新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高级口试
汪亮高口试串讲 口试串讲
一种语言文字的意义经由另一种语言文字表达出来叫做翻译。翻译有两种主要形式,即口译和笔译。 口译的特点
  1、 口译是一种具有不可预测性的即席双语传言活动。
  2、 现场气氛压力是口译工作的另一特点。
  3、 口译的另一个特点是个体性操作,译责重大。
  4、 交流的信息内容包罗万象。 口译的标准:准确、流利 译员的素质:
  1、 译员必须有良好的职业道德和爱国主义的情操。
  2、 译员必须有扎实的两种语言或两种以上语言的功底。
  3、 译员应该了解各种文体或语体风格的语用功能。
  4、 译员必须具备清晰、流畅、达意的表达能力。
  5、 译员必须有一个敏捷、聪颖的头脑,具有良好的心脑记忆能力。
口试部分介绍
第一章
会议发言
一、欢迎辞
  1、 单词预热 official launch on the occasion of opening ceremony long-term enthusiastic, enthusiasm, dynamic, dynamics, energy, energetic, vigor, vigorous cradle of ancient civilization childhood dream delegation meet old friends and establish new contacts cosmopolitan city 国际化大都市 cosmopolis metropolitan 大都会 city, metropolis, appreciation, grateful arrival friends coming from afar cooperation
harbour,
port
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高级口试
strategic partnership Bon Voyage have a safe trip home meet sb all the way wish sb a unforgettable journey extend/express one’s warm welcome to distinguished guests,VIP host on behalf of faculty staff crew make contribution to
  2、口译速记技巧 缩略词、缩写符号 保留前几个字母 保留开头和结尾的发音字母 根据英语的发音进行速记
  1. 掌握常用速记符号和方法 对于口译考生,笔者推荐以下几类: A.保留大写字母或第一音节 经济:E 教育:Edu 文化:C 政治:P 科技:ST 卫生:H 旅游:T 环境:En 工业:I 农业:A B.简写缩略 AFAC:as far as … is concerned(就……而言) LFT:look forward to (期待) ASAP:as soon as possible(尽快) C.图像 ? 高兴,同意,满意等,如:happy, pleased, satisfied, agree… ◎ 悲伤,生气,不满,不同意等,如: sad, angry, irritated, unsatisfied, sorrowful, discomfort, disagree… ⊙ 会议,如 conference, meeting, seminar, symposium… □ 国家,地区,如:中国:□C,俄国:□R D.符号 ?高兴,男性,同意,增加等,如 happy, male, agree, many, +2=more, +3=most, beneficial, good, beautiful, great, gorgeous… -悲伤,女性,不同意,减少等,如 sad, female, disagree, little, few, -2=less, -3=least, lack of, short of… √同意,正确等,如:agree, correct, right… ×不同意,错误等,如:disagree, incorrect… ↑增长,进步等,如:increase, soar, mushroom, rocket, make progress… ↓下降,退步,恶化等,如 decrease, sink, slide, subside, plump, plunge, drop, degrade, deteriorate… >多于, 超过, 比……低一级等, more than, greater than, begger than, better than, superior to, surpass, transcend, 如:
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overtake… <少于,比……低级等,如:less than, lower than, smaller than, inferior to… ~大约,如:approximately, about, around, some, nearly, almost, similar to… /否定,清除,如:clear, settle, solve, tackle, conquer, eliminate, extinct… ?与……同等,如:stand for, refer to, means, that is to say, in other words, be equal to, as…as, same as… ∥竞争对手,如:competitor, rival, opponent, enemy, counterpart… ≠与……不同,如:differ from, different from, distinct, unique… $金钱,利益,如:interest, benefit, money, fund, capital… E.标点 ?问题,麻烦,障碍,如:question, issue, difficult, hardship, barrier, obstacle… :主观想法和说辞,如:think, consider, speak, say, talk, mark, announce, declare, hope, 例:repeat 或 reaffirm 可以 用:2 来替代,声明支持可以用+:来替代,谴责用-: .表时间前后,如去年.y,明年 y., 后天 d..,前天..d,两周后 w.. 现举例段落进行速记说明: 女士们,先生们,尊贵的来宾们: 今天我很荣幸能够代表北京大学全体师生向来自美国教育代表团一行致以热烈的欢迎, 希望你们在今后的两周 内在中国过得愉快。 速记符号:-/+, VIP, d, ?代 BJ Uni all wel US Edu dele, :w.., ?□C

  3、 高频短句 I regard it my great honor/pleasure/privilege to have the rare opportunity to have name, title visit our city of , which is crowned as , and I do hope that Your Honor enjoy your stay here and see by your own eyes the great hospitality of people here as well as its fabulous dynamics.
