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高考英语语法突破
高考英语语法突破电子教材
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Unit 1
Part One 词汇在高考中的复习方法 1, 听力,将音形直接对应起来. 例子:a.同学们对于 what's your name?这个问句的四步反应 b.文盲及上学前对于语言的掌握 2,单选,主要以语法为主,词汇起辅助作用但是需注意连词,代词,情态动词. 3,完形填空,要特别注意单词的辨析以及根据上下文推断的能力. 4,阅读,要大量掌握单词,反复的背诵,但是重点是形义相连,至少将所有单词混个 脸熟. 例子:有些人一天 1000 个单词的背诵量. 5,改错,注意名词,代词,连词,介词. 6,作文,保证拼写正确,尤其是避开艰涩的单词. 语法在高考中的复习方法 1, 听力,语法方面没有什么难度,掌握基本语法即可. 2, 单选:重点注意几种语法现象:时态,语态,从句,这几个语法现象是几乎每年都 考到的. 3, 完形填空:以单词考察为主,语法处于辅助地位,通过语法填写的空只占很少一部 分. 4, 阅读:关键在于对复杂句的掌握,尤其是各种从句,对于阅读的掌握非常重要. 5, 改错:时态是重点,尤其是过去时及现在时. 6, 作文:选择简单语法,确保正确表达,如果写不了一个好看的句子,就写一个正确 的句子.
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Part Two 高考流程图
Part Three 单词记忆法
  1.逻辑记忆:通过词的本身的内部逻辑关系,词与词之间的外部逻辑关系记忆单词. 把几个字母看作做一个来记 如:"ight" light, right, fight, night, might, sight, tight 2 联想记忆:
  1)音与形的联想,即根据读音规则记忆单词.
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  2)形与义的联想,如:eye 把两个 e 看成两个眼.banana 把 a 看成一个个的香蕉.bird 把 b 和 d 看成两个翅膀.
  3)象声词,联想实际的声音,如:gong 锣 coo 咕咕声.
  3.构词记忆:利用构词法,通过分析词根,前缀,后缀,派生和合成等记忆单词. 例: 【clud 词根为关闭系列词汇串记】exclude include preclude conclude exclude vt. 拒绝;排斥 n. exclusion adj. exclusive 【助记】ex(向外)+clude(close 关) include vt. 包括;包含 n.inclusion adj. inclusive 【助记】in(向内)+clude(close 关)
  4.分类记忆:把单词进行分门类 如:动物,植物等,进行分类记忆.
  5.比较记忆:
  1)英汉比较 如:mama, cigar, beer, bar, fee 等.
  2)单复数的比较 如:good-goods, spirit-spirits wood-woods
  3)同音词的比较 如:right-write, eye-I
  4)词的阴阳性的比较 如:actor-actress host-hostess
  6.理解记忆:通过正确理解单词的本义,引申义和比喻义等如:second 是"秒",它来源于古 代的六分法,分,秒,它是二次划分, 因此 second 也是"第二",进一步引申,还可理解为 "辅助"用这种方法特别适合那些一词多义的词.
  7.联系记忆:记忆单词最好不要孤立地记,尽可能地和有关的东西联系来记.
  1)联系所学的文章大概意义,联系上下文
  2)联系短语和搭配 Part Four 一,名词的考察重点及演练 可数名词 It is often said that __teachers have __very easy life.(2005 北京) A. 不填,不填 B.不填,a C. the,不填 D. the, a 不可数名词
  1.In__review of 44 students, American researchers found that men and women who ate six key foods daily cut the risk of __heart disease by 76 %.(2006 湖南) A. a, the B. the, a C .a, 不填 D.不填,a
  2.__terrible weather we've been having these days!(19
  92) A. How, a B. what, a C. How D. What 二,冠词的考察重点及演练 不定冠词
  1. 泛指某一类人或者事物的时候
  2. 用于某些固定词组中 例题:?Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? ?Sorry, wrong number. There isn't __Mr. Smith here.(20
  06) A.不填 B. a C. the D. one 定冠词
  1.用于说话双方都了解的人或者事物之前,表示特指.
