ew in the great cities and poverty for the remaining tribal peoples. The grand mediocrity of today ? everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring ? means that natural selection has lost 81% of its power in uper-middle-class India compared to the tribes. For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. Strangely, it has involved little physical change. No other species fills so many places in nature. But in the past 100,000 year ? even the past 100 years ? our lives have been transformed but our bodies have not. We did not evolve, because machines and society did it for us. Darwin had a phrase to describe those ignorant of evolution: they "look at an organic being as a savage looks at a ship, as at something wholly beyond his comprehension." No doubt we will remember a 20th century way of life beyond comprehension for its ugliness. But however amazed our descendants may be at how far from Utopia we were, they will look just like us.
  5. What used to be the danger in being a man according to the first paragraph? [A] A lack of mates. 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL
  24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -6 - [B] A fierce competition. [C] A lower survival rate. [D] A defective gene.
  6. What does the example of India illustrate? [A] Wealthy people tend to have fewer children than poor people. [B] Natural selection hardly works among the rich and the poor. [C] The middle class population is 80% smaller than that of the tribes. [D] India is one of the countries with a very high birth rate.
  7. The author argues that our bodies have stopped evolving because . [A] life has been improved by technological advance [B] the number of female babies has been declining [C] our species has reached the highest stage of evolution
5
[D] the difference between wealth and poverty is disappearing
  8. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? [A] Sex Ratio Changes in Human Evolution [B] Ways of Continuing Man's Evolution [C] the Evolutionary Future of Nature [D] Human Evolution Going Nowhere 考研文章的难点
  1. 单词量不大,但是句型结构复杂
  2. 作者的态度导出具有隐蔽性 第四课时
  3. 选项的设计具有迷惑性 微观阅读技巧之一:标点的运用 Unit 1 Passage 1 The American economic system is organized around a basically private-enterprise, market-oriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. Private businessmen. striving to make profits, produce these goods and services in competition with other businessmen; and the profit motive, operating under competitive pressures, largely determines how these goods and services are produced. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, that together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it. An important factor in a market-oriented economy is the mechanism by which consumer demands can be expressed and responded to by producers. In the American economy, this mechanism is provided by a price system, a process in which prices rise and fall in response to 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL
  24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -7 - relative demands of consumers and supplies offered by seller producers. If the product is in short supply relative to the demand, the price will be bid up and some consumers will be eliminated from the market. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers. which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product. Thus, price is the regulating mechanism in the American economic system. The important factor in a private-enterprise economy is that individuals are allowed to own productive resources (private property), and they are permitted to hire labor, gain control over natural resources, and produce goods and services for sale at a profit. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to make a free contract with another private individual.
  51. In Line 7, Para. 1, "the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes" means . [A] Americans are never satisfied with their incomes [B] Americans tend to overstate their incomes [C] Americans want to have their incomes increased
6
[D] Americans want to increase the purchasing power of their incomes
  52. The first two sentences in the second paragraph tell us that . [A] producers can satisfy the consumers by mechanized production [B] consumers can express their demands through producers [C] producers decide the prices of products [D] supply and demand regulate prices
  53. According tothe passage, a private-enterprise economy is characterized by . [A] private property and rights concerned [B] manpower and natural resources control [C] ownership of productive resources [D] free contracts and prices
  54. The passageis mainly about . [A] how American goods are produced [B] how American consumers buy their goods [C] how American economic system works [D] how American businessmen make their profits Passage 5 Rumor has it that more than 20 books on creationism/evolution are in the publisher's pipelines. A few have already appeared. The goal of all will be to try to explain to a confused and often unenlightened citizenry that there are not two equally valid scientific theories for the origin and evolution of universe and life. Cosmology, geology, and biology have provided a consistent, unified, and constantly improving account of what happened. "Scientific" creationism, which is being pushed by some for "equal time" in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science. Virtually all scientists and the majority of nonfunda mentalist religious leaders have come to regard "scientific" creationism as bad science 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL
  24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -8 - and bad religion. The first four chapters of Kitcher's book give a very brief introduction to evolution. At appropriate places, he introduces the criticisms of the creationists and provides answers. In the last three chapters, he takes off his gloves and gives the creationists a good beating. He describes their programmes and tactics, and, for those unfamiliar with the ways of creationists, the extent of their deception and distortion may come as an unpleasant surprise. When their basic motivation is religious, one might have expected more Christian behavior. Kitcher is a philosopher, and this may account, in part, for the clarity and effectiveness of his arguments. The nonspecialist will be able to obtain at least a notion of the sorts of data and argument that support evolutionary theory. The final chapter on the creationists will be extremely clear to all. On the dust jacket of this fine book, Stephen Jay Gould says: "This book stands for reason itself." And so it does ? and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
  17. "Creationism" in the passage refers to . (A) evolution in its true sense as to the origin of the universe (B) a notion of the creation of religion (C) the scientific explanation of the earth formation (D) the deceptive theory about the origin of the universe
7