二、感谢辞
  1、 单词预热 extraordinary utmost courtesy genuine friendship diversity gracious invitation hospitable hospitality heart-felt sincere sincerity remarkable accomplishment feats Impress impressive participate, participant
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高级口试
fruitful=rewarding at the close of join sb in the toast to, cheers! At the joyous moment/time of , I, on behalf of , would like to take this opportunity to express my heartfelt thanks to who .Now, may I ask you to join me in a toast to, cheers!
三、会议发言 symposium, seminar guests from various circles profound constructive reference and study a complete success opening address closing address panel discussion interpreter simultaneous interpreter exchange views on in a wide range of areas shared desire mutual understanding and trust/respect/benefit be convinced that have positive/negative impact on bilateral relation in the principal of equality, hand in hand work together based on on the basis of precondition/prerequisite I have the honor to introduce I now have the pleasure of introducing to you the first distinguished speaker… The next speaker is Mr. Bryan, who will now deliver his address to the conference I would like to call the meeting to order 高频短句 1 今天晚上我们在这里设宴欢迎应。。邀请前来我国访问的。。阁下和。。其它贵宾们,感到十分荣幸。 。 。 。 We are honored to host the dinner this evening in honor of distinguished…and other honorable guests from…who have come to China at the invitation of … 2 将作为新的一页载入。。友好的史册 。 be remembered as a shining page in the history of … friendship 3 首先,请允许我向远道而来的贵宾们表示热烈的欢迎。 Allow me , first of all, to express our hearty welcome to our distinguished guests coming from afar.
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高级口试
4
我代表。。欢迎各位朋友访问中国 。 On behalf of …, I wish to welcome our friends who have come to visit China. 5 我一定向他转达您的问候和邀请 I will surely remember you and your invitation to him. 6 今天,我们怀着愉快的心情同。。欢聚一堂 。 We are joyfully gathering here today with… 7 今天我们怀着无限惜别的心情,欢送。。 。 With a sense of great sorrow we bid farewell today to… 8 今天,我们在这里集会隆重纪念。。周年 。 We meet here today to solemnly commemorate the anniversary of … 9 女士们,先生们,欢迎各位的光临。演出很快就要开始了,请尽快入座。 Ladies and gentlemen, good evening. The concert would start soon. Please make yourself seated. Thank you. 10 主席先生,我怀着非常愉快的心情出席本届年会,值此大会开幕之际,我为能有机会就和平与发展问题进行发 言,谨向东道主致以深深的谢意。与此同时,我向所有与会代表致以崇高的敬意。 Mr. Chairman, it is with great pleasure that I am here to attend this annual meeting. On the occasion of this opening ceremony, I would like to express my deep appreciation to the host for this opportunity to address the topic of peace and development, and pay my high respect for all the representatives present at the meeting.
