Lesson 2:Breakfast or lunch?早餐还是午餐 早餐还是午餐
【New words and expressions】(
  5) until outside ring aunt repeat ★until prep. 直到 adv. 外面 v. (铃、电话等)响(rang, rung) n. 姑,姨,婶,舅母 v. 重复 prep.直到
until 用于表示动作、状态等的持续,可译为“一直到……为止”或“在……以前”。在肯定句中,它与 表示持续性状态的动词连用,表示持续到某一时刻: I’ll wait here until
  5. 我会在这里等到 5 点钟。 直到他回来为止,他爸爸都是活着的.
His father was alive until he came back.
在否定句中,它通常与描述短暂动作的动词连用,表示“到……为止”、“直到……才”: She cannot arrive until
  6. 她到 6 点才能来。 His father didn't die until he came back. 直到他回来,他爸爸才死.
until(后的从句)的时间终止之前,这个动作做了还是没做?做了前面的主句用肯定;没做前面的主句用 否定 For he A(C)(wait) until it stopped raining. A. waited A. leave B. left B. didn't wait C. didn't leave
I stay in bed until twelve o'clock. I didn't get up until 12 o'clock. ★outside adv. 外面(作状语) He is waiting for me outside. It is cold outside.
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★ring(rang. rung) v.(铃、电话等)响 ① vt. 鸣,(铃、电话等)响(这种响是刺耳的, 往往是提醒人做某事) Every morning the clock rings at
  6. The telephone(door bell) is ringing. 而风铃等响要用 jingle,jingle (bell) (铃儿) 响叮当 ② vt. 打电话给(美语中用 call) ring sb. 给某人打电话
Tomorrow I'll ring you. ③ n. (打)电话 give sb. a ring Remember to give me a ring. /Remember to ring me. ④ n. 戒指
★aunt
n. 姑,姨,婶,舅妈(所有长一辈的女性都用这个称呼)
男性则是 uncle: 叔叔 他们的孩子:cousin 堂兄妹(不分男女) cousin 的孩子:nephew 外甥;niece 外甥女
★repeat v. 重复 ① vt. 重复 Will you repeat the last word? They are repeating that wonderful paly. ② vi. 重做,重说 Please repeat after me. Don’t repeat.
2
【Text】 It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.' Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. 'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.' 'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said. 'What are you doing?' she asked. 'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated. 'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'
参考译文: 那是个星期天, 而在星期天我是从来不早起的, 有时我要一直躺到吃午饭的时候. 上个星期天, 我起得 很晚. 我望望窗外, 外面一片昏暗. “鬼天气!” 我想, “又下雨了. “正在这时, 电话铃响了. 是我姑 母露西打来的. “我刚下火车, “她说, “我这就来看你. “ “但我还在吃早饭, “我说. “你在干什么?” 她问道. “我正在吃早饭, “我又说了一遍. “天啊, “她说, “你总是起得这么晚吗?现在已经 1 点钟了!”
【课文讲解】
  1、It was Sunday. it 指时间、天气、温度或距离,it 被称为“虚主语”(empty subject)。作为第三人称单数的中性代词, it 可以指一件东西、一件事件或用来指是什么人: It is a lovely baby.

  2、I never get up early on Sundays. on Sundays: 所有的星期天,每逢星期天,与一般现在时连用,表示经常性的行为。 介词 on 一般用于表示某一天的时间短语中:on Monday,on Monday morning,on that day
3
当使用 last,next,this,that 时,介词(以及定冠词)必须省略: I’ll see you next/this Friday.
never 从来不 (可以直接用在动词前面)=助动词+not (变成否定句,前面一定要加助动词) I don't like her.=I never like her.

  3、I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. 在表达卧床时 bed 前不需加冠词: It’s time for bed now. You must stay/remain in bed for another two days. 你必须再卧床两天。

  4、Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. just then: 就在那时 如果不知道对方性别, 他/她可以用 it 取代 Who are you?/Who is it ?