  18. Kitcher's book is intended to . (A) recommend the views of the evolutionists (B) expose the true features of creationists (C) curse bitterly at his opponents (D) launcha surprise attack on creationists
  19. From the passage we can infer that . (A) reasoning has played a decisive role in the debate (B) creationists do not base their argument on reasoning (C) evolutionary theory is too difficult for non-specialists (D) creationism is supported by scientific findings
  20. This passage appears to be a digest of . (A) a book review (B) a scientific paper (C) a magazine feature (D) a newspaper editorial Passage 3 Technically, any substance other than food that alters our bodily or mental functioning is a drug. Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts. They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs. This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists. The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine. We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL
  24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -9 - cigarette for the nerves. When do these socially acceptable and apparently constructive uses of a substance become misuses? First of all, most substances taken in excess will produce negative effects such as poisoning or intense perceptual distortions. Repeated use of a substance can also lead to physical addiction or substance dependence. Dependence is marked first by an increased tolerance, with more and more of the substance required to produce the desired effect, and then by the appearance of unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the substance is discontinued. Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. Psychoactive substances are commonly grouped according to whether they are stimulants, depressants, or hallucinogens. Stimulants initially speed up or activate the central nervous system, whereas depressants slow it down. Hallucinogens have their primary effect on perception, distorting and altering it in a variety of ways including producing, hallucinations. These are the substances often called psychedelic (from the Greek word meaning "mind-manifesting") because they seemed to radically alter one's state of consciousness.
  9. "Substances abuse" (Line 4, Paragraph
  1) is preferable to "drug abuse" in that . [A] substances can alter our bodily or mental functioning if illegally used [B] "drug abuse" is only related to a limited number of drug takers [C] alcohol andtobacco are as fatal as heroin and cocaine [D] many substances other than heroin or cocaine can also be poisonous
  10. The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph
  2) might mean .
8
[A] widespread [B] overwhelming [C] piercing [D] fashionable
  11. Physical dependence on certain substances results from . [A] uncontrolled consumption of them over long periods of time. [B] exclusive use of them for social purposes [C] quantitative application of them to the treatment of diseases [D] careless employment of them for unpleasant symptoms
  12. From the last paragraph we can infer that . [A] stimulants function positively on the mind [B] hallucinogens are in themselves harmful to health [C] depressants are the worst type of psychoactive substances [D] the three types of psychoactive substances are commonly used in groups Text 4 It is said that in England death is pressing, in Canada inevitable and in California optional. Small wonder. Americans' life expectancy has nearly doubled over the past century. Failing hips can be replaced, clinical depression controlled, cataracts removed in a 30minuts surgical procedure. Such advances offer the aging population a quality of life that was unimaginable when I entered medicine 50 years ago. But not even a great healthcare system can cure death-and our failure to confront that reality now threatens this greatness of ours. Death is normal; we are genetically programmed to disintegrate and perish, even under ideal conditions. We all understand that at some level, yet as medical consumers we treat death as a problem to be solved. Shielded by third-party payers from the cost of our care, we demand everything that can possibly be done for us, even if it's useless. The most obvious example is 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL
  24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -10 - late-stage cancer care. Physicians-frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient-too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified. In 1950, the U.S. spent $
  12.7 billion on health care. In 2002, the cost will be $1540 billion. Anyone can see this trend is unsustainable. Yet few seem willing to try to reverse it. Some scholars conclude that a government with finite resources should simply stop paying for medical care that sustains life beyond a certain age ? say 83 or so. Former Colorado governor Richard Lamm has been quoted as saying that the old and infirm "have a duty to die and get out of the way", so that younger, healthier people can realize their potential. I would not go that far. Energetic people now routinely work through their 60s and beyond, and remain dazzlingly productive. At 78, Viacom chairman Sumner Redstone jokingly claims to be
  53. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor is in he
 

