新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
高一英语听说词汇突破讲义 高一英语听说词汇突破讲义 英语听说词汇突破
主讲: 主讲:张欣悦
欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材
第一课
一,开场白 二,听和说的关系问题:听是说的基础 三,新课标要求??培养英语能力 高中听说相比于初中的特点 (
  1) 实时性 (
  2) 话题性 (
  3)开放性 四,听力中容易出现的误区 误区:一个极端:听力是靠长时间,高强度训练出来的 wrong! 正确方法:集中精力听,时间不用长 concentrate 误区:另一极端:长期的训练一定能保证在考试听力中取得好成绩 wrong! 正确方法:考试听力有技巧可循 skills 五,3H 原则 Listen with your HEARING; HEART AND HAND HEARING: 听"到"??要 CONCENTRATE HEART: 听力要边听边猜??LISTEN AND PREDICT HAND: 听力要做笔记 拉丁文中"学习"的含义:反复 REPEAT 听力练习要反复 To practise listening, you need to repeat. Practice makes perfect. 六,中国人关于口语容易形成的误区 误区一:口语不重要 Oral English is not important at all. 正确认识:口语才是"门面"
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
误区二:口语中发音最重要 Pronounciation is the key feature of oral English. 正确认识:表达最关键 Communication 七,中国人容易发错的几个音举例
Usually 特别注意 S 的发音
练习时间
L 舌尖有向上顶到上牙床的趋势
练习时间
第二课
一,听力预测 listen prediction To be married to the input but not the outcome. 3H listen with your HEART (means predicting) 听的繁体字 听 预测的是(
  1) attitude 练习: 北京市西城区期末测试题
  1. Question: What does Mary say she will do for Charlie? A Buy the books Charlie wants B Use Charlie's card to borrow some books he wants. C Use her card to borrow some books he wants 原文:M: While you are at he library, Mary, will you get the boks on the list for me? W: Certainly. I'll look them up, Charlie, but give me your library card.
  2. Question: What does the woman mean? A She will serve him with a cup otf cooffe B She'd like to have some coffee with the man. C She'd like a coffee. 原文:W: What would you say to a cup of coffee? M: Good idea!
  3. Question: What does the father want his son to do? A To go into the family business. B To be more interesting. C To bvecome a writer. 原文: I reallly wish John would take more interest in our business. I don't know why he wants to become M: a writer. W: But he's only sixteen. I think he should do what he wants. 总结(summary): 反应积极态度的词有:副词(certainly; sure; definitely;absolutely; totally; great; perfect; fabulous; terrific; wonderful; beautiful; good; cool) 词组(of course; no problem) 预测除了预测说话人的态度外,还预测对话内容(
  2)content 练习:西城区期末测试题
  4. Question: How much is the change? A Three twenty-five. B. One severnty-five C. five 原文:W: Here is five. M: That's three twenty-five for the book and here's your change.
  5. Question: what is the man doing? A Making a hat. B Buying a hat. C Getting a haircut.
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
原文:W: how would you like it? M: Short, please. Above the ears but leave it long in the back.
  6. Question: Where does this dialogue most probably take place? A In a hospital. B . In a hotel. C. In a restaurant. 原文:W: I'm tired of eating te same terrible foods all the time. M: There's nothing we could do as patients. 特别注意 how would you like it 这段话,可表达多种意思 when you are having a haircut when you have ordering steak (raw/ medium/ over cooked) when somebody serves you with coffee(milk/sugar) milk(whole milk; reduced fat milk; non-fat milk) sugar(brown sugar/ splenda) 数字表达(难)零点几: (zero)point five 零点零零五: (zero)point zero zero five 中外数位不同 ten thousand=一万 100 million=一亿 中国人口数 12 亿 9533 万:1 billion, 295 million, 330 thousand 练习:1
  39.52 两种方式来说 one hundred 39, fifty-two/ one hundred 39 point five two 二,场景听力分析
  1. restaurant dialogue: W: I love Mexican food, but the resaurant is too crowded. What does she imply? She doesn't want to go there. 注意转折词:but,转折词后面是重点 复习转折词:however, yet, though, even though, although Crowd 用法:动词:充塞,聚满 people all crowded around the speaker. A jumble of thoughts crowded his little brain. Dialogue: M: Well, have you had Indian food? The man implies: He is interested in Indian food. W: I don't like curry. 印度和泰国咖喱非常有名,咖喱分为:red curry, green curry, white curry&yello curry Dialogue: M: How about Pizza? 一种提出简易的方式 Shall we have Pizza? Pushy push cart. He pushed me to quit sweets. I was forced by him to quit sweets. Sweets. Couch potato Dialogue: W: Well, I would rather have Mexican food. Would rather 宁愿 Prefer A to B (更喜欢 A) Mexican food 有名的是 Tortilla 中国是饮食大国,饮食文化高度发达 Chinese food Chinese Dish(外国说 course, 因为是一道一道上) 分为热菜 hot dish,凉菜 cold dish appetizer 故事:去教授家做客 速冻饺子 dumplings 方便面 instant noodle 意大利面 spaghetti 通心粉 pasta 做场景听力题技巧??找关键词 a. reservation Valentine's Day VS Chinese Valentine's Day b. waitress/waitor (restaurant)
