Part I
注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Declining Empoyment Rate of University Graduates You should write at least 150 words based on the chart and outline give below:
Writing (30minutes)

近几年来大学毕业生就业率越来越低; 产生这种现象的原因; 我们大学生应该怎么做?
Part II
Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-4, mark Y (for YES) N (for NO) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 5-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
What Will We Do For Work
I believe that 90% of white-collar jobs in the U.S. will be either destroyed or altered beyond recognition in the next 10 to 15 years. That's a catastrophic prediction, given that 90% of us are engaged in white-collar work of one sort or another. Even most manufacturing jobs these days are connected to such white-collar services as finance, human resources and engineering.
I talked to an old London loader some time back. He allowed that in 1970 it took 108 guys about five days to unload a timber ship. Then came containerization. The comparable task today takes eight folks one day. That is, a
  98.5% reduction in man-days, from 540 total to just eight. This time the productivity aims to reconstruct--make that deconstruct--the white-collar world. In fact, I see a five-sided movement that will bring to my apparently fantastic "90% in 10 years" prediction. FIRST The destructive nature of the current flavor of competition, dotcom company. Sure, most will fail. But the survivors will exert enormous pressure ? fast! ? on the Big Guys. When an Amazon or a Charles Schwab moves into your neighborhood, you've got moments to react. Or take king entrepreneur Jim Clark of Netscape fame. His latest venture, Healtheon/WebMD, intends to squeeze hundreds of billions of dollars of waste out of the health-care system. These new firms aim to create nothing less than havoc in the theaters in which they operate. SECOND Enterprise software. It's a name for the tools that will hook up every aspect of a business's innards internal organs --personnel, production, sales, accounting--and then hook up all that hooked-up stuff to the rest of the "family" of suppliers and the suppliers' suppliers and wholesalers and retailers and end users. They are your nightmare, these "white-collar robots." The complex products from German software giant SAP will do to your company's internal organs exactly what robots and containerization did to the blue-collar world in 19
  60. Installing these tools is not easy. The technical part is distressing; the politics are dreadful. When the blue-collar robots arrived, the unions revolted against it. This time it's management official who are opposing technological change. Why? These tools threaten their comfortable status, carefully crafted over several generations. But the robots did come. And they triumphed. THIRD Outsourcing M.I.T.'s No. 1 computer professor, Michael Dertouzos, said India could easily boost its GDP by a trillion dollars in the next few years performing secret white-collar tasks for Western companies. He guessed that 50 million jobs from the white-collar West could go south to India, whose population hit 1 billion last week. The average annual salary for each of those 50 million new Indian workers: $20,0
  00. FOURTH The Web. Ford, GM and DaimlerChrysler announce a rare combination. They will link all their tens of thousands of suppliers into a single, Internet-based network. This entity will include $250 billion annually of suppliers' products (and perhaps an additional $500 billion of those suppliers' suppliers' products). In short, every penny of waste will be compressed from the huge procurement system. The order cycle will speed up dramatically. Medibuy aims for the same hat trick in medical supplies, DigitalThink in training, CarStation in the auto-body-shop world. This is the white-hot world of B2B (business to business) electronic commerce, which will soon encompass trillions of dollars in transactions. FIFTH Time compression. It took 37 years for the radio to get to 50 million homes. The Web got there in four. Hence my belief that while it took about a century to revolutionize blue-collar job practices, this brave new white-collar social system will be mostly installed in a tenth of that time--10 years. Each of these five forces is fact, not image. Each influences the others multiplicatively. Therefore I am unwilling to withdraw my predictions about the power of the white-collar storm bearing down on us. Upsetting madness is in process. These forces are liberating. Blue-collar robots work out of factory and warehouse. The same will happen to white-collar work. My dad did it for 41 years at the Baltimore Gas & Electric Co. He was, sad to say, a white-collar indentured servant(契约佣工) .
The world is going through more fundamental change than it has in hundreds, perhaps thousands of years. The head economist at Sandia National Laboratories, Arnold Baker, said it's the "biggest change since the cavemen began bartering." you want to be Do a player, a full-scale participant who embraces change? Here is the opportunity to participate in the lovely, messy playground called "Let's reinvent the world." Here's a new role model I call Icon Woman: She is turned on by her work! The work is cool! She is an adventurer! She is the CEO of her life! My Icon Woman, of course, embraces and exploits the Web. She submits her resume on the Web and keeps it perpetually active there. She is recruited and negotiates and is hired on the Web. She is trained on the Web. She creates and conducts brilliant projects on the Web via a far-flung "virtual" stable of teammates (most of whom she's never met). She manages her career on the Web. And she has a personal website! In approximately 2010, she will be at home, working--for the next several months--for Ford on a cruel difficult engineering problem. Her 79-member project team, only one of whom she's met face-to-face (she considers face-to-face as a quaint idea), comes from 14 nations. Her fully wired home is her castle. You maybe disprove. Is this "be wild and crazy and Webby and CEO of your own life" picture?anything other than New Age/ new economy? I think it is relevant and real rather than wild and crazy--on at least two important scores. One is that though my "house" in Vermont, I've hung my professional license in Palo Alto since 19
  81. All is breaking loose is "out there/here." These folks may sound weird, but they may also be redefining the world. Two is back to the future! I constantly remind my middle-aged seminar participants that the quintessential Americans are changing..Who are? Ben Franklin (the father of self-help literature). Ralph Waldo Emerson (self-reliance was his trait). Walt Whitman, motivational leader Tony Robbins, and Bentonville, Arkansas' Sam Walton... and Bill Gates. WHAT IF? Maybe the wild new-economy America is the old America. Truer to ourselves. We came here to break free, to make our records in our awkward ways. Like Grandpa, I am facing extinction, only by this new set of powerful forces. I make most of my living giving live seminars and training programs and as a management consultant. It's all gravitating to the Web--gravitating. It's moving at the speed of light. I am scrambling to reinvent myself, to not just "cope" but to exploit the new communication and connection media. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答.
  5. In U.S., the 90% of the jobs are white-collar jobs as finance, human resource and engineering. Containerization makes a
  98.5% reduction in man-days on unloading the ship. Amazon wants to develop the Health eon/web MD to save hundreds of billions of dollars. The management official won't welcome the blue-collar robots that the unions revolt against. The professor Michael Dertouzos guessed that India could increase GDP by a trillion dollars in the flowing few years by way of .