相关内容

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -1 - 新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if prop ...

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)_百度

       本文由hiwwb贡献     doc1。     新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研 英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读 大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless succe ss can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may bec ...

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)

   新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the Un ...

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)_百度...

   本文由hiwwb贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if p ...

新东方在线 考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)

   第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United States entered just such ...

新东方在线2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材4

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com / www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 [C] death should be accepted as a fact of life. [D] excessive demands increase the cost of health care. Passage 5 Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as "steering the ...

考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材

   2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United S ...

新东方在线2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材

   新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 - A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the ...

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -1 - 新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if proper ...

2008年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版讲义 - 徐绽

   目 录 Unit 1 …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… 1 Unit 2 …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… 6 Unit 3 …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… 12 Unit 4 …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… 18 Unit 5 …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… 24 U ...

热门内容

初中英语时态总结

   登陆下载更多资料 www.lzcyy.net 量子场女生英语 初中英语时态总结 动词的时态 英语共有 16 种时态,根据近几年曝光的四、六级考卷分析,时态测试重点主要有:完 成时态??现在完成时、 过去完成时、 将来完成时; 进行时态??现在进行时、 过去进行时、 将来进行时、完成进行时;一般时态。 一、一般时态 1、一般现在时 (1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的动作或状 态,常和副词 usually,often,always sometimes, regu ...

初中英语必备词汇测试

   初中英语必备词汇测试 1. 2. 3. There is book on the desk. elephant is much bigger than a dog. Man has the (能力) to speak. ...

小升初英语往年面试真题

   听短文, Ⅰ. 听短文, 口头回答问题 My name is Susan. I was lucky that I went to Canada last October. I stayed there for about 90 days. I went there on October 19th and came back on December 29th. I lived with a Canadian family, the Whites; they are very kind and ...

英语学习法??英语“走读法”

   英语学习法??英语"走读法" 英语学习法??英语"走读法" ??英语 习法??英语"走读法" 】英语"走读法",顾名思义,边走边读. 】在每天晚上复习的时候,一边温习英语教科书,一边把所学内容,如单词释义,词性,重要语言等等,抄写在小卡 临睡前,把小卡片集中放在一只衣服口袋里.第二天上学时,就一边走一边背诵卡片上的内容. :先取出一张小卡片,瞥一眼第一个单词(注意:只要瞥一眼),然后立即抬起头,眼睛正视前方.接着 ...

周雷老师:在职人士考研英语复习全攻略

   周雷老师:在职人士考研英语复习全攻略 2009-07-03 新东方在线 周雷 要想解决在职人员复习考研英语这个问题,首先,应该了解一下我们广大的在职人群复习考研英语所面临的三个方面的主要困境。 第一个方面就是远离英语学习的课堂。因为很多在职的人士可能已经离开大学有一段时间了,而且对于很多不是英语专业的人士来说,在大学期间,就在大一、大二的时候上过正规的英语课,到了大三、大四就没有上过任何的英语课程了,现在又工作了一段时间,英语放下的时间是比较长。对正规的正常的英语课堂已经有一定的距离 ...