Lesson 1 A puma at large
Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.
At large
A criminal at large逃犯
A bird flu at large 肆虐的禽流感
Talk about the plan at large in detail 讨论计划的各个方面
小专题:“大”
large:具体物体大小,与small相对,无感情色彩。
The coat is too large for me. 这外衣我穿太大
big:可指具体,可指抽象,带感情色彩。
He is a big guy. 他是一个大块头。
great 侧重强调“伟大”
a great leader 伟大的领袖
有时great+big 表示讨厌、吃惊等感情色彩。
Move your great big smelly feet ! 把你的大臭脚挪开!
Suddenly I saw this great big bull charging towards me!
突然我看见这头大公牛朝我冲了过来!
size:尺寸大小
What size shoes do you wear? 你穿多大的鞋?
描述解释句型
A be adj,-like B, which C.
Giant pandas are large, bear-like animals which are found in SiChan province.
The UFOs are bright, saucer-like objects which are found in the sky.
明亮的双眸crystal-like eyes 稚嫩的脸庞baby-like face温馨的旅馆home-like inn 貌美的女孩angel-like girl 坚实的肌肉steel-like muscle
When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.
小专题:同位语从句 功能:对名词进一步解释,由that引导
他从玛丽那里得到消息运动会推迟了。
He got the news from Mary. The sports meeting was put off.
He got the news that the sports meeting was put off.
The got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.
同位语从句和定语从句的区别:
定语从句:that后接不完整句,做成分。相当于形容词
同位语从句:that后接完整句,不做成分。相当于名词。
He heard the news that his team had won.
It is a question that needs very careful consideration.
小专题:有灵主语 VS 非灵主语
L34 P158 Line15 it comes in the store
L29 P138 Line10 a new type of humor came into fashion
An idea came into my mind. An idea flashed into my mind. 我有一个想法
New criminal law came into practice. 新刑法付诸实施
The gathering dark finds me hastening home in the hurrying crowds
在暮色中匆匆的人群里总有我赶路的身影。
Wild puma wild dog 野狗
P154 Line22 stray dog stray sheep 离途的羔羊
South of London=to the south of London
In the south of 在里面 on the south of 在边上 to the south of 在外面
South of 较正规
Take sb/sth seriously 认真对待
Take sb/sth slightly 不在乎 be indifferent to 对…不在乎
take sth into account 仔细考虑
spot v.看出,发现 n.斑点 on the spot 立刻,马上 ,在现场
find 强调发现的结果 find out 查出事实真相 discover做出重大发现
notice 注意到 observe 观察 watch 观察活动中的人或画面
However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
However 但是,表示转折
小专题:“积累”
Accumulate 一点点,慢慢积累
Amass 财富快速积累 amass fortunate
Compile 汇编 compile the poems
Assemble 组装 gather收集 collect 收藏 pile up 堆积 hoard囤积
动物园的专家 experts from the zoo
P30 Line1 editors of newspaper 杂志的总编
P38 Line16 spokesman for the bank 银行的发言人
P62 line13 the man from the electricity Board
小专题:“必须”
我必须走了
I have to go.
I must go.
I’m forced to go.被迫
I’m bound to go 确定性
I’ve got to go.
I feel obliged to go.
Be obliged to sb=be grateful to sb.=be thankful to sb.
Be compelled to do sth 被迫做(外因驱使)
Be impelled to so sth 被迫做(内因驱使)
For the description given by people for 原因状语
Given by people 过去分词做后置定语,由定语从句演变而来,言简意赅
L8 P42 Line5 travellers crossing the dangerous pass
P42 flying cats
Women picking blackberries
The boy lying on bed called Jack is my brother.
The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw a large cat only five yards away from her.
Hunt hunter 猎人 hunt the job hunt fame and fortune fame hunter追名的人
Run after 强调追赶,追求 seek=pursue 追寻(理想)
The puma 特指 a puma 泛指
P17题目9 only five yards=no more than
It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
Confirm确认
Claim 声称 complain of 抱怨说
L11 P54 Line12 added with a smile 补充说
L11 P54 line15 as one of them putted 措辞说 找一个恰当的字眼,词
L19 P86 Line9 the write stated 声明说
P82 line9 which said 写着
L1 line2 spot 看见 line8 saw a large cat
L1 line13 puma fur were seen in a number of place
L1 line10 the puma was often observed……
Corner 角落
The street light is at the corner.
KFC is around the corner.
Christmas is around the corner.
Don’t corner the dog otherwise it will corner you.
Drive/force/put sb into a corner 使陷入困境
The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening.
Prove 系动词 确实是,着实
L12 P58 line13 but this didn’t prove to be a problem
One and another 一个另一个
L2 P18 line1 one cause or another
Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits.
A trail of
A bunch of keys 一串钥匙
A bunch of flowers
为了平衡句子的倒装:宾语后置
Put a bag full of sweets and chocolates on the desk.
Put on the desk a bag full of sweets and chocolates.
Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes.
Clinging to bushes 现在分词主语补足语
Missing from any zoo
The fire was reported controlled.
Several people complained of cat-like noises at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.
On a fishing trip 定语
The experts ware now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from?
Convince 使信服
Convince sb
convince sb of sth.
convince sb that..+一件事情
I convinced him of my being alive.
I convinced him of his innocence.
Convincing speaker 令人信服的演讲者
As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.
Private collector 私人收藏家 P17 练习12 for his own benefit
Must have been 猜测
L13 P62 line10 it must be the baker
In the position of 属于谁
In position of 拥有
Take possession of
Somehow= in some way=by some means 某一个,通过某种方法
We have to pass the CET-4 somehow.
无论如何,不管用什么方法,都要通过四级考试。
The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.
Countryside 乡村
P192题目 pastoral 田园的
P192 line11 idyllic 田园诗的
小专题:描述产生想法的句型
It is worrying to think that… 想到……令人焦虑不安
irritating? 恼火至极
comforting 倍感欣慰
exciting 激动异常
disturbing 心神不定
 

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