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
shop assistant (shop) menu (a)appetizersalad/soup (b)main course (c)desertsapple pie/ pine apple pie/ ice-cream/ sorbet/ pudding/ cheese cake/ trifle(松糕) c. bill 付账 pay the bill. AA 制:split the bill=pay in dutch 中国特色(has Chinese characteristics):grab the bill 付账时候还要付小费 tips 总结回顾在餐厅吃饭中可能用到的词
  2. hospital 听对话,看有几个关键词 Dialogue: W: Good morning, doctor M: Morning, Sharon. What's wrong with you? W: Well, I 've got a bad cold. 一共有三个关键词 doctor/ what's wrong/ bad cold Doctor 拓展(儿科 pediatrcs; 妇科 gynecology; 齿科 dentistry 心理医生 psychologist) (内科医生 physician 外科医生 surgeon) Bad cold 重感冒 get a cold/ catch a cold 其 他常见 疾病 头痛 headache 胃痛 stomachache 背痛 backache 腰痛 waist pain 恋 家 homesick 恋人 lovesick(思念) 恋故乡 hometown 医院中医生还会对病人说安慰的话 consolation- to consolate patients You'll get better soon. You'll recover soon. You will pull through soon.(pull through 渡过难关) You'll be good/fine. It's nothing. No big deal. Nothing serious. 总结医院中可能用到的词
第三课 第三课
一, 情景对话听力分析
  1. on the bus Dialogue: W: It's late again! M: It's always late when it's raining. 关键词:late 什么交通容易晚点? Flight Subway train 一般很准时 on schedule 说人很守时,准时用 punctual 动词:乘坐 take the bus/train/underground(subway)/tube(少见)/cab 也可以说 catch a cab/ call a taxi Dialogue: W: Fortunately it's only two-minute walk from the bus stop to my office. M: You are lucky. Aftet I get off the bus, I've a fifteen-minute walk. W: That's too bad. Have you got an umbrella with you? Umbrella 又称 bumbershoot 西雅图有 bumbershoot day
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
M: Yes, I always take it with me in this rainy season. 对话的地点可能是:London 雾都 可以用 foggy, gloomy, grey 来形容 Dialogue: W: Me too. Well, I'm getting off here, bye! 上车:get on 下车:get off 在机场中的常用词:登机时间 boarding time 登机牌 boarding pass 登机口 boarding entrance 乘务员/空姐 flight attendant 机长 captain 机长加乘务员=机组成员叫 crew 免税商品 duty-free goods 免费饮料 complimentary beverages 跑道 runway 动词:起飞 take off 降落 descend 停靠在 land at somewhere 安全带:safety belt 系安全带 fasten/buckle the safety belt; buckle it up; buckle sb in baby seat 总结在交通中常用到的词:late/on schedule; take; catch; get on; get off
  2.Telephone conversation Dialogue: M: Hello, is this Mr. Lee's home? W: Yes, it is. M: I'd like to speak to Mr. Lee. 也可以说 Can I speak to Mr. Lee? Can I have a word with Mr. Lee? W: I'm sorry, but he isn't in now. Who's calling, please? 不能接电话的原因很多,如 he is out on business trip; he has gone shopping. He has gone to sleep. He's not feeling good. He's not come back yet. 总之, he is not available M: This is Fred (speaking). Will he be back soon? W: I'm afraid I don't know. Will you leave message? 美国都用 voicemail语音信箱 leave voice messages 留言之后要挂断电话 挂断可以用 hang up 接电话 pick up 接电话的时候一般都说 you have reached Karen. Please leave a message, I'll get back to/call/phone/ holler at you as sonn as I can. Trendy 的说法:holler I'll give you a holler. I'll holler at you. M: Well, will you please tell him to phone me when he is back? W: Yes, certainly. May I have your phone number, please? 读数字也有要求,简练 33 说 double three Aaa 说 triple A triple A discount M: 33215001 W: 33215001 M: Thanks! Bye! 电话用语中说到再见的时候还可以说 see you later. See you soon. Talk to you soon. Will get back to you soon. 纽约人口音特别重,说 see ya=see you Love you back 电话用语非常灵活 Want Somebody wants you. Reach Somebody has reached you. Have Can I have Mr. Lee? Is that you, dad?