  2.在形容词最高级前,或者某些固定词组以及习惯用法之前.
  1.According to __World Health Organization, health care plans are needed in all big cities to
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prevent __spread of AIDS.(2006 陕西). A. the,不填 B. the, the C. a. a D.不填,the
  2.I know __John Lennon, but no t__ famous one.(2005 山东) A.不填,a B. a, the C.不填,the D. the, a 零冠词
  1.表示泛指的不可数名词和复数名词之前用冠词
  2.在用于泛指时间,表示三餐,球类或棋类运动,学科的名词以及表示季节,年份,等时间 名词之前不用冠词.
  3.在某些固定词组,习惯用语中,名词前不用冠词.
  1.I know you don't like __music very much. But what do you think of __music in the film we saw yesterday?(20
  06) A. 不填,不填 B. the ,the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,the
  2.the sign reads" In case of fire, bread the glass and push red button." A. 不填,a B. 不填,the C. the , the D. a, a
  3.the warmth of sweater will of course be determined by the sort of__ wool used(20
  01) A. the ,the B. the , 不填 C. 不填,the D. 不填,不填
Unit 2
Part One 代词的基本用法 ?Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. ?Why ?John is sitting there doing nothing.(20
  03) A. him B. he C. I D. me 人称代词 it 的特殊用途
  1.指代事物或者人 I like in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright.(20
  04) A this B that C it Done
  2.充当形式主语 is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy.(2006 浙江) A. As B. That C. This D. It is
  3.充当形式宾语 As the busiest woman in Norton, she made her duty to look after all the other people's affairs in that town.(2006 湖南) A this B that C one D it
  4.用于"强调句型" It is what you do rather than what you say matters.(2005 天津) A that. B. what C. which D. this
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指示代词的基本用法
  1.通常用 that 或 those 指代前面提及的事物, 而下文将要提到的事物则用 this 或者 these 来指 代 He was nearly drowned once. When was ? was in 1998 when he was in middle school. A that, It B this, This C this, It D that, This
  2.指示代词 that, those, one, ones 作替代词的用法 hat 和 those 必须有后置定语 that 和 one 的区别 (
  1)that 只能替代物,one 即可替代物和可替代人 (
  2)that 必须有后置定语,而 one 不一定 I prefer a flat in Inverness to in Perth, because I want to live near my Mom's.(2005 天津) A. one B. that C. it D. this 不定代词的基本用法
  1.all,each,every all 三个或三个以上的所有 each 两个或两个以上的每一个,强调个体 every 三个或三个以上的每一个,强调全体 I had to buy these books because I didn't know which one was the best.(2004 上海) A. both B. none C. neither D. all
  2.no one, nothing, none They were all very tired, but of them would stop to take a rest(19
  95) A. any B. some C. none D. neither
  3.both,neither,either
  1)If you can't decide which of the two books to borrow, why don't you take__? I won't read them this week.(2006 浙江) A. all B. any C. either D. both
  4. some any Don't worry if you can't come to party, I'll save cake for you.(2006 浙江) A. the ,some B. a much C. the any D. a little
  5.other,others,another Both sides have accused of breaking the contract .(2006 上海春) A. another B. the other C. neither D. each 第二节其他类型的代词的用法简介
  1.名词性物主代词 ?Is your camera like Bill's and Ann's
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?No, but it's almost the same as (19
  94) A. her B. yours C. them D. their
  2.反身代词 ?Who called me this morning when I was not? ?A man calling Robert.(2006 福建) A. his B. himself C. his D.不填
  3.疑问代词 Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say ?(2004 上海) A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that
Part Two 一,时态概述 态 时 现在 过去 将来 一般现在时 work(works) 一般过去时 worked 一般将来时 will(shall)work 过去将来时 would(should)work 一般 进行: be+Ving 现在进行时 am,is,are+working 过去进行时 was,were+working 将来进行时 will(shall)+be+working 完成 Have/has+Ved 现在完成时 have,has worked 过去完成时 had worked 将来完成时 Will(shall) have worked
过去 将来
例题:
  1)Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across this open sea, which the Pacific, and we met no storms.(2005 辽宁) A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called
  2)?Your job open for your return. ?Thanks .(2006 北京) A. will be kept B. will keep C. had kept D. had been kept
  3)Since I won the big prize ,my telephone hasn't stopped ringing .People to ask how I am going to spend the money.(2005 湖南) A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning
  4)The country life he was used to greatly since 19
  92.(2005 山东) A. change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed
  5)John, a friend of mine ,who got married only last week , spent $3,000 more than he for the wedding .(20
  06) A. will plan B. has planned C. would plan D. had planned 二,时态综述及特殊用法 一,常用一般现在时的情况:
  1.以 Here 或 There 开头的句子,说明正在发生的动作,谓语动词不用现在进行时,而用一
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般现在时.如: Here comes the bus! There goes the bell!
