质量和效 率
modern digital telecommunication 现代数字远程通讯
send messages faster and more accurately 更快、更准确地传送信息
经济、 二 经济、改革类
1 旅游业
About six or seven percent of the Gross National Product comes from tourism. 国 民生产总值的 6%-7%来自旅游业。
be one of the major industries of this country 是该国主要产业之一
belong to the service industry 属于服务性行业
benefit through peaceful development and cultural understanding 从和平发展和 文化认同中获益
carry exchange and investment to … 吸引交流和投资到…
focus attention on the role tourism can play in elimination of poverty 重视旅游业 对消除贫困的作用
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serve as a dynamic catalyst of emploment, wealth, investment and poverty elimination 对就业、财富、投资和摆脱贫困起到有力的催化作用
Tourism business preserves cultural and heritage traditions. 旅游业保护传统和文 化遗产。
do-it-yourself/independent travel 自助游
during the height of travel 在旅游的高峰季节
golden week for tourism 旅游黄金周
visit historic sites/spots 参观历史名胜
2 农业
be not fertile enough to justify cropping 不够肥沃,所以不值得耕种
cultivate inferior 开垦贫瘠土地
The supply of good land is limited. 良田资源是有限的。
to feed a large population 养活众多的人口
cause pollution and health problems 引起污染和健康问题
chemical fertilizer 化肥
destroy harmful insects 消灭害虫
Insecticides also kill helpful insects. 杀虫剂也会杀死益虫。
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save water during irrigation 节水灌溉
use up ground water 用尽地面水
increase food production to help feed the growing world population 提供粮食产量 为不断增加的世界人口提供食物
keep soil from drying out and prevents the loss of soil 避免土壤干化和流失
One important form of soil conservation is the use of windbreaks. 土壤保持的一 个重要方法是利用防风林。
be carried out in a way that does not damage the environment 以一种不破环环境 的方式被执行
avoid a possible grain shortage 避免可能出现的粮食短缺
deserve to be called a broad-minded policy 应被视为有长远眼光的策略
invest more in agricultural technology 加大对于农业科技的投资
Sustainable development methodes are designed to save resources. 开展可持续 发展的目的在于节约资源。
3 政治
Political systems have evolves over several centuries. 政治制度是经历了好几个世 纪的发展演变而来的。
undergo an economic and political transformation 经历经济和政治变革
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well handle the relations among reform, development and stability 妥善处理改革、 发展和稳定之间的关系
accoplish the great cause of national reunification 完成祖国统一大业
contribute to international peace and prosperity 为国际和平和繁荣作贡献
4 经济
attract more foreign investment 吸引更多外国投资
resources-efficient development mode 有效利用资源型发展模式
sharpen the international competitiveness 加强国际竞争力
secure the fair competition on the marker 保障市场上公平竞争
place emphasis on the future development 强调未来发展
try to gain a large market share 谋求更大的市场份额
maintain the competitiveness in market contests 保持在市场竞争中的竞争力
reserve and promote the sound and cooperative economic and trade tries between the two countries 保持和促进两国之间稳健合作的经济和贸易联系
教育、 三 教育、就业类
1 教育
achieve universal comsulsory education 普及全民义务教育
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adult education 成人教育
conduct the education of the younger generation 对年轻一代进行教育
special education for the disabled children 为残疾儿童开设特殊教育
spread education 推广教育
take education seriously 重视教育
be firmly convinced that education pays 坚信受教育是有益的
borrow heavily from the western traditions in education 在教育上大量借鉴西方惯 例
develop a well-informed, critically thinking, and civically engaged citizenry 培养知 识丰富、善于独立思考、能很好履行义务的公民
Family education is as important as public education. 家庭教育和学校教育一样重 要。
Knowledge is priceless treasure. 知识是无价之宝。
talent training and quality education 人才培养和素质教育
transmit to youth the best of our culture 将我们最优秀的文化传给青年一代
understand the necessity of education 懂得教育的必要性
alleviate/reduce/lighten burdens on the students of elementary and secondary schools 减轻中小学生负担
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arouse attention from all sectors of society 引起全社会的注意
call for alleviating burdens on students 呼吁减轻学生负担
Children get a better education today than at any time in the past. 今天的孩子受 的教育比以往任何时候都要好。
Edution must be conbined with practice. 教育必须与实践相结合。
A college education in the United States in expensive. 美国大学教育的费用昂贵。
Increasing enrollment causes a sharp rise in educational costs. 扩大招生导致教育 费用急剧上升。
Students pay their tuition fees and living costs from income earned through the work-study program. 学生用勤工俭学的收入缴纳学习费用和生活费用。
2 教学及教学方法
adopt a new approach in teaching 在教学中采用一套新做法
allow more time for individual instrucion and group discussion 给予更多时间做个 人指导和小组讨论
impart knowledge to one’s students 把知识传授给学生
involve both bearning and teaching 涉及教与学两方面
make radical improvements in teaching 从根本上改进教学
stick to the traditional teaching methods 固守传统教学法
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teach students according to their aptitude 因材施教
3 教学管理
(
  1)学校
abide by the school rules 遵守学校的规章
collect subscription for the putting up of a charity school 募捐筹建慈善学校
found an establishment of a private school 建立私利学校
make the most economical of school facilities 充分利用学校资源
part-work and part-study school 半工半读学校
(
  2)学生
be a good student in comparison with sb. 与某人相比,算是好学生
be concerned about the students ideology 从思想上关心学生
be heavily burdened with schoolwork 学校功课负担太重
dropouts 辍学者
encourage the students to think their own thoughts 鼓励学生独立思考
errors common among students 学生常犯的错误
give heart to students 鼓励学生
give individual attention to each student 给每个学生以个别关注
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Good teachers impart wisdom to his students. 好老师赋予学生智慧。
It is the duty of a student to study hard. 努力学习是学生的本分。
self-supporting graduate student 自费研究生
try one’s best to have the students take the initiative in learning 尽力调动学生的 学习积极性
(
  3)学科
a developing borderline science 一门正在发展的边缘科学
an extensive subject 一门内容广博的学科
complete undergraduate study 完成本科学业
inspire self-conscious debates over the worth of a business degree 引发有关工商 学位价值的讨论
Science and technology are productive forces. 科学技术是生产力。
this subject and its numerous ramifications 这门学科以及它的许多分支
(
  4)课程
a great number of students are enrolled in … 大量学生报名…
approaches to teaching science and math vary 科学课和数学课的教学方法有所不 同
arrange the curriculum 安排课程
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at the end of the course 结业时
Graduate study is more intensive and specialized. 研究生学习更精深、更专业。
have less courses, but in greater depth 课程少一些,但更深入
non-required subjects 选修课
(
  5)招生
a form of application for enrollment 大学申请表
enroll in a college without being strongly motivated 不迫切希望报
 

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