  5、I've just arrived by train, by 直接加交通工具(不能有任何修饰词, 复数);如果加修饰词, 就要换掉 by 用 in 或 on I go out by bus. I go out in/on two buses. (指具体的两辆车介词用 in/on)
Long ago people could go to America only by ship/sea. 如果是特指的交通工具,则要加冠词或其他限定词: My aunt left by the 9:15 train.
by air 乘飞机
by bicycle/bike 骑自行车
4
by boat 乘船 by car 乘小汽车
by bus 乘公共汽车 by land 由陆路 by sea 由海路 by train 乘火车
by plane 乘飞机 by ship 乘船

  6、I'm coming to see you. 我将要来看你. 用 come 的现在进行时态 be coming 表示一般将来,表示近期按计划或安排要进行的动作。同样用法的 动词有:go,come,leave,arrive,land,meet,die,start,return,join…

  7、Dear me! 天哪!英国人说 Dear me!或 My dear! 美国人说 : My god! [^Cd] ([C]发啊的音 )注意美英的发音不同.
【Key structures】 现在进行时和一般现在时 现在进行时表示说话的当时正在发生或正在发生的事件,也用来表示现阶段(一段时间)的动向。现在进行 时常与 now,just,still 等副词连用: I am working as a teacher. "现阶段" He is still sleeping. (现在还在睡觉) Jane is just dressing up. 简正在打扮。
一般现在时表示习惯性动作, 真理, 是过去、现在和未来都会发生的事情。一般现在时一般与频率副词 often,always,sometimes,never,frequently,rarely,ever 等连用。 Helen never writes to her brother Tony. She sometimes rings him. 频率副词往往放在句子中的实义动词前, 非实义动词后;如果既有实义动词又有非实义动词, 要放在两个 之间; 疑问句中副词往往放在主语后面。 在否定句中 not 必须放在 always 之前, 而且也出现在 generally、 normally、often、regularly 和 usually 之前;not 必须出现在 sometimes 和 frequently 之后。表示肯 定的速记可以用在句尾; 在特别强调和需要对比时, frequently、 generally、 normally、 sometimes、 usually 等副词可用于句首。 I get paid on Friday usually.
5
Very often the phone rings when I’m in bath. 非实义动词 : ① 系动词(be) ② 帮助动词构成时态的助动词(do, does, will, shall, have, had, has) ③ 情态动词(must, can, may) 除此之外都是实义动词.
I frequently go to bed hungry. (形容词作状语) He went to school hungry.饿着肚子上学. You must come here hungry.空腹来这里.
【Special Difficulties】 以 what 开头的感叹句: 在英语中可用 what 引导的感叹句来表示惊奇、愤怒、赞赏、喜悦等感情,在感叹中主谓语采用正常语序。 What 对名词感叹,感叹句的结构为:What +a/an (+adj.)+n.(+主语+谓语)! What a good girl (she is)! (主、谓可省) 有上下文和一定的语境, 才能省略形容词。一般省略形容词表示批评或不大好的意思。 What a thing to say! 多么难听的话啊! What (a lot of) trouble( he is causing)!
【Multiple choice questions】
  5.He doesn't get up early on Sundays. He gets up a . a. late b. lately c. slowly d. hardly
late <adj.& adv.> 晚的 lately <adv.> =recently <adv.>最近的, 近来的. How are you going lately? 最近一段时间身体还好吗?
6
8
He a out of the window and saw that it was raining. b. saw c. remarked d. watched
a. looked
look <vi.> 表示看的动作,后面一定要加介词 see <vt.> 表示看的结果,后面直接加宾语
watch <vt.> 表示观看,后面直接加宾语, 但宾语一定是能够活动的东西 look at pictures (对);watch pictures(错)
11
Breakfast is the first d of the day. b. dinner food 食物 c. lunch d. meal
a. food lunch 中餐 dinner 正餐
一天中最丰盛的那顿饭, 可能是中餐, 也可能是晚餐, 但决不会是早餐. meal 一顿饭
7
 

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