The combination of Ford, GM and DaimlerChrysler aims to compress waste from . According to the author, it will take about to reconstruct new white-collar world. The head economist Arnold Baker believed that the world is going through the most fundamental change since . The new role model Icon Woman deals with everything about work on .

  10. The author is changing himself to take full advantage of .
Part III
Section A
Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答.
  11. (A) He went to see the dentist last week. dentist. (C) The woman's toothache will be gone very soon.
  12. (A) The woman doesn't drive very often. (C) Taking public transportation is better than driving.
  13. (A) student and school administrator (C) jobseeker and interviewer
  14. (A) Decide whether they should go to the movies (C) Go to a movie a little later
  15. (A) She complains that the apartment is too pricy (C) She doesn't happy with the view.
  16. (A) The man will miss the last study group (C) What the man said is completely right.
  17.(A)She borrowed the man's laptop last Thursday. (C) She will lend the laptop to the man. (D) The woman shouldn't have put off the appointment. (B) The traffic is always very bad. (D) The subway is crowded. (B) employer and employee (D) salesperson and customer (B) Decide which food to choose (D) Choose a restaurant as soon as possible (B) She considers buying a house. (D) She wants more room. (B) The man should take the study seriously (D) The woman doesn't understand the Mathematics class. (B) The man's laptop is broken. (D) She' give the laptop back to the man by next Thursday. ll (B) The woman is advised to cancel her appointment with the

  18. (A) The man doesn't really want to help her in the next experiment. (B) It is very hard to find a lab partner nowadays. (C) It is to the man's surprise that the woman chose him as her lab partner. (D) The man blames that the woman didn't take the experiment seriously.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. (A) He is so sick that he cannot go to class. (C) He wants to attend the meeting with the professor.
  20. (A) Find out about a course. (B) See an adviser. (B) He wants to deliver something to her office. (D) He wants to drop a course from the professor. (C) Deliver a paper. (B) Give an oral report. (D) Drop a course.

  21. (A) Write a paper at the end of the course.
(C) Take a final exam.
  22. (A) Come to her office after the meeting today. (C) Meet with her tomorrow.
(D) Read the relevant books. (B) Take a non-art course. (D) Do some research on the course himself.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. (A) To better his skiing and skating skills. (C) To do some snow sports.
  24. (A) Her brother lives there. (C) She often goes there because it is not far from the city.
  25. (A) The low humidity. (B) The changeable weather. (B) To take a vacation. (D) To visit his brother aboard. (B) She read a lot of books about there. (D) She visited there last year. (C) The high altitude. (D) The extreme temperatures.
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choice marked A) B) C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答. Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. A) People differ in their behavioral and physical characteristics B) Human fingerprints provide unique information C) People's behavior can be easily described in words
  27. A) The ancient Greek audience B) The movie actors
  28. A) Why it is necessary to identify people's personality C) How to get to know people D) Human faces have complex features C) Psychologists D) The modern TV audience
B) Why it is possible to describe people D) How to best recognize people
Questions 29 to 32 are based on the



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