2011年考研英语的考试已经结束,就拿到的真题分析,整体难度与2010年相比有所下降, 但是各部分的题目难度增减不一。完型填空部分,难度基本上没有变化,但是对词汇的考察 有所加强,阅读理解 Part A 部分不论是从文章的选取和题目的设计,比去年的难度都有一 定程度的降低。阅读理解的 PART B 部分,第一次出现了排序题,虽然排序在几种题型中算
是难度比较低的,但是命题者通过文章的选择,避免了一些明显的标志词的出现,成功地增 加了难度,但是整体而言,此部分难度比去年有所降低。这次考试,难度降低比较明显的是 作文部分。 2010年的“文化火锅”确实使不少同学在构思和用词上煞费苦心, 而今年关于旅 游区爱护环境的话题,其文章审题的难度,仅限于高一语文作文的水平,加之环保是考研英 语作文的大热点, 相信很多同学在考前也有目的地记忆了一些这方面的词汇和句型, 写起来 一定是更加得心应手。
一、翻译部分解析
以下为考试原文和译文,仅供参考;时间仓促,不对之处,敬请指出并谅解。祝福各位 考研的朋友。
With its theme that “Mind is the master weaver,” creating our inner character and outer circumstances, the book As a Man Thinking by James Allen is an in-depth exploration of the central idea of self-help writing。
(
  46) Allen’s contribution was to take an assumption we all share--that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature. 我们每个人都认为:自己不是机器人,因此能够控制自己的思想;爱伦的贡献在于他研究了 这一假说,并揭示其错误的本质。Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another. However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and (
  47) while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve
that? ”我们或许只通过意识就能维持这种控制的幻觉,但事实上,我们却总是面临一个问 题:我们为什么不能让自己去做这件事情,实现那个目标呢?
Since desire and will are damaged by the presence of thoughts that do not accord with desire, Allen concluded : “ We do not attract what we want, but what we are。” Achievement happens because you as a person embody the external achievement; you don’t “ get” success but become it. There is no gap between mind and matter。
Part of the fame of Allen’s book is its contention that “Circumstances do not make a person, they reveal him。” (
  48) This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom。这种说法似乎为忽视需要帮 助的人找到了借口,使剥削合理化,令上层人优越,底层人卑微。
This, however, would be a knee-jerk reaction to a subtle argument. Each set of circumstances, however bad, offers a unique opportunity for growth. If circumstances always determined the life and prospects of people, then humanity would never have progressed. In fat, (
  49)circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been “wronged” then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation. 环境似乎旨在激发我们的最大潜能, 如果我们总感觉“上天不公”, 那么不太可能会自觉地努力脱离现状。 Nevertheless, as any biographer knows, a person’s early life and its conditions are often the greatest gift to an individual。
The sobering aspect of Allen’s book is that we have no one else to blame for our present condition except ourselves. (
  50) The upside is the possibilities contained in knowing that everything is up to us; where before we were experts in the array of limitations, now we become authorities of what is possible。积极的 一面是,既然万事都取决于我们,那么就有无限可能。以前,我们能够熟练应对种种局限;
现在,我们把握着未来的可能。
说明: 说明:英语二翻译试题和去年难度一致。不出所料,考了环境话题。今年的试题来源于 New Statesmen, 经出题老师改编过。 这篇文章的原作者是 Jason Stamper, 原题目是 The green IT myth。
二、完型填空部分解析
题目的文章来自于 2009年4月号 Scientific American, 作者 Steve Ayan, 原文题目 为 How Humor Makes You Friendlier, Sexier(幽默如何使你更加有人缘且性感) 。
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health。” But 1 despite some claims to the contrary, chuckling probably has little influence on physical fitness. Laughter does 2 produce short-term changes in cardiovascular function and respiration, 3 boosting heart rate, respiratory rate and depth, as well as oxygen consumption. But because hard laughter is difficult to 4 sustain, a good guffaw is unlikely to have 5 measurable cardiovascular benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does。 6 , instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the 7 opposite. Studies dating back to the 1930s indicate that laughter 8 relaxes muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the guffaw subsides。 Such physical relaxation might conceivably help 9 moderate the effects of psychological stress. After all, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 physical feedback that improve an individual’s emotional state. 11 according to one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 in physical reactions. American psychologist William James and Danish physiologist Carl Lange argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13 because they are sad but that they become sad when the tears begin to flow。
Although sadness also 14 precedes tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow 15 from muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988, social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of Würzburg in Germany and his colleagues asked volunteers to 16 hold a pen either with their teeth?thereby creating an artificial smile?or with their lips, which would produce a 17 disappointed expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles 18 reacted more exuberantly to funny cartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, 19 suggesting that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around. 20 similarly, the physical act of laughter could improve mood。

