lesson 51 reward n 报偿 virtue n 美德 diet n 节食 forbid v 禁止 forbidden hurriedly adj 匆忙地 embarrass v 使尴尬 guiltily adv 内疚地 strict adj 严格的 reward v 给奖赏 occasionally adv 偶而地 give sb reward 给...报偿 reward sb with sth 用...奖赏... reward sb for sth 因为...给某人奖赏 ...reward him for the first prize strongpoints 长处,merit 优点 shortpoints 短处 weak points 弱点 go on a diet be on a diet forbid sb to do sth:禁止某人做某事 allow sb to do 允许某人做某事 Forbidden City lost:一个动词地过去分词可以作为形容词用 broken glass 被打破地玻璃 embarrassing:令人尴尬地 embarrassed:感到尴尬 sth embarrass sb you embarrassed me 你让我感到尴尬 embarrassment to my embarrassment 让我感到尴尬的 be strict with sb my father is strict with me be strict in sth on the occasion 偶尔 sometimes 偶尔 at times 偶尔 How often do you visit your parents off and on 偶尔 now and again 偶尔 text My friend, Herbert, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the
things Herbert loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Herbert was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he Was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets! First of all 首先,首要 at first 首先 write out 写出 included contain 一定是容器里面装 most of 大部分 fatten:使某人长胖 pay sb a visit 拜访某人 pay a visit to call at 拜访某地 pay you a visit have a visit=visit as...as ever 像往常一样... as clean as ever be surprised to do lead sb into(进门) show sb out(出门) see sb off(送行) obviously = it was obvious that letter writing 如果给一个不很熟悉的人写信,应按如下方式开头:亲爱的布朗先生 对对方熟悉,但是为了表示一种尊重 raise 及物动词 rise:不能加宾语 lay:及物动词 lie 不及物 beat 后面接对手 win 不能接对手 multiple choices
  4、有 ago 的词,一定不用完成时,用一般过去时
  11、半联系动词:be 动词 感官动词 feel,smell... get:变得,become, lie feel+adj shy:害羞的(习惯性的,在某一种情况下就会作出的反应) shame: (n)羞愧 shameful:令人羞愧的 ashamed:感到羞愧的 hot 热的,恼火的 uncomfortable:不舒服的
lesson 52 temporarily adv 暂时地 inch n 英寸(度量单位) space n 空间 actually adv 实际上 text We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all morning. I have ten trying to get my new room in order. This has not been easy because I own over a thousand books. To make matters worse, the room is rather small, so I have temporarily put my books on the floor. At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. A short while ago, my sister helped me to carry one of my old bookcases up the stairs. She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor. 'This is the prettiest carpet I have ever seen,' she said. She gazed at it for some time then added, 'You don't need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!' 有 just 就是完成时 现在完成进行时-动作有延续 现在完成时:
  1、在漫长地时间段,过去发生的,还一定要对现在产生影响
  2、在过去发生的动作,一直延续到现在 I have been working hard all morning(还在继续) get my new room in order in order :有秩序,有次序 get sth in order 使...有秩序 to make matters worse-插入语,放开头,“更糟糕的是” rather 相当的 at the moment: (=now)现在 every inch:每一英寸(夸张) help sb (to)do sth:帮某人做某事 help sb with sth he help me to learn english he help me with my english with your help:在你的帮助下 with your help i made great progress i have ever seen:做定语从句出现,是最高级的标志 gazed at:对...向往,羡慕 not at all 起强调作用 key structures
i have read the book 书已看完 i have been reading the book 还没看完,还要继续 i have read 'Oliver Twist' five times 跟次数连用的,一定只能用完成时 语法精髓
  1、you should go to bed.you have been watching/have watched TV for 5 hours
