本文由964363169贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     新东方电子教材     1、英语阅读理解全真题 、英语阅读理解全真题     Unit 1 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) There are 4 passage s in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished s tatements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D ). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter  on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Que stions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: What has the telephone  done to us, or for us, in the hundred years of its existence? A few effec ts suggest themselves at once. It has saved lives by getting rapid word of  illness, injury, or fire from remote places. By joining with the elevator  to make possible the multi-story residence or office building, it has mad e possible ? for better or worse ? the modern city. By bringing about a  great leap in the speed and ease with which information moves from place t o place, it has greatly accelerated the rate of scientific and technologic al changes and growth in industry. Beyond doubt it has seriously weakened  if not killed the ancient art of letter writing. It has made living alone  possible for persons with normal social impulses; by so doing, it has play ed a role in one of the greatest social changes of this century, the break up of the multi-generational household. It has made the war chillingly mor e efficient than formerly. Perhaps, though not provably (可证实),it has p revented wars that might have arisen out of international misunderstanding  caused by written communication. Or perhaps ? again not provably ? by m agnifying and extending irrational personal conflicts based on voice conta ct, it has caused wars. Certainly it has extended the scope of human confl icts, since it impartially disseminates (传播) the useful knowledge of sci entists and the nonsense of the ignorant, the affection of the affectionat e and the malice (恶意) of the malicious. 21. What is the main idea of thi s passage? A) The telephone has helped to save people from illness and fir e. B) The telephone has helped to prevent wars and conflicts. C) The telep hone has made the modern city neither better nor worse. D) The telephone h as had positive as well as negative effects on us. 22. According to the pa ssage, it is the telephone that A) has made letter writing an art B) has p revented wars by avoiding written communication .     1     C) has made the world different from what it was D) has caused wars b y magnifying and extending human conflicts 23. The telephone has intensifi ed conflicts among people because A) it increases the danger of war B) it  provides services to both the good and the malicious C) it makes distant c ommunication easier D) it breaks up the multi-generational household 24. T he author describes the telephone as impartial because it A) saves lives o f people in remote places B) enables people to live alone if they want to  C) spreads both love and ill will D) replaces much written communication 2 5. The writer's attitude towards the use of the telephone is A) affectiona te B) disapproving Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the followi ng passage: To say that the child learns by imitation and that the way to  teach is to set a good example oversimplifies. No child imitates every act ion he sees. Sometimes, the example the parent wants him to follow is igno red while he takes over contrary patterns from some other example. Therefo page 1
re we must turn to a more subtle theory than “Monkey see, monkey do.” Lo ok at it from the child's point of view. Here he is in a new situation, la cking a ready response. He is seeking a response which will gain certain e nds. If he lacks a ready response for the situation, and cannot reason out  what to do, he observes a model who seems able to get the right result. T he child looks for an authority or expert who can show what to do.% There  is a second element at work in this situation. The child may be able to a ttain his immediate goal only to find that his method brings criticism fro m people who observe him. When shouting across the house achieves his imme diate end of delivering a message, he is told emphatically that such a rac ket(叫嚷) is unpleasant, that he should walk into the next room and say hi s say quietly. Thus, the desire to solve any objective situation is overla id with the desire to solve it properly. One of the early things the child  learns is that he gets more affection and a
 

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