三、真题练习
  1、练习 1 尊敬的新西兰贵宾,女士们、先生们,我能在此为新西兰贵宾主持隆重的欢迎仪式深感荣幸和愉快。中国和新西兰 相距遥远,但两国人民长期以来一直友好交往。这些年里,我们在政治、经济、文化、教育领域进行了真诚的、卓 有成效的合作。 Distinguished guests from New Zealand, ladies and gentlemen, I feel honored and pleased to be here to preside over this grand welcome ceremony for the honorable New Zealand guests. It's true that it's a long way from China to New Zealand, but the peoples from the two nations have long been friendly to each other. During the years, we have conducted sincere and fruitful co-operations in the fields of politics, economy, culture, education and so on. 随着两国人民之间交往的日趋频繁,我,作为一名中国学者,有机会多次访问新西兰,在那儿学习,讲学和交流。 新西兰美丽的自然风景、充足的阳光和宜人的气候、安静舒适的学习环境以及和蔼友善的人民给我留下了深刻的印 象。 With more and more exchanges between the two peoples, I, as a Chinese scholar, have had opportunities to visit New Zealand many times, studying, lecturing and exchanging ideas. I'm deeply impressed by her beautiful scenery, plenty of sunshine, agreeable climate, quiet and comfortable study environment, as well as its people who are kind and friendly.
  2、练习 2 尊敬的代表们、女士们、先生们:我很高兴能代表新西兰政府欢迎各位来到新西兰政治文化金融中心。值此第二届 环境保护部长级非正式会议召开之际,我想对你们所有的人,尊敬的代表们和相关国际环保组织的代表们,表示最 热诚的问候。 Distinguished delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen, on behalf of New Zealand, I take the pleasure in welcoming you to the cultural, administrative, economic and financial center of New Zealand. I would like to extend my warmest greeting to all of you, delegates and representatives of international organizations involved in environmental protection, upon the opening of the Second Informal Meeting of the Environment Ministers.//
5
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环境保护非常重要。这是政府优先考虑的事项。为此,新西兰政府已增加了对环境保护的预算拨款并给环保部以机 会来动员国际性支持。仅在过去四年里,政府对环保的预算拨款已增加了两倍多。 Environmental protection is very crucial. It is the priority of the government's agenda, In this sense, the Government of New Zealand has increased budget allocations for environmental management and provided opportunity to the Ministry of Environment to mobilize international support for the sector. Only during the last four years, government's budget for environmental protection has more than tripled.
  3、练习 3 我为能在此设宴招待威廉斯副总统及夫人以及其他贵宾而深感荣幸和愉快。我愿借此机会向各位来宾表示热烈的欢 迎。我此时的心情可以用孔子《论语》中的一句话来表达,"有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?" It is my privilege and great pleasure to hold this banquet in honor of Vice President and Mrs. Williams and other distinguished guests. I would avail myself of this opportunity to extend my warm welcome to you all. A remark in "The Anlects" of Confucius best expresses what I feel now. "It is such a delight that I have friends visiting from afar!" Evidently, Vice President Williams's current visit has demonstrated his Excellency's determination to further enhance the friendly and cooperative relations between our two countries. I am deeply convinced that frequent exchanges of visits between the top government officials of the two countries are beneficial not only to the improvement of our relations, but also to the peace of and stability of the Asian-Pacific region and the world as a whole. 孔子 Confucius 孟子 Mencius 论语 Analects 四、中英文表达方式差异 例句: Mount Tai, which is located in Shandong Province and covers an area of 360 square kilometers, (located in Shandong Province and covering an area of 369 square kilometers) 两个基本原则: 主动和被动的原则 表达主动,现在分词 表达被动,过去分词 练习: a bridge linking China with America a measure taken by Chinese Government n+being done an issue being discussed n+having done China having entered into the WTO N+having been +doing Chinese Government having beening safeguarding the interests and rights of medium-sized or small countries 五、中国古代谚语、成语、典故补充 天生万物,唯人为贵 Man is the most valuable among all the things that heaven fosters.
6
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高级口试
民为重,社稷次之,君为轻。 People are the most important element in the state, nex
 

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