  2、ihaving been(writing)letters since breakfast
  3、i (have written)3 letters since breakfast
  4、sorry,but Mr.Smith has left for Beijing leave 瞬间动词
  1、和现在完成进行时连用的,一定不能是次数
  2、和现在完成进行时连用的动词,一定不能时短暂动词
  5、i have been looking for him everywhere,where can he be? special difficulties have been doing 强调动作有可能继续发生 不能是短暂动词,次数不能连用 形容词-做表语,定语 副词-修饰动词,形容词,副词词性本身 beautiful--beautifully 不是所有的形容词都可以加 ly(asleep) 不是所有的副词都一定以 ly 结尾(late) 不是所有的加 ly 的都是副词 有些词加了 ly 后,反而意思会改变 有些词的形容词和副词同行 late(adj,adv)迟 lately:近来 hard 努力地(=difficult)困难地 hardly 几乎不 high: (adj)高的 high(adv)高度地 highly:高度地 deep:深的(adj) (adv) deeply:深度地 near:在旁边的 nearly:几乎,将近 keep order:保持秩序 动词+宾语+形容词--做宾补 get,keep,make,find else 一定放在不定代词和疑问代词后面 anything else、anybody else different--形容词,加副词或名词做宾语 other-形容词 the other--代词 otherwise-连词,“否则',副词(=differently) hurry up,otherwise you will miss train lesson 53 hot adj 带电的,充电的
fireman n 消防队员 cause v;n 引起;原因 examine v 检查 accidentally adv 意外地,偶然地 remains n 尸体,残骸 wire n 电线 volt n 伏特 power line 电力线 solve v 解决 mystery n 谜 snatch v 抓住 spark n 电火花 hot 热的,hot-hot-hot:麻辣烫 hot-wings:辣鸡翅 hot-tempered:火暴(脾气)的 hot line:热线 hot topic:热门话题 hot cake:热蛋糕 hot dog:热狗 it sells like a hot cake/cakes hot 新鲜的 best seller:畅销的东西 hot potato 棘手的问题 hot news 最热点的新闻 hot snake 触电的蛇 hydrant:消防栓 fire extinguisher:灭火器 extinguish=put out:灭火 cause sth:引起麻烦 Carelessness causes accidents。粗心导致事故 Pride causes failure 骄傲使人失败 cause sb to do sth illness caused him to lose his temper because:因为 be cause reason:理由,cause:原因 cause:强调事情发生的直接原因 reason:其他各种的理由 examine the soil check:核实,核对 accident-》accidental-》accidentally accident:事故 unexpectedly:出乎意料地 remains 指 dead body solve the mystery solve the problem mystery(无法接受地,解释不了的) catch: hold
snatch: (突然抓起来) seize:抓住(用力)seize my arm text Hot snake At last firemen have put out a big forest fire in California. Since then, they have been trying to find out how the fire began. Forest fire are often caused by broken glass or by cigarette ends which people carelessly throw away. Yesterday the firemen examined the ground carefully, but were not able to find any broken glass. They were also quite sure that a cigarette end did not start the fire. This morning, however, a fireman accidentally discovered the cause. He noticed the remains of a snake which was wound round the electric wires of a 16,000-volt power line. In this way, he was able to solve the mystery. The explanation was simple but very unusual. A bird had snatched up the snake from the ground and then dropped it on to the wires. The snake then wound itself round the wires. When it did so, it sent sparks down to the ground and these immediately started a fire. put out a fire 扑灭火 a fire 一场(堆)火 since then 从那时起到现在为止 have been trying to 现在完成时强调的是很有可能 broken glass 被打碎的玻璃片 cigarette ends 烟头 be sure that:对...很有把握 quite sure:相当的把握性 rather:相当 fairly quite(=completely)-》rather-》fairly 程度一个比一个轻 quite a few 颇有几个(相当多的) start a fire=cause a fire accidentally(by chance) :偶然地 unexpectedly cause:直接原因 notice:注意别人没注意的东西 wind one's way:蜿蜒而行 wind:盘旋,缠绕 in this way:以这种方式
explanation:解释 do so:这么做 i refuse to do so 我拒绝这么做 send+宾补 down to the ground get a electric shock now that 既然 special difficulties quiet adj 安静的 quite adv 相当地,非常地,很 cause/reason reason:理由,cause:原因(直接) cause v