  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like C

  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce
D

  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining B

  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe B

  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable A

  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief B

  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected A

  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes D

  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance
C

  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal A

  11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for B

  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at C

  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because
D

  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses
C

  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond B

  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold D

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent A

  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted
D

  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing A

  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely C
三、阅读理解部分解析
阅读理解 Part A
Text 1
文章选自不是很热门的一本杂志 Commentary2007年9月号,原文作者 TERRY TEACHOUT, 题目为 Selling Classical Music。作者从纽约爱乐乐团任命 Alan Gilbert 为新音乐总监 一事谈起,分析了交响乐团现在面临的困境,并给出了自己的解释和解决途径。文章难度一 般,后面题目也比较简单。
Text 2
文章选自 Business Week《商业周刊》2009年11月5日刊,原文作者 Jena McGregor,原 文的题目是 Top Managers Are Quitting, Without a New Job(顶级经理人在离职,新工 作还没着落) 。讲在西方经济逐渐摆脱金融危机影响后,工作机会也渐渐多了起来,许多高 级经理人不等和下家谈好,就先辞职,即现在所谓的“裸辞”或“裸跳”。作者分析了这种 情况的利弊和产生的原因。文章难度一般,题目也不难。
Text 3
文章选自麦肯锡季刊, 讲的是媒体最新的变化, 因为涉及到一些大众传播学的原理和理 论知识,文章难度较难,题目也不容易。
Text 4
文章选自2010年9月7日的 《新闻周刊》 文章作者 Jennie Yabroff, , 文章的题目是 Not On Board With Baby(孩子不能登机登船) ,副标题是 Parenthood?the condition, not the TV show?sucks. Or so everyone keeps saying。文章讨论的是美国社会中的一个热点话题: 是否要孩子。作者直言不讳地指出,美国流行文化中对养育孩子的好处比较渲染,而养育孩 子的艰苦则提的较少。这篇文章的难度主要体现在考生对作者的态度把握上比较困难。
四篇文章从题材来看,可以归纳为两类:人文和经济,而且重在人文,具有一定的学术
性和时效性。从题目难度来看,和2010年细节题和推理题相比,今年的题型分布相对来说比 较平均,例证题和词汇题也有相应的分布,作者态度题考查的方式和去年一样,但是比去年 的难度降低。 英语阅读很多题目可以通过“回找”或“定位”的方法找到答案, 干扰项的迷 惑还是很大。给考生的启示就是:夯实基础是关键,技巧已经作为了一种补充。考生在应试 的时候可根据排除法先选择,这样的现象从2010年的题目中已经看出,干扰项很容易排除, 而正确选项在文章中寻找时有一定的困难。
因此,在答阅读题的时候,一定按照一定的顺序答题,这同时也是给即将参加2012年考 生的一个提醒。现将阅读的答题顺序做一下总结,即考研阅读的解题步骤:
两首:首段、各段首句(目的是为了找中心)
  1. 两首:首段、各段首句(目的是为了找中心) 。
看第一题的题干,找关键词。
  2. 看第一题的题干,找关键词。

  1)核心词:时间、地点、人名、数字;
  2) 一般名词:题干句子里所有的名词;
  3)动 词:infer, imply, learn 等。
返回原文,按照如下的顺序读文章。
  3. 返回原文,按照如下的顺序读文章。

  1)关键词所在的句子;
  2)考点词所在的句子。
返回题目,按照如下顺序,将选项带回到原文对应的段落里。
  4. 返回题目,按照如下顺序,将选项带回到原文对应的段落里。
带回原文的顺序:
  1)关键词所在的句子;
  2)考点词所在的句子;
  3)一、二、末句;
  4) 短句子;
  5)剩余的句子。
阅读理解 Part B
文章自于2010年2月25日的 Economist《经济学人》杂志,原文题目为 University education in America(美国的大学教育) 。
此部分的参考答案为:G →
  41. B→
  42. D→ E →
  43.A →
  44.C →
  45. F
阅读理解 Part C 翻译
原文选自一本非常著名的书 Fifty Self-help Classics,主要选自这本书的第11页和 12页,经过命题专家改写,有些变了模样。该书是一本励志类的读物,是一部书评,所以翻 译起来并不轻松,甚至还有一些哲理性的语言,颇费思量。
With its theme that “Mind is the master weaver,” creating our inner character and outer circumstances, the book As a Man Thinking by James Allen is an in-depth exploration of the central idea of self-help writing。 (
  46) Allen’s contribution was to take an assumption we all share--that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature. 我们每个人都认为:自己不是机器人,因此能够控制自己的思想;爱伦的贡献在于他研究了 这一假说,并揭示其错误的本质。Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another. However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and (
  47) while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that? ” 我们或许只通过意识就能维持这种控制的幻觉,但事实上,我们却总是面临一个 问题:我们为什么不能让自己去做这件事情,实现那个目标呢? Since desire and will are damaged by the presence of thoughts that do not accord with desire, Allen concluded :
 

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