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
现代技术带来方便同时带来的不便还有世界的大改变 二,意思较隐讳句子
  1. W: What would you say to a cup of coffee? M: Good idea! 委婉表达想要什么
  2. A man can never have too many ties. A woman can never have too many hats. (like a lighthouse 灯塔)
  3. 活到老,学到老 one is never too old to learn. One is as old as he feels. Too…to 结构 兴甚至哉,歌以咏志 感激涕零,不胜言表
  4. I will be more than happy to do it. 我太乐意做这件事情了 I'm love in it.
第四课
一,传统节日中的专有词汇及联想复习法展示 新历 calendar 农历 lunar calendar 嫦娥一号发射上天及其重要意义 农历一月 lunar January 四月清明 Ching Ming Festival 小萝卜头扫地的事情 五月初五 端午节 Dragon Boat Festival 赛龙舟 Dragon boat race 粽子 glutinous rice dumpling (南方:里面放肉 北方:里面放枣 jujube;豆沙 red bean paste) 纪念屈原 in memory of Qu Yuan/ to memorize Qu Yuan 八月十五 中秋节 Mid-Autumn Day 月饼 mooncake Pancake 薄饼??卷烤鸭的时候用 烤鸭 Peking Duck 卷一个卷 roll it up 片鸭子 slice the duck into slices 葱丝 slices of green onion 酱 sauce 好吃 it's tasty. Fantastic! 财富饼 fortune cookie 算命的 fortune teller 赏月 watch the moon 团圆饭 family reunion dinner 感恩节 Thanks-giving festival 九月九 重阳节 Chong Yang Festival 春卷 spring roll 豆芽 spring spout 韭菜 leek 炒鸡蛋 scrambled eggs 春节 spring festival 春节联欢晚会 spring festival gala evening 春联 spring festival couplets 吉祥物 mascot 年糕 nian gao; rise cake; new Year cake 复习一下传统节日里面用到的专有名词 二,听力自训方法
  1.书 《Listen to this》
  2.网站 普特听力网
  3.Listen with your heart 三,基本发音 元音:a e i o u
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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
Word-connecting Game E:cake; bike; eye; lane; lake… :
元音发音最重要 四,辨析三组发音
  1.[i]和[i:] Sit seat Fit feet Lip leap(big jump) (固定用法:with leaps and bounds 突飞猛进地) Dip(dip you some rice) deep
  2.[θ]和[] [θ]舌尖伸出来 Think sink Thought sought Thank sank Thin sin
  3. [e]和[]和[a] [e] 嘴要扁 [] 嘴张圆 Bed bad Dead dad Lead lad 复习(Review by case) :场景练习 Sam Sambuy a pan pan(however flat it is, a pancake has two sides; every silver lining has a cloud; every coin has two sides)look at the price tag tagdecide to grab onepay by cash cash has the pan [e]和[a] [e]Eggplant [a] " 阿 姨 " plant frank(frankly speaking/to be frank) tank(gasolin tank) pang(pang 的一声;ping pang(table tennis)) 辨析几组近义词:frank & sincere True & genuine Real & fake
  4.辅音发音 五,英音与美音不同 词汇不同:英:on the right handside 美:on the right 英:sweets 美:candy 英: underground 美:subway 英:lorry 美:truck 英:autumn 美:fall
7
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一英语听说词汇突破
英音中 r 的卷舌发音非常轻 Garden 对比英美音不同 Bark barn How are you? Good morning morning. 法国人的自以为是:you are so vain vain. 六,连读 Gonna=going to Wanna=want to Why me? It's gonna be him! It's gonna be sunny this Friday. It's gonna be fun.
第五课
一,常见用语表达
  1. 道谢 Not at all. Wrong! You are (very) welcome./Welcome. My pleasure. You bet. No big deal./ No biggie. No problem.
  2. 打招呼
  1. Hello/hi (hello 更正式,hi 更随意) 跟所有人打招呼,大家好:Hi all/Hi guys/Hi folks
 

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