  1、cause sth:导致,引起
  2、cause sb to do sth:导致某人做某事 reason v reason with sb:劝说(以道理) beg for sth:乞求什么东西 drop/fall drop vt fall vi multiple choice
  6、key phrase:be able to=can,succeed in doing
  11、in this way 以这种方式 like 在英文中不表示方式 区分同位语从句与定语从句地区别: 如果 that 做了主语或者宾语,是定语从句 如果 that 既不作主语也不作宾语,是同位语从句 lesson 54 sticky adj 粘的 finger n 手指 pie n 馅饼 mix v 混合,拌和 pastry n 面糊 annoying adj 恼人的 recelver n 电话的话筒 dismay v 失望,泄气 recognize v 认出,听出 persuade v 说服,劝说 mess n 乱七八糟 doorknob n 门把手 sign v 签字 register v 挂号邮寄
as sticky as glue 和胶水一样粘 thumb 大拇指 index finger 食指 middle finger 中指 ring finger 无名指 little finger 小指 toe 脚趾 mixture n 混合物 it is annoying annoyed 感到烦恼的 比 anger 的语气弱 dismay sb 让某人感到失望 dismaying 令人失望 dismayed 感到失望 reason with sb 劝说 try to persuade 劝说 persuade 表示劝说已经成功 what a mess! you are a mess!你真邋遢 the man/woman is a mess make a mess of sth 把...搅得乱七八糟 he made a mess of my job 他把我的工作搅得一团糟 sign your name here 在这签名 signature 签名 i need your signature 我需要你的签名 autograph 明星,名人的签名 registered letter 挂号信 sign for 签收 text sticky fingers After breakfast, I sent the children to school and then I went to market. It was still early when I returned home. The children were at school, my husband was at work and the house was quiet. So I decided to make some tarts for tea. In a short time I was busy mixing butter and flour and my hands were soon covered with sticky pastry. At exactly that moment, the telephone rang. Nothing could have been more annoying. I picked up the receiver between two sticky fingers and was dismayed when I recognized the voice of Mrs Bates. It took me ten minutes to persuade her to ring back later. At last I hung up the receiver. What a mess! There was pastry on my fingers, on the telephone, and on the door-knobs. I had
no sooner got back to the kitchen than the door-bell rang loud enough to wake the dead. This time it was the postman and he wanted me to sign for a registered letter ! after breakfast 在吃过早饭后 i send the children to school 送孩子上学 at school 在上学 at work 在上班 at home 在家休息 be busy doing 忙于做某事 flour 面粉,不可数名词 be covered with 盖满 at exactly that monent 就在那时 no one could be/have been 没有人... no one could be /have been fatter 没有人更胖了 nothing could have been cheaper 没有什么东西更便宜了 no face could be uglier 没有一张脸更丑了 no books could be more interesting 没有书更有趣了 nothing could have been more exciting 没有什么事情更令人激动 pick up the receiver 捡起话筒 persuade sb to do sth 说服某人做某事 it takes sb some time to do sth 花费某人多久做某事 ring back:
  1。回电话,
  2、再打电话 hang up 挂起 hang up the receiver 挂断电话 no sooner...than... hardly...when... enough 足够的
  1、n. i have/had had enough
  2、adj enough+n,n+enough i have enough time/time enough enough 修饰名词放在被修饰词的前面或后面
  3、adv 不修饰只修饰 adj 或者 adv enough 修饰 adj 或者 adv 时一定要放在被修饰词的后面 enough to do sth 足以用来做某事 he is rich enoudh to buy the whole city 他富有的可以买下整个城市 i am hungry enough to eat sth 在 dead,young,old 前面可以直接加 the the+adj 表示...一类人 the rich 富人 the young 年轻人 the blind 瞎子 the English 英国人 Englishman,Englishwoman letter writing pleased to do 非常高兴的 在信的
 

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