  2.既定的时间如生日,日历,课时安排,交通时刻表等,通常用一般现在时表示将来动作. 如:The meeting starts at five o'clock. The train leaves at three this afternoon.
  3.在 see to it,make sure,make certain,be sure,look out,take care 等之后的从句要用一 般现在(过去,现在完成)时代替一般将来(过去将来,将来完成)时.如: You must make sure the door is closed before you leave the lab. See to it that everything is OK.
  4.在宾语从句中,表示客观事实或真理,一律用一般现在时.如: The teacher taught us yesterday that the moon circles the earth. Somebody told me that you are a writer.
  5.在由 as soon as,when,before,after,till 等引导的时间状语从句和由 if,unless,as long as, case 等引导的条件状语从句或在方式, in 让步状语从句中, 常用一般现在时代替将来时, 但主句用一般将来时.如: If you come this afternoon,We'll have a meeting. When you meet him,tell him to come to my place. 二,常用一般过去时的情况:
  1.表示说话人始料未及的事情,用一般过去时.如: Oh! I didn't know you were in Shanghai. How long have you been there?
  2.在 wish, would rather 的宾语从句中和在 as if 引导的状语从句中, 以及在 It is time that… 的定语从句中,谓语动词用一般过去时说明现在的事情.如: It's time you had a holiday. He looks as if he were young.
  3.用表示意愿及精神状态的动词,反映的是说话者探询的态度时,动词用一般过去时表示 一般现在时,显得更加有礼貌.如: I didn't know you were here.(我不知道你在这里,were 实际上指现在) I wondered if you could help me.
  4.在含有 hardly/scarcely…when,no sooner…than 结构的句子中,主句用过去完成时,从 句用一般过去时. (注意:主句一般倒装)如: Hardly had I entered the room,when I heard a loud noise. No sooner had he reached the door than he came back. 三,常用现在进行时的情况:
  1.若句中带有 always,all the time,forever,constantly 等词或短语,用进行时表示一个频 繁发生的动作,表示说话人赞赏或厌恶等感情.如: You are always forgetting the important things. He is constantly leaving his things behind.
  2.某些词,如 come,go,leave,arrive,start 等可用现在进行时表示将来. He is leaving tomorrow. The visitors are arriving in a few minutes. 四,常用过去进行时的情况:
  1.表示故事发生的背景.如: One day Jones was walking along the street.
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It was snowing as they made their way to the front.
  2.与 always,forever,constantly,continually,frequently 等词连用,表示过去经常发生的 行为,往往带有感情色彩.如: My brother was always losing his key. They were frequently quarrelling. 五,常用现在完成时的情况:
  1.被 the first time,a few times,again and again 等表示次数或重复的状语修饰时,句中常 用现在完成时.如: This is the third time we have made improvements in that equipment.
  2.定语从句的先行词是最高级形式或被最高级形容词修饰时,句中常用现在完成时.如: Scientists have found almost all metals are good conductors,the best of which is silver.
  3.在某些时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用现在完成时表示将来完成的动作.如: I'll go to your home when I have finished my homework. If it has stoppted snowing in the morning,we'll go to the park. 六,常用过去完成时的情况:
  1.某些动词的过去完成时表示原先计划或打算做而没做的事情. 常见的动词有 mean, plan
 

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